Success Stories of Panchayati Raj

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Success Stories of Panchayati Raj

  1. 1. Success Stories of Panchayati RajIndian Environmental Society U-112, Vidhata House, Vikas Marg, Shakarpur, Delhi-110 092 (India)
  2. 2. Published : 2007Published by :Indian Environmental SocietyU-112, Vidhata House, Vikas Marg,Shakarpur, Delhi-110 092 (India)Tel. : 91-11-22450749, 22046823, 22046824Fax : 91-11-22523311E-mail : iesenro@vsnl.com, iesindia@gmail.comWebsite : www.iespanchayat.net.inSupported by :ENVIS Centre, Ministry of Environment and ForestsGovernment of IndiaCompiled by :Sunita SharmaShabarni Das GuptaPrinted at :Times Press910, Jatwara Street, Darya Ganj,New Delhi-110002Tel. : 65755777, 23273252
  3. 3. Frwr oeod The local self-government/Panchayati Raj Institutions by their special abilityto organize the people at lower levels have succeeded considerably in attractingthe people to participate in the developmental activities. The rural environmentcan be conserved very successfully with the help of Panchayati Raj Institutions. The Indian Environmental Society is compiling Success Stories of Panchayatsand their role on Environmental Management from different Hindi and Englishnewspapers and is publishing a book namely “Success Stories of PanchayatiRaj”. This book is an effort to disseminate the success stories among the readerand users and hope this will help to motivate them for a better future. I am hopefulthat Success Stories related to Environmental Management will definitely enrichthe knowledge of the readers. Dr. Desh Bandhu President
  4. 4. CONTENTSSl. No. Page No. 1. Success Stories related to Health and Hygiene 1 2. Success Stories related to Conservation of Natural Resources 13 3. Success Stories related to Women Empowerment 27 4. Success Stories related to Energy 43 5. Success Stories related to Agriculture 49 6. Success Stories related to Communication 79 7. Success Stories related to Livelihood 85 8. Success Stories related to Self-Help Group 93 9. Success Stories related to Medicinal Plants 101 10. General Success Stories 107
  5. 5. SUCCESS STORIES RELATED TO HEALTH AND HYGIENEG Clean Village award presented to 15 panchayat presidentsG Restore Nature’s Work of ArtG India Can Find Inspiration from its Local Sucees StoriesG Pit StopG A unique movement for hygieneG An Inspiring Tale of Keeping a Village Clean 1
  6. 6. Success Stories related to Health and Hygiene CLEAN VILLAGE AWARD PRESENTED TO 15 PANCHAYAT PRESIDENTS. Chief Minister Jayalalithaa on Monday said the principal duty of the people was to take on negativetrends in society such as extremism, terrorism and separatism. In her address from the ramparts of Fort St. George to mark the 59th Independence Day, Ms.Jayalalithaa said though the country had to fight only against alien rule during the days of the freedomstruggle, “we have to take on several inimical forces flow.”Revolution for progress The second duty before the administration was to immediately carry out a revolution for progress. Development could be achieved only by extending the scope of existing opportunities to morepeople, even while creating new ones. She handed over the Clean Village Awards for 2004-05 to the presidents of 15 panchayats : Pylingulam in Kanyakumari district, Naganakulam in Madurai district, Muthugoundanpalayam inErode district, Vaanapadi in Vellore district, Kalarampatti in Perambalur district, Lakshmipuram andRamakrishnapuram in Theni district, Kattambur in Sivaganga district, Kurandi in Virudhunagar district,Muthur in Coimbatore district, Pulavanchi in Thanjavur district, Methalodai in Ramanathapuram district,S. Iravamangalam in Namakkal district, Melathirupalakudi in Tiruvarur district and Anaipatti in Dindiguldistrict are the panchayats which bagged the award. She also presented the Clean Village Campaign Award to 15 other panchayats including Mooduthuraiin Salem district, Angamangalam in Tuticorin district, Belagondapalli in Krishnagiri district, Pagalmeduin Tiruvallur district and Nedungal in Kancheepuram district. Ms. Jayalalithaa gave away several other awards at the function. Among the recipients were theSCOPE of Tiruchi district (best non-Governmental organisation), M.K. Deivannaiammal of Erode district(best School Teacher/Headmistress), A. Rajeswari of Ramanathapuram district (best Anganwadi worker)and S. Parameswari of Kanyakumari district (best village health nurse). Awards for the best District Rehabilitation Officer, best institution and social worker for the welfareof the disabled, best institution and best social worker for women’s welfare, best Doctor and best PrivateEmployer were also given away The Chief Minister distributed sweet packets to some physically challenged children at the function.The Hindu, 16.8.05 3
  7. 7. Success Stories of Panchayati Raj RESTORE NATURE’S WORK OF ART Sankat Mochan Foundation has presented a technically sound alternative for sewage collectionand treatment at Varanasi. What is needed is the political will to implement the plan’ Varanasi Nagar Nigam (VNN) and the Mayor duly-elected by the people took charge in November1995. In less than two years, they did a commendable job of forming an informal publicprivate-partnershipwith a local NGO, Sankat Mochan Foundation (SMF), with competence and commitment to clean Ganga. By 1998, this partnership presented a Project Feasibility Report (PFR) to the Government of Indiato clean the giver Ganga in Varanasi. This was done after the said partnership incorporated all thesuggestion/criticism raised by people, municipal councillors and Government experts. The solution ofGanga pollution in Varanasi exists. We have to find ways to bring necessary resources to VNN for itsimplementation. The general body of VNN unanimously passed this-PFR for implementation Ganga in Varanasiwould have been cleaned by now, had the Government released the money allocated under GAP-II forVaranasi. There was no dearth of funds. The Ganga Project Directorate (GPD), and later its transformed body, National River ConservationDirectorate (NRCD) of the Ministry of Environment & Forests, used the funds of GAP-II to clean Yamunaand Gomati rivers. It would have been proper if the necessary amount from the funds for GAP-II wasused first to complete the unfinished task of solving the problem of Ganga pollution in Varanasi, theplace from where Ganga Action Plan was launched in 1986. But it was not done. VNN’s solution forcleaning Ganga in Varanasi under GAP-II was made to shuttle between the Centre and the StateGovernment. In a surprising move, in January 1999, Uttar Pradesh Jal Nigam (UPJN), the nodal agency of theState Government, submitted, on behalf of the Government a. heavy budget PFR for VNN’s approval. Itmay be noted that the Government and the UPJN should have refrained from independently working onGAP-II from 1995, the year VNN became a local self-government and assumed powers to make plansto improve environment, urban sewerage, sanitation, etc. This difficult situation was handled by VNN by referring its own PFR and the one prepared by UPJNin 1999 to a very renowned expert for making a techno-economic appraisal and makingrecommendations on the best choice out of the two PFRs. The expert recommended the VNN’s PFRand not the UPJN’s PFR. Incidentally, this was a second opinion in favour of VNN’s PFR In 2000, the 4
  8. 8. Success Stories related to Health and HygieneHouse of VNN deliberated over the two PFRs and passed a resolution outlining five objections againstthe UPJN’s. VNN forwarded the two PFRs. along with the above opinion of the House to the Government fortechnical opinion. The Government did not pay any heed to VNN’s request; instead, it chose to cancelVNN’s resolution of 1998, thereby scrapping its PFR. This is an unprecedented example of usurpationof VNN’s power by the Government. Certain corporators are seeking to remedy this heavy-handedaction of the Government to crush VNN and cause suffering to people and Ganga. Even after six yearsin the court of law, the suffering continues. A political and media intervention is needed to salvage the 74th Amendment to the Constitution, tosave the river which is the source of fresh water for over 40 per cent of India’s population and which is anobject of faith and respect for one billion people. In absence of political intervention, the previous Government, in the name of collecting resourcesfrom Japan (precisely JBIC), requested JICA to make a plan to improve the sewerage system of Varanasiin which cleaning Ganga would be a small part. JICA has submitted its study plan which sets its objectivefor Ganga cleaning (class-B river) and ignores the objectives of GAP Such absurdities must stop. The designated best use of Ganga in, Varanasi, Allahabad, Haridwar, etc., has Jo be culturallyconsistent land palatable for million of believers. JICA’s study plan was never produced before VNN.The Government has accepted it on its own. Again, a serious violation of the 74th constitutionalamendment! The Government of India has even got soft loan from JBIC to implement JICAs plan to clean theriver, which is unacceptable to VNN. It will. bring heavy burden of tax on the people to meet its heavy costand loan repayment burden. A PIL against this move of the Government to implement JICA’s plan underGAPII in Varanasi is pending in the Allahabad High Court. Political intervention is the only solution to solve the problem VNN and the people are facing in-theimplementation of an appropriate economical solution to clean Ganga. Meanwhile, SMF has decided to clean the ghats of Varanasi and remove all the floating debris inthe shoreline waters of the river, as a part of its duty towards Ganga and to sensitise the people to cometogether to clean it. SMF is pursuing the officers for taking action to stop defecation along the ghats. SMF organises many other activities within its resources to clean Ganga, and motivate people tocome forward to persuade our decision-makers to implement appropriate solution for cleaning Gangaexpeditiously. Ganga in Varanasi is not yet clean. We have to go a long way.The Pioneer, 22.4.06 5
