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The way conflicts are expressed and negotiated and the manner in which resources are shared appear to be strong binding forces
Couples who have more traditional sex role attitudes tend to experience greater stress in a dual-career marriage
Level of overall marital satisfaction High Low Start of marriage Birth of first child Adolescence of children Launching of children Retirement from work SOURCE: From Human development: A lifespan view , 3 rd ed., by R.V. Kail/Cavanaugh, 2004.
Expectations and Intentions of Work and Family
In a study of university students, Gilbert (1993) found that young women and men reared in dual-career families were highly committed to a role-sharing marriage
Roles can include employment, home, social, and family responsibilities
Lack of agreement between expectations of roles in marriages has the potential to create interpersonal conflicts (Silberstein, 1992; Goldenberg and Goldenberg, 2002)
Role overload typically occurs between spouses when family roles are not clearly defined
If the husband’s occupational role is assumed to be primary, or if the wife views the husband’s employment as a less important career, there is a greater potential for minimal sharing of household work
Both partners are strongly committed to advancing their careers and home roles
Satisfaction and fulfillment primarily comes from a happy family and home life
But primary focus is on the career, which can lead to not having children (or having fewer)
Both partners are also actively committed to career and home roles – are more successful at it (they want it all and go all out to become high achievers, have happy children, attend social events, and go to prestigious places for vacations)
They work in harmony to achieve their goals but are not surprisingly subject to work overload