Starting Up a Cost-Free Library Portal for Small-funded Libraries

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Lecture presented by Maria Cecilia F. Ingusan at PAARL's Conference on the theme "The Power of Convergence: Technology and Connectivity in the 21st Century Library and Information Services" held on Nov. 11-13, 2009 at St Paul College, Pasig City

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  • Types of accommodations: Virtual hosting each site has its own domain name and e-mail addresses Dedicated hosting provides all of the equipment and assumes all of the responsibility for technical support and maintenance
  • Main difference between Web 1.0 and Web 2.0 : Collaborative, database-driven, dynamic User input is essential for the display of website data Web 1.0: Static Content are coded by programmers User input is not essential
  • For country suffix Primary domain name registrar: domains.ph (Philippines) – approx. $35/year W/o country suffix As low as $5/year (domain name registrars - other countries) Dreamhost, Network Solutions, GoDaddy
  • shared/dedicated hosting, etc. e.g. Dreamhost, Network Solutions, GoDaddy, Bluehost, Linux Panda *if you don’t have equipment, capital, etc.
  • *look of the website Need to hire graphic designer
  • Need to hire website programmer: - to implement design using programming language (PHP, ASP, HTML, CSS, etc.); create database if needed *no need if you have own equipment *ftp – remote; for security Others: sftp – secure ftp,
  • Starting Up a Cost-Free Library Portal for Small-funded Libraries

