Success Stories of Panchayati Raj
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Success Stories of Panchayati Raj



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  • Success Stories of Panchayati RajIndian Environmental Society U-112, Vidhata House, Vikas Marg, Shakarpur, Delhi-110 092 (India)
  • Published : 2007Published by :Indian Environmental SocietyU-112, Vidhata House, Vikas Marg,Shakarpur, Delhi-110 092 (India)Tel. : 91-11-22450749, 22046823, 22046824Fax : 91-11-22523311E-mail :, iesindia@gmail.comWebsite : by :ENVIS Centre, Ministry of Environment and ForestsGovernment of IndiaCompiled by :Sunita SharmaShabarni Das GuptaPrinted at :Times Press910, Jatwara Street, Darya Ganj,New Delhi-110002Tel. : 65755777, 23273252
  • Frwr oeod The local self-government/Panchayati Raj Institutions by their special abilityto organize the people at lower levels have succeeded considerably in attractingthe people to participate in the developmental activities. The rural environmentcan be conserved very successfully with the help of Panchayati Raj Institutions. The Indian Environmental Society is compiling Success Stories of Panchayatsand their role on Environmental Management from different Hindi and Englishnewspapers and is publishing a book namely “Success Stories of PanchayatiRaj”. This book is an effort to disseminate the success stories among the readerand users and hope this will help to motivate them for a better future. I am hopefulthat Success Stories related to Environmental Management will definitely enrichthe knowledge of the readers. Dr. Desh Bandhu President
  • CONTENTSSl. No. Page No. 1. Success Stories related to Health and Hygiene 1 2. Success Stories related to Conservation of Natural Resources 13 3. Success Stories related to Women Empowerment 27 4. Success Stories related to Energy 43 5. Success Stories related to Agriculture 49 6. Success Stories related to Communication 79 7. Success Stories related to Livelihood 85 8. Success Stories related to Self-Help Group 93 9. Success Stories related to Medicinal Plants 101 10. General Success Stories 107
  • SUCCESS STORIES RELATED TO HEALTH AND HYGIENEG Clean Village award presented to 15 panchayat presidentsG Restore Nature’s Work of ArtG India Can Find Inspiration from its Local Sucees StoriesG Pit StopG A unique movement for hygieneG An Inspiring Tale of Keeping a Village Clean 1
  • Success Stories related to Health and Hygiene CLEAN VILLAGE AWARD PRESENTED TO 15 PANCHAYAT PRESIDENTS. Chief Minister Jayalalithaa on Monday said the principal duty of the people was to take on negativetrends in society such as extremism, terrorism and separatism. In her address from the ramparts of Fort St. George to mark the 59th Independence Day, Ms.Jayalalithaa said though the country had to fight only against alien rule during the days of the freedomstruggle, “we have to take on several inimical forces flow.”Revolution for progress The second duty before the administration was to immediately carry out a revolution for progress. Development could be achieved only by extending the scope of existing opportunities to morepeople, even while creating new ones. She handed over the Clean Village Awards for 2004-05 to the presidents of 15 panchayats : Pylingulam in Kanyakumari district, Naganakulam in Madurai district, Muthugoundanpalayam inErode district, Vaanapadi in Vellore district, Kalarampatti in Perambalur district, Lakshmipuram andRamakrishnapuram in Theni district, Kattambur in Sivaganga district, Kurandi in Virudhunagar district,Muthur in Coimbatore district, Pulavanchi in Thanjavur district, Methalodai in Ramanathapuram district,S. Iravamangalam in Namakkal district, Melathirupalakudi in Tiruvarur district and Anaipatti in Dindiguldistrict are the panchayats which bagged the award. She also presented the Clean Village Campaign Award to 15 other panchayats including Mooduthuraiin Salem district, Angamangalam in Tuticorin district, Belagondapalli in Krishnagiri district, Pagalmeduin Tiruvallur district and Nedungal in Kancheepuram district. Ms. Jayalalithaa gave away several other awards at the function. Among the recipients were theSCOPE of Tiruchi district (best non-Governmental organisation), M.K. Deivannaiammal of Erode district(best School Teacher/Headmistress), A. Rajeswari of Ramanathapuram district (best Anganwadi worker)and S. Parameswari of Kanyakumari district (best village health nurse). Awards for the best District Rehabilitation Officer, best institution and social worker for the welfareof the disabled, best institution and best social worker for women’s welfare, best Doctor and best PrivateEmployer were also given away The Chief Minister distributed sweet packets to some physically challenged children at the function.The Hindu, 16.8.05 3
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj RESTORE NATURE’S WORK OF ART Sankat Mochan Foundation has presented a technically sound alternative for sewage collectionand treatment at Varanasi. What is needed is the political will to implement the plan’ Varanasi Nagar Nigam (VNN) and the Mayor duly-elected by the people took charge in November1995. In less than two years, they did a commendable job of forming an informal publicprivate-partnershipwith a local NGO, Sankat Mochan Foundation (SMF), with competence and commitment to clean Ganga. By 1998, this partnership presented a Project Feasibility Report (PFR) to the Government of Indiato clean the giver Ganga in Varanasi. This was done after the said partnership incorporated all thesuggestion/criticism raised by people, municipal councillors and Government experts. The solution ofGanga pollution in Varanasi exists. We have to find ways to bring necessary resources to VNN for itsimplementation. The general body of VNN unanimously passed this-PFR for implementation Ganga in Varanasiwould have been cleaned by now, had the Government released the money allocated under GAP-II forVaranasi. There was no dearth of funds. The Ganga Project Directorate (GPD), and later its transformed body, National River ConservationDirectorate (NRCD) of the Ministry of Environment & Forests, used the funds of GAP-II to clean Yamunaand Gomati rivers. It would have been proper if the necessary amount from the funds for GAP-II wasused first to complete the unfinished task of solving the problem of Ganga pollution in Varanasi, theplace from where Ganga Action Plan was launched in 1986. But it was not done. VNN’s solution forcleaning Ganga in Varanasi under GAP-II was made to shuttle between the Centre and the StateGovernment. In a surprising move, in January 1999, Uttar Pradesh Jal Nigam (UPJN), the nodal agency of theState Government, submitted, on behalf of the Government a. heavy budget PFR for VNN’s approval. Itmay be noted that the Government and the UPJN should have refrained from independently working onGAP-II from 1995, the year VNN became a local self-government and assumed powers to make plansto improve environment, urban sewerage, sanitation, etc. This difficult situation was handled by VNN by referring its own PFR and the one prepared by UPJNin 1999 to a very renowned expert for making a techno-economic appraisal and makingrecommendations on the best choice out of the two PFRs. The expert recommended the VNN’s PFRand not the UPJN’s PFR. Incidentally, this was a second opinion in favour of VNN’s PFR In 2000, the 4
  • Success Stories related to Health and HygieneHouse of VNN deliberated over the two PFRs and passed a resolution outlining five objections againstthe UPJN’s. VNN forwarded the two PFRs. along with the above opinion of the House to the Government fortechnical opinion. The Government did not pay any heed to VNN’s request; instead, it chose to cancelVNN’s resolution of 1998, thereby scrapping its PFR. This is an unprecedented example of usurpationof VNN’s power by the Government. Certain corporators are seeking to remedy this heavy-handedaction of the Government to crush VNN and cause suffering to people and Ganga. Even after six yearsin the court of law, the suffering continues. A political and media intervention is needed to salvage the 74th Amendment to the Constitution, tosave the river which is the source of fresh water for over 40 per cent of India’s population and which is anobject of faith and respect for one billion people. In absence of political intervention, the previous Government, in the name of collecting resourcesfrom Japan (precisely JBIC), requested JICA to make a plan to improve the sewerage system of Varanasiin which cleaning Ganga would be a small part. JICA has submitted its study plan which sets its objectivefor Ganga cleaning (class-B river) and ignores the objectives of GAP Such absurdities must stop. The designated best use of Ganga in, Varanasi, Allahabad, Haridwar, etc., has Jo be culturallyconsistent land palatable for million of believers. JICA’s study plan was never produced before VNN.The Government has accepted it on its own. Again, a serious violation of the 74th constitutionalamendment! The Government of India has even got soft loan from JBIC to implement JICAs plan to clean theriver, which is unacceptable to VNN. It will. bring heavy burden of tax on the people to meet its heavy costand loan repayment burden. A PIL against this move of the Government to implement JICA’s plan underGAPII in Varanasi is pending in the Allahabad High Court. Political intervention is the only solution to solve the problem VNN and the people are facing in-theimplementation of an appropriate economical solution to clean Ganga. Meanwhile, SMF has decided to clean the ghats of Varanasi and remove all the floating debris inthe shoreline waters of the river, as a part of its duty towards Ganga and to sensitise the people to cometogether to clean it. SMF is pursuing the officers for taking action to stop defecation along the ghats. SMF organises many other activities within its resources to clean Ganga, and motivate people tocome forward to persuade our decision-makers to implement appropriate solution for cleaning Gangaexpeditiously. Ganga in Varanasi is not yet clean. We have to go a long way.The Pioneer, 22.4.06 5
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj INDIA CAN FIND INSPIRATION FROM ITS LOCAL SUCEES STORIES India is a signatory to the Millenium Development Goal of halving the proportion of people withoutaccess to sanitation by 2015. As only less than a quarter of our citizens use sanitary facilities today, Itdoes not look like we are going to keep this date. Millions of Indians are forced to defecate in bags, buckets, fields, streams and roadside ditches.Although most of the people without sanitation coverage live in remote rural areas and urban slums thatare the hardest to service, here we highlight successful models that when replicated can accelerateimproved sanitation across the country. The first block In the country to achieve 100 per cent sanitation was Nandigram-II in West Bengal.By 2003, all the households in the block had been furnished with toilets, which improved both thecommunity surroundings and health. Ram Krishna Mission, with state government and UNICEF support,set up a local production and supply Infrastructure. This arrangement not only supplies inexpensivesanitary materials, It also props up local livelihoods. After following this example statewide, sanitationcoverage in West Bengal has increased from almost zero to over eighty per cent. Also in 2003, the Thandavampatti hamlet in Tamil Nadu became the first rural habitation to bedeclared open defecation free. Here the local administration collaborated with Gramalaya and women’sgroups, With Water Partners International chipping in as well, the Kangaanipatti village also pulled off asimilar feat. In the countdown to 2006, the villagers constructed 117 toilets in 100 hours!Global Role Models TAJIKSTAN : More that 11,000 children are engaged in an outreach programme on sanitation PAKISTAN : In the slums of Karachi, the sanitation programme Involves 90% of the population,and the infant mortality rate has dropped form 130 to 40. MOROCCO : Since 1992, sanitation coverage for the poorest has expanded fourfold. If the above examples involve different sections of civil society teaming up to improve sanitation,ground-breaking public private partnerships are also pursuing similar objectives. Tirupur, also in TamilNadu, which generates a billion dollars through knitwear exports every year offers a particularly promisingexample. While USAID provided Important technical support, the private sector raised Rs. 1,023 crorefor a comprehensive urban project. This is intended to provide inexpensive sanitation for 80,000 slum 6