  9. 9. Success Stories of Panchayati Raj INDIA CAN FIND INSPIRATION FROM ITS LOCAL SUCEES STORIES India is a signatory to the Millenium Development Goal of halving the proportion of people withoutaccess to sanitation by 2015. As only less than a quarter of our citizens use sanitary facilities today, Itdoes not look like we are going to keep this date. Millions of Indians are forced to defecate in bags, buckets, fields, streams and roadside ditches.Although most of the people without sanitation coverage live in remote rural areas and urban slums thatare the hardest to service, here we highlight successful models that when replicated can accelerateimproved sanitation across the country. The first block In the country to achieve 100 per cent sanitation was Nandigram-II in West Bengal.By 2003, all the households in the block had been furnished with toilets, which improved both thecommunity surroundings and health. Ram Krishna Mission, with state government and UNICEF support,set up a local production and supply Infrastructure. This arrangement not only supplies inexpensivesanitary materials, It also props up local livelihoods. After following this example statewide, sanitationcoverage in West Bengal has increased from almost zero to over eighty per cent. Also in 2003, the Thandavampatti hamlet in Tamil Nadu became the first rural habitation to bedeclared open defecation free. Here the local administration collaborated with Gramalaya and women’sgroups, With Water Partners International chipping in as well, the Kangaanipatti village also pulled off asimilar feat. In the countdown to 2006, the villagers constructed 117 toilets in 100 hours!Global Role Models TAJIKSTAN : More that 11,000 children are engaged in an outreach programme on sanitation PAKISTAN : In the slums of Karachi, the sanitation programme Involves 90% of the population,and the infant mortality rate has dropped form 130 to 40. MOROCCO : Since 1992, sanitation coverage for the poorest has expanded fourfold. If the above examples involve different sections of civil society teaming up to improve sanitation,ground-breaking public private partnerships are also pursuing similar objectives. Tirupur, also in TamilNadu, which generates a billion dollars through knitwear exports every year offers a particularly promisingexample. While USAID provided Important technical support, the private sector raised Rs. 1,023 crorefor a comprehensive urban project. This is intended to provide inexpensive sanitation for 80,000 slum 6
  10. 10. Success Stories related to Health and Hygieneresidents, meet the growing demands of industrial users, and provide the town with its first seweragesystem. Alandur and Chennai are also updating urban infrastructure on a commercially viable basis. The female masons constructing, installing and maintaining sanitation blocks in Gujarat and Keralawould concur that improving sanitation is good business. Women can also be particularly potent triggersfor improving sanitation services because they suffer worse indignities and insecurity when they relievethemselves in the open. In general, capacity-building across gender, class and caste lines is key tomaking sanitation socially and economically sustainable. In Maharashtra, where over 2000 gram panchayats now have 100 per cent sanitation, the constructionof public toilets for millions of slum residents has been carried out in consultation with the users. Thesocial Impact of this participatory approach cannot be overestimated. In a peculiarly millennial update to caste-based scavenging, Chand Ram, the caretaker of a public.toilet block in Dharavi, has said: “My family has cleaned toilets for generations. Here, I and three of myfamily provide 24 hour attendance in four shifts. Each of us earns Rs 1,500 a month. I had never dreamtof finding such a job, and with such accommodation in Mumbai.” It is no wonder that the now-famous Sulabh model has been delivering sanitation to poor and low-caste Indians oil a commercial rather than charity basis. For a fee of about one rupee, 10 million pettytraders, laborers, domestic workers and others use Sulabh facilities today. Finally, it is important to invest in children as agents of change. Student brigades in Bangladeshand Tajikistan have effectively taken sanitation messages from their schools to their communities. In India, Rajasthan’s primary education councils have gotten together with UNICEF to promotesanitation In more than half of the 4300 schools the districts of Alwar and Tonk. It is planned that all theschools in the state will have sanitation facilities by 2007. In a salutary footnote oil the spinoffs of sanitation,girls’ enrolment has already risen by 78 per cent.Hindustan Times, December, 2006 7
  11. 11. Success Stories of Panchayati Raj PIT STOP A community campaign helps relegate field squats to history in a Himachal village Till a year ago, Sheel, nine km from Solan, was indistinguishable from any Indian village in its habits.Pre-dawn and twilight were the usual times for the members of the 40-odd families to hit the hillsideswith their lotas. Though only about a dozen families are BPL, not one house had a hole in the ground,forget a pucca toilet. And talk of personal hygiene was completely taboo. But today, Leela Sharma, an articulate, middle-aged woman, can speak at length about the downsideof open defecation. What’s more, she can convince her fellow villagers about die need to change anancient practice. On September 9, at least 100 women—some of them curious visitors from adjoining villages—assembled at the newly built community hall at the Mahila Mandal directed them to simply dig holes andcover the excreta with soil. Subsequently, some families dug shallow trenches a little distance awayfrom their houses. Then someone had the brainwave of covering the trenches, and a temporary toiletwas born. Now, every single residence in the village has its own ‘toilet’, which even the domestics use. Launched in Kullu last year by the District Rural Development Agency, the ODF campaign alreadyhas 41 villages of two panchayats—Tegu Ber and Katrain—under its Sheel to celebrate one year of ‘liberation’ from field squats. Sheel is the first village in the region tobe officially declared ODF (open-defecation-free); now it’s the role model for at least half-a-dozen villagesin the Top ki tier panchayat, which is in the race for die certification, which will allow them to compete fora government sanitation reward. Yet the beginning was so tough, recalls Sharma, pradhan of the local Mahila Mandal, whichspearheaded the campaign. “Change happens when there is will, and it has to come spontaneously Sowe began by informing everyone about the negative impact of open defecation. We told them thatexcreta could mix with water, contaminate drinking water and enter our bodies through food, therebycausing diseases.” When villages pleaded poverty to say they couldn’t build toilets, belt. The community-led drive hasalso taken off in Kangra, Mandi, Hamirpur and Sirmour; a total of 160 villages are expected to get thecertification in Kullu by March 2007. “Our total sanitation campaign is gradually breaking the barriers,” says Rakesh Kaushal, director ofthe HPRDA. Part of the reason why the campaign has proved so successful is because the impact is oftenimmediate. This monsoon, while most of the adjoining villages were struggling with diarrhoea and otherseasonal ailments, Sheet was a shining exception. 8
  12. 12. Success Stories related to Health and Hygiene “Not a single case of diarrhoea was reported from Sheel,” confirms Solari block development officerBhawana Kashyap. “I’m delighted with the way women’s groups and mahila mandals are taking chargeof the way they live.” Sharma, however, is certain that the endeavour could not have been successful without theinvolvement of the entire community. But charged with the success in her own village, she has nowvolunteered to become a resource person to help the Solan development block become an ODF model.The Indian Express, 17.09.06 A UNIQUE MOVEMENT FOR HYGIENE Tucked away in the dusty environs of Rajasthan’s Shekhawati belt, three village panchayats haveled an unusual movement for hygiene and sanitation by saturating all rural households, schools andanganwadi centres with sanitary toilets. The feat has brought to them the prestigious Nirmal Gram awardinstituted by the Union Ministry for Rural Development.The Goal The Katrathal, Jajod and Khachariawas panchayats in Sikar district are among the 22 villagepanchayats in the State selected for the award to be given away by President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam in NewDelhi on May 4. The broader goal of the incentive scheme is to eradicate the practice of open defecation. Clean lanes and by-lanes, rows of spotless houses and modest huts, covered drains and sparkling,well-maintained toilets in the three villages testify to high sanitation standards. The success was madepossible by a participatory approach convincing the villagers of the efficacy of cleanliness. The panchayats provided financial assistance of Rs. 1,200 each to selected families living belowpoverty line (BPL) for constructing toilets under the Total Sanitation Campaign. Social activist AshfaqKayamkhani pointed out that the three panchayats had dedicated themselves over the past year to thesanitation drive—launched with UNICEF support-aimed at bagging the coveted prize. Chandri Devi, the proud Sarpanch of Katrathal with a population of 8,000, said she distributed1,000 ladies in the village at her own expenses, formed teams of schoolchildren to generate awarenessand installed a number of dustbins. The villagers were motivated to improve their surroundings andmake the village open defecation-free. Mahendra Sharma, a local resident owning a hardware shop in Sikar, pointed out that getting theaward became the obsession for all the villagers a few months ago. “Open defecation was rejected asa dirty and outdated practice. Each household made a provision for a decent’ and hygienic toilet,” hesaid. 9
  13. 13. Success Stories of Panchayati Raj When a group of the wandering Bhopa tribe decided to settle down on the outskirts of Katrathal lastyear, the Sarpanch took the initiative of getting their names added to voters’ list. They were then dissuadedfrom defecating in open fields and encouraged to build small toilets near their huts. The Muslim-dominated Jajod village, 45 km from Sikar, welcomes the pilgrims on way to the famousSalasar temple, situated nearby, with its clean ambience. Sarpanch Liaqat Ali said ‘the dust and litter-free roads and proper drainage were the outcome of acampaign launched by elderly village most of whom are ex-Army men.Awareness Subedar Iqbal Khan, an elderly citizen of the village, said the panchayat’s’ Gram Sabhas and atleast three rallies of schoolchildren and teachers taken out during the last six months were instrumentalin generating awareness among the villagers about cleanliness. A “Kala Jattha” (group of performingartistes) of UNICEF pitched in to render support through cultural events motivating the people. Megha Ram, another resident of the village, felt that the installation of hygienic toilets in the Dalithutment where he lives had led to an improvement in the quality of life for womenfolk. The women in thehousehold testified to this by pointing out they no longer had to step out to open fields in the dark injuringtheir privacy. In Khachariawas village, famous for being the hometown of Vice-President Bhairon SinghShekhawat, the residents actively help the sweepers in collecting the garbage and dumping it at anidentified location. Sarpanch N.S. Shekhawat-the youngest in the State—pursued cleanliness as a passionand involved the Zila Parishad officials in the drive. The three panchayats intend to use the cash prize of Rs. 4 lakh to be given along with the NirmalGram award as well as the incentive of Rs. I lakh sanctioned by the State Government for improving thesanitation facilities by evolving a model of self-sufficient hygiene system and focus on solid and liquidwaste disposal. The Hindu, 26.04.07 10
