Aviation and Sustainable Biofuel

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Aviation and Sustainable Biofuel

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  • 1. Richard WynneDirectorCommercial AirplanesEnvironment and Aviation Policy July 27, 2011U.S. Department of Energy Biomass 2011Aviation and Sustainable BiofuelBOEING is a trademark of Boeing Management Company.Copyright © 2010 Boeing. All rights reserved.
  • 2. Developing innovative solutions We recognize the importance of protecting our ecosystem. That is why we are unleashing the expertise of Boeing employees to design environmentally progressive products, research cleaner fuels, [and] enhance the global air traffic system to reduce the carbon footprint of air travel. Jim McNerney Chairman, President and CEO The Boeing Company 2
  • 3. The Challenge: Carbon-Neutral Growth Using less fuel Efficient airplanesCO Emissions Operational efficiency 2 Changing the fuel Sustainable Fuels Lower lifecycle CO2 No infrastructure The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again. Baseline The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again. modifications The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again. “Sustainable Biofuel” The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again. 2006 Carbon Neutral Timeline 2050 Sustainable aviation biofuel is an essential growth enabler Copyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved.
  • 4. Main Categories of Alternative Fuels Opportunities Challenges • Significant supplies • Capital costs Fossil Fuels • Proven technology • Energy, water intensive • CCS tech. not mature • Steady supply • Use of food crops1st Generation • Public policy support • Airplane compatibility Biofuel • Lower lifecycle CO2 • Supply chain not2nd Generation • Avoids “food for fuel” mature Biofuel • Regional solutions • Costs near-term We are focusing our efforts on sustainable biofuel Copyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved. Boeing_Environment.ppt |4
  • 5. Sustainability Considers Environmental, Economic,Social Impacts Lower CO2 lifecycle Does not compete with food or promote deforestationCopyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved. Boeing_Environment.ppt |5
  • 6. Sustainable Biofuel Strategy Enable the industry to achieve market viability by 2015Five focus areas Fuel Feedstock Airport Commercial Advocacy Approval Pathways Infrastructure Production Acting as a Catalyst to Accelerate Broad Commercialization Copyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved.
  • 7. Sustainable Aviation Biofuels:Tested Rigorously and Chemically ValidatedCopyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved.
  • 8. Sustainable Biofuel Test FlightsFeb 2008 Virgin Atlantic Dec 2008 Air New Zealand Jan 2009 Continental Coconut and Babassu Jatropha Algae and JatrophaJan 2009 Japan Airlines Apr 2010 F/A-18 June 2010 Dutch AH-64 Apache Camelina, Jatropha, Algae Camelina Algae and Cooking OilCopyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved. Boeing_Environment.ppt |8
  • 9. Sustainable Biofuel Strategy Enable the industry to achieve market viability by 2015Five focus areas Fuel Feedstock Airport Commercial Advocacy Approval Pathways Infrastructure Production Acting as a Catalyst to Accelerate Broad Commercialization Copyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved.
  • 10. Candidate Sustainable Biofuel FeedstocksOilseeds Algae Cellulosic Municipal Solid WasteCopyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved.
  • 11. Building Blocks to Creating Scalable Supply Algae % Biofuel Feedstocks Cellulosic MSW Oilseeds TimeCopyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved.
  • 12. Candidate Sustainable Biofuel Feedstocks Camelina Jatropha Ready Now Ready Now Challenges Challenges • Limited total yield • Warm climates • Tied to grain only markets • Manual harvest today Halophytes Algae Ready in 2 to 4 years Ready in 5 to 10 years Challenges Challenges • Prove at scale • Bio-optimization • Optimize • Competing agronomy approaches • Processing costsViability Based on Timing, Technology and Local Resources Copyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved. Boeing_Environment.ppt | 12
  • 13. Sustainable Biofuel Will Work in Existing AviationInfrastructure• Meets fuel performance requirements• Requires NO change to airplanes or engines• Requires NO change to infrastructure• Can be mixed or alternated with Jet fuel from petroleumCopyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved. Boeing_Environment.ppt | 13
  • 14. Sustainable Biofuel StrategyEnable the industry to achieve market viability – by 2015 Five Focus Areas Feedstock Fuels Airport Commercial Support and Viability Approval Infrastructure Production Advocacy Acting as a Catalyst to Accelerate Broad CommercializationCopyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved. Boeing_Environment.ppt | 14
  • 15. Sustainable aviation biofuel projects around the world SAFUG-Europe Working Together MOUs Member Projects with CAAC, Air China, PetroChina Farm to Fly Sustainable Aviation Fuels Northwest Life Project Cycle Flight Path Analysis Latin America MasdarResearch Jatropha Project Sustainability Aviation Biofuel Study Copyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved. Road Map
  • 16. Biofuels case studies – see www.enviro.aero A map showing current global development and research into biofuelsCopyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved.
