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Food security bill

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  • 1. FOOD SECURITY BILL,2011
  • 2.  POVERTY AND FAMINES-AN ESSAY ON ENETITLEMENTS AND DEPRIVATION BASIC HUMAN NEEDS APPROACH CONSIDERS ENTITLEMENT AS A WAY TO EMPOWERMENT CONSIDERS DEMOCRACY TO BE A CURE OF ENTITLEMENT FAILURE SUGGESTS THAT FAMINES DON’T ALWAYS OCCUR DUE TO FOOD SHORTAGE
  • 3.  COINED BY JOHN WILLIAMSON BASED ON PERCOLATION EFFECT SUGGESTS FREE TRADE,OPEN MARKETS AND DECONTROL OF PRICES AS MEANS TO ERADICATING POVERTY FOCUSES ON AUTOMATION OF AGRICULTURAL PROCESSES GAINED SUPPORT FROM BILL CLINTON AND THUS WASHINGTON BASED INSTITUTIONS LIKE IMF & WORLD BANK
  • 4.  PROPOSED BY ROBERT MALTHUS SUGGESTS THAT ECONOMIES GO THROUGH PHASES OF DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION ASSERTS THAT FOOD PRODUCTION INCREASES IN ARITHMETIC PROGRESSION BUT POPULATION INCREASES IN GEOMETRIC PROGRESSION RELIES ON ‘ECONOMIC NATURALISM’
  • 5.  TARGET AUDIENCE OF PDS ASSYMETRY OF INFORMATION MISGOVERNANCE AND CORRUPTION SUPPLY CHAIN ISSUES POPULATION EXPLOSION INEFFICENT MARKET SYSTEM LEADING TO DEVIATION FROM OPTIMAL OUTCOMES
  • 6.  FAMINE VERSUS FOOD SHORTAGE FAULTY SURVEYS STATIC IDENTITY DOCUMENTATION MYOPIA IN TREATING INCOME AS THE ONLY INDEX OF ENTITLEMENT LIMITED REACH OF MEDIA DIGITAL DIVIDE
  • 7.  FAULTY AND TIME CONSUMING BUREAUCRATIC PROCESSES REACTIVE GOVERNANCE FABRICATED SOCIAL AUDITS NON REPORTING OF CASES OF CORRUPTION INEFFICIENT JUDICIARY SYSTEM RESTRICTED DEMOCRACY FOOD ADULTERATION
  • 8.  LACK OF TECHNICAL KNOW-HOW ABSENCE OF COLD CHAINS AND COLD STORAGES INEFFICENT NETWORK OF WAREHOUSES BAD TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS FAULTY FORECASTING MODELS SMALL SCALE OF OPERATIONS OF FARMERS
  • 9.  PRICE DIFFERENTIAL BETWEEN DOMESTIC AND GLOBAL MARKETS LEADING TO EXPORTS OF FOOD CROPS ADVERS TERMS OF TRADE IN FOOD IMPORTS DUE TO LOW BARGAINING POWER LOW INCOME ELASTICITY OF DEMAND DUE TO ENGEL’S LAW ABSENCE OF MINIMUM SUPPORT PRICES FROM CENTRAL AND STATE GOVERMENTS BULK PURCHASES BY BROKING HOUSES FOR COMMODITY TRADING
  • 10.  INCREASE IN AGGREGATE EFFECTIVE DEMAND FROM APL HOUSEHLDS FRAGMENTATION OF LAND AND LAND CEILING ( C.HANUMANTHA RAO &ASHOK RUDRA) RURAL TO URBAN MIGRATION LEADING TO HIGHER WAGES AND LOW PRODUCTION OF FOOD CROPS ( KAUSHIK BASU & DEBRAJ ROY) DISGUISED UNEMPLOYMENT IN PRIMARY SECTOR ( RAGNAR NURKSE & AMARTYA SEN)
  • 11.  ASSUMPTIONS ABOUT GROWTH OF THE ECONOMY DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME POSSIBILITY OF DEALING WITH ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES POLITICAL WILL AND LOGISTICAL CAPACITY GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE ON RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT FOR TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS)