  14. 14. Success Stories related to Health and Hygiene AN INSPIRING TALE OF KEEPING A VILLAGE CLEAN A Mumbai man’s initiative to maintain health and hygiene in his native land KATRATHAL (RAJASTHAN): A Dalit family of the dusty Katrathal village in Sikar district foundlivelihood in an inspiring saga of cleanliness with a Muslim businessman of the village, settled in Mumbai,taking an unusual initiative to maintain health and hygiene in his native land. Mirza Sarwar Beg, settled in Mumbai for the past 45 years, depicted his concern for sanitation ofhis hometown recently by offering a decent remuneration to an unemployed Dalit man, Chhitar Mal, forcleaning the lanes and by-lanes and drains of the village. Thanks to these sustained efforts for hygiene, the village—situated 10 km from Sikar on the PilaniRoad—has bagged the prestigious Nirmal Gram award of the Union Rural Development Ministry inrecognition of cleanliness and elimination of open defecation. Chhitar Mal, accompanied by his wife Sharda, sets out with his donkey-cart every morning to collectgarbage from all roads and interior lanes. They sweep the roads with brooms and keep a watch to sendback children trying to defecate on the roadside. Their 10-year-old son, Krishna, joins them at noon afterreturning from school. The 35-year-old Dalit man was all praise for Mr. Beg when asked about his new responsibilities.“There was no permanent employment for me in the village with hardly any awareness about cleanliness.Beg Sahib sends me Rs. 3,000 every month for a job which is essentially a community service,” he said. As a committed worker, Chhitar Mal tries to generate awareness for keeping the village clean whiledoing all sorts of jobs, such as lifting animal carcasses, opening choked drains, cleaning toilets andcollecting waste and throwing it on the outskirts at an earmarked spot. Mr. Beg, speaking on phone from Mumbai, said he was indebted to the village where he was bornand was making his little contribution for welfare of his own people regardless of their caste or creed. Afew relatives of the 60-year-old businessman live in Katrathal and he visits the village once every, year. 11
  15. 15. Success Stories of Panchayati Raj Mr. Beg engaged in the business of waterproofing of buildings in Mumbai—said he had also askedthe villagers to grow trees and offered to give Rs. 1,000 for every tree planted alongside roads and onopen land. “Besides, I want to hold regular health and eye operation camps in the village to showattachment to my birthplace,” he said. While the businessman’s gesture has won hearts in the rural community, the village panchayat is yetto officially recognise his contribution. The Hindu, 29.04.07 12
  16. 16. Success Stories related to Conservation of Natural Resources SUCCESS STORIES RELATED TO CONSERVATION OF NATURAL RESOURCESG Japanese Come Back to Green RajasthanG Water Conservation Movement IntensifedG Orissa Strengthens Pani PanchayatsG In Parched Kutch Village, They Claim Their Dew ShareG High Yielding Rice Variety for Coastal Saline EcosystemG Kannamali Mangroves a Model for Entire KeralaG Haryana Plans to Check Illegal Cutting of TreesG Leading by Example, Deogarh Villagers Save ForestsG Revive Sardar Patel Lake 13
  17. 17. Success Stories of Panchayati Raj14
  18. 18. Success Stories related to Conservation of Natural Resources JAPANESE COME BACK TO GREEN RAJASTHAN The Pokhran blues are over for hundreds of villages nestling in the lap of the Aravalli hills in Rajasthanwith the return of the Japanese once again to green the much degraded hill system. The second phase of the Aravalli Afforestation Project, funded by the Japan Bank of InternationalCooperation (JBIC), which had been held up for over four years after the country’s nuclear test in 1998,has materialized at a time when the drought-ravaged Rajasthan needed it most. Though the sanctions were lifted in September 2001, it took some more time for the Japaneseauthorities to decide oil the current phase of the project. Finally an agreement was signed in March inDelhi this year. The five-year project (2003-2008), which offers a total assistance of Rs. 442.19 crores,will have an additional 1.24 lakh hectares of degraded forests and panchayat lands under plantation. The 1.53 lakh hectares of plantation, carried out during the eight years of the first phase of theproject (1992-2000) too will have renewed action plan ahead. Most of such plantations are managed bythe VFPMCs (Village Forest Protection and Management Committees) and the Japanese are obviouslyhappy with their performance. “it is an opportunity to upgrade what we have already done on the forestryand moisture conservation front. On the basis of the achievements made by the VFPMCs in the firstphase we have to build up further on social development front,” notes Hiroaki Yonesaka, the leader of anexpert team which was here for a week to study the sustainability” of the project. The modalities of the implementation of the project is yet to be worked out. “By the end of the yearthe exact nature of implementation would be clear. The overall structure of the project Would be thesame. All the VFPMCs created during the first phase are continuing though some of them are dormant,”Mr. Yonesaka observes. The first phase of the project covered three different areas—the Aravallis, the IGNP and the Vindhyanformation-in as many as 28 districts of Rajasthan. The second phase has 16 districts—Ajmer, Bhilwara, Dausa, Bundi, Dungarpur, Rajsamand, SawaiMadhopur, Tonk, Alwar, Banswara, Chittorgarh, Jaipur, Pali, Sikar, Sirohi arid Udaipur—under it. Besidesthe funds would be available for two more districts—Jaisalmer and Bikaner—which were formerly underthe canal (IGNP) project. “They have been successful in regenerating the forests. Now they have to maximize the benefits,’’Mr. Yonesaka observes even as the team members, who included the Finnish plantation expert, GoranHaldin, did not hide their feeling that the local communities, especially the tribals were yet to be trainedto think “money-wise”. 15
  19. 19. Success Stories of Panchayati Raj “The concept of making economic gains from the plantations is still missing. That is an importantpart of sustainability of such programmes,” Mr. Yonesaka observes. the Japanese are happy of theinvolvement of the local communities through the VFPMCs and Self Help Groups arid they plan to ropein NGOs also. The Forest Department is the implementing agency for the project. “The Forest Department hasdone their bit in the first phase. In the second stage we will have more of community and NGOinterventions,” Mr. Yonesaka affirms. Each NGO could take care of some 200 Committees. “We maykeep aside some funds for the empowerment of NGOs,” he notes. The project is expected to start sometime in July and the new plantation would be possible only nextyear. “First step is to prepare the ground. Fencing, stone walling and EPAs (entry point activities) willstart soon,” explains D.P. Govil, former Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, Rajasthan,who is now a consultant to the project. “Over five years the project is expected to generate 386 lakh mandays. This financial year alone thegeneration of mandays would be to the tune of 99.42 lakh,” Mr. Govil points out. Surely the project has come as a boon to the Adivasis as well as the Aravallis in South Rajasthan. Over a period of 10 years, the grass has got greener this side of the Aravalli terrain. the teak,mahuwa, tendu, salar and the bamboo—typical trees of the Aravallis here—have started making a slowreappearance despite the severe drought conditions in the recent years. The Hindu, 12.05.03 16
  20. 20. Success Stories related to Conservation of Natural Resources WATER CONSERVATION MOVEMENT INTENSIFED Coinciding with World Water Day today, the people’s movement for water conservation has beenintensified in Madhya Pradesh through the good old “Pani Bachao Abhiyan” (Save Water Campaign). Under this campaign, people in every village and town would be encouraged to contribute voluntarylabour for water conservation till March 28. The Chief Minister, Digvijay Singh, and other Ministers wouldjoin this campaign. The focus this week would be on voluntary public initiative in efforts aimed at waterharvesting and conservation at the ground level. This initiative of taking the message of water conservation to the villages coincides with I the weeklongmeeting of the Third World Water Forum, scheduled to end at Kyoto in Japan this Sunday. The Chief Minister has directed that the week beginning March 22 be observed as “Shramdaan”week for water conservation. This would be in continuation of the Save Water Campaign which waslaunched started in 2001. Under the Pani Bachao Abhiyan, over 15 lakh water harvesting structures are claimed have beenbuilt so far in the State through Government support and community participation. The Abhiyan, the StateGovernment has emphasised, was the logical culmination of the Rajiv Gandhi Mission for WatershedManagement that was launched on August 20, 1994, The Mission has already carried out waterconservation works in 8,000 of the 51,000 villages across the State. Confronted with a severe drought in2001, the Government had decided to take the techniques of water conservation to all villages throughthe Pani Bachao Abhiyan. Under this programme, “Do-it-yourself’ methods were propagated for waterconservation on farms and fields. The Abhiyan drew from the best practices across the country, whichincluded the Ralegaon Shindi experiment of Anna Saheb Hazare and Shyam Antala’s works in Gujarat. The Watershed Management Mission catalysed the Statewide Pani Bachao Abhiyan in 2001 forturning the challenge of drought into an opportunity for water conservation by adopting simple methodsdeveloped for water harvesting by the Rajiv Gandhi Mission. In the first phase of the Pani Bachao Abhiyan,over seven lakh water-harvesting structures were constructed with an investment of Rs. 415 crores. Ofthis, Rs. 99 crores came as contributionofrom the community. Keeping in view the initial success of the drive within a short period of six months, the Governmentdecided to institutionalise the Pani Bachao Abhiyan, and Pani Bachao Committees have now beenformed in all villages across the State. Since July 2001, during the second phase of the Pani Bachao Abhiyan, over 11,000 new tanks,8611 new dug-wells, 62,000 farm and dug-out ponds are claimed to have been constructed. Over 9,500old tanks have been desilted and repaired. Arrangments for collecting rainwater from rooftops are claimedhave also been made in over 16,000 houses.The Hindu, 23.03.2003 17
  21. 21. Success Stories of Panchayati Raj ORISSA STRENGTHENS PANI PANCHAYATS With a view to strengthening the pani Panchayat system, the harbinger of an irrigation revolution inthe State. The Government might soon empower the panchayat to collect water tax from the farmers intheir respective areas. Sources said that while a provision in this regard has already been of import endin the Orissa Pani Panchayat Act, 2002 a formal decision on making it affective would be taken duringthe current session of Assembly. To begin with the provision would be applicable only to the lift irrigation points. The Pani Panchayatformed by the farmers of a particular area would decide their own water rent to cover the cost of energyand the maintenance charges of the project. Even members not taking any advantage of the facilityduring a particular season would have to pay a minimum charge as decided by the general body of thePani Panchayat. The new Provision would however make the Lift Irrigation Corporation redundant byhanding over the responsibility of collecting the water tax to the farmers themselves. The fact that the move would lead to mass retrenchments in the Lift irrigation Corporation hasraised the hackles of many opposition as well as ruling coalition leaders. They argue that the Governmentsbid to empower the Pani Panchayats at the cost of the corporations employees would provecounterproductive in the long run. This they fear, might even affect the middle class vote bank of the BijuJanata Dal-BIP combine with the Prospects of a employees almost certain. The opposition Congress has also taken exception to the move on the ground that handing overrent collection job to the panchayats was likely to lead to chaos at the field level during the actual distributionof irrigation water. “The Government is deliberately laying the ground for chaos in the irrigation sector tofacilitate privatisation of water bodies at a later date. That is their real agenda.” Snapped a Congressveteran. However unfazed the Government is going ahead with its plan of spreading the Pani panchayatnetwork as wide as possible. While nearly 733 Panchatats are Providing lift irrigation to 75000 hectarescurrently, the number is likely to be doubled next year. The Hindu, 23.03.2003 18
