SHARING BIOENERGY EXAMPLESBIOETHANOL IN THAILANDEnsuring Access to Bioenergy Globally24th June 2013European Parliament
Bioethanol in Thailand ,Ensuring Access to Bioenergy Globally, 24th June 2013Global Process Engineering Solutions CompanyTechnology, Equipment and Services forEthanol, Brewery, Water, Wastewater and CriticalProcess Equipment for industrial application as wellbiobased products and processes.More than 500 references across 50 countriesWorld Class R&D Center – Praj MatrixPresent in Southeast Asia for over 2 decades withthe office in ThailandSet up 12 bioethanol plants in Thailand……MarketShare of 60% in supplying technology & equipmentfor ethanol plants in ThailandPraj Industries Ltd., IndiaPraj Matrix - The Innovation Center
ThailandPrudent Approach Towards Bioethanol BlendingNeed/DriversValue Chain/StakeholdersGovernmentSupport/IncentivesMarketDevelopmentCase StudyA nation ranked 20th in terms of population is now ranked 6th in terms of biofuel consumptionPopulation – 66 millionArea – 513,120 sq. KmGDP (nominal, est. 2012) - $ 365 billionAgriculture - 70% employment & 8.4%of GDPMajor Agro-Products –Rice, Rubber, sugarcane, CassavaBioethanol in Thailand ,Ensuring Access to Bioenergy Globally, 24th June 2013
ThailandNeed for Alternate EnergyBioethanol in Thailand , Ensuring Access to Bioenergy Globally, 24th June 2013157433958526675Energy - Proportion of Import &Domestic Production (2011)Domestic Production Import35%19%22%12%10% 2%Energy Consumption (2012)73,316 ktoeOil for transportOil for industryElectricityCoalNatural GasLigniteEstimated Energy Consumption (2021) : 99,838 ktoe (35% rise from current level)Source: Ministry of Energy, Thailand
ThailandEthanol Blending Policy (2012) - Objectives 2021Bioethanol in Thailand , Ensuring Access to Bioenergy Globally, 24th June 2013Source: Ministry of Energy, ThailandReduce import bill– strengthenenergy securityReplace fossil fuels–become leadingLow CarbonSocietyEnergyConservation &EfficiencyMonitor EnergyPrices & Safety25% Alternateenergy in totalenergy consumptionby 2021Solar – 2000 MWWind – 1200 MWHydropower – 6108 MWBioenergy (Biomasss) – 4390 MWBiofuels•Ethanol – 9 million liters per day (from existing1.4 mlpd and expected to replace 44% of oil)•Other – 31 million liters per day
ThailandEthanol Supply Chain - StakeholdersBioethanol in Thailand , Ensuring Access to Bioenergy Globally, 24th June 2013Feedstock• Molasses (fromsugar industry)• CassavaEthanol Plant• Convertingfeedstock intoEthanol and otherbi-products(CO2, Biogas)Market• International FuelMarket• Domestic FuelMarketSTAKEHOLDERSFarmersMerchantsProcessing plantsEthanol ProducersTechnology suppliersR&DOil RefineriesOMCsFuel RetailersAutomotive IndustryConsumersGovernment & Various Ministries
ThailandGovernment Support – Drivers for StakeholdersBioethanol in Thailand , Ensuring Access to Bioenergy Globally, 24th June 2013AgricultureSectorYield improvement ofSugarcane and Cassavaby supporting R&DactivitiesQuota (35%) forCassava based ethanolto accommodateincreasing demand ofethanolCassava based ethanolto fetch 3 Baht perliter more price thanMolasses basedethanolAutomotiveSectorSupportmanufacturing of E85cars by reducing excisetax to car makersRequirement of E85cars procurement forofficial /governmentagenciesSupport research toincrease ethanoldemand e.g applyingconversion kit for oldcarsFuelMarketSell of non blendedfuel is prohibited atfuel retail stationsfrom Jan 2013Setting up price of E20lower than that ofGasohol 95 and E10Price benchmarksEthanol feedstock PriceBrazilian ethanol PriceInternational Crude OilPriceEnergyContent(MJ/L)Price(Baht/L)Gasoline(UGR 91RON)34.2 43.65Gasohol91 E1033.2 35.783% 18%
ThailandCase Study – 100 m3/d Molasses based Ethanol PlantKey ParametersBioethanol in Thailand , Ensuring Access to Bioenergy Globally, 24th June 2013SugarcaneMolasses (430m3/d)Ethanol PlantEthanol (100m3/d)Effluent (1200m3/d)Biogas 55%Methane(45000 m3/d)Electricity (100MWh/d)38 MWh/dSteam from Bagasse based BoilerElectricity to Grid (62MWh/d)Emission Reduction– 637.675 tCO2eover 10 yearsTypical GHG savings– more than 90%compared to fossilfuel
ThailandAdvantages BioethanolBioethanol in Thailand , Ensuring Access to Bioenergy Globally, 24th June 2013EconomicBenefitsHard currencysavings byreplacement of44% of oilimportCreation ofthousands ofdirect jobs andindirect jobs inrural areaEnvironmentalBenefitsHigh GHGSavings –Better airqualityNo land usechange
ThailandKey Success Factors for BioethanolBioethanol in Thailand , Ensuring Access to Bioenergy Globally, 24th June 2013Clarity &consistency inpolicyAll stakeholderson boardPricingtransparencyacross the valuechainAvailability of rawmaterial –Molasses &Cassava
Bioethanol in Thailand , Ensuring Access to Bioenergy Globally, 24th June 2013THANK YOUContact:Amol NisalPraj Industries Ltd., Indiaemail: firstname.lastname@example.orgPh: +91 20 2290 5080Mob: +91 7387089799
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