  • Success Stories related to Health and Hygieneresidents, meet the growing demands of industrial users, and provide the town with its first seweragesystem. Alandur and Chennai are also updating urban infrastructure on a commercially viable basis. The female masons constructing, installing and maintaining sanitation blocks in Gujarat and Keralawould concur that improving sanitation is good business. Women can also be particularly potent triggersfor improving sanitation services because they suffer worse indignities and insecurity when they relievethemselves in the open. In general, capacity-building across gender, class and caste lines is key tomaking sanitation socially and economically sustainable. In Maharashtra, where over 2000 gram panchayats now have 100 per cent sanitation, the constructionof public toilets for millions of slum residents has been carried out in consultation with the users. Thesocial Impact of this participatory approach cannot be overestimated. In a peculiarly millennial update to caste-based scavenging, Chand Ram, the caretaker of a public.toilet block in Dharavi, has said: “My family has cleaned toilets for generations. Here, I and three of myfamily provide 24 hour attendance in four shifts. Each of us earns Rs 1,500 a month. I had never dreamtof finding such a job, and with such accommodation in Mumbai.” It is no wonder that the now-famous Sulabh model has been delivering sanitation to poor and low-caste Indians oil a commercial rather than charity basis. For a fee of about one rupee, 10 million pettytraders, laborers, domestic workers and others use Sulabh facilities today. Finally, it is important to invest in children as agents of change. Student brigades in Bangladeshand Tajikistan have effectively taken sanitation messages from their schools to their communities. In India, Rajasthan’s primary education councils have gotten together with UNICEF to promotesanitation In more than half of the 4300 schools the districts of Alwar and Tonk. It is planned that all theschools in the state will have sanitation facilities by 2007. In a salutary footnote oil the spinoffs of sanitation,girls’ enrolment has already risen by 78 per cent.Hindustan Times, December, 2006 7
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj PIT STOP A community campaign helps relegate field squats to history in a Himachal village Till a year ago, Sheel, nine km from Solan, was indistinguishable from any Indian village in its habits.Pre-dawn and twilight were the usual times for the members of the 40-odd families to hit the hillsideswith their lotas. Though only about a dozen families are BPL, not one house had a hole in the ground,forget a pucca toilet. And talk of personal hygiene was completely taboo. But today, Leela Sharma, an articulate, middle-aged woman, can speak at length about the downsideof open defecation. What’s more, she can convince her fellow villagers about die need to change anancient practice. On September 9, at least 100 women—some of them curious visitors from adjoining villages—assembled at the newly built community hall at the Mahila Mandal directed them to simply dig holes andcover the excreta with soil. Subsequently, some families dug shallow trenches a little distance awayfrom their houses. Then someone had the brainwave of covering the trenches, and a temporary toiletwas born. Now, every single residence in the village has its own ‘toilet’, which even the domestics use. Launched in Kullu last year by the District Rural Development Agency, the ODF campaign alreadyhas 41 villages of two panchayats—Tegu Ber and Katrain—under its Sheel to celebrate one year of ‘liberation’ from field squats. Sheel is the first village in the region tobe officially declared ODF (open-defecation-free); now it’s the role model for at least half-a-dozen villagesin the Top ki tier panchayat, which is in the race for die certification, which will allow them to compete fora government sanitation reward. Yet the beginning was so tough, recalls Sharma, pradhan of the local Mahila Mandal, whichspearheaded the campaign. “Change happens when there is will, and it has to come spontaneously Sowe began by informing everyone about the negative impact of open defecation. We told them thatexcreta could mix with water, contaminate drinking water and enter our bodies through food, therebycausing diseases.” When villages pleaded poverty to say they couldn’t build toilets, belt. The community-led drive hasalso taken off in Kangra, Mandi, Hamirpur and Sirmour; a total of 160 villages are expected to get thecertification in Kullu by March 2007. “Our total sanitation campaign is gradually breaking the barriers,” says Rakesh Kaushal, director ofthe HPRDA. Part of the reason why the campaign has proved so successful is because the impact is oftenimmediate. This monsoon, while most of the adjoining villages were struggling with diarrhoea and otherseasonal ailments, Sheet was a shining exception. 8
  • Success Stories related to Health and Hygiene “Not a single case of diarrhoea was reported from Sheel,” confirms Solari block development officerBhawana Kashyap. “I’m delighted with the way women’s groups and mahila mandals are taking chargeof the way they live.” Sharma, however, is certain that the endeavour could not have been successful without theinvolvement of the entire community. But charged with the success in her own village, she has nowvolunteered to become a resource person to help the Solan development block become an ODF model.The Indian Express, 17.09.06 A UNIQUE MOVEMENT FOR HYGIENE Tucked away in the dusty environs of Rajasthan’s Shekhawati belt, three village panchayats haveled an unusual movement for hygiene and sanitation by saturating all rural households, schools andanganwadi centres with sanitary toilets. The feat has brought to them the prestigious Nirmal Gram awardinstituted by the Union Ministry for Rural Development.The Goal The Katrathal, Jajod and Khachariawas panchayats in Sikar district are among the 22 villagepanchayats in the State selected for the award to be given away by President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam in NewDelhi on May 4. The broader goal of the incentive scheme is to eradicate the practice of open defecation. Clean lanes and by-lanes, rows of spotless houses and modest huts, covered drains and sparkling,well-maintained toilets in the three villages testify to high sanitation standards. The success was madepossible by a participatory approach convincing the villagers of the efficacy of cleanliness. The panchayats provided financial assistance of Rs. 1,200 each to selected families living belowpoverty line (BPL) for constructing toilets under the Total Sanitation Campaign. Social activist AshfaqKayamkhani pointed out that the three panchayats had dedicated themselves over the past year to thesanitation drive—launched with UNICEF support-aimed at bagging the coveted prize. Chandri Devi, the proud Sarpanch of Katrathal with a population of 8,000, said she distributed1,000 ladies in the village at her own expenses, formed teams of schoolchildren to generate awarenessand installed a number of dustbins. The villagers were motivated to improve their surroundings andmake the village open defecation-free. Mahendra Sharma, a local resident owning a hardware shop in Sikar, pointed out that getting theaward became the obsession for all the villagers a few months ago. “Open defecation was rejected asa dirty and outdated practice. Each household made a provision for a decent’ and hygienic toilet,” hesaid. 9
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj When a group of the wandering Bhopa tribe decided to settle down on the outskirts of Katrathal lastyear, the Sarpanch took the initiative of getting their names added to voters’ list. They were then dissuadedfrom defecating in open fields and encouraged to build small toilets near their huts. The Muslim-dominated Jajod village, 45 km from Sikar, welcomes the pilgrims on way to the famousSalasar temple, situated nearby, with its clean ambience. Sarpanch Liaqat Ali said ‘the dust and litter-free roads and proper drainage were the outcome of acampaign launched by elderly village most of whom are ex-Army men.Awareness Subedar Iqbal Khan, an elderly citizen of the village, said the panchayat’s’ Gram Sabhas and atleast three rallies of schoolchildren and teachers taken out during the last six months were instrumentalin generating awareness among the villagers about cleanliness. A “Kala Jattha” (group of performingartistes) of UNICEF pitched in to render support through cultural events motivating the people. Megha Ram, another resident of the village, felt that the installation of hygienic toilets in the Dalithutment where he lives had led to an improvement in the quality of life for womenfolk. The women in thehousehold testified to this by pointing out they no longer had to step out to open fields in the dark injuringtheir privacy. In Khachariawas village, famous for being the hometown of Vice-President Bhairon SinghShekhawat, the residents actively help the sweepers in collecting the garbage and dumping it at anidentified location. Sarpanch N.S. Shekhawat-the youngest in the State—pursued cleanliness as a passionand involved the Zila Parishad officials in the drive. The three panchayats intend to use the cash prize of Rs. 4 lakh to be given along with the NirmalGram award as well as the incentive of Rs. I lakh sanctioned by the State Government for improving thesanitation facilities by evolving a model of self-sufficient hygiene system and focus on solid and liquidwaste disposal. The Hindu, 26.04.07 10
  • Success Stories related to Health and Hygiene AN INSPIRING TALE OF KEEPING A VILLAGE CLEAN A Mumbai man’s initiative to maintain health and hygiene in his native land KATRATHAL (RAJASTHAN): A Dalit family of the dusty Katrathal village in Sikar district foundlivelihood in an inspiring saga of cleanliness with a Muslim businessman of the village, settled in Mumbai,taking an unusual initiative to maintain health and hygiene in his native land. Mirza Sarwar Beg, settled in Mumbai for the past 45 years, depicted his concern for sanitation ofhis hometown recently by offering a decent remuneration to an unemployed Dalit man, Chhitar Mal, forcleaning the lanes and by-lanes and drains of the village. Thanks to these sustained efforts for hygiene, the village—situated 10 km from Sikar on the PilaniRoad—has bagged the prestigious Nirmal Gram award of the Union Rural Development Ministry inrecognition of cleanliness and elimination of open defecation. Chhitar Mal, accompanied by his wife Sharda, sets out with his donkey-cart every morning to collectgarbage from all roads and interior lanes. They sweep the roads with brooms and keep a watch to sendback children trying to defecate on the roadside. Their 10-year-old son, Krishna, joins them at noon afterreturning from school. The 35-year-old Dalit man was all praise for Mr. Beg when asked about his new responsibilities.“There was no permanent employment for me in the village with hardly any awareness about cleanliness.Beg Sahib sends me Rs. 3,000 every month for a job which is essentially a community service,” he said. As a committed worker, Chhitar Mal tries to generate awareness for keeping the village clean whiledoing all sorts of jobs, such as lifting animal carcasses, opening choked drains, cleaning toilets andcollecting waste and throwing it on the outskirts at an earmarked spot. Mr. Beg, speaking on phone from Mumbai, said he was indebted to the village where he was bornand was making his little contribution for welfare of his own people regardless of their caste or creed. Afew relatives of the 60-year-old businessman live in Katrathal and he visits the village once every, year. 11
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj Mr. Beg engaged in the business of waterproofing of buildings in Mumbai—said he had also askedthe villagers to grow trees and offered to give Rs. 1,000 for every tree planted alongside roads and onopen land. “Besides, I want to hold regular health and eye operation camps in the village to showattachment to my birthplace,” he said. While the businessman’s gesture has won hearts in the rural community, the village panchayat is yetto officially recognise his contribution. The Hindu, 29.04.07 12