  22. 22. Success Stories related to Conservation of Natural Resources IN PARCHED KUTCH VILLAGE, THEY CLAIM THEIR DEW SHARE Ancient Chinese travellers who walked to India are fabled to have survived the Gobi desert bylicking dew. Prof Girija Sharan of the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, however, believesthere’s more to dew than just a few life-saving droplets-in fact, he says, there’s enough of it to meet thedrinking water needs of a desert village. “By properly harvesting dew that collects on rooftops each house can get about 20 litres overnight,”says Sharan who has tried out the idea in this village in the Kutch district. Like most villages in the district, Kothara has little water. Lakes are dry, and borewells yield brackishwater. Dew, which is nearly as clean as distilled water, is a boon. Sharan’s project won a World Bank award for innovation, and reaping its benefits are the 5,000oddresidents of Kothara. “We are willing to change our roofs if it helps in collecting more dew,” say-, AshokPonal, who now has to buy drinking water to meet his family’s needs. Sharan suggests that roofs be made of sloped tin or plastic sheets. Plastic pipes fitted to the edgesgather the dew and run it to a container at ground level. But the search for material that villagers will find cheap and durable continues. “Plastic and fin coolquickly and so will easily gather dew from the atmospheric water vapour,” he says. “But they don’t withstandthe extreme weather of Kutch. Thatched roofs, tiled roofs, concrete roofs are of no help.” Sharan recalls how he realised there’s enough of dew to meet a household’s drinking waterrequirements. “I’d set up a greenhouse in this village and one morning I saw the dew was so heavy that the run-offfrom the roof formed a little stream on the ground,” he says. “I started collecting and measuring the dew.After a year of doing that daily, I concluded that a roof of 124 square metres yields nine litres daily andone of 200 square metres nearly 20 litres.” A residential school here has fitted itself for dew harvesting and serves as a model for villagers.“One of the biggest expenses for families here is getting drinking water,” said Kalubha of Kotharapanchayat “If this crisis is solved, life will have a different meaning for us.” It helps that Kothara is only some 20 km from the coast. Researchers working with Sharan foundthat dew formation occurs through nine months. “In fact, we found that we could harvest the most dew during summer,” say Ridhish Shah and AnandSamante, who worked on the project. “They get the most water when they need it the most.” Before declaring the project viable, Sharan had also had harvested dew samples tested at thePhysical Research Laboratory and the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation’s lab. They were declaredpotable and with hardly any dissolved salts. Sharan’s team is now gearing up to take dew-harvesting to all households in the village. It’s alsoplanning a bottling plant.The Indian Express, 12.07.04 19
  23. 23. Success Stories of Panchayati Raj HIGH YIELDING RICE VARIETY FOR COASTAL SALINE ECOSYSTEM Scientists at the Rice Research Station (RRS) of the Kerala Agricultural University (KAU) at Vyttila,Kochi, have developed a high yielding rice variety suited for cultivation in the coastal saline ecosystem.It has been released for commercial cultivation by KAU recently, according to Dr. K. V. Peter, ViceChancellor, KAU.Hybridisation Variety Named ‘VTL-6’, the new variety is developed through hybridisation and selection. It is semi-tall andnon-lodging, and tolerant to abiotic stresses such as salinity, acidity and submergence. A cross was made between he local Pokkali genotype Cheuvirippu and IR-5 to combine the highyield of IR-5 and the tolerance to salinity, acidity and submergence of Cheruvirippu. This was againcrossed with a high yielding variety Jaya, which has wider adaptability to adverse environmentalconditions.Repeated Selection The new variety was evolved by repeated selection from the segregating generation of the abovecross, according to the scientists, who developed this variety. Rice cultivation in the low-lying waterlogged areas along the saline coastal belt of Kerala is knownas Pokkali cultivation. The continuous tidal inflow and outflow has made these coastal belts very fertile. The common practice in this area is to grow rice organically during the low saline phase (June-September) followed by prawn or fish farming during the high saline phase (November-April). Many rice varieties grown in this tract are tall and lodging types and they resulted in 40 to 50 percent reduction in yields. The unproved rice variety VTL-6 will not only help in revitalising the Pokkali rice cultivation in theorganic rice growing area, it will make rice cultivation more remunerative, according to scientists. Growingto a height of about 120 cm, the improved variety has a yield potential of 4.5 to 5.0 tonnes per hectare.Pest Tolerant However, under normal conditions it has recorded an average yield of 3.5 to 4.0 tonnes per hectarein 105 to 110-days. it is tolerant to most of the pests ex cept stem borer, leaf roller and rice bugs. It is alsotolerant to’ major diseases except bacterial leaf blight and sheath blight. A seed rate of 100 kg is recommended per hectare, and the variety responded well to organicnutrition. It yielded well,—when planted closely. The attractive-medium sized grains are of good cookingquality and the farmers in the region have readily accepted this variety. It is recommended for cultivationin Pokkali area of Ernakulam district and other waterlogged saline areas. The Hindu, 24.02.2005 20
  24. 24. Success Stories related to Conservation of Natural Resources KANNAMALI MANGROVES A MODEL FOR ENTIRE KERALA The Mangroves of Kannamali and Kumbalangi in Ernakulam district have attained great significanceafter the December 26 tsunami. Experts say that Kerala should develop mangroves at all possiblespots along the coast as bio-shields against the fury of the sea. The man behind the efforts for thedevelopment, maintenance and conservation of the Kannamali mangroves, K Ittoop. is happy seeingthe new-born interests of environmentalists and scientists in his mission. The thick row of mangroves one sees in the Kandakkadavu area of Kannamali is the result of theuntiring efforts of Mr Ittoop. He has not received any official financial assistance from the government orhelp from NGOs. Despite this, he has made conservation of mangroves his life’s mission. “I started to cultivate mangroves in 1997. As a layman my aim is to locate, identify and conserve themangroves. I had got support from a group of local people and scientists like Dr M Sivadasan of CalicutUniversity and Dr K Sajan of Cochin University of Science and Technology”. says Mr Ittoop. Developing mangroves as a natural shield against the sea is essential but there is one problem,says Dr Sajan. “That mangroves can be a substitute for a sea wall is not scientific or practical. Mangrovesdo not grow on sandy beaches. But in marshy coastal areas mangroves can serve as a natural resistance,”he says. “The destruction of mangroves will have serious ecological impacts including decline in marinefishery resources and coastal erosion,” says Dr Sajan, adding that the thick mangroves betweenKumbalangi and Kannamali are an example of the commitment shown by the natives towardsconservation. The area covered by mangroves in the state has reduced considerably over the last few years.Kerala now has only 1.400 hectare of mangroves from 70,000 hectare a few years back. “Mangrovesplay a significant role in the conservation of inland water and rivers. As the authorities failed to convincepeople about their significance, most mangroves have been destroyed for commercial purposes. Theincreasing number of shrimp farms along the Kerala coast is another reason for the shrinkage ofmangroves”, says TP Ramesh, lawyer and president of Mangalavanam. Samrakshana Samithi. Efforts are on to conserve Mangalavanam, the only mangrove site left in Kochi. “As Kerala has aIong coastal stretch prone to sea erosion, the need to cultivate mangroves is very significant. The otheradvantage of a coastal bio-shield is the fixing of nitrogen and carbon dioxide: carbon sequestration.This will also be very useful in addressing global warming,” adds Mr. TP Ramesh. “Every monsoon, thousands of natives of the coastal area bear the brunt of the furious sea. Theylose their property and other valuable assets. According to authorities, construction of a sea wall is the 21
  25. 25. Success Stories of Panchayati Rajonly way to resist high tides. But it is not the scientific way to resist waves. Not even a single study hasproved that sea wall construction is the scientific method to resist high tides,” Mr. Ramesh points out.The mangroves can resist high tides more effectively. “Is the government willing to experiment to provethe efficacy of mangroves in coastal areas?” asks Mr Ramesh. The dense mangroves are home to many rare species of animals and birds, especially migratorybirds. All the bird sanctuaries in the state including Kumarakom. Kadalundi and Mangalavanam havemangroves.The Pioneer, 17.06.05 HARYANA PLANS TO CHECK ILLEGAL CUTTING OF TREES Strict legal action against offenders CHANDIGARH: The Haryana Government has decided to formulate even more stringent laws forchecking illegal cutting of woods in the forests of the State. According to the Forest Minister, Venod Sharma, the responsibility of the officers of the ForestDepartment relating to the illegal cutting of woods would also be fixed. Mr. Sharma said here on Sunday that the Bhupinder Singh Hooda Government was committed tothe strict implementation of, the laws to check the illegal cutting of trees. Strict legal action would betaken against those officers who did not, adhere to the laws relating to conservation of forests. He further said that the officers would be provided all facilities for protecting the wealth of forests.’They would also be equipped with modern weapons and fully empowered to take action against themafia engaged in the illegal felling of trees in the forestsMeasures to boost solar energy use The Haryana Government on Sunday announced several measures for the conservation and efficientuse of energy in the State. The Financial Commissioner and Principal Secretary, Renewal Energy, S.C.Choudhary, said thatthe use of solar water heating systems had been made mandatory in the buildings and industries wherehot water was required for processing, hospitals nursing homes, including government hospitals, hotelsmotels, banquet, halls, jail barracks, canteens, housing complexes set up by group housing societies orhousing boards, all residential building built on a plot of size of 500 sq. yards and above falling within thelimits of municipal committees, corporations and Haryana Urban Development Authority sectors. 22