  • 17. Promoting Sustainable Biofuel for Aviation SAFUG is committed to advancing the development and commercialization of sustainable aviation biofuelCopyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved.
  • 18. Promoting Sustainable Biofuel for Aviation Members: Affiliates:Copyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved. Boeing_Environment.ppt | 18
  • 19. Recent Biofuel ActivityBoeing and American Airlines to Accelerate Quieter, Cleaner Aviation TechnologiesLufthansa begins scheduled commercial service on A320ASTM Approves use of Bioderived Renewable FuelsSustainable Aviation Fuels Northwest regional study completedPlan de Vuelo study completedVirgin Atlantic Biofuel Test FlightBoeing and Air China plan Biofuel TestsAir New Zealand Biofuel Test FlightHoneywell UOP flies Lindbergh’s route across AtlanticJAL Flight Brings Aviation One Step Closer to Using BiofuelContinental Airlines Flight Demonstrates Use of Sustainable BiofuelsBoeing Issues First Latin American Study on Jatropha SustainabilityBiofuels Flightpath framework program announcedFinnair to begin regular commercial serviceKLM flies first commercial passenger flight; announces regular serviceThomson Airways set for first commercial UK biofuels flightBoeing 747-8F Flies Historic Biofuel Flight: Seattle to Paris – all engines on biofuelCopyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved.
  • 20. The Chemistry of Typical Jet Fuel Ideal Carbon Length C8-C16 C8- CH3 H3C CH3 Paraffins 70%-85% Normal Paraffins Iso-paraffins Cyclic Paraffins Aromatics CH3 < 25% Olefins (<5%) S Sulfur, Nitrogen, OH Acids, phenols, etc Oxygen Containing CompoundsCopyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved.
  • 21. Fuels Approval Process – ASTM D 4054 Standard Practice for Qualification and Approval of New Aviation Turbine Fuels and Fuels Additives Test Program OEM Internal Review Specification Change Fuel Specification OEM ASTM Review Properties Internal & Ballot Review Fit-for- Reject or Additional Data as Purpose Required Properties RESEARCH REPORT Reject or Component Additional or Rig Tests Data as Required FAA Revie w Engine Endurance Test OEM Approval ASTM Incorporate into Fuel Specification SpecificationCopyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved. with FAA Consensus
  • 22. Policy Needs • Recognition of fuel feedstocks – Parity for algae, oilseeds – Co-product approvals • Government support of frameworks – Security for would-be producers – Permitting for production • Long-term contracting authority for governmentsCopyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved.
  • 23. Farm to Fly • Initiative between aviation industry and US government agencies to accelerate biofuel commercialization • What: Address challenges of cost, feedstock availability – Identify and advocate policy initiatives to launch end-to-end supply chain Examples: SSG – Coordinate and integrate government policies – Incorporate new feedstocks into existing laws – US biorefinery capacity evaluation – Potential to focus USG resources Air Transport Association/Boeing: Partnering for Future FuelsCopyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved.
  • 24. First Transatlantic Biofuel Flight With Commercial Aircraft 747-8 Freighter flown to Paris Air Show on sustainable aviation biofuel - July 2011Copyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved.
  • 25. Copyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved.
  • 26. Sustainable Aviation Biofuel Progress Report Progress • Flight tests – met / exceeded expectations • Regional assessments – PNW, Australia, Mexico, … • Military platforms qualified • ASTM HRJ SPK approval – eff. July 1st • Commercial flights beginning – KLM, Lufthansa, Thomson/TUI, Finnair… Next Steps • Continued emphasis on sustainability • Research - expanded feedstocks/pathways • Commercial production scale-up • Stretch goal: 1st 1% by 2015 (~600 MGY) Great progress. Superior fuel. Early in the journey 26Copyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved.
  • 27. Biofuel Policy Themes Key focus areas: – Parity / Level playing field – Acceleration – scale and cost – Harmonization – Pathways- road mapping – Financing Key regulatory areas: – Tax – Agriculture, Forestry – Energy – Environment – Transportation Ongoing work areas: – Look for gaps, opportunities – Craft recommendations, implement – Coordination with national, internationalCopyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved.
  • 28. Top Six SAFN Recommendations • Strategic focus on sustainable fuels for aviation • Stable, long-term policy to attract investment • Support for aviation fuels under RFS2 • State and local support of infrastructure and training • Target regional R&D • Incorporate sustainability criteriaCopyright © 2011 Boeing. All rights reserved. 28
  • 29. Copyright © 2010 Boeing. All rights reserved.