    1. 1. Starting Up a Cost-Free Library Portal for Small-Funded Libraries Presented by Maria Cecilia F. Ingusan The Power of Convergence: Technology and Connectivity in the 21st Century Library and Information Services November 11, 2009
    2. 2. Starting Up a Cost-Free Library Portal <ul><li>Definition of Terms </li></ul><ul><li>How to create your own website </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Build your own website from scratch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use free online website builders/webhost or minimal-fee sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use CMS-based website builders (Wordpress/Blogger/Multiply, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use GoogleApps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a turnkey solution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Compare the different ways of creating your own website </li></ul>
    3. 3. Definition of Terms <ul><li>Domain Name </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The text name corresponding to the numeric IP address of a computer on the Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domain names are used in URLs to identify particular Web pages: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// wordpress.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>( 66.201.69.207) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Domain name suffixes </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>.com .net .org .edu </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>.gov .co .tv .ph </li></ul></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Definition of Terms <ul><li>Webhosting Service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the business of providing the equipment and services required to host and maintain files for one or more Web sites and to provide fast Internet connections to those sites </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Webhosting Essentials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet connection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web server (website files, databases) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software (e.g. IIS, Windows Server 2003/2008, Apache, PERL, Linux) </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Definition of Terms <ul><li>Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a.k.a. second-generation Web, collaborative Web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a set of related forces, design patterns, and business models that have evolved out of first-generation Internet technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Web 1.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>primarily focused on human and computer interaction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>primarily focused on culture and people </li></ul></ul>
    6. 7. Definition of Terms <ul><li>Content Management System (CMS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a web-based program or application that allows you to create, edit and manage your website content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>typical features include a news/blogging tool, contact forms, simple file/image uploading, user roles or permissions, photo galleries, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. Joomla, Mambo, Drupal </li></ul></ul>
    7. 10. Definition of Terms <ul><li>Database </li></ul><ul><ul><li>an organized collection of information, characterized by the use of data fields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>it provides a foundation for procedures such as retrieving information, drawing conclusions, and making decisions </li></ul></ul>
    8. 11. Database
    9. 12. Definition of Terms <ul><li>Uniform Resource Locator (URL) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>an acronym/term that describes the location and access method of a resource on the Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://mylibraryportal.wordpress.com </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http – the protocol (access method) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mylibraryportal.wordpress.com – address </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(server location) </li></ul></ul>
    10. 13. How to Create Your Own Website
    11. 14. Build website from scratch <ul><li>Create/Register Domain Name </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Select a name which describes your website well </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Try to keep it as short as possible so that people can remember it easily </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Register your domain name </li></ul></ul>
    12. 15. http:// dotph.domains.ph /
    13. 16. www.web.com.ph
    14. 17. www.philhosting.net
    15. 18. www.dreamhost.com
    16. 19. Build website from scratch <ul><li>Get a Webhost </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine the kind of host best for your website </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research before choosing a hosting company </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Check user reviews and comments to check out their reliability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure they offer enough bandwidth, disk space, acceptable uptime, and customer support </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ask them about their backup and security policies </li></ul></ul></ul>
    17. 20. www.networksolutions.com
    18. 21. http:// www.godaddy.com
    19. 22. http:// www.bluehost.com /
    20. 23. Linux Panda http:// pandawebhosting.com
    21. 24. Build website from scratch <ul><li>Design the Website Template </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Start with a template and modify it to suit your own needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bear in mind the layout of the pages </li></ul></ul>
    22. 26. Build website from scratch <ul><li>Create the website content and then upload </li></ul><ul><ul><li>upload your web pages to your web host. This is usually done using a File Transfer Protocol (FTP) program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FTP account </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>username </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>password </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>create a folder to store your web pages in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>publish to the Internet (c/o programmer or webhost) </li></ul></ul>
    23. 27. Publishing websites to the Internet
    24. 28. Build website from scratch <ul><li>Launch/Market the Website </li></ul><ul><ul><li>submit your website to the major search engines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>generate traffic by link exchanges, or by placing links to your site in forums and articles </li></ul></ul>
    25. 29. Add URL to Google www.google.com/addurl /
    26. 30. Add URL to Yahoo! www.yahoo.com
    27. 31. Add URL to Yahoo! http:// search.yahoo.com/info/submit.html
    28. 32. Use free online website builders/webhost <ul><li>Pick a free website builder or webhost </li></ul><ul><li>Use the predefined templates offered and make your own content </li></ul><ul><li>Launch your website </li></ul>
    29. 33. www.wix.com
    30. 34. www.doodlekit.com
    31. 35. www.weebly.com
    32. 36. Use CMS-based website builders
    33. 37. www.blogger.com
    34. 38. PLAI STRLC website http://plaistrlc.blogspot.com/
    35. 39. http:// wordpress.org
    36. 40. The Unquiet Library website http://theunquietlibrary.wordpress.com/
    37. 41. www.multiply.com
    38. 42. DLSU-D Friends of the Library website http:// friendsofthelibrary.multiply.com /
    39. 43. www.ning.com
    40. 44. DepED Library Hub website http:// libraryhub.ning.com
    41. 45. Use GoogleApps <ul><li>http://www.google.com/apps/intl/en/business/index.html (Standard Edition) </li></ul>
    42. 46. Use GoogleApps <ul><li>Enter domain name </li></ul>
    43. 47. Use GoogleApps <ul><li>Fill up required/relevant information </li></ul>
    44. 48. Use GoogleApps <ul><li>Set-up administrator account </li></ul>
    45. 49. Use GoogleApps <ul><li>Configure domain for GoogleApps use </li></ul>
    46. 50. Use GoogleApps <ul><li>HTML verification method </li></ul>
    47. 51. Use GoogleApps <ul><li>Changing CNAME DNS record method </li></ul>
    48. 52. Use GoogleApps <ul><li>Google Apps dashboard panel </li></ul>
    49. 53. Use GoogleApps <ul><li>Google Apps signin page </li></ul>
    50. 54. http://sites.google.com/site/maynardpubliclibrary/
    51. 55. Use a turnkey solution <ul><li>Register a Domain Name </li></ul><ul><li>Contract the Services of a Third-Party Web Developer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CMS solution should be provided </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Agree and finalize the content to be uploaded </li></ul><ul><li>Updates to be done through CMS </li></ul>
    52. 56. Compare the different ways of creating your own website Fully Customizable Fully Customizable - Built-in Templates - Can be customized thru CSS Built-in Templates 5. Design/Templates Fully Customizable Fully Customizable Depends on the name of the site Depends on the name of the site 4. URL Customization - Domain Name Renewal - Hardware/Software Maintenance required - Domain Name Renewal - Hardware/Software Maintenance required Content Only (Hardware/Software Maintenance c/o Service Provider) Content Only (Hardware/Software Maintenance c/o Service Provider) 3. Maintenance requirements N/A (c/o Third-Party Service Provider) - Fully Customizable - Needs knowledge of Website Programming Languages, Hardware Installation - Simple - Step-by-step Wizard - Design customization thru application of themes / CSS editing Simple Step-by-step Wizard 2. Ease of Website Set-up - Web Development c/o Third-Party Service Provider (Domain Name, Webhosting Plan, Programming/Design) - Domain Name - Equipment (if own set-up) - Webhosting Plan - Manhours (Programmer / Designer) FREE FREE 1. Price/Cost Turnkey solutions Build your own from scratch Blogger / Multiply / Wordpress Free website builders / webhosts Criteria
    53. 57. Compare the different ways of creating your own website Fully Customizable Fully Customizable Fully Customizable (by programming built in APIs) None 11. Database c/o User c/o User c/o Service Provider c/o Service Provider 10. Technical support c/o User c/o User c/o Service Provider c/o Service Provider 9. Operating system c/o User c/o User c/o Service Provider c/o Service Provider 8. Web programming language to be used Can be increased based on requirements Can be increased based on requirements Currently unlimited Limited 7. Disk space Depends on the Hosting Plan Depends on the Hosting Plan Shared bandwidth Shared bandwidth 6. Bandwidth usage Technical specifications Turnkey solutions Build your own from scratch Blogger / Multiply / Wordpress Free website builders / webhosts Criteria
    54. 58. Examples of Free Websites <ul><li>http://thewebseye.instantaffiliatewebsite.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.siterightnow.com/ </li></ul>
    55. 59. Examples of free (or with minimal-fee) website builder sites <ul><li>http:// www.webeden.co.uk / </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.tiptopwebsite.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.one.com/ </li></ul>

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