  26. 26. Success Stories related to Conservation of Natural Resources These were also mandatory for, all government buildings residential schools, ‘colleges, hostels,technical and vocational educational Institutes, tourism complexes and the universities. It had also been decided to amend the existing building byelaws immediately for making use ofsolar water heating systems mandatory in the listed buildings. The Haryana Renewable EnergyDevelopment Agency had been declared as the approved source for supply and installation of solarwater heating systems. The Government had also decided to ban the use of incandescent lamps in all new government andgovernmentaided buildings to promote the use of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLS), which are energyefficient and save about 80 percent of the electricity as compared to incandescent lamps.Quality education The Haryana Government has decided to appoint one teacher for a class of 40 students to promotequality education in the State, according to the Excise and Taxation Minister, Venod Sharma. Addressing the students at the annual prize distribution function of the DAV High School, Kansapurin Yamunanagar district on Sunday, Mr. Sharma said that the Hooda Government would set up aneducation city on the lines of the Oxford University and a Law Institute,’ would also be started at villageMirpur in Rewari district.’ Mr. Sharma said that the standard of education should be In accordance with the current trendswhich would later oil help the students in getting employment. Forest officers would be provided all facilities for, protecting forest wealth. They would also beequipped with modern weapons and fully empowered to take action against the mafia engaged in theillegal felling of trees.The Hindu, 16.05.05 23
  27. 27. Success Stories of Panchayati Raj LEADING BY EXAMPLE, DEOGARH VILLAGERS SAVE FORESTS A number of villages in Deogarh district have come forward to conserve community-based forestsactively involving of thousands of villagers, including women volunteers. In Chandankhunti village under Barkote block, around 350 inhabitants including women, havesuccessfully conserved 200 acres of forest cover through community forestry on the foothills of Chulia,the highest mountain range of Deogarh. They have also guarded more than 300 acres of the Badtaeilreserve forest. The process of planting saplings and forest: protection was started in 1992. after the land ousteesof Rengali Dam Project resettled in the village. They restored the barren foothills into dense forest,leading to further restoration dried out Bhandarkhol spring, which flows for about eight months a yearand provides sufficient water for agricultural purposes. The villagers have formed a village committee of 13 members and the committee has constitutedmany groups including women. Each group, comprising 11 villagers takes care of the forest for a weekin rotation with day and night patrolling. “We have affection for the village forest and we take care of the trees like our own children,” saidNilanchal Pradhan, former secretary of the village committee. A board put up by the Deogarh Forest Division at a tourist spot (left) reads: “There is no rain withoutforest; There is no life without rain; when our huts burn, we flee to the forest. When the forest burn, wheredo we flee to?” Now, villagers have joined the campaign to save the forest Similarly, women of Balinalli village in Dandasingha panchayat have taken up the cudgels forprotection of the village forest on 130 acres of land without seeking help from any agency. They haveformed the Bighneswari Mahila Samiti (BMS) and their members have successfully preserved the forest. “We have caught many wood cutters red-handed and also imposed fine on them,” stated BilasiniSahu, president of the BMS. Interestingly, students of the Swastik-ME School of Goadbhanga. situated on the foothills of Pangulihill in Barkote, are also following in the footsteps of villagers and preserved more than 650 acres offorest area. Headmaster Ramakanta Pradhan of the school has played important role in forest protection with the help ofschool children. “We knelt before wood cutters and requested them not to cut trees. Fortunately, we have succeededmany times to convince them,” said Basanti Behera, a 7th class student of the school. Ranjan Sahu, Secretary, Deogarh Zilla Jungle Manch (DZJM) said about 450 village committeeshave been formed in different villages of the district and the DZJM is co-operating for expansion andprotection of the forest cover of the district. The Pioneer, 30.08.06 24
  28. 28. Success Stories related to Conservation of Natural Resources REVIVE SARDAR PATEL LAKE This lake in Put Kalan Village was developed by DDA in 2003, now it languishes for want of care There is no dearth of projects in the pipeline. The authorities gleefully announce a plan and theinauguration takes place with much fanfare, but things fail to move beyond that. Sardar Patel Lake, PutKalan, is a case in point. The lake that overlooks the Kanjhavala main road is an erstwhile johad (village water body) of putKalan village. It was rechristened as Sardar Patel Lake after DDA developed the lake and a park aroundit and inaugurated it with much fanfare in the presence of a Union Minister, the area MP and other DDAofficials and area bigwigs. They all took the credit for the new look of the lake and promised furtherdevelopment. That was in October 2003. Since then no senior DDA official has visited the lake. Though an importantlink, the road to the lake is narrow, dusty and full of potholes. Form far, the sight of the lake is no doubtquite pleasing, but a closer look reveals that all is not well. The good things about the lake first. The setting is almost perfect. The lake is surrounded with asmall garden and a cool shade of trees. There is an old Shiva temple, an akhara and a well. Two ghataprovide an easy access to the lake. Now for the damaging affects. Sewage flowing in the open drains of the neighbouring coloniesfinds its way into the lake. “I have reported the state of affairs to my superiors but nothing has happenedso far,” says a DDA official poste at the site. The lake has two floating contains, but only one works.Water Bodies No guards have been deployed here to lake care of the complex. “Children from the neighbour-hood have damaged the wiring of the now defunct fountain. Benches erected by DDA too have gonemissing and two ton gates have been damaged,” says an area DDA official. He feels that this place canbe developed into a picnic spot. The greenery around the lake is confined of the temple and the akhara nearby. “That portion of thecomplex is enticing. There is need for proper development all around the lake,” says Azad Chand, aresident of Put Kalan. Two water pumps that draw ground water feed the lake. However, the natural sopes that would carrythe rain water are missing. Whatever little water does find its way into the lake brings along garbage. The only visitors to the lake are the kids from the neighbouring colonies, who enjoy a dip here Sincesewage flows into the lake, the water too is not clean. However, in the absence of a guard, the childrencause a lot of damage to the complex. 25
  29. 29. Success Stories of Panchayati Raj “There are no toilets for the visitors. Things can improve if the authority introduces boating facilitiesand sets up some snack shops,” says Ram Pal, a resident of Put Kalan village, who regularly visits thetemple next to the lake. DDA officials are no tready to buy these stories. “We are taking good care of the Put Kalan Lake.We will rectify the problems if any The people living around the complex need to behave more responsibly,”says a senior DDA official. He refused to divulge any further development plans for the lake.HT North Delhi Live, 09.05.06 26
  30. 30. SUCCESS STORIES RELATED TO WOMEN EMPOWERMENTG iapk;r esa vkSjrsaG Feats Unlimited : Woman Sarpanchs on FeetG iapk;rksa ds tfj, L=h èku okil ik jgh gSa efgyk,aG Women Sarpanchs Show Way in Rural DevelopmentG Rural Women Demand ChangeG Woman Power on Display in Bihar Panchayat PollsG la?k"kZ vHkh tkjh gSG Rural Women to Fund Their WelfareG [ksrh dh rjDdh esa tqVh efgyk,a 27
  31. 31. Success Stories of Panchayati Raj28
  32. 32. Success Stories related to Women Empowerment iapk;r esa vkSjrsa esjs firkth us eq>s cpiu ls gh jktuSfrd&lkekftd dk;ksZa ds fy, izsfjr fd;kA kknh ds ckn ifrgjfoUnj flag us Hkh oSlk gh fd;kA igys og [kqn kkeyh ls Cykd izeq[k dk pquko yM+us okys Fks] ijtc ;g in efgyk izR;kkh gsrq vkjf{kr gks x;k] rks mudh jtkeanh ls eSaus pquko yM+k vkSj fot;h gqbZA Cykd izeq[k dk p;u dbZ xkaoksa ds iapk;r lnL; djrs gSa] ysfdu xkao dqMkuk esa bl in ij esjhmEehnokjh dk fojks/kh ikVhZ us rxM+k fojks/k fd;kA ;gka rd fd esjs i{k ds lnL;ksa dks vius i{k esa djusds fy, rjg&rjg ds gFkdaMas viuk;s x;s] ysfdu firkth vkSj vius ifr dh enn ls eSaus budk lkeukfd;k vkSj esjh nkosnkjh thr esa cny x;hA esjk ekuuk gS fd jktuhfr flQZ iq#"kksa dh cikSrh ughaA ;gckr lp gS fd iq#"k vius vf/kdkj dks vklkuh ls ugha NksM+uk pkgrs] ij ljdkj }kjk iznÙk vkj{k.k dsckn efgyk,a Hkh jktuhfr esa vkdj lekt dY;k.k dk dk;Z dj jgh gSaA esjk ekuuk gS fd ljdkj dksefgykvksa dks vkSj vkj{k.k nsuk pkfg,A blls vkSjrksa dks og vktknh Hkh feysxh] tks vc rd ugha feyjgh FkhA oSls kgjksa esa efgykvksa dks T+;knk vktknh gSA ogka lkekftd laxBuksa ds ek/;e ls efgyk,a dbZ rjgdh xfrfof/k;ksa esa layXu gSa] tcfd xkaoksa esa pwafd ,slh laLFkkvksa dk vHkko gS] blhfy, vf/kdrj efgyk,a?kj o [ksrksa rd lhfer jg tkrh gSaA eSa ckfydkvksa dks vPNh fk{kk nsus ds i{k esa gwaA Hkys gh ljdkj xzke iapk;r dks T;knk vf/kdkj nsus dh ckr dgdj] lÙkk ds fodsUnzhdj.k dk nkokdjrh gS] ysfdu ;g lp ugha gSA tSls Cykd izeq[k dk in rks yxHkx jcj LVSEi dh rjg gSA vc rks Cykdfodkl vf/kdkjh ¼chMhvks½ esa gh {ks= iapk;r dh lÙkk fleVdj jg x;h gSA dsUnz o iznsk dh rjg ftykCykd o xkao Lrj ds iapk;r izeq[kksa dks iwjs vf/kdkj fn;s tkus pkfg,A mÙkj iznsk esa iwoZ ek;korhljdkj us dsoy ,d tkfr foks"k dk m)kj djus dk chM+k mBk;k gqvk FkkA orZeku ljdkj dks lHkh tkfroxZ ds yksxksa dk leku :i ls fodkl djuk pkfg,A vHkh rd xzke o Cykd Lrj ij lgh ek;us esa lÙkkdk gLrkarj.k ugha gqvkA eqyk;e flag ljdkj dh uhfr efgyk vkj{k.k ds izfr dqN dBksj gSA vkkk djrhgw¡ fd os vius joS;s esa cnyko yk,axsA ¼30 o"khZ; iwue nsoh] Cykd izeq[k] kkeyh] eqt¶qjuxj½ 29