  • 12.  FOOD AVAILABILITY FOOD ACCESS FOOD STABILITY UTILIZATION TEMPORAL DIMENSIONS - CHRONIC & TRANSITORY
  • 13.  INCREASING DEMAND FOR BIO FUEL AND THE COMPETITION BETWEEN FOD CROPS AND BIO FUEL CROPS ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES LIKE SOIL,AIR AND WATER POLLUTION WORLD ECONOIMC CRISES LEADING TO FLUCTUATIONS IN PURCHASING POWER OF URBAN CONSUMERS AND HIKE IN RELARIVE PRICES OF FOOD
  • 14.  925 MILLION WERE UNDERNOURISHED IN 2010 ROUGHLY 14 PERCENT OF WORLD’S POPULATION CONSISTING OF 6.8 BILLION PEOPLE 2 BILLIO UNDERNOURISHED DEVELOPING ECONOIMES AT THE RECEIVING END INDIA’S RANK IN TERMS OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX -124
  • 15.  ELIMINATION OF CHILD MALNUTRITION IN INDIA WOULD INCREASE NATIONAL INCOME BY US $ 28 BILLION ! THIS IS MORE THAN ITS COMBINED EXPENDITURE ON NUTRITION,HEALTH AND EDUCATION !! CAUSES 10.4 MILLION DEATHS ANNUALLY
  • 16.  UNDERNOURISHMENT IS ASSESED USING CALORIE SPECIFIC DATA AND QUANTITY OF FOOD HIGHER CALORIES DO NOT NECESSARILY MEAN HIGHER NUTRITION MALNOURISHMENT FOCUSES ON QUALITY OF FOOD MALNOURISHMENT IS HARDER TO MEASURE BECAUSE IT REQUIRES DATA ON PORTEIN AND MICRONUTRIENTS
  • 17.  LIVE STOCK DEPENDENT SOCIETIES SMALL - SCALE MIXED FARMERS CITY POPULATIONS( FAO REPORT,2006)
  • 18. SOCIETIES IN WHICH ATLEAST 90PERCENT OF THE TOTAL VALUE OF FARM PRODUCTION COMES FROM LIVESTOCK AND MORE THAN 90 PERCENT OF DRY MATTER FED TO ANIMALS COMES FROM RANGELANDS , PASTURES AND ANNUAL FORAGES
  • 19.  CONTRIBUTES ONE THIRD OF GDP AND APPROXIMATELY 21 PERCENT OF EXPORT EARNINGS CONTRIBUTES BETWEEN 50 AND 95 PERCENT OF THE INCOME OF PASTURAL FAMILIES ( AKLILU & CATLEY,2009) PROVIDES 80 PERCENT OF MILK PRODUCTS FOR SELF CONSUMPTION
  • 20.  PRODUCTIVITY FROM EXTENSIVE GRAZING SYSTEMS LOW IN TERMS OF OUTPUT PER ANIMAL AND PER UNIT OF LABOUR BUT HIGH IN TERMS OF OUTPUT FROM LIMTED RESOURCES( WATER & GRAIN) OCCURS IN FRAGILE & CHALLENGING ECOLOGIES WHERE THERE ARE LIMITED PROSPECTS OF DIVERSIFICATION
  • 21. A MIXED FARM IS ONE WHERE MORE THANPERCENT OF THE DRY MATTER FED TOLIVESTOCK COMES FROM CROP BYPRODUCTS & MORE THAN 10 PERCENT OFTHE VALUE OF FARM PRODUCE COMESFROM NON LIVESTOCK ACTIVITIES.(SERE & STEINFELD,1996)
  • 22.  FARMERS IN RURAL AREAS CREATE SYNERGY BY USING CROP RESIDUES TO FEED ANIMALS AND MANURE FROM ANIMALS TO FERTILIZE CROPS DIFFERENT ENTERPRISES EXIST ON THE SAME SMALL FARM PLOTS LOW INPUT,LOW OUTPUT SYSTEMS ARE EFFECTIVE IN USING WASTE , BUT POOR PRODUCERS OF FOOD OR INCOME
  • 23.  RESOURCE SCARCITY LAND FRAGMENTATION DISEASE OUTBREAK & CONTROL LEADING TO LOSS OF LIVESTOCK UNAVAILABILITY OF CHEAP DEBT CAPITAL LABOUR INTENSIVE TECHNIQUE OF PRODUCTION
  • 24.  50 PERCENT OF WORLD POPULATION RESIDESIN URBAN AREAS (UNTPA,2007) 75 PERCENT OF THE POPULATION LIVE IN URBAN AREAS IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES 29 PERCENT OF POPULATION LIVE IN URBAN AREAS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES PEOPLE LIVING IN URBAN AREAS ARE PURELY CONSUMERS OF FOOD ,UNLIKE THOSE IN RURAL AREAS WHO BOTH PRODUCE AND CONSUME FOOD