  • Success Stories related to Conservation of Natural Resources SUCCESS STORIES RELATED TO CONSERVATION OF NATURAL RESOURCESG Japanese Come Back to Green RajasthanG Water Conservation Movement IntensifedG Orissa Strengthens Pani PanchayatsG In Parched Kutch Village, They Claim Their Dew ShareG High Yielding Rice Variety for Coastal Saline EcosystemG Kannamali Mangroves a Model for Entire KeralaG Haryana Plans to Check Illegal Cutting of TreesG Leading by Example, Deogarh Villagers Save ForestsG Revive Sardar Patel Lake 13
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj14
  • Success Stories related to Conservation of Natural Resources JAPANESE COME BACK TO GREEN RAJASTHAN The Pokhran blues are over for hundreds of villages nestling in the lap of the Aravalli hills in Rajasthanwith the return of the Japanese once again to green the much degraded hill system. The second phase of the Aravalli Afforestation Project, funded by the Japan Bank of InternationalCooperation (JBIC), which had been held up for over four years after the country’s nuclear test in 1998,has materialized at a time when the drought-ravaged Rajasthan needed it most. Though the sanctions were lifted in September 2001, it took some more time for the Japaneseauthorities to decide oil the current phase of the project. Finally an agreement was signed in March inDelhi this year. The five-year project (2003-2008), which offers a total assistance of Rs. 442.19 crores,will have an additional 1.24 lakh hectares of degraded forests and panchayat lands under plantation. The 1.53 lakh hectares of plantation, carried out during the eight years of the first phase of theproject (1992-2000) too will have renewed action plan ahead. Most of such plantations are managed bythe VFPMCs (Village Forest Protection and Management Committees) and the Japanese are obviouslyhappy with their performance. “it is an opportunity to upgrade what we have already done on the forestryand moisture conservation front. On the basis of the achievements made by the VFPMCs in the firstphase we have to build up further on social development front,” notes Hiroaki Yonesaka, the leader of anexpert team which was here for a week to study the sustainability” of the project. The modalities of the implementation of the project is yet to be worked out. “By the end of the yearthe exact nature of implementation would be clear. The overall structure of the project Would be thesame. All the VFPMCs created during the first phase are continuing though some of them are dormant,”Mr. Yonesaka observes. The first phase of the project covered three different areas—the Aravallis, the IGNP and the Vindhyanformation-in as many as 28 districts of Rajasthan. The second phase has 16 districts—Ajmer, Bhilwara, Dausa, Bundi, Dungarpur, Rajsamand, SawaiMadhopur, Tonk, Alwar, Banswara, Chittorgarh, Jaipur, Pali, Sikar, Sirohi arid Udaipur—under it. Besidesthe funds would be available for two more districts—Jaisalmer and Bikaner—which were formerly underthe canal (IGNP) project. “They have been successful in regenerating the forests. Now they have to maximize the benefits,’’Mr. Yonesaka observes even as the team members, who included the Finnish plantation expert, GoranHaldin, did not hide their feeling that the local communities, especially the tribals were yet to be trainedto think “money-wise”. 15
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj “The concept of making economic gains from the plantations is still missing. That is an importantpart of sustainability of such programmes,” Mr. Yonesaka observes. the Japanese are happy of theinvolvement of the local communities through the VFPMCs and Self Help Groups arid they plan to ropein NGOs also. The Forest Department is the implementing agency for the project. “The Forest Department hasdone their bit in the first phase. In the second stage we will have more of community and NGOinterventions,” Mr. Yonesaka affirms. Each NGO could take care of some 200 Committees. “We maykeep aside some funds for the empowerment of NGOs,” he notes. The project is expected to start sometime in July and the new plantation would be possible only nextyear. “First step is to prepare the ground. Fencing, stone walling and EPAs (entry point activities) willstart soon,” explains D.P. Govil, former Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, Rajasthan,who is now a consultant to the project. “Over five years the project is expected to generate 386 lakh mandays. This financial year alone thegeneration of mandays would be to the tune of 99.42 lakh,” Mr. Govil points out. Surely the project has come as a boon to the Adivasis as well as the Aravallis in South Rajasthan. Over a period of 10 years, the grass has got greener this side of the Aravalli terrain. the teak,mahuwa, tendu, salar and the bamboo—typical trees of the Aravallis here—have started making a slowreappearance despite the severe drought conditions in the recent years. The Hindu, 12.05.03 16
  • Success Stories related to Conservation of Natural Resources WATER CONSERVATION MOVEMENT INTENSIFED Coinciding with World Water Day today, the people’s movement for water conservation has beenintensified in Madhya Pradesh through the good old “Pani Bachao Abhiyan” (Save Water Campaign). Under this campaign, people in every village and town would be encouraged to contribute voluntarylabour for water conservation till March 28. The Chief Minister, Digvijay Singh, and other Ministers wouldjoin this campaign. The focus this week would be on voluntary public initiative in efforts aimed at waterharvesting and conservation at the ground level. This initiative of taking the message of water conservation to the villages coincides with I the weeklongmeeting of the Third World Water Forum, scheduled to end at Kyoto in Japan this Sunday. The Chief Minister has directed that the week beginning March 22 be observed as “Shramdaan”week for water conservation. This would be in continuation of the Save Water Campaign which waslaunched started in 2001. Under the Pani Bachao Abhiyan, over 15 lakh water harvesting structures are claimed have beenbuilt so far in the State through Government support and community participation. The Abhiyan, the StateGovernment has emphasised, was the logical culmination of the Rajiv Gandhi Mission for WatershedManagement that was launched on August 20, 1994, The Mission has already carried out waterconservation works in 8,000 of the 51,000 villages across the State. Confronted with a severe drought in2001, the Government had decided to take the techniques of water conservation to all villages throughthe Pani Bachao Abhiyan. Under this programme, “Do-it-yourself’ methods were propagated for waterconservation on farms and fields. The Abhiyan drew from the best practices across the country, whichincluded the Ralegaon Shindi experiment of Anna Saheb Hazare and Shyam Antala’s works in Gujarat. The Watershed Management Mission catalysed the Statewide Pani Bachao Abhiyan in 2001 forturning the challenge of drought into an opportunity for water conservation by adopting simple methodsdeveloped for water harvesting by the Rajiv Gandhi Mission. In the first phase of the Pani Bachao Abhiyan,over seven lakh water-harvesting structures were constructed with an investment of Rs. 415 crores. Ofthis, Rs. 99 crores came as contributionofrom the community. Keeping in view the initial success of the drive within a short period of six months, the Governmentdecided to institutionalise the Pani Bachao Abhiyan, and Pani Bachao Committees have now beenformed in all villages across the State. Since July 2001, during the second phase of the Pani Bachao Abhiyan, over 11,000 new tanks,8611 new dug-wells, 62,000 farm and dug-out ponds are claimed to have been constructed. Over 9,500old tanks have been desilted and repaired. Arrangments for collecting rainwater from rooftops are claimedhave also been made in over 16,000 houses.The Hindu, 23.03.2003 17
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj ORISSA STRENGTHENS PANI PANCHAYATS With a view to strengthening the pani Panchayat system, the harbinger of an irrigation revolution inthe State. The Government might soon empower the panchayat to collect water tax from the farmers intheir respective areas. Sources said that while a provision in this regard has already been of import endin the Orissa Pani Panchayat Act, 2002 a formal decision on making it affective would be taken duringthe current session of Assembly. To begin with the provision would be applicable only to the lift irrigation points. The Pani Panchayatformed by the farmers of a particular area would decide their own water rent to cover the cost of energyand the maintenance charges of the project. Even members not taking any advantage of the facilityduring a particular season would have to pay a minimum charge as decided by the general body of thePani Panchayat. The new Provision would however make the Lift Irrigation Corporation redundant byhanding over the responsibility of collecting the water tax to the farmers themselves. The fact that the move would lead to mass retrenchments in the Lift irrigation Corporation hasraised the hackles of many opposition as well as ruling coalition leaders. They argue that the Governmentsbid to empower the Pani Panchayats at the cost of the corporations employees would provecounterproductive in the long run. This they fear, might even affect the middle class vote bank of the BijuJanata Dal-BIP combine with the Prospects of a employees almost certain. The opposition Congress has also taken exception to the move on the ground that handing overrent collection job to the panchayats was likely to lead to chaos at the field level during the actual distributionof irrigation water. “The Government is deliberately laying the ground for chaos in the irrigation sector tofacilitate privatisation of water bodies at a later date. That is their real agenda.” Snapped a Congressveteran. However unfazed the Government is going ahead with its plan of spreading the Pani panchayatnetwork as wide as possible. While nearly 733 Panchatats are Providing lift irrigation to 75000 hectarescurrently, the number is likely to be doubled next year. The Hindu, 23.03.2003 18
  • Success Stories related to Conservation of Natural Resources IN PARCHED KUTCH VILLAGE, THEY CLAIM THEIR DEW SHARE Ancient Chinese travellers who walked to India are fabled to have survived the Gobi desert bylicking dew. Prof Girija Sharan of the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, however, believesthere’s more to dew than just a few life-saving droplets-in fact, he says, there’s enough of it to meet thedrinking water needs of a desert village. “By properly harvesting dew that collects on rooftops each house can get about 20 litres overnight,”says Sharan who has tried out the idea in this village in the Kutch district. Like most villages in the district, Kothara has little water. Lakes are dry, and borewells yield brackishwater. Dew, which is nearly as clean as distilled water, is a boon. Sharan’s project won a World Bank award for innovation, and reaping its benefits are the 5,000oddresidents of Kothara. “We are willing to change our roofs if it helps in collecting more dew,” say-, AshokPonal, who now has to buy drinking water to meet his family’s needs. Sharan suggests that roofs be made of sloped tin or plastic sheets. Plastic pipes fitted to the edgesgather the dew and run it to a container at ground level. But the search for material that villagers will find cheap and durable continues. “Plastic and fin coolquickly and so will easily gather dew from the atmospheric water vapour,” he says. “But they don’t withstandthe extreme weather of Kutch. Thatched roofs, tiled roofs, concrete roofs are of no help.” Sharan recalls how he realised there’s enough of dew to meet a household’s drinking waterrequirements. “I’d set up a greenhouse in this village and one morning I saw the dew was so heavy that the run-offfrom the roof formed a little stream on the ground,” he says. “I started collecting and measuring the dew.After a year of doing that daily, I concluded that a roof of 124 square metres yields nine litres daily andone of 200 square metres nearly 20 litres.” A residential school here has fitted itself for dew harvesting and serves as a model for villagers.“One of the biggest expenses for families here is getting drinking water,” said Kalubha of Kotharapanchayat “If this crisis is solved, life will have a different meaning for us.” It helps that Kothara is only some 20 km from the coast. Researchers working with Sharan foundthat dew formation occurs through nine months. “In fact, we found that we could harvest the most dew during summer,” say Ridhish Shah and AnandSamante, who worked on the project. “They get the most water when they need it the most.” Before declaring the project viable, Sharan had also had harvested dew samples tested at thePhysical Research Laboratory and the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation’s lab. They were declaredpotable and with hardly any dissolved salts. Sharan’s team is now gearing up to take dew-harvesting to all households in the village. It’s alsoplanning a bottling plant.The Indian Express, 12.07.04 19