  33. 33. Success Stories of Panchayati Raj eSa isks ls v/;kfidk gwa] ij xzkeh.k lekt dh leL;kvksa ls nks&pkj gksus ds ckn eSaus vius bykdsds ykskxsa dks mfpr izfrfuf/kRo nsus ds fy, izpk;r pquko yM+k vkSj thrh HkhA bl laca/k esa esjs ifokjus eq>s cgqr lg;ksx fn;k] D;ksafd ifjokj dh enn ds fcuk dksbZ Hkh dk;Z iwjk gksuk eqfdy gSA esjkekuuk ;g gS fd jktuhfr esa efgykvksa dh Hkkxhnkjh] lekt dks ,d lqn`<+ vk/kkj nsrh gSA og ,d vknkZLFkkfir dj ldrh gSA oSls gekjs nsk esa efgykvksa o iq#"kksa dks izR;sd {ks= esa leku vf/kdkj izkIr gSaAfL=;ksa dks Hkh vius dÙkZO;ksa dk Lej.k djrs gq,] Hkkjrh; laLd`fr dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, vkxs c<+ukpkfg,A mls i<+uk t+:j pkfg, D;ksafd eka gh vius cPps dh igyh fkf{kdk gksrh gSA oSls Hkh fuj{kjrklewps lekt ij dyad gSA fk{kk O;fDr dk cgqeq[kh fodkl djrh gSA ljdkj ls esjh ;gh vis{kk gS fd og lcls igys lekt dks Hkz"Vpkj ls eqDr djs D;ksafd rHkh nskdk leqfpr o lrr fodkl gksxkA nwljh ckr ;g fd og csjkstxkjh tSlh leL;kvksa ij [kkl /;ku ns]D;ksafd vkt tks gj rjQ vijk/k gks jgs gSa] mldk ewy dkj.k csjkstxkjh gh gSA ¼31 o"khZ; kfk oekZ eqt¶Qjuxj esa ftyk iapk;r lnL; gSaA og ,e,] ch,M] ih,pMh gSa vkSj isks ls v/;kid gSaA½ eq>s u rks iapk;r ds lnL; dk pquko yM+uk iM+k vkSj u gh Cykd lfefr ds lnL; dkA eq>sloZlEefr ls pqu fy;k x;k vkSj ;g lHkh dqN ifjokj ds yksxksa ds lg;ksx ds dkj.k gh laHko gqvkA esjsfdlh Hkh dke esa esjs ifjtu vM+pu ugha MkyrsA pwafd eSaus vkBoha rd dh fk{kk izkIr dh gS] blhfy,eSa i<+kbZ ds egRo dks vPNh rjg le>rh gwaA eSa xkao&xako ?kwedj yksxksa dks le>krh gwa fd os vius cPpksadks Ldwy HkstsaA loZfk{kk vfHk;ku esa Hkh eSa iwjk lg;ksx ns jgh gwaA eSa ;g Hkh pkgrh gwa fd esjh cgusa Hkhtkx:d gksa] D;ksafd ftl ifjokj dh efgyk,a tkx:d gksrh gSa] ml ifjokj dk lnk dY;k.k gksrk gSAij gekjs lekt esa pwafd efgyk,a i<+h&fy[kh ugha gSa] blhfy, mudh vksj ls iwjk lg;ksx ugha feyrkA [kaM fodkl ,oa iapk;r vf/kdkjh o ftyk ifj"kn ls izkIr rhu yk[k #i;s ds vuqnku ls geus xzkefodkl dk dk;Z fd;kA ikqvksa dk vLirky [kqyok;k] Ldwy esa feV~Vh HkjokbZ] o ,d dqfy;k dk fuekZ.kfd;kA CykWd lfefr dh gj cSBd esa eSa Hkkx ysrh gwa vkSj cSBd esa vius {ks= dh leL;k,a j[krh gwaA ihusds LoPN ikuh dk gekjs bykds esa vHkko gS] eSa pkgrh gwa fd esjs bykds esa lHkh dks ihus dk ikuh feysAoSls eSaus xkao esa gSaMiai yxokus ds fy, Qjhnkckn ds lkaln ls 50 gtkj #i;s dk vuqnku Hkh fy;k gSA ¼xkao dqqjkyh dh Cykd lfefr lnL; 30 o"khZ; kdqaryk nsoh½ Rashtriya Sahara, 27.09.03 30
  34. 34. Success Stories related to Women EmpowermentFEATS UNLIMITED : WOMAN SARPANCHS ON FEET She is in her mid-’30s, a mother of four and a Dalit woman sarpanch who has studied till Std. V. Urmila Dhonde is proud of her background, proud of the administrative experience and insight shehas gained as sarpanch over the last three years. And now she is all the more proud of her ability to planher daily battle with tipper caste men, who cannot fathom why they would have to agree with her projectproposals. “Yes, they stall my proposals but I have learnt ways of circumventing their stonewalling tactics. I havelearnt from NGOs how to deal with them. In Marhi village near Raipur, Chhattisgarh, from where I come,I have my own supporters now. And I can fight them by counter-blocking what they want to get done in thevillage. Yes, my village is too remote, has never seen much of development work and there is a lot to bedone. I am still considered an untouchable by a few upper caste families. But things are changing.” Urmila has been in Delhi as one of the 400 participants of the Mahila Sarpanch SammeIan, hostedby the Guild of Services with the help of the Public Affairs Department. The idea is to help set up anetwork of these sarpanchs from Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, UP, Uttaranchal, Rajasthan,Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. Last evening, at the end of the second day of the three-daysymposium, the women adopted a resolution for a countrywide sarpanch sangathan. Last afternoon, there was a colourful dais brimming with women participants at the Vishwa YuvakKendra. Yes, there were a few in ghunghats. But most were demanding a right to share their individualexperiences as a sarpanch. The mike was travelling from hand to hand. A woman in a brown and redlehenga from Rajasthan wanted to brag a little about what she had achieved. Another, in a black salwarkameez from Uttar Pradesh, had a few administrative problems and she wanted advice desperately. The discussion veered around to whether women of rural India have as yet secured the right todecide on the size of the family. There were a brazen few who said “no”. A few on the dais saw a few mensneaking into the auditorium and clammed up. But when the discussion became more lively, they shedtheir inhibitions and joined in. Sunehri Devi from Alwar in Rajasthan said she had no such right in her time and had no option butto be the mother of three. But her daughter-in-law had chosen to have a single child. It appeared thatwomen in Rajasthan have gained immensely from the 73rd Amendment. They were the most candid ofthe lot. Suvidha, also from Rajasthan, said the ban on men seeking public office despite having morethan two children should be enforced rigor.Express, 31.08.03 31
  35. 35. Success Stories of Panchayati Raj iapk;rksa ds tfj, L=h èku okil ik jgh gSa efgyk,a ubZ fnYyh % efgyk vijkèk kk[kk dh dk;Ziz.kkyh ls fujkk gksdj iapk;r ,oa Lo;alsoh laLFkkvksa dhkj.k esa igqaph cgqr lh efgyk,a vc budh enn ls viuk L=h èku ysus esa dke;kc gks jgh gSaA tgka efgykvijkèk kk[kk ds tfj, flQZ L=h èku okil feyus esa 8 eghus ls rhu lky rd yx tkrs gSa] ogha iapk;rksa}kjk ;s ekeys 15 fnu ls 2 eghus ds Hkhrj gy fd, tk jgs gSaA tgka iap le>nkj] i<s+&fy[ks gSa] ogkaefgykvksa dks tYnh viuk lkeku fey tkrk gSA vxj iap vfM+;y joS;k viukrs gSa rks ,u-th-vks-efgykvksa ds fgr esa cus dkuwuksa dk MaMk fn[kkdj mUgsa lgh jkLrsa ij ykus dk dke c[kwch fuHkk jgh gSA Nrjiqj esa jgus okyh dkark ¼uke cnyk½ dk gh ekeyk ys ysaA mudh kknh rhu lky igys Qjhnkcknds >wik xkao ds gfj ¼uke cnyk½ ls gqbZ FkhA 8oha ikl dkark dks kknh ds nwljs fnu ls gh de ngst ykusds dkj.k ifr us ekjuk&ihVuk kq: dj fn;kA ek;ds okys xjhc Fks] dqN [kkl ugha dj ik,A vkf[kjdkj,d laLFkk dh enn ls dkark us vej dkWyksuh fLFkr efgyk vijkèk kk[kk esa fkdk;r ntZ djok nhA nkslky xqtjus ds ckn flQZ pDdj dkVus o iqfylokyksa dh vHknz Hkk"kk dks >syus ds vykok dqN gkflyugha gqvkA gj rjQ ls fujkk laLFkk us >wik xkao dh iapk;r dh kj.k yhA iapk;r cSBh] ysfdu mlusgfj dh xjhch dk okLrk nsdj ?kj esa tks VwVk&QwVk L=h èku Fkk] ogh dkark dks ykSVkus dh odkyr dhArc laLFkk us dkuwu dk lgkjk ysdj mUgsa le>k;k fd ;fn yM+ds ds f[kykQ dsl ntZ gks tkrk gS rksmlds gtkjksa #i;s vnkyr esa gh [kpZ gks tk,axsA ltk gksxh] oks vyxA rc iapkas dh le> esa ckr vkbZvkSj dkark dks L=h èku ds :i esa nh gqbZ Nyuh rd ifr ls okil fey xbZA lsaVj QkWj lksky fjlpZ lstqM+h dkmalyj js[kk nqcs ds vuqlkj mUgksaus lkr&vkB ekeyksa esa iapk;r ds }kjk gh efgykvksa dks U;k;fnykus esa lQyrk gkfly dh gSaA ,d vU; ekeys dk gokyk nsrs gq, mUgksaus crk;k fd ifr us rhu ckj iRuh dks cspus dh dksfkk dhAbl ekeys esa 30 xkaoksa dh iapk;r cSBhA kq: esa llqjky okyksa us iRuh dks gh QwgM+ o dkepksj fl) djusdh dksfkk dhA iapk;r Hkh mlds i{k esa gks xbZ] ysfdu tc mlus Hkjh iapk;r esa ifr dh djrwrsa crkbZrks iapk;r us ifr dks Hkjh lHkk esa iRuh ds ikao idM+ dj ekQh ekaxus ds vknsk fn,A yM+dh dks iwjsleku lfgr ek;ds Hkstk x;kA tkx`fr efgyk lfefr dh vè;{k fueZyk kekZ ds vuqlkj efgyk vijkèkkk[kkvksa esa rks gky ;g gS fd yM+dh dks L=h èku ds :i esa VwVk&QwVk lkeku fnyokdj mldk eqag candjok;k tk jgk gSA egaxk lkeku rks L=h èku dh fyLV ls xk;c gh gks tkrk gSA vc nq[kh efgyk,a gekjsikl vkdj ;gh dgrh gS fd iapk;r ds }kjk gh dksfkk dhft,] iqfyl ds èkDds geus [kk fy,A ;fn mUgsao iapk;rksa dks FkksM+k&lk ljdkj dh liksVZ fey tk, rks nq[kh efgykvksa ds ?kj nksckjk cl ldrs gSaA Navbharat Times, 13.06.05 32
  36. 36. Success Stories related to Women Empowerment WOMEN SARPANCHS SHOW WAY IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT A silent revolution is on in the villages of India to strengthen the leadership potential of the electedwomen representatives in the panchayats;, so that they can make hunger,-poverty and Injustice things ofpast In their villages and Twenty such elected women representatives, symbols of women empowerment, from nine Indianstates were felicitated by Mr Jon Westborg, Ambassador of Norway on Saturday. At present women are heading 77,120 of the total 2,34,676 village panchayats. Grassroots leadersfrom Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Leh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, andUttaranchal shared their experiences as heads 20 elected women representatives felicitated of theirrespective gram sabhas on the occasion. These women were brought on a common platform by anNGO, ‘Hunger Project’ that has been actively involved in, and supporting the learning needs of electedwomen representatives. The most striking example of woman empowerment was Rajkumari Bai Yadav, Sarpanch, GramPanchayat, from Madhya Pradesh. At 24, Rajkumari was one of the youngest Sarpanchs at the meeting.After being widowed at an early age, she was encouraged by her parents-in-law to contest the Panchayatelections, and was thus elected in January this year. Enthusiastic about her new role as the head of gram sabha, she said, “I want to bring women to themainstream of society. Health is an issue of concern. Another issue that needs to be addressed is thestatus of harijans in villages. I want to work for their uplift.” After 22 years Panchayat elections were heldin Bihar, in 2001, and a Tiliya Devi, a Dalit, was elected Panch for the first time. Known for her courageand leadership, Tiliya has been nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize 2005. The villagers have re-named their village, ‘Tiliya Khera’ after their Panch. Also present on the occasion was former secretary of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Mr WajahatHabibullah. “Only a woman can manage the household well, today they are working towards achievingthat success even at the level of local governance, and I am confident, they will succeed. The way wemanage our Government at grassroots level, is something that is catching the world’s eye.” he said. “India’s future is bright not only because of science and technology, but due to its people. Our futurelies in the achievements of these people. They can guide and enlighten their own lives and that of thesociety,” he added. If you ask a woman what her dream is, she will at once say ‘to somehow be able to change thedestiny of my family and my community’. In a society where women are unable to voice their demands,it is the reservation of 33.3% seats in the Panchayats, for women, that have given them a critical massto represent the issues that affect their lives, and those of their families.The Pioneer, 3.10.05 33
