IntroductionEating disorder is a term used todescribe abnormal eating habits thatinvolve scarce or excessive foodingestion, damaging peoples mental andphysical health. Bulimia, anorexia andobesity are examples of these disorders.Interactions between the control ofmotivation and self-regulatory methodsare involved in eating behavior.However, the exact cause of eatingdisorders isnt totally perceived, thoughthere is certitude that it may beassociated to medical conditions andsituations.Obesity is a specific eatingdisorder, wherein the excess body fat isaccumulated, leading to an increase ofhealth problems. People areconsidered obese when their bodymass index (BMI) is greater than 30kg/m2. It is one of the main avoidabledeath causes in the world and mainlyhappens in developed countries. Thisfact is due to the high consumption ofcarbohydrates and fats resulting fromthe use of the fast-food.
Causes and ConsequencesObesity increases the likelihood of various illnesses,particularly heart diseases, diabetes mellitus (type 2),obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer,osteoarthritis and asthma. Obesity is most common caused bya combination of excessive energetic food ingestion, lack ofexercise, genetic, medicines, insufficient sleep or psychiatricillnesses.An inactive lifestyle plays asignificant role in obesity. In the worldthere has been a large change to lessdemanding work, physically. This isprimarily due to the increasing use ofmechanized transportation and a labor-saving technology at home. In children,it seems to be declines in levels ofphysical activity due to less walkingand physical education. There is anassociation between television viewingtime and the risk of obesity.Concerning about its consequences, the most seriousare respiratory problems because of the fat that accumulateson the chest, extra efforts to support the weight excess thataffect the bones and the muscles, difficulty of the blood flowand rise in blood pressure, heart wear and sweating increase.
History and ArtsObesity is from the Latinobesitas that means "stout, fat orplump".The Greeks were the first torecognize obesity as an illness.Formerly, most of humanity foughtwith food scarcity. So, obesityhistorically was viewed as a sign ofwealth that was common in AncientAsian civilizations, in the Middle Agesand the Renaissance, in Europe.However, obesity is still seen as a signof well-being in many parts of Africa.This has become particularly commonsince certain serious diseases wereappearing.Other cultures viewed obesity asthe result of a character flaw. Theobese or the fat character in Greek comedy was a glutton.During Christian times, food was viewed as the sins of slothand lust.During the 20th century, the populations reached theirgenetic potential for the height. So the weight began toincrease much more than height, resulting in obesity. Theweight that is ideal has become lower since 1920.The first sculptures of the human bodyrepresent obese females, like the Venusfigurines.During the Renaissance some of the upperclass began to show their large size, as can beseen in Henry the VIII and Alessandro delBorro’s portraits.In the 19th century, the obesity viewschanged in the Western world, becauseslimness began to be seen as the desirablestandard.
Childhood obesityNowadays, childhood obesityhas reached epidemic levels withincreasing rates in developed anddeveloping countries.Obesity rates in Canadianchildren increased from 11% in1980 to 30% in 1990. During thissame time in Brazilian childrenobesity rates increased from 4% to14%.Obesity in petsObesity in pets is very frequent invarious countries. The risk of obesity indogs is associated if or not their ownersare obese, but there isnt an equalrelationship between cats and theirowners.ConclusionIn my opinion, the day-to-day becomes restricted theingestion of foods such as sweets and fats. This is a mistakethat must be avoided. No matter the fast food consumption,since its periodic. It should also perform exercise at leastthree times a week. Thus, it can to avoid one of the mostserious eating disorders as obesity.