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj HIGH YIELDING RICE VARIETY FOR COASTAL SALINE ECOSYSTEM Scientists at the Rice Research Station (RRS) of the Kerala Agricultural University (KAU) at Vyttila,Kochi, have developed a high yielding rice variety suited for cultivation in the coastal saline ecosystem.It has been released for commercial cultivation by KAU recently, according to Dr. K. V. Peter, ViceChancellor, KAU.Hybridisation Variety Named ‘VTL-6’, the new variety is developed through hybridisation and selection. It is semi-tall andnon-lodging, and tolerant to abiotic stresses such as salinity, acidity and submergence. A cross was made between he local Pokkali genotype Cheuvirippu and IR-5 to combine the highyield of IR-5 and the tolerance to salinity, acidity and submergence of Cheruvirippu. This was againcrossed with a high yielding variety Jaya, which has wider adaptability to adverse environmentalconditions.Repeated Selection The new variety was evolved by repeated selection from the segregating generation of the abovecross, according to the scientists, who developed this variety. Rice cultivation in the low-lying waterlogged areas along the saline coastal belt of Kerala is knownas Pokkali cultivation. The continuous tidal inflow and outflow has made these coastal belts very fertile. The common practice in this area is to grow rice organically during the low saline phase (June-September) followed by prawn or fish farming during the high saline phase (November-April). Many rice varieties grown in this tract are tall and lodging types and they resulted in 40 to 50 percent reduction in yields. The unproved rice variety VTL-6 will not only help in revitalising the Pokkali rice cultivation in theorganic rice growing area, it will make rice cultivation more remunerative, according to scientists. Growingto a height of about 120 cm, the improved variety has a yield potential of 4.5 to 5.0 tonnes per hectare.Pest Tolerant However, under normal conditions it has recorded an average yield of 3.5 to 4.0 tonnes per hectarein 105 to 110-days. it is tolerant to most of the pests ex cept stem borer, leaf roller and rice bugs. It is alsotolerant to’ major diseases except bacterial leaf blight and sheath blight. A seed rate of 100 kg is recommended per hectare, and the variety responded well to organicnutrition. It yielded well,—when planted closely. The attractive-medium sized grains are of good cookingquality and the farmers in the region have readily accepted this variety. It is recommended for cultivationin Pokkali area of Ernakulam district and other waterlogged saline areas. The Hindu, 24.02.2005 20
  • Success Stories related to Conservation of Natural Resources KANNAMALI MANGROVES A MODEL FOR ENTIRE KERALA The Mangroves of Kannamali and Kumbalangi in Ernakulam district have attained great significanceafter the December 26 tsunami. Experts say that Kerala should develop mangroves at all possiblespots along the coast as bio-shields against the fury of the sea. The man behind the efforts for thedevelopment, maintenance and conservation of the Kannamali mangroves, K Ittoop. is happy seeingthe new-born interests of environmentalists and scientists in his mission. The thick row of mangroves one sees in the Kandakkadavu area of Kannamali is the result of theuntiring efforts of Mr Ittoop. He has not received any official financial assistance from the government orhelp from NGOs. Despite this, he has made conservation of mangroves his life’s mission. “I started to cultivate mangroves in 1997. As a layman my aim is to locate, identify and conserve themangroves. I had got support from a group of local people and scientists like Dr M Sivadasan of CalicutUniversity and Dr K Sajan of Cochin University of Science and Technology”. says Mr Ittoop. Developing mangroves as a natural shield against the sea is essential but there is one problem,says Dr Sajan. “That mangroves can be a substitute for a sea wall is not scientific or practical. Mangrovesdo not grow on sandy beaches. But in marshy coastal areas mangroves can serve as a natural resistance,”he says. “The destruction of mangroves will have serious ecological impacts including decline in marinefishery resources and coastal erosion,” says Dr Sajan, adding that the thick mangroves betweenKumbalangi and Kannamali are an example of the commitment shown by the natives towardsconservation. The area covered by mangroves in the state has reduced considerably over the last few years.Kerala now has only 1.400 hectare of mangroves from 70,000 hectare a few years back. “Mangrovesplay a significant role in the conservation of inland water and rivers. As the authorities failed to convincepeople about their significance, most mangroves have been destroyed for commercial purposes. Theincreasing number of shrimp farms along the Kerala coast is another reason for the shrinkage ofmangroves”, says TP Ramesh, lawyer and president of Mangalavanam. Samrakshana Samithi. Efforts are on to conserve Mangalavanam, the only mangrove site left in Kochi. “As Kerala has aIong coastal stretch prone to sea erosion, the need to cultivate mangroves is very significant. The otheradvantage of a coastal bio-shield is the fixing of nitrogen and carbon dioxide: carbon sequestration.This will also be very useful in addressing global warming,” adds Mr. TP Ramesh. “Every monsoon, thousands of natives of the coastal area bear the brunt of the furious sea. Theylose their property and other valuable assets. According to authorities, construction of a sea wall is the 21
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Rajonly way to resist high tides. But it is not the scientific way to resist waves. Not even a single study hasproved that sea wall construction is the scientific method to resist high tides,” Mr. Ramesh points out.The mangroves can resist high tides more effectively. “Is the government willing to experiment to provethe efficacy of mangroves in coastal areas?” asks Mr Ramesh. The dense mangroves are home to many rare species of animals and birds, especially migratorybirds. All the bird sanctuaries in the state including Kumarakom. Kadalundi and Mangalavanam havemangroves.The Pioneer, 17.06.05 HARYANA PLANS TO CHECK ILLEGAL CUTTING OF TREES Strict legal action against offenders CHANDIGARH: The Haryana Government has decided to formulate even more stringent laws forchecking illegal cutting of woods in the forests of the State. According to the Forest Minister, Venod Sharma, the responsibility of the officers of the ForestDepartment relating to the illegal cutting of woods would also be fixed. Mr. Sharma said here on Sunday that the Bhupinder Singh Hooda Government was committed tothe strict implementation of, the laws to check the illegal cutting of trees. Strict legal action would betaken against those officers who did not, adhere to the laws relating to conservation of forests. He further said that the officers would be provided all facilities for protecting the wealth of forests.’They would also be equipped with modern weapons and fully empowered to take action against themafia engaged in the illegal felling of trees in the forestsMeasures to boost solar energy use The Haryana Government on Sunday announced several measures for the conservation and efficientuse of energy in the State. The Financial Commissioner and Principal Secretary, Renewal Energy, S.C.Choudhary, said thatthe use of solar water heating systems had been made mandatory in the buildings and industries wherehot water was required for processing, hospitals nursing homes, including government hospitals, hotelsmotels, banquet, halls, jail barracks, canteens, housing complexes set up by group housing societies orhousing boards, all residential building built on a plot of size of 500 sq. yards and above falling within thelimits of municipal committees, corporations and Haryana Urban Development Authority sectors. 22
  • Success Stories related to Conservation of Natural Resources These were also mandatory for, all government buildings residential schools, ‘colleges, hostels,technical and vocational educational Institutes, tourism complexes and the universities. It had also been decided to amend the existing building byelaws immediately for making use ofsolar water heating systems mandatory in the listed buildings. The Haryana Renewable EnergyDevelopment Agency had been declared as the approved source for supply and installation of solarwater heating systems. The Government had also decided to ban the use of incandescent lamps in all new government andgovernmentaided buildings to promote the use of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLS), which are energyefficient and save about 80 percent of the electricity as compared to incandescent lamps.Quality education The Haryana Government has decided to appoint one teacher for a class of 40 students to promotequality education in the State, according to the Excise and Taxation Minister, Venod Sharma. Addressing the students at the annual prize distribution function of the DAV High School, Kansapurin Yamunanagar district on Sunday, Mr. Sharma said that the Hooda Government would set up aneducation city on the lines of the Oxford University and a Law Institute,’ would also be started at villageMirpur in Rewari district.’ Mr. Sharma said that the standard of education should be In accordance with the current trendswhich would later oil help the students in getting employment. Forest officers would be provided all facilities for, protecting forest wealth. They would also beequipped with modern weapons and fully empowered to take action against the mafia engaged in theillegal felling of trees.The Hindu, 16.05.05 23
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj LEADING BY EXAMPLE, DEOGARH VILLAGERS SAVE FORESTS A number of villages in Deogarh district have come forward to conserve community-based forestsactively involving of thousands of villagers, including women volunteers. In Chandankhunti village under Barkote block, around 350 inhabitants including women, havesuccessfully conserved 200 acres of forest cover through community forestry on the foothills of Chulia,the highest mountain range of Deogarh. They have also guarded more than 300 acres of the Badtaeilreserve forest. The process of planting saplings and forest: protection was started in 1992. after the land ousteesof Rengali Dam Project resettled in the village. They restored the barren foothills into dense forest,leading to further restoration dried out Bhandarkhol spring, which flows for about eight months a yearand provides sufficient water for agricultural purposes. The villagers have formed a village committee of 13 members and the committee has constitutedmany groups including women. Each group, comprising 11 villagers takes care of the forest for a weekin rotation with day and night patrolling. “We have affection for the village forest and we take care of the trees like our own children,” saidNilanchal Pradhan, former secretary of the village committee. A board put up by the Deogarh Forest Division at a tourist spot (left) reads: “There is no rain withoutforest; There is no life without rain; when our huts burn, we flee to the forest. When the forest burn, wheredo we flee to?” Now, villagers have joined the campaign to save the forest Similarly, women of Balinalli village in Dandasingha panchayat have taken up the cudgels forprotection of the village forest on 130 acres of land without seeking help from any agency. They haveformed the Bighneswari Mahila Samiti (BMS) and their members have successfully preserved the forest. “We have caught many wood cutters red-handed and also imposed fine on them,” stated BilasiniSahu, president of the BMS. Interestingly, students of the Swastik-ME School of Goadbhanga. situated on the foothills of Pangulihill in Barkote, are also following in the footsteps of villagers and preserved more than 650 acres offorest area. Headmaster Ramakanta Pradhan of the school has played important role in forest protection with the help ofschool children. “We knelt before wood cutters and requested them not to cut trees. Fortunately, we have succeededmany times to convince them,” said Basanti Behera, a 7th class student of the school. Ranjan Sahu, Secretary, Deogarh Zilla Jungle Manch (DZJM) said about 450 village committeeshave been formed in different villages of the district and the DZJM is co-operating for expansion andprotection of the forest cover of the district. The Pioneer, 30.08.06 24