  37. 37. Success Stories of Panchayati Raj RURAL WOMEN DEMAND CHANGE An evening in May gave me a new insight into the perceptions of rural women on development andespecially on the panchayati raj. There have been many complaints about the lack of development ofwomen but a different approach was visible that evening at the end of May this year in the Golaghatdistrict of Assam. Mr John Conrad, the Ice president of an international organisation that, devoted itselfto the, prevention of, poverty and to the uplift of Women and children, through the Hunger Project, talkedto a group’ of village ‘women in Golaghat, a town with a rural setting in, Upper Assam,.. More than 600women applauded him when he praised their work In the panchayati raj many of them were rural leadersand elected sarpanches and urged them to root out ignorance. The setting, we must remember, wasrural in an urban setting Mr Conrad was received with the traditional Assamese gamosa or hand-woventowel and the ululating sound of the uruli, reserved for major religious events. The programme was organised by the North East Social Trust (NEST), an organisation that hasbeen training women in the Panchayati Raj in Assam to move forward and to assertively play a leadershiprole with a strong understanding of basic concerns. And when speakers from Delhi spoke in Hindi, to mysurprise, I found that most of the Assamese women understood them and even tried to converse withthem. in Hindi. This was unthinkable a few years back when rural women in the state were reluctant tointeract with anyone who was not familiar with the local language. This is a major change. Assam did not have an elected panchayati raj system between 1994 and 2001, For neatly a decade,the Assamese rural population was covered by the dark cloud of Ignorance. The, state governmentswhich were in power blocked the panchayat election for years. As a result, the,rural population wasblocked from accessing governance and.development in at least 29 subjects. It was not until May 2001that the Congress under CM Tarun Gogoi-recently elected for a second successive term, a historic firstin over 34 years in the state come to power and,organised the Panchayat election. And what wassignificant is that although a mimimum of 33 per cent of the seats are to be reserved for women, thenumber of women winners surpassed this “quota.” Power devolved to the grassroots and women becameincreasingly conscious of their powers and rights. The executive director of NEST Mr. Tassuduk Ariful Hussain, said: “The panchayati system is yet tobe fully implemented. During the early days of government, the panchayat workers were not trained. Butit was important for a region like Assam. In spite of that, we expect a change among Women due to theirconsciousness.” Ms Junu Bora and Ms Konika Dutta Baruah were others who attracted much attention as theirinteraction was peppered with references to, problems and developments at the international level as 34
  38. 38. Success Stories related to Women Empowermentwell as in the administrative system. Ms Junu Bona was a leader of an Assam-based women’sorganisation while Ms Konika Dutta Baruah was the deputy director of panchayat and total developmentin the state. The meeting was broken by the arrival of the evening and the lack of power. Women panchayatmembers and workers surrounded Mr Conrad and others, tossing questions at them. One even soughtin autograph, But some workers, were missing, I learned. And that bring me to the point at the start of thisstory. I asked Mr. Ariful Hussain of NEST where they had gone. “To meet the chief minister,” I was told. Where had they gone? All the way to Dispur, the state capital, hundreds of kilometres away. Golaghatis also the, chief minister’s constituency. Of course, he would meet them. But why would they have left all important conference and gone to see the states top elected figure?Was it a political event, I wondered. No, they had gone with a list of demand-,, a resolution to seek majorchanges hi the Pahchayati Raj Act for the state because they think that the existing Act is full of problemsand difficult to implement. They wanted the, CM to give a copy of their demands to the. President ofIndia. Panchayati elections are due soon in Assam and the growth of consciousnes’s and capacity amongPR members, especially women, bodes well for governance, despite all the recent violence andcomplaints of corruption, nongovernance and the lack of development. The darkness of the evening wasdispelled for I saw that even in such circumstances of backwardness, women were able to think aboutthe need to bring about changes in specific terms in the system in not less thin 18 subjects. How do we measure change? How do we measure success? Surely, this story is in example of thechanges that are coming despite the problems and politics in the state.The Statesman, 03.07.06 35
  39. 39. Success Stories of Panchayati Raj WOMAN POWER ON DISPLAY IN BIHAR PANCHAYAT POLLS Raghopur: Women hold up half the sky, Mao Is said to have observed. In Bihar, it Is not Maoists butNitish Kumar, who seems to have caught on to truth here. What he has unleashed through 50% reservationfor women in seats of panchayati raj institutions is a veritable revolution. For the first time In states history, discussion on the elections is not only among men. Women arealso taking an active part in it, both as candidates anti voters. Indeed, the men in many cases are feelingrather left out. Sania Khatun, who is contesting to become the mukhiya of the Amba panchayat in Begusarai,approaches the house of Baju Mahto, accompanied by six women. Barely giving a passing glance atMahto, who is standing at the door, the women enter the house to canvass support-among the womenfolk of the family directly, Mahto is, perturbed and makes it a point to tell the group that he too should bealso asked for his opinion. After all, he is the head of the family. Pat comes the answer from one of thegroup members, that is correct, but every individual has his or her vote and should be approached. What follows must have hurt Mahto even more. As the’ group leaves his house, It now has one extra,member—Mahto’s wife. This Is a common scene in Bihar. Particularly In villages, one can see,groupsof, women-going, house to house seeking support. Thats quite a change from the earlier situation, whenwomen were not even consulted to find out their preference. It was taken for granted that women wouldvote for whichever candidate the head of the family voted. The fact that they are now being approachedhas given them a great sense or self-respect. The sense of empowerment stemming from the realisationthat their opinion matters also means that fewer candidates are now willing to settle for being a dummyfor their menfolk. Talk of mahila raj is rife. A woman from a backward caste family, firmly believes that new revolutionwould bring in mahila raj in country. Whats more, she is convinced that mahila raj will be better thanmardon ka raj as women mukhiyas and panchayat members will be more accessible than men. Ram Pratap Choudhary of Raghopur, after finishing his, graduation in the early 1940s stayed backin the village to do social work, says the 50% reservation for women in local bodies has revolutionisedelectioneering In the state. Ram Binod Choudhary, a postgraduate who runs a small business in Raghopur, was less, sureabout how much empowerment of women will happen because of this. But he too admitted that womenhave finally joined the mainstream in local politics. The change has also meant that the arena of local politics has shifted. So far, in Bihar, politics usedto be dealt with at the small village market where all the men used to congregate in the evening. But, the 36
  40. 40. Success Stories related to Women Empowermentlarge participation of women has brought politics to the household, Not that men have been relegated toplaying bit roles. Some women candidates are dummies in these polls too. But there is a growingrealisation that process itself would make many or them candidates think independently. But, can women deliver? When a women candidate was asked whether she understands intricaciesof bureaucracy at, block and district level, she countered with a pertinent question: how many menunderstand it?The Times of India, 08.05.06 la?k"kZ vHkh tkjh gS fcgkj ds eksfrgkjh ftys ds xkao fHkfjf[k;k fNiqfy;k dh 59 o"khZ;k fxfjtk nsoh dks la;qDr jk"Vªla?kus U;w;kdZ esa vk;ksftr varjjk"Vªh; laxks"Bh esa Hkk"k.k nsus ds fy, pquk gSA eqlgj tkfr ds fy, 40 o"kksZals la?k"kZ dj jgh vui<+ fxfjtk nsoh fcgkj dh igyh vkSj nsk dh ikapoha ,slh efgyk gksaxh] tks cPpksa]efgykvksa ds vkSj xjhcksa ds mRFkku ds fy, lfØ; foo Hkj ds izfrfufèk;ksa ds Hkkstiqjh esa lacksfèkrdjsaxhA lekt ds lcls ncsdqpys eqlgj lekt ds yksxksa dks lyhds ls thuk fl[kkus vkSj mUgsa lqèkkj djfodkl dh eq[;èkkjk ls tksM+us ds fy, eSaus vius ?kj ls la?k"kZ dh igy dh] fjrs&ukrksa dks Hkh rkd ijj[kdj thou ds dherh pkyhl lky la?k"kZ esa >ksad fn,A vkt tc vejhdk ls Hkk"k.k nsus ds fy, caqyk;kx;k gS rks thou ds vafre iM+ko ij gwa] ij esjh la?k"kZ ;k=k vkf[kjh lkal rd tkjh jgsxhA eSa vkt rd gkV&cktkj] kgj dks Hkh Bhd ls ugha ns[k ldh] vejhdk tkus dh ckr lqudj gh eu?kcjk x;kA u fdlh ls tku igpku] Hkkstiqjh vkSj fgUnh dks NksM+dj fonskh Hkk"kk dh eq>s le> dgka!lekt&Vksys dk ncko gS fd fonsk t+:j tkÅa izkklu Hkh vejhdk Hkstus dh rS;kjh dj jgk gSA blfy,tkus dk eu cuk gh fy;kA lksprh gwa fd ftl yM+kbZ dh kq:vkr ?kj ls dh vkSj lQy jgh] og lansknqfu;k ds yksxksa rd Hkh igqaps] blfy, tkuk gh iM+sxkA FkksM+h cspSuh rks gS] ysfdu viuh ckr dgus dh[kqkh Hkh de ughaA eSaus uke&kksgjr ds fy, ugha] vius lekt dh [kqkgkyh ds fy, lc fd;k gSA geus lius esa Hkh ughalkspk Fkk fd vius Vksyk ds ckgj ds yksx Hkh tkusaxs] ysfdu vc v[kckj okyksa] Vhoh okyksa vkSj gkfdeyksxksa us cspSu dj fn;k gSA vius ?kj ls tks yM+kbZ kq: dh Fkh og blfy, fd eqlgjksa dk fodkl gksvkSj xjhch nwj gksA vpkud vejhdk ls dSls cqykok vk x;k] iwjs ftykHkj esa gYyk dSls gks x;k] bldsckjs esa gesa dqN tkudkjh ughaA tgka rd vkxs dh ;kstuk dk loky gS rks eSa fonsk u tkdj vius xkao 37
  41. 41. Success Stories of Panchayati Rajesa gh jgdj yksxksa dh lsok djuk pkgrh gwaA viuh kksgjr ns[kuk ugha pkgrh] vius eqlgj lekt dks[kqkgky vkSj le`) ns[kuk pkgrh gwaA 40 lky ls esjk la?k"kZ tkjh gS vkSj bldh izsj.kk ds fy, esjk vrhr vkSj eqlgj lekt dh dqjhfr;kaeq[; dkj.k gSaA eqt¶Qjiqj ftys ds lkgscxat iz[kaM varxZr edjh eqlgj Vksyk esa 1946 esa tUehaA xjhchvkSj vHkkoksa dh chp gh cM+h gqbZA kknh ds ckn 1962 esa fHkfjf[k;k vkbZ rks ;gka Hkh xjhch vkSj vHkkogh feykA llqjky i{k ds lekt esa ukk[kksjh pje ij FkhA jksVh ds fy, etnwjh] ij etnwjh ds iSls kjkcvkSj rkM+h esa mM+kdj ifjokj lesr Hkw[ks isV lks tkuk] ;g jkst dk Øe eq>s dHkh ilan ugha FkkA blh>qa>ykgV esa eSaus kknh ds pan eghus ckn gh vius ‘kjkch ifr dks ihV MkykA lks] bl rjg ukk[kksjksadks lqèkkjus dh yM+kbZ ?kj ls gh kq: dhA bl vfHk;ku esa Vksys dh èkuearh nsoh] lqujifr nsoh us Hkh lkFkfn;kA kjkch ifr;ksa ij ifRu;ksa ds vkØe.k dk vlj gqvk vkSj Vksys ds 72 ifjokj ukk[kksjh ls eqDrgks x,A fQj rks eqlgj efgykvksa us esjs lkFk la?k"kZ dh jkg idM+ yhA eqlgjksa dks xjhch ls eqDr dj mUgsa vkfFkZd:i ls lacy cukus vkSj muesa fk{kk dh vy[k txkusds fy, Vksys dh vU; efgykvksa dks lkFk ysdj eq>s yach yM+kbZ yM+uh iM+hA fHkfjf[k;k okMZ uacj 3 dhlnL;k pqus tkus ds ckn geus eqlgj fodkl eap dk cuk;k vkSj xkao ds ^lkekftd kksèk ,ao fodkldasUnz* ds ekxZnkZu esa eqlgjksa dks vfèkdkj fnykus ds fy, O;oLFkk ds f[kykQ èkjuk] iznkZu vkSj vkej.kvuku fd,A vHkkoksa us gh eq>s la?k"kZ djuk fl[kk;k vkSj vc rks thou ds vafre iM+ko rd yM+kbZ tkjhjgsxha 40 lky esa cgqr dqN [kks;k] ysfdu vkt ftruk dqN ik jgh gwa] ml [kqkh us [kksus ds nq[kksa dksfeVk fn;k gSA fHkfjf[k;k vkSj fNiqfy;k eqlgj Vksyh dh [kqkgkyh esjs la?k"kZ dh lQyrk dk igyk iM+kogSA fonsk tkus dk volj Hkh blh lQyrk dk fgLlk gSA bPNk gS fd gekjs ?kj ls kq: gqvk ;g la?k"kZiwjs eqlgj lekt dk la?k"kZ cus] rkfd os thus dk lyhdk lh[k ldsaA la?k"kZ vkSj mlds lqQy us gesa iwjkfookl fnyk;k gS fd iq#"k lekt dk fojksèk >sydj viuk lq[k&pSu R;kxdj eSus ftl vkanksyu dhkq:vkr dh gS] ;g vkanksyu vHkh vkSj lq[kn {k.k ysdj vk,xkA U;w;kdZ ds lEesyu esa cksyus ds fy, D;k rS;kjh djuh gSA nqfu;k ds cM+s&cM+s yksxksa dks D;k lansknsuk pkgwaxh igys rks tkus] jgus vkSj ogka cksyus dh fpark yxh gSA Hkkstiqjh vkSj fgUnh ds vykok dqNle> esa ugh vkrk] ysfdu vius la?k"kZ dk vuqHko fonsk ds yksxksa dks t:j crkÅaxhA muls ;g vihyHkh d:axh fd eqlgjksa ds mRFkku ds fy, os Hkh dqN djsa] rkfd gekjk nck&dqpyk lekt Åij mB ldsvkSj fodkl dh xfr ls vius dks tksM+sA fonsk okyksa us gekjs dke dks ljkgk bldh [kqkh gS] ij ;geyky lky jgk gS fd fcgkj ljdkj us eqlgjksa ;k muds ifjokj ds fy, dqN ugh fd;k] tcfd fonskokys gesa Hkk"k.k nsus ds fy, cqyk jgs gSaA bl xqRFkh dks le> ugha ik jgh gwa blfy, tks yksx vejhdkys tkus dh rS;kjh dj jgs gSa] mu ij dqN kadk Hkh gSA fonsk esa D;k gksxk bl ckr dks ysdj dkQh vzkkargwaA Rashtriya Sahara, 18.02.06 38