  • 25.  SUFFICIENT FOOD QUANTITY REQUIRES EFFICIENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM FOOD DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM REQUIRES INVESTMENT BY THE PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTORS AS WELL AS LEGISLATIONS AND REGULATIONS HEALTH & ENVIRONMENT SAFEGUARDS REQUIRE PROTECTION OF AIR AND WATER SUPPLY
  • 26.  LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH ADULT LITERACY RATE (2/3 WEIGHT) & COMBINED PRIMARY ,SECONDARY & TERTIARY EDUCATION ( 1/3) STANDARD OFLIVING AS INDICATED BY NATURAL LOGARITHM OF PER CAPITA GDP AT PURCHASING POWER PARITY
  • 27.  NATIONAL AVERAGE -0.647 WEST BENGAL -0.625 ARUNACHAL PRADESH -0.617 TRIPURA-0.608 JAMMU & KASHMIR -0.601 MEGAHLAYA-0.585 ANDHRA PRADESH -0.572 ASSAM-0.534 CHATTISGARH-0.516 JHARKHAND-0.513 UTTAR PRADESH -0.490 MADHYA PRADESH-0.488
  • 28.  ORISSA-0.452 BIHAR-0.449 ( UNDP REPORT 2005)
  • 29.  BIHAR JHARKHAND WEST BENGAL CHATTISGARH ORISSA ANDHRA PRADESH( SPEECH DELIVERED BY HOME MINISTER ON 19.07.2010 IN LOK SABHA)
  • 30.  ASSAM ARUNACHAL PRADESH MEGHALAYA TRIPURA NAGALAND JAMMU & KASHMIR
  • 31.  COVERS ALL INDIA EXCEPT JAMMU & KASHMIR TARGETSPRIORITY HOUSEHOLDS, THE POOREST 46 PERCENT IN RURAL AREAS & 26 PERCENT IN URBAN AREAS ANOTHER 29 PERCENT OF RURAL & 22 PERCENT OF URBAN POPULATION TO BE TREATED AS GENERAL CATEGORIES GUARANTEES 7KGs OF GRAIN TO PRIORITY HOUSEHOLDS & 3KGs TO GENERAL HOUSEHOLDS
  • 32.  FOOD GRAINS FREE OF COST TO STATES INCLUDING COSTS OF STORAGE & TRANSPORTATION ADMINSTRATIVE EXPENSES OF A MINIMUM OF 6 PERCENT 70 PERCENT OF ANY OTHER COSTS
  • 33.  SHALL REDUCE MALNOURISHMENT & UNDERNOURISHMENT SHALL REDUCE INFANT MORTALITY RATE PUSH INDIA TOWARDS THE MILLENIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS SHALL CUSHION THE POOR FROM FOOD INFLATION PROVIDE MINIMUM SUPPORT PRICE TO FARMERS AND HECE REDUCE FARMER SUICIDES PROMOTE PREVENTIVE HEALTH CARE
  • 34.  COUPLED WITH NREGA ,CREATE CONSUMER MARKET IN RURAL AREAS INCREASE THE SPEED OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND THUS REDUCE “ WAR AGAINST THE STATE” SAVE AN ESTIMATED US $ 28 MILLION AS COSTS OF NUTRITION,HEALTH & EDUCATION ANNUALLY
  • 35.  A WHOOPING RS 3,00,000 CRORE RUPEES REQUIRED CORPORATE INCOME TAXES & OTHER TAX RATES WOULD HAVE TO BE INCREASED MAY REQUIRE EXTERNAL DEBT BORROWING & INTERNAL BORROWING FROM RBI AS WELL SHALL AFFECT INVESTOR SENTIMENT DRASTICALLY DUE TO CROWDING OUT EFFECT SHALL LEAD TO HIKE IN FISCAL DEFICIT & FISCAL PROFLIGACY
  • 36. “ WEALTH IS NOT WHAT WE ARE SEEKING”(ARISTOTLE)& “ IF YOU ARE ONLY THNIKING OF ECONOMIC GROWTH IGNORING LIFE IT SELF THEN IT REFLECTS A POVERTY OF AMBITION”( BARRACK HUSSAIN OBAMA)
  • 37. ”THIS WAS SOME FOOD FOR THOUGHT.NOW , YOU MAY HAVE YOUR FOOD.’’