  • Success Stories related to Conservation of Natural Resources REVIVE SARDAR PATEL LAKE This lake in Put Kalan Village was developed by DDA in 2003, now it languishes for want of care There is no dearth of projects in the pipeline. The authorities gleefully announce a plan and theinauguration takes place with much fanfare, but things fail to move beyond that. Sardar Patel Lake, PutKalan, is a case in point. The lake that overlooks the Kanjhavala main road is an erstwhile johad (village water body) of putKalan village. It was rechristened as Sardar Patel Lake after DDA developed the lake and a park aroundit and inaugurated it with much fanfare in the presence of a Union Minister, the area MP and other DDAofficials and area bigwigs. They all took the credit for the new look of the lake and promised furtherdevelopment. That was in October 2003. Since then no senior DDA official has visited the lake. Though an importantlink, the road to the lake is narrow, dusty and full of potholes. Form far, the sight of the lake is no doubtquite pleasing, but a closer look reveals that all is not well. The good things about the lake first. The setting is almost perfect. The lake is surrounded with asmall garden and a cool shade of trees. There is an old Shiva temple, an akhara and a well. Two ghataprovide an easy access to the lake. Now for the damaging affects. Sewage flowing in the open drains of the neighbouring coloniesfinds its way into the lake. “I have reported the state of affairs to my superiors but nothing has happenedso far,” says a DDA official poste at the site. The lake has two floating contains, but only one works.Water Bodies No guards have been deployed here to lake care of the complex. “Children from the neighbour-hood have damaged the wiring of the now defunct fountain. Benches erected by DDA too have gonemissing and two ton gates have been damaged,” says an area DDA official. He feels that this place canbe developed into a picnic spot. The greenery around the lake is confined of the temple and the akhara nearby. “That portion of thecomplex is enticing. There is need for proper development all around the lake,” says Azad Chand, aresident of Put Kalan. Two water pumps that draw ground water feed the lake. However, the natural sopes that would carrythe rain water are missing. Whatever little water does find its way into the lake brings along garbage. The only visitors to the lake are the kids from the neighbouring colonies, who enjoy a dip here Sincesewage flows into the lake, the water too is not clean. However, in the absence of a guard, the childrencause a lot of damage to the complex. 25
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj “There are no toilets for the visitors. Things can improve if the authority introduces boating facilitiesand sets up some snack shops,” says Ram Pal, a resident of Put Kalan village, who regularly visits thetemple next to the lake. DDA officials are no tready to buy these stories. “We are taking good care of the Put Kalan Lake.We will rectify the problems if any The people living around the complex need to behave more responsibly,”says a senior DDA official. He refused to divulge any further development plans for the lake.HT North Delhi Live, 09.05.06 26
  • SUCCESS STORIES RELATED TO WOMEN EMPOWERMENTG iapk;r esa vkSjrsaG Feats Unlimited : Woman Sarpanchs on FeetG iapk;rksa ds tfj, L=h èku okil ik jgh gSa efgyk,aG Women Sarpanchs Show Way in Rural DevelopmentG Rural Women Demand ChangeG Woman Power on Display in Bihar Panchayat PollsG la?k"kZ vHkh tkjh gSG Rural Women to Fund Their WelfareG [ksrh dh rjDdh esa tqVh efgyk,a 27
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj28
  • Success Stories related to Women Empowerment iapk;r esa vkSjrsa esjs firkth us eq>s cpiu ls gh jktuSfrd&lkekftd dk;ksZa ds fy, izsfjr fd;kA kknh ds ckn ifrgjfoUnj flag us Hkh oSlk gh fd;kA igys og [kqn kkeyh ls Cykd izeq[k dk pquko yM+us okys Fks] ijtc ;g in efgyk izR;kkh gsrq vkjf{kr gks x;k] rks mudh jtkeanh ls eSaus pquko yM+k vkSj fot;h gqbZA Cykd izeq[k dk p;u dbZ xkaoksa ds iapk;r lnL; djrs gSa] ysfdu xkao dqMkuk esa bl in ij esjhmEehnokjh dk fojks/kh ikVhZ us rxM+k fojks/k fd;kA ;gka rd fd esjs i{k ds lnL;ksa dks vius i{k esa djusds fy, rjg&rjg ds gFkdaMas viuk;s x;s] ysfdu firkth vkSj vius ifr dh enn ls eSaus budk lkeukfd;k vkSj esjh nkosnkjh thr esa cny x;hA esjk ekuuk gS fd jktuhfr flQZ iq#"kksa dh cikSrh ughaA ;gckr lp gS fd iq#"k vius vf/kdkj dks vklkuh ls ugha NksM+uk pkgrs] ij ljdkj }kjk iznÙk vkj{k.k dsckn efgyk,a Hkh jktuhfr esa vkdj lekt dY;k.k dk dk;Z dj jgh gSaA esjk ekuuk gS fd ljdkj dksefgykvksa dks vkSj vkj{k.k nsuk pkfg,A blls vkSjrksa dks og vktknh Hkh feysxh] tks vc rd ugha feyjgh FkhA oSls kgjksa esa efgykvksa dks T+;knk vktknh gSA ogka lkekftd laxBuksa ds ek/;e ls efgyk,a dbZ rjgdh xfrfof/k;ksa esa layXu gSa] tcfd xkaoksa esa pwafd ,slh laLFkkvksa dk vHkko gS] blhfy, vf/kdrj efgyk,a?kj o [ksrksa rd lhfer jg tkrh gSaA eSa ckfydkvksa dks vPNh fk{kk nsus ds i{k esa gwaA Hkys gh ljdkj xzke iapk;r dks T;knk vf/kdkj nsus dh ckr dgdj] lÙkk ds fodsUnzhdj.k dk nkokdjrh gS] ysfdu ;g lp ugha gSA tSls Cykd izeq[k dk in rks yxHkx jcj LVSEi dh rjg gSA vc rks Cykdfodkl vf/kdkjh ¼chMhvks½ esa gh {ks= iapk;r dh lÙkk fleVdj jg x;h gSA dsUnz o iznsk dh rjg ftykCykd o xkao Lrj ds iapk;r izeq[kksa dks iwjs vf/kdkj fn;s tkus pkfg,A mÙkj iznsk esa iwoZ ek;korhljdkj us dsoy ,d tkfr foks"k dk m)kj djus dk chM+k mBk;k gqvk FkkA orZeku ljdkj dks lHkh tkfroxZ ds yksxksa dk leku :i ls fodkl djuk pkfg,A vHkh rd xzke o Cykd Lrj ij lgh ek;us esa lÙkkdk gLrkarj.k ugha gqvkA eqyk;e flag ljdkj dh uhfr efgyk vkj{k.k ds izfr dqN dBksj gSA vkkk djrhgw¡ fd os vius joS;s esa cnyko yk,axsA ¼30 o"khZ; iwue nsoh] Cykd izeq[k] kkeyh] eqt¶qjuxj½ 29
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj eSa isks ls v/;kfidk gwa] ij xzkeh.k lekt dh leL;kvksa ls nks&pkj gksus ds ckn eSaus vius bykdsds ykskxsa dks mfpr izfrfuf/kRo nsus ds fy, izpk;r pquko yM+k vkSj thrh HkhA bl laca/k esa esjs ifokjus eq>s cgqr lg;ksx fn;k] D;ksafd ifjokj dh enn ds fcuk dksbZ Hkh dk;Z iwjk gksuk eqfdy gSA esjkekuuk ;g gS fd jktuhfr esa efgykvksa dh Hkkxhnkjh] lekt dks ,d lqn`<+ vk/kkj nsrh gSA og ,d vknkZLFkkfir dj ldrh gSA oSls gekjs nsk esa efgykvksa o iq#"kksa dks izR;sd {ks= esa leku vf/kdkj izkIr gSaAfL=;ksa dks Hkh vius dÙkZO;ksa dk Lej.k djrs gq,] Hkkjrh; laLd`fr dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, vkxs c<+ukpkfg,A mls i<+uk t+:j pkfg, D;ksafd eka gh vius cPps dh igyh fkf{kdk gksrh gSA oSls Hkh fuj{kjrklewps lekt ij dyad gSA fk{kk O;fDr dk cgqeq[kh fodkl djrh gSA ljdkj ls esjh ;gh vis{kk gS fd og lcls igys lekt dks Hkz"Vpkj ls eqDr djs D;ksafd rHkh nskdk leqfpr o lrr fodkl gksxkA nwljh ckr ;g fd og csjkstxkjh tSlh leL;kvksa ij [kkl /;ku ns]D;ksafd vkt tks gj rjQ vijk/k gks jgs gSa] mldk ewy dkj.k csjkstxkjh gh gSA ¼31 o"khZ; kfk oekZ eqt¶Qjuxj esa ftyk iapk;r lnL; gSaA og ,e,] ch,M] ih,pMh gSa vkSj isks ls v/;kid gSaA½ eq>s u rks iapk;r ds lnL; dk pquko yM+uk iM+k vkSj u gh Cykd lfefr ds lnL; dkA eq>sloZlEefr ls pqu fy;k x;k vkSj ;g lHkh dqN ifjokj ds yksxksa ds lg;ksx ds dkj.k gh laHko gqvkA esjsfdlh Hkh dke esa esjs ifjtu vM+pu ugha MkyrsA pwafd eSaus vkBoha rd dh fk{kk izkIr dh gS] blhfy,eSa i<+kbZ ds egRo dks vPNh rjg le>rh gwaA eSa xkao&xako ?kwedj yksxksa dks le>krh gwa fd os vius cPpksadks Ldwy HkstsaA loZfk{kk vfHk;ku esa Hkh eSa iwjk lg;ksx ns jgh gwaA eSa ;g Hkh pkgrh gwa fd esjh cgusa Hkhtkx:d gksa] D;ksafd ftl ifjokj dh efgyk,a tkx:d gksrh gSa] ml ifjokj dk lnk dY;k.k gksrk gSAij gekjs lekt esa pwafd efgyk,a i<+h&fy[kh ugha gSa] blhfy, mudh vksj ls iwjk lg;ksx ugha feyrkA [kaM fodkl ,oa iapk;r vf/kdkjh o ftyk ifj"kn ls izkIr rhu yk[k #i;s ds vuqnku ls geus xzkefodkl dk dk;Z fd;kA ikqvksa dk vLirky [kqyok;k] Ldwy esa feV~Vh HkjokbZ] o ,d dqfy;k dk fuekZ.kfd;kA CykWd lfefr dh gj cSBd esa eSa Hkkx ysrh gwa vkSj cSBd esa vius {ks= dh leL;k,a j[krh gwaA ihusds LoPN ikuh dk gekjs bykds esa vHkko gS] eSa pkgrh gwa fd esjs bykds esa lHkh dks ihus dk ikuh feysAoSls eSaus xkao esa gSaMiai yxokus ds fy, Qjhnkckn ds lkaln ls 50 gtkj #i;s dk vuqnku Hkh fy;k gSA ¼xkao dqqjkyh dh Cykd lfefr lnL; 30 o"khZ; kdqaryk nsoh½ Rashtriya Sahara, 27.09.03 30
  • Success Stories related to Women EmpowermentFEATS UNLIMITED : WOMAN SARPANCHS ON FEET She is in her mid-’30s, a mother of four and a Dalit woman sarpanch who has studied till Std. V. Urmila Dhonde is proud of her background, proud of the administrative experience and insight shehas gained as sarpanch over the last three years. And now she is all the more proud of her ability to planher daily battle with tipper caste men, who cannot fathom why they would have to agree with her projectproposals. “Yes, they stall my proposals but I have learnt ways of circumventing their stonewalling tactics. I havelearnt from NGOs how to deal with them. In Marhi village near Raipur, Chhattisgarh, from where I come,I have my own supporters now. And I can fight them by counter-blocking what they want to get done in thevillage. Yes, my village is too remote, has never seen much of development work and there is a lot to bedone. I am still considered an untouchable by a few upper caste families. But things are changing.” Urmila has been in Delhi as one of the 400 participants of the Mahila Sarpanch SammeIan, hostedby the Guild of Services with the help of the Public Affairs Department. The idea is to help set up anetwork of these sarpanchs from Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, UP, Uttaranchal, Rajasthan,Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. Last evening, at the end of the second day of the three-daysymposium, the women adopted a resolution for a countrywide sarpanch sangathan. Last afternoon, there was a colourful dais brimming with women participants at the Vishwa YuvakKendra. Yes, there were a few in ghunghats. But most were demanding a right to share their individualexperiences as a sarpanch. The mike was travelling from hand to hand. A woman in a brown and redlehenga from Rajasthan wanted to brag a little about what she had achieved. Another, in a black salwarkameez from Uttar Pradesh, had a few administrative problems and she wanted advice desperately. The discussion veered around to whether women of rural India have as yet secured the right todecide on the size of the family. There were a brazen few who said “no”. A few on the dais saw a few mensneaking into the auditorium and clammed up. But when the discussion became more lively, they shedtheir inhibitions and joined in. Sunehri Devi from Alwar in Rajasthan said she had no such right in her time and had no option butto be the mother of three. But her daughter-in-law had chosen to have a single child. It appeared thatwomen in Rajasthan have gained immensely from the 73rd Amendment. They were the most candid ofthe lot. Suvidha, also from Rajasthan, said the ban on men seeking public office despite having morethan two children should be enforced rigor.Express, 31.08.03 31