  42. 42. Success Stories related to Women Empowerment RURAL WOMEN TO FUND THEIR WELFARE Rural Women of Andhra Pradesh’s West Godvari district, who made history by collecting Rs. 60,000by contributing 50 paise, each last year to save the life of a helpless woman, have now decided tocreate a permanent welfare fund to help women of their ilk. The West Godavari district federation or women’s self-help groups (SHGs), with 4 lakh members in40,500 groups has decided that each member will contribute Rs 1 per month to create a social securityfund. This way the SHGs will save Rs. 48 lakh a year And utilise the fund to help the women members andtheir families In case of health and other emergencies. The SHGs In this district hit the headlines In December last, when they collected Rs 60,000 bycontributing 50 paise each to help 36-year-old Basavani Hymavathi In Vemuladeevi village to undergo acomplicated cardiac operation. Basavani has, now, fully recovered after the surgery, This success story spurred the district collector Luv Agarwal to suggest that these groups find apermanent solution to their, problems by having their own system of insurance as well as organisedentrepreneurial and business network. The setting up of social security fund is being seen as a first stop In this direction. Ms Raghupati,who heads the Federation of such groups in the district said that the fund will go it long way ill meetingthe Immediate needs of the members. The fund will provide Rs. 10,000 to a woman member or spousefor a major medical treatment and another Rs. 3,000 to travel to a big city to go to a super specialityhospital. In a case of death of member also the fund will provide an immediate assistance of Rs 10,000to the bereaved family. Significantly the women have also chosen a major social cause for the fund. In a move to protect thegirl child and discourage female foeticide and Infanticide, the fund will provide an assistance of Rs1,000 to a mother who gives birth to a female child. If a couple decides to go In for steriIisation afterhaving a girl, the fond will give them Rs 2,000. The move, to come, to the rescue or the girl child by these poor rural women is significant as thefalling sex ratio and decline in the female population has become a major reason of social concern inthe country.The Pioneer, 09.03.06 39
  43. 43. Success Stories of Panchayati Raj [ksrh dh rjDdh esa tqVh efgyk,a ,d nsgkrh gksVy esa efgykvksa dk etek yxk gqvk gSA ;g u rks dksbZ efgyk eaMy gS] u gh ;sefgyk,a fdlh fdVh ikVhZ esa tqVh gSaA ;s ml fdlku Dyc dh lnL; gSa] tks nsk esa viuh rjg dk igykiz;ksx gSA ;s efgyk,a ;gka [ksrh&fdlkuh dh leL;kvksa ij ppkZ dj jgh gSaA è;ku nsa] rks ik,axs fd mudhckrphr mUur cht dgka ls ik,a] cqokbZ dc gks ;k ,slh Qlysa dkSu lh ftuls vkenuh c<+s tSls elyksads bnZ&fxnZ ?kwe jgh gSA efgyk fdlkuksa dk ;g Dyc cLrj ds ftyk eq[;ky; txnyiqj ls 22fdyksfeVj nwj ukuxqj xk¡o esa gSA Dyc dh drkZ&èkrkZ gSa Qwyu nsohA csgn g¡lksM+ fdLe dh Hkkjh cnuokyh ;g èkkdM+ tkfr dh efgyk lpeqp èkkdM+ gSaA flQZ ik¡p tekr i<+h Qwyu le>nkjh esa kgjhefgykvksa dh cjkcjh dj ldrha gSaA fdlku Dyc ls igys Qwyu vkSj mudh lkfFkuksa us u dHkh kgj dkeq¡g ns[kk Fkk] u gh fdlh lkoZtfud dk;ZØe esa fkjdr dh FkhA vc ;gh efgyk,a dyDVj ls ysdj ea=hrd ls u dsoy csfgpd ckr djrh gSa] cfYd vius rdksZa ls dbZ ckj mUgsa gSjku rd dj nsrh gSaA cLrjds dyDVj jg pqds fnusk JhokLro dk bu efgykvksa ls rc ls lkcdk gS] tc fdlku Dyc dh cqfu;knj[kh xbZ FkhA og crkrs gSa fd bu efgykvksa esa xtc dk vkRefookl iuik gSA ;s u flQZ vkfFkZd rkSjij lcy gqbZ gSa cfYd xk¡o ds lexz fodkl esa Hkh vge~ Hkwfedk fuHkk jgh gaSA oSls Hkh ukuxqj xkao dhefgyk,a vius dkedkt ls iwjs iznsk ds lkeus felky isk dj jgh gSaA os fey&tqydj gksVy] QSalh LVksjvkSj ,lVhMh cwFk rd pyk jgh gSaA xkao esa cw<+ksa dh enn dj jgh gSaA vukFk cPpksa dk ikyu&iks"k.k djjgh gSaA Qwyu crkrh gSa] ^ukckMZ ds lkgc yksx esjs gksVy esa pgk ¼pk;½ ih jgs FksA ukuxqj esa tks Hkh lkgcvkrk gS] ;gha [kkuk&ihuk djrk gSA eSa mudh lkjh ckr è;ku ls lqu jgh FkhA eSa lkgc ls cksyh fd esjsdks fdlku Dyc ds ckjs esa crkvksA rks ukckMZ ds deyjke lkgc us gekjh cM+h enn dhA gedks dyDVjfnusk th ds ikl ys x,A oks gedks ljy cksyh esa le>k,A* cl rHkh ls Qwyu dks fdlku Dyc ls èkqulokj gks xbZA mlus xk¡o dh ifjfpr efgykvksa ls ppkZ dhA Qwyu igys ls kkdacjh Lo lgk;rk lewgpyk jgh FkhA bldh lnL; jgh nl efgykvksa ls mlus ckr dhA mUgsa fdlku Dyc dk egRo crk;kA mUgsacrk;k fd [ksrh ds fy, ukckMZ ls Ms<+ yk[k #i, dh enn feysxhA chp bR;kfn Hkh feyrs jgsaxs] rks ;gefgyk,a mlds lkFk gksyha vkSj 20 tqykbZ 2005 dks ukuxqj dh 12 efgykvksa us feydj nsk ds igysefgyk fdlku Dyc dh cqfu;kn j[kdj bfrgkl jpkA 40
  44. 44. Success Stories related to Women Empowerment Dyc esa mUgha efgykvkas dks j[kk x;k gS] ftuds ikl ik¡p ,dM+ rd [ksrh dh tehu gSA bl tehuesa os le;&le; ij ljdkj vkSj ukckMZ }kjk vk;kftr gksus okyh dk;Zkkykvksa esa lh[ks [ksrh ds xqjvktekrh gSaA Qwyu crkrh gSa fd bl ckj èkku dk osjk;Vh cht cks;k FkkA Qly cf<+;k gqbZ gS ij¼vkleku dh rjQ bkkjk djds½ dgha lc cckZn u dj nsaA Qwyu dg jgha gSa] ge udnh Qly ds ckjsesa tku x, gSaA mUur cht dSls feys] dkSu lh [kkn fc<+;k gS] ;g le> x, gSaA budk liuk ukckMZ lsfeyh vkfFkZd enn ls iwjk gks jgk gSA ukckMZ ds iSls pqdkus ds fy, ;s efgyk,a ,d v[kckj lewg dhlg;ksxh Qkbusal daiuh ds ikl 20 #i, jkst tek djrh gSaA bu efgykvksa dks eq[;ea=h us ?kj ij ckM+hesa lCth mxkus ds iz;ksx ds fy, ,d yk[k #i, ds iqjLdkj ls uoktk FkkA viuh rLohj fn[kkdj os Qwyhugha lekrhA oSls Hkh iwjk xk¡o vc budh esgur vkSj yxu dk dk;y gSA Dyc esa kkfey fdj.k] euhrklsfB;k] èkkfeZdk] lksueuh] ikoZrh] èkuorh vkSj lkfo=h crkrh gSa fd fdlku Dyc us rks mudh ft+UnxhiyV nh gSA bl eqdke rd igq¡pus ds fy, mUgksaus xk¡o ds enzksa ds fdrus mykgus lagsa gSaA tc jkT; dseq[;ea=h rd ls mUgsa lEeku feyk rc tkdj xkao ds enksZa us mudk egRo le>kA vkSj vc tc lkbfdyksaesa lokj gjh lkM+h iguh bu efgyk fdlkuksa ls tRFkk kgj tkus ds fy, xk¡o ls xqtjrk gS] rks iwjk xk¡o[kqn dks xkSjokfUor eglwl djrk gSAHindustan, 17.11.06 41
  45. 45. Success Stories of Panchayati Raj42
  46. 46. SUCCESS STORIES RELATED TO ENERGYG Fuel from bio-mass in remote MP villageG Rajasthan Wakes upto Wonder Plant JatrophaG For First Time, biofuel to. keep. mobiles ringing in rural areas 43
  47. 47. Success Stories of Panchayati Raj44
  48. 48. Success Stories related to Energy FUEL FROM BIO-MASS IN REMOTE MP VILLAGE The remote tribal village of Kasai in Madhya Pradesh’s Betul district is no longer looking to Centraland state a government agencies for meeting their water, power and cooking gas requirements. All these requirements have now been successfully met with the assistance of the ministry Of non-conventional energy resources, which recently installed bio-mass gasifiers and engine gensets to meettheir energy requirements. This project, the first of its kind in the country, is part of a series of test projects taken up under aprogramme developed by the ministry to create energy security in villages through bio-mass. The programme aims at going beyond electrification by meeting the total energy requirements ofvillages, including cooking, lighting and motive power with full participation of the local communities.including women. After the success of this test project, similar micro power plants would be installed throughout thecountry where supplying power through the grid is not possible till 2012. As per the project, the villagerswill produce high yield bio-mass to fuel its bio-mass power plants and other energy requirements. Thebiomass plant will energise television sets, street lights, water pumps, village flour mills and otherelectronic and electrical gadgets of the 55 families living in the village. The project was taken up by theMNES, as connecting the village with the power grid was not feasible before 2012 as it falls in theSatpura range. To start with, lights for each household, school, engine room and streets have been provided. A flourmill is being energised and a water pump and milk chilling unit are also proposed to be run soon. Thevillage panchayat has planted fast growing species in 10 hectares of land around the village to ensuresustained supply of wood for the gasifiers. Besides this, an expeller unit will also be installed to producebio-oil from oilseeds of Jatropha plants, which will be used for running pump sets. The village energy committee, set up by the Panchayat, will look after the operation and maintenance,fixation and collection of user charges and overall management of the project. Eleven test projects haveso far been taken up in eight districts of Madhya Pradesh. These projects are being implemented by theforest department of the state.The Statesman, 06.11.05 45
  49. 49. Success Stories of Panchayati Raj RAJASTHAN WAKES UPTO WONDER PLANT JATROPHA In a step that aims at encouraging production of bio-diesel, Rajasthan government has unveiled aplan for promoting cultivation of a plant that can provide a viable alternative to diesel oil. JatrophaCurcas, also known as “Van arand,” or “Ratanjyot” is said to lend itself the best to extraction of bio-diesel because of its advantage over other species. It can be, grown as. a quick yielding plant even onbarren lands and in a desert state such as Rajasthan. In a Cabinet meeting, the Rajasthan government decided to promote the cultivation and processingof Jatropha Curcas by allotting nearly 57 lakh-hectare wasteland at subsidised rates or free to privatecompanies and groups. The land allotment policy approved by the Cabinet is expected to generate employment opportunityfor nearly 58 lakh people, a government spokesperson said. Committees headed by the chief secretaryor district collectors will select potential private groups for land allocation and not more than 30 per centof the available land will be allotted to companies. It will be mandatory for them to set-up their refineries or processing units and buy Ratanjyot orKaranj at the minimum support price fixed by state government. The allotment will be made for a periodof 20 years. Jatropha curcas physicochemical characteristics makes it a promising and commercially-viable-alternative to diesel oil. Jatropha oil cake is rich in nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium and can be used as organicmanure its well. Jatropha can also be used as an illuminant which gives clear smoke free flame and alsofor making soaps as it has a very high saponification value. This apart, it’s believed that its medicinal properties can be exploited by the anti-cancer drugmanufacturing sector and external application of the plant’s oil is recommended for the cure. of skindiseases and rheumatism. People in rural and backward areas also use the tender twigs of the plants for cleaning teeth andjuice of the leaf is used to cure piles. 46

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