Exploring Bibliotherapy in the Reference Library


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lecture presented by Miguel M. Cobaria at PAARL Academy’s 2-day Modular Training Program on Bibliotherapy Services through Book Prescription Shops in Libraries & Information Centers, held on 19-20 May 2011, at the Librarians’Center of the National Bookstore Superbranch, Cubao, Quezon City, Philippines

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Exploring Bibliotherapy in the Reference Library

  1. 1. Exploring Bibliotherapy in the Reference Library By: Prof. Miguel M. Cobaria A seminar workshop paper Prepared for PAARL, May 20, 2011 National Bookstore Cubao, Quezon City
  2. 2. The Lecturer with A Booktalker of a Special Kind: Sir Pagsi
  3. 3. WORKSHEET OF SPECIAL CONCERN No. 3 Library and Information Science as a dynamic, growing Academic Discipline and Profession for the Information Professionals and Knowledge Economists and Managers STREAM OF AWARENESS STREAM OF CONCIOUSNESS for for highly technical Knowledge educational knowledge organization Organization service in fields such and information service in such as: learning fields as: * LAW * PREPERATORY SCHOOLS *MEDICINE *ELEMENTARY AND SCONDARY SCHOOLS * HEALTH AND ALLIED SCIENCES * COMMUNITY COLLEGES *BUSINESS AND BANKING * HIGHER EDUCATION COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES *INDUSTRIAL AND RELATED FIELDS
  4. 4. PROPOSED LIS CURRICULAR PARADIGMPossible Revival of Curricular Offerings Existing Curricular Offerings:fitted for: •BLIS•Elementary School Librarianship •MLS•Secondary School Librarianship •MLIS•Higher ed. Librarianship( LISUndergraduate and Graduate programswith strong cognates in Education )-Academic Librarianship• And offering new courses geared forPublic LibrarianshipQUESTION:To what extent would you agree that courses like BSE-LIS, MA-ED-LIS be included inR.A. 9246 and LIS Education in Public Librarianship as required degrees for takinglibrarians examination?PLEASE CHECK your degree of agreement_____ to a greater extent_____ to some extent_____ to a little extent_____ none at allComment:
  5. 5. Topic OutlineI. Bibliotherapy as a Reference Service
  6. 6. II. A Run Through on Bibliotherapy as Applied in School Setting: Conceptual Perspectives
  7. 7. III. Bibliotherapy Workshop Using the Reference Craft: “Boldly Live as You’ve Never Lived Before” By: Richard Raben & Hiyaguha Cohen
  8. 8. L et There BeBibliotherapy Adopted from The Beatles’ “Let It Be”Lyrics by: Miguel M. Cobaria
  9. 9. When I find my self in times of crisis looking for inspiration when I really do not know what to dothe librarian comes to my rescue
  10. 10. Creating some kind of fascination reaching out through book discussion giving me hope & solutions, optional answers to my questions
  11. 11. Let there be, let there be someone who’s a true friend in that booklandbringing all the needed wisdompractical reference to my hand
  12. 12. Let there be, let there bebook talk societies in our country sensible book discussions; Bibliotherapy
  13. 13. (coda) Let there be, let there begood reference collection for humanity and librarians who can be trusted to do bibliotherapy
  14. 14. IBibliotherapy as aReference Service
  15. 15. Bibliotherapy Bibliotherapy is a more specializedform of guidance, related in its goals toreader’s advisory work but generallypracticed in a group.
  16. 16. Although not, strictly speaking, areference service, it has been practicedalongside traditional reference services andreaders’ advisory services in libraryprograms of the early 50’s in the US.
  17. 17. Originally, bibliotherapy involved usingdirected reading to aid in a physical oremotional healing process. Todaybibliotherapists use literature, film, or othermedia, chosen for their appropriateness tothe needs of the group, to assist the personalgrowth and/or rehabilitation of groupmembers through discussion of the materialread or viewed.
  18. 18. Practitioners have distinguish two primarytypes of bibliotheraphy, clinical anddevelopmental clinical bibliotherapy is usedby doctors and hospital librarians withpersons with emotional or behavioralproblems to encourage self understanding orbehavioral change.
  19. 19. Developmental bibliotherapy is used witha wide variety of individuals in schools or inpublic libraries to promote self-knowledge,personal growth, and the successfulcompletion of “developmental tasks”associated with various life stage.
  20. 20. Readers discussion groups are well fitted in conductingdevelopmental bibliotherapy inwhich literature can be used as a basis for examining both individual and societal values and goals.
  21. 21. Source:Bopp, Richard E. and Linda C. Smith. Reference and Information Services (2001), 3 rd ed.
  22. 22. II A Run Through onBibliotherapy as Applied in School Setting:Conceptual Perspectives