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj iapk;rksa ds tfj, L=h èku okil ik jgh gSa efgyk,a ubZ fnYyh % efgyk vijkèk kk[kk dh dk;Ziz.kkyh ls fujkk gksdj iapk;r ,oa Lo;alsoh laLFkkvksa dhkj.k esa igqaph cgqr lh efgyk,a vc budh enn ls viuk L=h èku ysus esa dke;kc gks jgh gSaA tgka efgykvijkèk kk[kk ds tfj, flQZ L=h èku okil feyus esa 8 eghus ls rhu lky rd yx tkrs gSa] ogha iapk;rksa}kjk ;s ekeys 15 fnu ls 2 eghus ds Hkhrj gy fd, tk jgs gSaA tgka iap le>nkj] i<s+&fy[ks gSa] ogkaefgykvksa dks tYnh viuk lkeku fey tkrk gSA vxj iap vfM+;y joS;k viukrs gSa rks ,u-th-vks-efgykvksa ds fgr esa cus dkuwuksa dk MaMk fn[kkdj mUgsa lgh jkLrsa ij ykus dk dke c[kwch fuHkk jgh gSA Nrjiqj esa jgus okyh dkark ¼uke cnyk½ dk gh ekeyk ys ysaA mudh kknh rhu lky igys Qjhnkcknds >wik xkao ds gfj ¼uke cnyk½ ls gqbZ FkhA 8oha ikl dkark dks kknh ds nwljs fnu ls gh de ngst ykusds dkj.k ifr us ekjuk&ihVuk kq: dj fn;kA ek;ds okys xjhc Fks] dqN [kkl ugha dj ik,A vkf[kjdkj,d laLFkk dh enn ls dkark us vej dkWyksuh fLFkr efgyk vijkèk kk[kk esa fkdk;r ntZ djok nhA nkslky xqtjus ds ckn flQZ pDdj dkVus o iqfylokyksa dh vHknz Hkk"kk dks >syus ds vykok dqN gkflyugha gqvkA gj rjQ ls fujkk laLFkk us >wik xkao dh iapk;r dh kj.k yhA iapk;r cSBh] ysfdu mlusgfj dh xjhch dk okLrk nsdj ?kj esa tks VwVk&QwVk L=h èku Fkk] ogh dkark dks ykSVkus dh odkyr dhArc laLFkk us dkuwu dk lgkjk ysdj mUgsa le>k;k fd ;fn yM+ds ds f[kykQ dsl ntZ gks tkrk gS rksmlds gtkjksa #i;s vnkyr esa gh [kpZ gks tk,axsA ltk gksxh] oks vyxA rc iapkas dh le> esa ckr vkbZvkSj dkark dks L=h èku ds :i esa nh gqbZ Nyuh rd ifr ls okil fey xbZA lsaVj QkWj lksky fjlpZ lstqM+h dkmalyj js[kk nqcs ds vuqlkj mUgksaus lkr&vkB ekeyksa esa iapk;r ds }kjk gh efgykvksa dks U;k;fnykus esa lQyrk gkfly dh gSaA ,d vU; ekeys dk gokyk nsrs gq, mUgksaus crk;k fd ifr us rhu ckj iRuh dks cspus dh dksfkk dhAbl ekeys esa 30 xkaoksa dh iapk;r cSBhA kq: esa llqjky okyksa us iRuh dks gh QwgM+ o dkepksj fl) djusdh dksfkk dhA iapk;r Hkh mlds i{k esa gks xbZ] ysfdu tc mlus Hkjh iapk;r esa ifr dh djrwrsa crkbZrks iapk;r us ifr dks Hkjh lHkk esa iRuh ds ikao idM+ dj ekQh ekaxus ds vknsk fn,A yM+dh dks iwjsleku lfgr ek;ds Hkstk x;kA tkx`fr efgyk lfefr dh vè;{k fueZyk kekZ ds vuqlkj efgyk vijkèkkk[kkvksa esa rks gky ;g gS fd yM+dh dks L=h èku ds :i esa VwVk&QwVk lkeku fnyokdj mldk eqag candjok;k tk jgk gSA egaxk lkeku rks L=h èku dh fyLV ls xk;c gh gks tkrk gSA vc nq[kh efgyk,a gekjsikl vkdj ;gh dgrh gS fd iapk;r ds }kjk gh dksfkk dhft,] iqfyl ds èkDds geus [kk fy,A ;fn mUgsao iapk;rksa dks FkksM+k&lk ljdkj dh liksVZ fey tk, rks nq[kh efgykvksa ds ?kj nksckjk cl ldrs gSaA Navbharat Times, 13.06.05 32
  • Success Stories related to Women Empowerment WOMEN SARPANCHS SHOW WAY IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT A silent revolution is on in the villages of India to strengthen the leadership potential of the electedwomen representatives in the panchayats;, so that they can make hunger,-poverty and Injustice things ofpast In their villages and Twenty such elected women representatives, symbols of women empowerment, from nine Indianstates were felicitated by Mr Jon Westborg, Ambassador of Norway on Saturday. At present women are heading 77,120 of the total 2,34,676 village panchayats. Grassroots leadersfrom Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Leh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, andUttaranchal shared their experiences as heads 20 elected women representatives felicitated of theirrespective gram sabhas on the occasion. These women were brought on a common platform by anNGO, ‘Hunger Project’ that has been actively involved in, and supporting the learning needs of electedwomen representatives. The most striking example of woman empowerment was Rajkumari Bai Yadav, Sarpanch, GramPanchayat, from Madhya Pradesh. At 24, Rajkumari was one of the youngest Sarpanchs at the meeting.After being widowed at an early age, she was encouraged by her parents-in-law to contest the Panchayatelections, and was thus elected in January this year. Enthusiastic about her new role as the head of gram sabha, she said, “I want to bring women to themainstream of society. Health is an issue of concern. Another issue that needs to be addressed is thestatus of harijans in villages. I want to work for their uplift.” After 22 years Panchayat elections were heldin Bihar, in 2001, and a Tiliya Devi, a Dalit, was elected Panch for the first time. Known for her courageand leadership, Tiliya has been nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize 2005. The villagers have re-named their village, ‘Tiliya Khera’ after their Panch. Also present on the occasion was former secretary of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Mr WajahatHabibullah. “Only a woman can manage the household well, today they are working towards achievingthat success even at the level of local governance, and I am confident, they will succeed. The way wemanage our Government at grassroots level, is something that is catching the world’s eye.” he said. “India’s future is bright not only because of science and technology, but due to its people. Our futurelies in the achievements of these people. They can guide and enlighten their own lives and that of thesociety,” he added. If you ask a woman what her dream is, she will at once say ‘to somehow be able to change thedestiny of my family and my community’. In a society where women are unable to voice their demands,it is the reservation of 33.3% seats in the Panchayats, for women, that have given them a critical massto represent the issues that affect their lives, and those of their families.The Pioneer, 3.10.05 33
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj RURAL WOMEN DEMAND CHANGE An evening in May gave me a new insight into the perceptions of rural women on development andespecially on the panchayati raj. There have been many complaints about the lack of development ofwomen but a different approach was visible that evening at the end of May this year in the Golaghatdistrict of Assam. Mr John Conrad, the Ice president of an international organisation that, devoted itselfto the, prevention of, poverty and to the uplift of Women and children, through the Hunger Project, talkedto a group’ of village ‘women in Golaghat, a town with a rural setting in, Upper Assam,.. More than 600women applauded him when he praised their work In the panchayati raj many of them were rural leadersand elected sarpanches and urged them to root out ignorance. The setting, we must remember, wasrural in an urban setting Mr Conrad was received with the traditional Assamese gamosa or hand-woventowel and the ululating sound of the uruli, reserved for major religious events. The programme was organised by the North East Social Trust (NEST), an organisation that hasbeen training women in the Panchayati Raj in Assam to move forward and to assertively play a leadershiprole with a strong understanding of basic concerns. And when speakers from Delhi spoke in Hindi, to mysurprise, I found that most of the Assamese women understood them and even tried to converse withthem. in Hindi. This was unthinkable a few years back when rural women in the state were reluctant tointeract with anyone who was not familiar with the local language. This is a major change. Assam did not have an elected panchayati raj system between 1994 and 2001, For neatly a decade,the Assamese rural population was covered by the dark cloud of Ignorance. The, state governmentswhich were in power blocked the panchayat election for years. As a result, the,rural population wasblocked from accessing governance and.development in at least 29 subjects. It was not until May 2001that the Congress under CM Tarun Gogoi-recently elected for a second successive term, a historic firstin over 34 years in the state come to power and,organised the Panchayat election. And what wassignificant is that although a mimimum of 33 per cent of the seats are to be reserved for women, thenumber of women winners surpassed this “quota.” Power devolved to the grassroots and women becameincreasingly conscious of their powers and rights. The executive director of NEST Mr. Tassuduk Ariful Hussain, said: “The panchayati system is yet tobe fully implemented. During the early days of government, the panchayat workers were not trained. Butit was important for a region like Assam. In spite of that, we expect a change among Women due to theirconsciousness.” Ms Junu Bora and Ms Konika Dutta Baruah were others who attracted much attention as theirinteraction was peppered with references to, problems and developments at the international level as 34
  • Success Stories related to Women Empowermentwell as in the administrative system. Ms Junu Bona was a leader of an Assam-based women’sorganisation while Ms Konika Dutta Baruah was the deputy director of panchayat and total developmentin the state. The meeting was broken by the arrival of the evening and the lack of power. Women panchayatmembers and workers surrounded Mr Conrad and others, tossing questions at them. One even soughtin autograph, But some workers, were missing, I learned. And that bring me to the point at the start of thisstory. I asked Mr. Ariful Hussain of NEST where they had gone. “To meet the chief minister,” I was told. Where had they gone? All the way to Dispur, the state capital, hundreds of kilometres away. Golaghatis also the, chief minister’s constituency. Of course, he would meet them. But why would they have left all important conference and gone to see the states top elected figure?Was it a political event, I wondered. No, they had gone with a list of demand-,, a resolution to seek majorchanges hi the Pahchayati Raj Act for the state because they think that the existing Act is full of problemsand difficult to implement. They wanted the, CM to give a copy of their demands to the. President ofIndia. Panchayati elections are due soon in Assam and the growth of consciousnes’s and capacity amongPR members, especially women, bodes well for governance, despite all the recent violence andcomplaints of corruption, nongovernance and the lack of development. The darkness of the evening wasdispelled for I saw that even in such circumstances of backwardness, women were able to think aboutthe need to bring about changes in specific terms in the system in not less thin 18 subjects. How do we measure change? How do we measure success? Surely, this story is in example of thechanges that are coming despite the problems and politics in the state.The Statesman, 03.07.06 35
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj WOMAN POWER ON DISPLAY IN BIHAR PANCHAYAT POLLS Raghopur: Women hold up half the sky, Mao Is said to have observed. In Bihar, it Is not Maoists butNitish Kumar, who seems to have caught on to truth here. What he has unleashed through 50% reservationfor women in seats of panchayati raj institutions is a veritable revolution. For the first time In states history, discussion on the elections is not only among men. Women arealso taking an active part in it, both as candidates anti voters. Indeed, the men in many cases are feelingrather left out. Sania Khatun, who is contesting to become the mukhiya of the Amba panchayat in Begusarai,approaches the house of Baju Mahto, accompanied by six women. Barely giving a passing glance atMahto, who is standing at the door, the women enter the house to canvass support-among the womenfolk of the family directly, Mahto is, perturbed and makes it a point to tell the group that he too should bealso asked for his opinion. After all, he is the head of the family. Pat comes the answer from one of thegroup members, that is correct, but every individual has his or her vote and should be approached. What follows must have hurt Mahto even more. As the’ group leaves his house, It now has one extra,member—Mahto’s wife. This Is a common scene in Bihar. Particularly In villages, one can see,groupsof, women-going, house to house seeking support. Thats quite a change from the earlier situation, whenwomen were not even consulted to find out their preference. It was taken for granted that women wouldvote for whichever candidate the head of the family voted. The fact that they are now being approachedhas given them a great sense or self-respect. The sense of empowerment stemming from the realisationthat their opinion matters also means that fewer candidates are now willing to settle for being a dummyfor their menfolk. Talk of mahila raj is rife. A woman from a backward caste family, firmly believes that new revolutionwould bring in mahila raj in country. Whats more, she is convinced that mahila raj will be better thanmardon ka raj as women mukhiyas and panchayat members will be more accessible than men. Ram Pratap Choudhary of Raghopur, after finishing his, graduation in the early 1940s stayed backin the village to do social work, says the 50% reservation for women in local bodies has revolutionisedelectioneering In the state. Ram Binod Choudhary, a postgraduate who runs a small business in Raghopur, was less, sureabout how much empowerment of women will happen because of this. But he too admitted that womenhave finally joined the mainstream in local politics. The change has also meant that the arena of local politics has shifted. So far, in Bihar, politics usedto be dealt with at the small village market where all the men used to congregate in the evening. But, the 36
  • Success Stories related to Women Empowermentlarge participation of women has brought politics to the household, Not that men have been relegated toplaying bit roles. Some women candidates are dummies in these polls too. But there is a growingrealisation that process itself would make many or them candidates think independently. But, can women deliver? When a women candidate was asked whether she understands intricaciesof bureaucracy at, block and district level, she countered with a pertinent question: how many menunderstand it?The Times of India, 08.05.06 la?k"kZ vHkh tkjh gS fcgkj ds eksfrgkjh ftys ds xkao fHkfjf[k;k fNiqfy;k dh 59 o"khZ;k fxfjtk nsoh dks la;qDr jk"Vªla?kus U;w;kdZ esa vk;ksftr varjjk"Vªh; laxks"Bh esa Hkk"k.k nsus ds fy, pquk gSA eqlgj tkfr ds fy, 40 o"kksZals la?k"kZ dj jgh vui<+ fxfjtk nsoh fcgkj dh igyh vkSj nsk dh ikapoha ,slh efgyk gksaxh] tks cPpksa]efgykvksa ds vkSj xjhcksa ds mRFkku ds fy, lfØ; foo Hkj ds izfrfufèk;ksa ds Hkkstiqjh esa lacksfèkrdjsaxhA lekt ds lcls ncsdqpys eqlgj lekt ds yksxksa dks lyhds ls thuk fl[kkus vkSj mUgsa lqèkkj djfodkl dh eq[;èkkjk ls tksM+us ds fy, eSaus vius ?kj ls la?k"kZ dh igy dh] fjrs&ukrksa dks Hkh rkd ijj[kdj thou ds dherh pkyhl lky la?k"kZ esa >ksad fn,A vkt tc vejhdk ls Hkk"k.k nsus ds fy, caqyk;kx;k gS rks thou ds vafre iM+ko ij gwa] ij esjh la?k"kZ ;k=k vkf[kjh lkal rd tkjh jgsxhA eSa vkt rd gkV&cktkj] kgj dks Hkh Bhd ls ugha ns[k ldh] vejhdk tkus dh ckr lqudj gh eu?kcjk x;kA u fdlh ls tku igpku] Hkkstiqjh vkSj fgUnh dks NksM+dj fonskh Hkk"kk dh eq>s le> dgka!lekt&Vksys dk ncko gS fd fonsk t+:j tkÅa izkklu Hkh vejhdk Hkstus dh rS;kjh dj jgk gSA blfy,tkus dk eu cuk gh fy;kA lksprh gwa fd ftl yM+kbZ dh kq:vkr ?kj ls dh vkSj lQy jgh] og lansknqfu;k ds yksxksa rd Hkh igqaps] blfy, tkuk gh iM+sxkA FkksM+h cspSuh rks gS] ysfdu viuh ckr dgus dh[kqkh Hkh de ughaA eSaus uke&kksgjr ds fy, ugha] vius lekt dh [kqkgkyh ds fy, lc fd;k gSA geus lius esa Hkh ughalkspk Fkk fd vius Vksyk ds ckgj ds yksx Hkh tkusaxs] ysfdu vc v[kckj okyksa] Vhoh okyksa vkSj gkfdeyksxksa us cspSu dj fn;k gSA vius ?kj ls tks yM+kbZ kq: dh Fkh og blfy, fd eqlgjksa dk fodkl gksvkSj xjhch nwj gksA vpkud vejhdk ls dSls cqykok vk x;k] iwjs ftykHkj esa gYyk dSls gks x;k] bldsckjs esa gesa dqN tkudkjh ughaA tgka rd vkxs dh ;kstuk dk loky gS rks eSa fonsk u tkdj vius xkao 37
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Rajesa gh jgdj yksxksa dh lsok djuk pkgrh gwaA viuh kksgjr ns[kuk ugha pkgrh] vius eqlgj lekt dks[kqkgky vkSj le`) ns[kuk pkgrh gwaA 40 lky ls esjk la?k"kZ tkjh gS vkSj bldh izsj.kk ds fy, esjk vrhr vkSj eqlgj lekt dh dqjhfr;kaeq[; dkj.k gSaA eqt¶Qjiqj ftys ds lkgscxat iz[kaM varxZr edjh eqlgj Vksyk esa 1946 esa tUehaA xjhchvkSj vHkkoksa dh chp gh cM+h gqbZA kknh ds ckn 1962 esa fHkfjf[k;k vkbZ rks ;gka Hkh xjhch vkSj vHkkogh feykA llqjky i{k ds lekt esa ukk[kksjh pje ij FkhA jksVh ds fy, etnwjh] ij etnwjh ds iSls kjkcvkSj rkM+h esa mM+kdj ifjokj lesr Hkw[ks isV lks tkuk] ;g jkst dk Øe eq>s dHkh ilan ugha FkkA blh>qa>ykgV esa eSaus kknh ds pan eghus ckn gh vius ‘kjkch ifr dks ihV MkykA lks] bl rjg ukk[kksjksadks lqèkkjus dh yM+kbZ ?kj ls gh kq: dhA bl vfHk;ku esa Vksys dh èkuearh nsoh] lqujifr nsoh us Hkh lkFkfn;kA kjkch ifr;ksa ij ifRu;ksa ds vkØe.k dk vlj gqvk vkSj Vksys ds 72 ifjokj ukk[kksjh ls eqDrgks x,A fQj rks eqlgj efgykvksa us esjs lkFk la?k"kZ dh jkg idM+ yhA eqlgjksa dks xjhch ls eqDr dj mUgsa vkfFkZd:i ls lacy cukus vkSj muesa fk{kk dh vy[k txkusds fy, Vksys dh vU; efgykvksa dks lkFk ysdj eq>s yach yM+kbZ yM+uh iM+hA fHkfjf[k;k okMZ uacj 3 dhlnL;k pqus tkus ds ckn geus eqlgj fodkl eap dk cuk;k vkSj xkao ds ^lkekftd kksèk ,ao fodkldasUnz* ds ekxZnkZu esa eqlgjksa dks vfèkdkj fnykus ds fy, O;oLFkk ds f[kykQ èkjuk] iznkZu vkSj vkej.kvuku fd,A vHkkoksa us gh eq>s la?k"kZ djuk fl[kk;k vkSj vc rks thou ds vafre iM+ko rd yM+kbZ tkjhjgsxha 40 lky esa cgqr dqN [kks;k] ysfdu vkt ftruk dqN ik jgh gwa] ml [kqkh us [kksus ds nq[kksa dksfeVk fn;k gSA fHkfjf[k;k vkSj fNiqfy;k eqlgj Vksyh dh [kqkgkyh esjs la?k"kZ dh lQyrk dk igyk iM+kogSA fonsk tkus dk volj Hkh blh lQyrk dk fgLlk gSA bPNk gS fd gekjs ?kj ls kq: gqvk ;g la?k"kZiwjs eqlgj lekt dk la?k"kZ cus] rkfd os thus dk lyhdk lh[k ldsaA la?k"kZ vkSj mlds lqQy us gesa iwjkfookl fnyk;k gS fd iq#"k lekt dk fojksèk >sydj viuk lq[k&pSu R;kxdj eSus ftl vkanksyu dhkq:vkr dh gS] ;g vkanksyu vHkh vkSj lq[kn {k.k ysdj vk,xkA U;w;kdZ ds lEesyu esa cksyus ds fy, D;k rS;kjh djuh gSA nqfu;k ds cM+s&cM+s yksxksa dks D;k lansknsuk pkgwaxh igys rks tkus] jgus vkSj ogka cksyus dh fpark yxh gSA Hkkstiqjh vkSj fgUnh ds vykok dqNle> esa ugh vkrk] ysfdu vius la?k"kZ dk vuqHko fonsk ds yksxksa dks t:j crkÅaxhA muls ;g vihyHkh d:axh fd eqlgjksa ds mRFkku ds fy, os Hkh dqN djsa] rkfd gekjk nck&dqpyk lekt Åij mB ldsvkSj fodkl dh xfr ls vius dks tksM+sA fonsk okyksa us gekjs dke dks ljkgk bldh [kqkh gS] ij ;geyky lky jgk gS fd fcgkj ljdkj us eqlgjksa ;k muds ifjokj ds fy, dqN ugh fd;k] tcfd fonskokys gesa Hkk"k.k nsus ds fy, cqyk jgs gSaA bl xqRFkh dks le> ugha ik jgh gwa blfy, tks yksx vejhdkys tkus dh rS;kjh dj jgs gSa] mu ij dqN kadk Hkh gSA fonsk esa D;k gksxk bl ckr dks ysdj dkQh vzkkargwaA Rashtriya Sahara, 18.02.06 38
  • Success Stories related to Women Empowerment RURAL WOMEN TO FUND THEIR WELFARE Rural Women of Andhra Pradesh’s West Godvari district, who made history by collecting Rs. 60,000by contributing 50 paise, each last year to save the life of a helpless woman, have now decided tocreate a permanent welfare fund to help women of their ilk. The West Godavari district federation or women’s self-help groups (SHGs), with 4 lakh members in40,500 groups has decided that each member will contribute Rs 1 per month to create a social securityfund. This way the SHGs will save Rs. 48 lakh a year And utilise the fund to help the women members andtheir families In case of health and other emergencies. The SHGs In this district hit the headlines In December last, when they collected Rs 60,000 bycontributing 50 paise each to help 36-year-old Basavani Hymavathi In Vemuladeevi village to undergo acomplicated cardiac operation. Basavani has, now, fully recovered after the surgery, This success story spurred the district collector Luv Agarwal to suggest that these groups find apermanent solution to their, problems by having their own system of insurance as well as organisedentrepreneurial and business network. The setting up of social security fund is being seen as a first stop In this direction. Ms Raghupati,who heads the Federation of such groups in the district said that the fund will go it long way ill meetingthe Immediate needs of the members. The fund will provide Rs. 10,000 to a woman member or spousefor a major medical treatment and another Rs. 3,000 to travel to a big city to go to a super specialityhospital. In a case of death of member also the fund will provide an immediate assistance of Rs 10,000to the bereaved family. Significantly the women have also chosen a major social cause for the fund. In a move to protect thegirl child and discourage female foeticide and Infanticide, the fund will provide an assistance of Rs1,000 to a mother who gives birth to a female child. If a couple decides to go In for steriIisation afterhaving a girl, the fond will give them Rs 2,000. The move, to come, to the rescue or the girl child by these poor rural women is significant as thefalling sex ratio and decline in the female population has become a major reason of social concern inthe country.The Pioneer, 09.03.06 39
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj [ksrh dh rjDdh esa tqVh efgyk,a ,d nsgkrh gksVy esa efgykvksa dk etek yxk gqvk gSA ;g u rks dksbZ efgyk eaMy gS] u gh ;sefgyk,a fdlh fdVh ikVhZ esa tqVh gSaA ;s ml fdlku Dyc dh lnL; gSa] tks nsk esa viuh rjg dk igykiz;ksx gSA ;s efgyk,a ;gka [ksrh&fdlkuh dh leL;kvksa ij ppkZ dj jgh gSaA è;ku nsa] rks ik,axs fd mudhckrphr mUur cht dgka ls ik,a] cqokbZ dc gks ;k ,slh Qlysa dkSu lh ftuls vkenuh c<+s tSls elyksads bnZ&fxnZ ?kwe jgh gSA efgyk fdlkuksa dk ;g Dyc cLrj ds ftyk eq[;ky; txnyiqj ls 22fdyksfeVj nwj ukuxqj xk¡o esa gSA Dyc dh drkZ&èkrkZ gSa Qwyu nsohA csgn g¡lksM+ fdLe dh Hkkjh cnuokyh ;g èkkdM+ tkfr dh efgyk lpeqp èkkdM+ gSaA flQZ ik¡p tekr i<+h Qwyu le>nkjh esa kgjhefgykvksa dh cjkcjh dj ldrha gSaA fdlku Dyc ls igys Qwyu vkSj mudh lkfFkuksa us u dHkh kgj dkeq¡g ns[kk Fkk] u gh fdlh lkoZtfud dk;ZØe esa fkjdr dh FkhA vc ;gh efgyk,a dyDVj ls ysdj ea=hrd ls u dsoy csfgpd ckr djrh gSa] cfYd vius rdksZa ls dbZ ckj mUgsa gSjku rd dj nsrh gSaA cLrjds dyDVj jg pqds fnusk JhokLro dk bu efgykvksa ls rc ls lkcdk gS] tc fdlku Dyc dh cqfu;knj[kh xbZ FkhA og crkrs gSa fd bu efgykvksa esa xtc dk vkRefookl iuik gSA ;s u flQZ vkfFkZd rkSjij lcy gqbZ gSa cfYd xk¡o ds lexz fodkl esa Hkh vge~ Hkwfedk fuHkk jgh gaSA oSls Hkh ukuxqj xkao dhefgyk,a vius dkedkt ls iwjs iznsk ds lkeus felky isk dj jgh gSaA os fey&tqydj gksVy] QSalh LVksjvkSj ,lVhMh cwFk rd pyk jgh gSaA xkao esa cw<+ksa dh enn dj jgh gSaA vukFk cPpksa dk ikyu&iks"k.k djjgh gSaA Qwyu crkrh gSa] ^ukckMZ ds lkgc yksx esjs gksVy esa pgk ¼pk;½ ih jgs FksA ukuxqj esa tks Hkh lkgcvkrk gS] ;gha [kkuk&ihuk djrk gSA eSa mudh lkjh ckr è;ku ls lqu jgh FkhA eSa lkgc ls cksyh fd esjsdks fdlku Dyc ds ckjs esa crkvksA rks ukckMZ ds deyjke lkgc us gekjh cM+h enn dhA gedks dyDVjfnusk th ds ikl ys x,A oks gedks ljy cksyh esa le>k,A* cl rHkh ls Qwyu dks fdlku Dyc ls èkqulokj gks xbZA mlus xk¡o dh ifjfpr efgykvksa ls ppkZ dhA Qwyu igys ls kkdacjh Lo lgk;rk lewgpyk jgh FkhA bldh lnL; jgh nl efgykvksa ls mlus ckr dhA mUgsa fdlku Dyc dk egRo crk;kA mUgsacrk;k fd [ksrh ds fy, ukckMZ ls Ms<+ yk[k #i, dh enn feysxhA chp bR;kfn Hkh feyrs jgsaxs] rks ;gefgyk,a mlds lkFk gksyha vkSj 20 tqykbZ 2005 dks ukuxqj dh 12 efgykvksa us feydj nsk ds igysefgyk fdlku Dyc dh cqfu;kn j[kdj bfrgkl jpkA 40
  • Success Stories related to Women Empowerment Dyc esa mUgha efgykvkas dks j[kk x;k gS] ftuds ikl ik¡p ,dM+ rd [ksrh dh tehu gSA bl tehuesa os le;&le; ij ljdkj vkSj ukckMZ }kjk vk;kftr gksus okyh dk;Zkkykvksa esa lh[ks [ksrh ds xqjvktekrh gSaA Qwyu crkrh gSa fd bl ckj èkku dk osjk;Vh cht cks;k FkkA Qly cf<+;k gqbZ gS ij¼vkleku dh rjQ bkkjk djds½ dgha lc cckZn u dj nsaA Qwyu dg jgha gSa] ge udnh Qly ds ckjsesa tku x, gSaA mUur cht dSls feys] dkSu lh [kkn fc<+;k gS] ;g le> x, gSaA budk liuk ukckMZ lsfeyh vkfFkZd enn ls iwjk gks jgk gSA ukckMZ ds iSls pqdkus ds fy, ;s efgyk,a ,d v[kckj lewg dhlg;ksxh Qkbusal daiuh ds ikl 20 #i, jkst tek djrh gSaA bu efgykvksa dks eq[;ea=h us ?kj ij ckM+hesa lCth mxkus ds iz;ksx ds fy, ,d yk[k #i, ds iqjLdkj ls uoktk FkkA viuh rLohj fn[kkdj os Qwyhugha lekrhA oSls Hkh iwjk xk¡o vc budh esgur vkSj yxu dk dk;y gSA Dyc esa kkfey fdj.k] euhrklsfB;k] èkkfeZdk] lksueuh] ikoZrh] èkuorh vkSj lkfo=h crkrh gSa fd fdlku Dyc us rks mudh ft+UnxhiyV nh gSA bl eqdke rd igq¡pus ds fy, mUgksaus xk¡o ds enzksa ds fdrus mykgus lagsa gSaA tc jkT; dseq[;ea=h rd ls mUgsa lEeku feyk rc tkdj xkao ds enksZa us mudk egRo le>kA vkSj vc tc lkbfdyksaesa lokj gjh lkM+h iguh bu efgyk fdlkuksa ls tRFkk kgj tkus ds fy, xk¡o ls xqtjrk gS] rks iwjk xk¡o[kqn dks xkSjokfUor eglwl djrk gSAHindustan, 17.11.06 41
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj42
  • SUCCESS STORIES RELATED TO ENERGYG Fuel from bio-mass in remote MP villageG Rajasthan Wakes upto Wonder Plant JatrophaG For First Time, biofuel to. keep. mobiles ringing in rural areas 43
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj44
  • Success Stories related to Energy FUEL FROM BIO-MASS IN REMOTE MP VILLAGE The remote tribal village of Kasai in Madhya Pradesh’s Betul district is no longer looking to Centraland state a government agencies for meeting their water, power and cooking gas requirements. All these requirements have now been successfully met with the assistance of the ministry Of non-conventional energy resources, which recently installed bio-mass gasifiers and engine gensets to meettheir energy requirements. This project, the first of its kind in the country, is part of a series of test projects taken up under aprogramme developed by the ministry to create energy security in villages through bio-mass. The programme aims at going beyond electrification by meeting the total energy requirements ofvillages, including cooking, lighting and motive power with full participation of the local communities.including women. After the success of this test project, similar micro power plants would be installed throughout thecountry where supplying power through the grid is not possible till 2012. As per the project, the villagerswill produce high yield bio-mass to fuel its bio-mass power plants and other energy requirements. Thebiomass plant will energise television sets, street lights, water pumps, village flour mills and otherelectronic and electrical gadgets of the 55 families living in the village. The project was taken up by theMNES, as connecting the village with the power grid was not feasible before 2012 as it falls in theSatpura range. To start with, lights for each household, school, engine room and streets have been provided. A flourmill is being energised and a water pump and milk chilling unit are also proposed to be run soon. Thevillage panchayat has planted fast growing species in 10 hectares of land around the village to ensuresustained supply of wood for the gasifiers. Besides this, an expeller unit will also be installed to producebio-oil from oilseeds of Jatropha plants, which will be used for running pump sets. The village energy committee, set up by the Panchayat, will look after the operation and maintenance,fixation and collection of user charges and overall management of the project. Eleven test projects haveso far been taken up in eight districts of Madhya Pradesh. These projects are being implemented by theforest department of the state.The Statesman, 06.11.05 45