  23. 23. Bibliotherapy Bibliotherapy is the sharing of carefully selected literature with a child for the purpose of helping the child work through a tough situation.Children will be able to identify with the problems of the characters and can work through those problems by connecting to the text. They can then see how they are not alone and work towards understanding and resolving the problem or situation. Sources can be any form of text including books, magazines, and poetry.
  24. 24. Bibliotherapy canhelp a child achieveSelf-Actualization byassisting with issuesdealing with safety,love and belonging, and esteem. Literature can be shared with children when dealing with concerns about safety homelessness; love andbelonging, like bullying or familydynamics; or about esteem, for Image retrieved from Bing Imagesexample, being the best you can be.
  25. 25. When should I use BIBLIOTHERAPY?Anytime a child is dealing with a tough situation!• Divorce• Death• Moving• Bullying• Special health needs• Feeling different• Prejudice/Understanding different cultures
  26. 26. Ways to use bibliotherapy• Large or small group read aloud• Given to a child for independent reading• Story on CD in the listening center• Recommend to parent to read and discuss with child• Literature circles (group according to content for discussion)
  27. 27. Many series deal with situations appropriate for bibliotherapy.
  28. 28. Bibliotherapy can be used by any adult whois concerned about a child’s well being.- Teachers- Parents or other relative- Librarians- Friends- Counselors/TherapistsIt helps to be comfortable with the bookand subject matter you are addressing.
  29. 29. How do I pick the right book?•Identify the problem.•Select literature relevant to the problem.•Have a main character that the child can identify with(similar age, gender, situation)•The text should be age appropriate and culturally sensitive.•Text and pictures should be free of prejudice andstereotypes.
  30. 30. Follow up activities Many activities can enhance the effectiveness of the text.• Draw a picture related to the text.• Write what happens to the characters next.• Perform a puppet show.• Write a song about how the character feels.• Write a poem about the subject matter.• Rewrite the story from another character’s viewpoint.• Discuss other ways the characters could have handled the situation. What could they have done better? How would you have handled the situation.
  31. 31. Keep in mind…• Use caution when dealing with controversial subject matter. (drugs, sexuality, incarceration) You might meet some resistance.• Become familiar with the text before sharing it with a child.• Learn about the child and what they need.
  32. 32. More suggestions…• In a school setting, read to a small group of children as to not single an individual child out.• Bibliotherapy is meant to be therapeutic!
  33. 33. Source:
  34. 34. IIIBibliotherapy Workshop Using the Reference Craft: “Boldly Live as You’ve Never Lived Before” By: Richard Raben & Hiyaguha Cohen (1995)
  35. 35. Hearing and listening from a booktalker, here is a brief summary of the reaction paper about “Life lessonsfrom Star Trek which is the object of Raven & Cohen’s book as extracted from a composition written by Ms. Rosalinda L. Timbol (2nd Sem. 2010- 2011)
  36. 36. “The said book talk is veryeducational and well-timed for the occasion. It is about thepotential of an individual either to be a Leader, a Warrior, an Analyst or Relater.”
  37. 37. A LeaderKirk Picard Another Leader
  38. 38. A warriorWorf Kira Another warrior
  39. 39. An Analyst Another AnalystTuvok Spock
  40. 40. A RelaterKes Troi Another Relater
  41. 41. Leaders * Such as Kirk andPicard have clear vision, adeep sense of duty andjustice, as well as anoutstanding ability to takecharge and implement aplan of action
  42. 42. Warriors * Such as Worfand Kira tackle problemsheaded-on, applyingexceptional focus, self-discipline, and – ifnecessary – aggression toget results.
  43. 43. Analysts * Such asSpock and Tuvok havethe clear headed, unemotional activityneeded to makeeffective choices basedon facts and logic alone.
  44. 44. Relaters* Such as Troiand Kes expressthemselves freely, drawpeople to them, andhave great compassionfor others
  45. 45. Thank You!Now, its Time for the : STAR TREK’s Influence on maximizing one’s heroic strengths and overcoming weaknesses
  46. 46. Note: After The workshop, let’s have a closing song Let There Be Information Literacy When I find myself in times of trouble lookin’ for information when I really do not know what to do the librarian comes to my rescue
  47. 47. And in the world of darknessseekin’ for the light to shine on me I really find no other comfort than in the library
  48. 48. Let there be, let there besomeone who’s an expert in ICT,an expert in information literacy
  49. 49. Let there be, let there beapproachable librarian who will help me become an effective user of the library