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj RAJASTHAN WAKES UPTO WONDER PLANT JATROPHA In a step that aims at encouraging production of bio-diesel, Rajasthan government has unveiled aplan for promoting cultivation of a plant that can provide a viable alternative to diesel oil. JatrophaCurcas, also known as “Van arand,” or “Ratanjyot” is said to lend itself the best to extraction of bio-diesel because of its advantage over other species. It can be, grown as. a quick yielding plant even onbarren lands and in a desert state such as Rajasthan. In a Cabinet meeting, the Rajasthan government decided to promote the cultivation and processingof Jatropha Curcas by allotting nearly 57 lakh-hectare wasteland at subsidised rates or free to privatecompanies and groups. The land allotment policy approved by the Cabinet is expected to generate employment opportunityfor nearly 58 lakh people, a government spokesperson said. Committees headed by the chief secretaryor district collectors will select potential private groups for land allocation and not more than 30 per centof the available land will be allotted to companies. It will be mandatory for them to set-up their refineries or processing units and buy Ratanjyot orKaranj at the minimum support price fixed by state government. The allotment will be made for a periodof 20 years. Jatropha curcas physicochemical characteristics makes it a promising and commercially-viable-alternative to diesel oil. Jatropha oil cake is rich in nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium and can be used as organicmanure its well. Jatropha can also be used as an illuminant which gives clear smoke free flame and alsofor making soaps as it has a very high saponification value. This apart, it’s believed that its medicinal properties can be exploited by the anti-cancer drugmanufacturing sector and external application of the plant’s oil is recommended for the cure. of skindiseases and rheumatism. People in rural and backward areas also use the tender twigs of the plants for cleaning teeth andjuice of the leaf is used to cure piles. 46
  • Success Stories related to Energy Jatropha curcus or Ratanjyot can really prove a miracle plant like Jojoba for Rajasthan as it’s goingto help increase rural income and, self-sustainbility. Eight other states in the country are already working on Jatropha cultivation, the parliamentaryaffairs minister, Mr. Rajinder Singh Rathore, said.The Statesman, 12.01.07 FOR FIRST TIME, BIOFUEL TO KEEP MOBILES RINGING IN RURAL AREAS Alternative fuel to power 20 base stations in Pune region, pilot project to be implemented by middleof this year Perhaps for the first time in the country, a pilot project using biofuels to power mobile network will beimplemented in Pune region. The first of the project that began months back, is expected to stream bymiddle of this. and at least 20 base stations be powered by biofuel. A Joint project between mobile service provider Idea Cellular, cell manufacturer Ericsson and globaltrade association for operators, GSM Association, it aims to increase mobile outreach to rural India thathas seen low penetration due to power shortage. “We are in talks with some local biofuel producers and trying to establish a supply chain with localfarmers producing crops for the fuel,” Ericsson India vice-president (Marketing and Strategy) P Balajisaid. Currently, areas having no electrical grids are being powered by diesel “We have found an economically viable solution. Cost is not the main project driver and costs mayvary considerably by crop and region. Cottonseed, pongamia, jatropha and neem are all beingresearched as a potential source for biofuel.” GSMA Development Fund manager Dawn Hartley said inan email reply from Barcelona. However, sources said in all probability jatropha would be used as the raw material. “Ericsson isgoing to provide the technology for making biofuel to the local farmers,” they said. Biofuel has several 47
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Rajadvantages over conventional diesel as a power source like creating employment for local people,cutting cost and generating eco-friendly energy. It also reduces carbon dioxide emission by 80 per centand extends the life of the base station generators. Further, unlike diesel it is much cheaper and not dependent on fluctuating market prices. “In future,the cost of diesel might shoot up even more,” Balaji said. Apart from India, Ericsson along with GSMA Development Fund and African telecom giant MTNhas developed an alternative fuel in Nigeria. the research for which had started in October 2006.The Indian Express, 10.02.07 48
  • SUCCESS STORIES RELATED TO AGRICULTUREG Eco-friendly technologies for rice cultivationG [ksrh Hkh cus fodkl esa lgHkkxhG Maharashtra comes closer to NatureG Haryana brings in contract farming, with safeguardsG Organic rice Farming in Kuttanad beltG Going green house: Himachal packs a crunchG United Colours of PunjabG Organic Practices for increasing mango yieldG Three-year course to an organic certificateG More Than Just A Problem...G High-yielding Bengal gram variety developedG Comrades stretch out to pvt sector for rubber productionG Ground Control : Organic Manure is NE’s New BuzzG Ash to Cash : Power Waste Doubles as ManureG In dry Vidarbha, village reaps a rich harvestG Organic Sugarcane : Profitable Through Innovative Initiative 49
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj50
  • Success Stories related to Agriculture ECO-FRIENDLY TECHNOLOGIES FOR RICE CULTIVATION A sound package of eco-friendly technologies to grow rice is being successfully adopted by a fewprogressive farmers in Puliangudi village in Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu. “The technologies workwell with indigenous rice varieties such as Kitchili Samba. The cost of cultivation is substantially reducedand the organic rice fetches a premium price in the market,” says Mr. P. Gomathinayagam, a pioneer inorganic farming in Puliangudi. “I grew a medium-duration (140 days) Kitchili Samba rice in about 1.6 hectares. The seeds weretreated with Panchakavya, and the nursery was treated with plenty of tank silt and a host of organicamendments. Liberal quantities of tank silt were applied and green leaf manure was incorporated a few daysahead of the final ploughing. Biogas slurry was applied through irrigation when the seedlings were justestablishing in the main field,” he explained. One round of spray with 3 per cent solution of Panchakavya was given 20 days after transplanting.On the 30th day, a combination of coconut milk and butter milk, mixed in equal volume, in ten times theirvolume of water was sprayed on the crop to promote active plant growth and tillering. On the 40th day, another round of spray with Panchakavya (3 per cent solution in high volume spray)was given. A bio-insect repellent was sprayed on the 45th day of transplantation. The crop was regularly irrigated, and a grain yield of about 6 tonnes was expected from the 1.6hectare plot. He also was assured of high quality straw for his cattle. The cost of cultivation worked out to Rs. 14,000 for 1.6 hectares. I sell the output as organic rice ata rate of Rs. 30 per kg, and it makes organic rice cultivation more rewarding economically as wellenvironmentally,”’ pointed out Mr. Gomathinayagam., He is championing the cause of organic farming inthe southern districts of Tamil Nadu. Several farmers,are following his advice. I adopted the organic rice farming technologies and harvested about 9.25 tonnes of paddy a hectarefrom the bold grained Trichi-1 variety. I dumped liberal quantities of daincha in the field and allowed it todecompose well in the field ahead of planting. There was no need for any plant protection also. The cost of cultivation worked out to Rs. 12,500per, hectare. I also harvested plenty of healthy straw for our animals,” said Mr. V. Antonysamy, a progressivefarmer of Puliangudi village.The Hindu, 19.02.2004 51
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj [ksrh Hkh cus fodkl esa lgHkkxh ,d twu 2006 ls kq: gksus okyk d`f"k o"kZ nf{k.k ifpe ekulwu ds lkFk vk;k gSA vktknh ds rqjarckn vxLr 1947 esa ^fu;fr ds lkFk Hkkjr ds okns* okys vius izfl) Hkk"k.k esa ia- tokgjyky usg: usnsk dks ;kn fnyk;k Fkk fd tks dke vc fd, tkus ckdh gSa] muesa xjhch] mis{kk] jksx vkSj voljksa dhvlekurk dk var djuk kkfey gSA cskdj lkekU; {ks=ksa esa dqN miyfCèk;ka gkfly gqbZ gSa ftuesa fdlh gn rd vdky dk [kkRedk]cgqnyhy; yksdrkaf=d O;oLFkk dk lQyrkiwoZd lapkyu vkSj cM+s Lrj ij vkSj dkQh gn rd lQyoSKkfud leqnk; dk fuekZ.k kkfey gSA gkykafd ifjn`; esa bldh izfØ;k cgqr èkheh gS vkSj og dsoydkjiksjsV ]{ks=ksa rd gh lhfer gSA ifj.kkeLo:i ;g t:jh gks tkrk gS fd d`f"k lqèkkj bl rjg gks fd lekftd U;k; vkSj mPp vkfFkZdfodkl vkfn nksuksa y{;ksa dks ik;k tk ldsA bl mn~ns; ds fy, fk{kk] LokLF;] ?kj vkSj jkstxkj vkfnds :i esa lkekftd {ks=k esa fodkl dh t:jr gSA blds vykok blds fy, d`f"k lqèkkj ds {ks= esa dBksjdne mBkus dh t:jr gSA vFkZO;oLFkk ds HkweaMyhdj.k us ftlesa d`f"k Hkh kkfey gS] Hkkjrh; jktuhfresa 1950 ls pys vk jgs d`f"k fojksèk dks lqèkkjus dk ,d ekSdk fn;k gSA vkfFkZd fodkl vkSj le`f) dslkFk d`f"k dks ugha tksM+k x;kA Hkwfe lqèkkj dk dke vc rd vèkwjk gS vkSj fofHkUu lewgksa ds fgr blesavkM+s vk jgs gSaA blh dkj.k u dsoy xzkeh.kksa dk thou Lrj [kjkc gqvk cfYd jk"Vª dh d`f"k mRikndrkvkSj le`f) dks Hkh {kfr igqaphA bl fLFkfr ls fuiVus ds fy, cgqvk;keh iz;klksa dh t:jr gS ftlesa u dsoy ljdkjh ra= cfYdjktuhfrd nyksa] xSj ljdkjh laLFkkvksa] iapk;rh jkt laLFkkvksa ds lkFk&lkFk vke vkneh dks Hkh tqVukgksxkA Hkwfe lqèkkj vkSj U;wure etnwjh vfèkfu;e vfuok;Zr% ykxw djuk pkfg,A ySaM lhfyax ,DV dksvfuPNkiwoZd ykxw djus] dkuwu esa Nsn gksus] vfrfjDr Hkwfe ds iqufoZrj.k vkSj xjhc ykHkkfUorksa dh enndk vkèkkjHkwr <kapk] Hkwfe fjdkMZ dks Bhd ls ns[kjs[k vkSj kj.kkfFkZ;ksa }kjk vfèkdkj gkfly djus dkfo?kku vkSj muls fdjk;k gkfly djus ds fu;eksa ds lkFk&lkFk xzkeh.k fodkl dk;ZØeksa ij T;knk tksjfn;k tkuk pkfg,A Lo;alsoh laxBuksa] jktuhfrd nyksa vkSj jkT; ds kklu ra= dks Hkh ,d eap ij vkdj iz;kl djuspkfg, rkfd laokn vkSj rdZ&fordZ ds tfj, leL;k dk kkafriw.kZ gy ik;k tk ldsA pwafd Hkkjr d`f"kizèkku nsk gS blfy, d`f"k esa bl rjg ls lqèkkj djus dh t:jr gS fd mnkjhdj.k ds ykHk gkfly fd,tk ldsaA blds fy, flapkbZ lqfoèkk,a] kksèk vkSj laLFkkxr fodkl fd;k tkuk pkfg,A flapkbZ {ks= esalfClMht esa dVkSrh ij T;knk ls T;knk lkoZtfud fuosk dks izkFkfedrk nh tkuh pkfg,A d`f"k {ks= dks feyus okyh vi;kZIr fctyh vkSj flapkbZ esa lkoZtfud {ks= ds egaxs fuosk tSlh d`f"kfodkl esa vkus okyh ckèkkvksa dks nwj djus ds fy, laLFkkxr lqèkkj t:jh gSA blds vykok bl {ks= esafuosk ds T;knk volj vkSj lqj{kk ikus ds fy, isksojkuk joS, dks Hkh t:jr gSA bl ckr dks è;ku esaj[krs gq, fd T;knkrj [ksfrgj tehu fc[kjh gqbZ gSaA ;s y{k.k laifÙk ds vfèkdkj vkSj Hkweh lqèkkj vkSjd`f"k m|ksx ds vkèkqfudhdj.k] cktkjhdj.k vkfn ds fy, è;ku myiCèk djkus esa lkoZtfud vkSj futh{ks= dks lgHkkfxrk vkSj lg;ksx dh ekax djrs gSaA 52
  • Success Stories related to Agriculture nwljk cM+k iz;kl jkstxkj iSnk djus vkSj xzkeh.k fodkl dk vkèkkjHkwr <kapk [kM+k djus dk gksukpkfg, ftlesa lM+dksa] ugjksa] ckofM+;ksa] lkeqnkf;d kkSpky;ksa] xjhcksa ds fy, ?kj vkSj LokLF; dsanzksa dkfuekZ.k vkfn kkfey gSaA blds lkFk d`f"k ij yxus okys vizR;{k djksa dks Hkh de djuk gksxk vkSj d`f"k{ks= dks ;g volj nsuk gksxk fd og bu lc ij ldkjkRed izzfrfØ;k nsA vxj ,slk gks ldk rks d`f"kdks fodkl ds jkLrs ij yk;k tk ldrk gSA bl rjg] d`f"k {ks= esa lqèkkj dks izkFkfedrk fn, tkus dh t:jr gSA blds fy, vkèkkjHkwr <kaps dksfodflr djus] mRizsfjr djus vkSj laLFkkxr djus vkiSj mlls èku dh rkfdZd mxkgh] cktkjhdj.k vkSjoSdfYid thfodk cukus dh t:jr gSa fdlkuksa dh Hkw[kejh vkSj vkRegR;k dh ?kVuk,a bl elys ij rRdky izHkkokkyh <ax ls lkoZtfuddkjZokbZ dh t:jr dks nkkZrh gSaA d`f"k {ks= dk ifjn`; fQygky cgqr fujkkktud fn[kkbZ nsrk gSAblfy, rsth ls lkekftd&vkfFkZd vkSj jktuhfrd cnyko vkSj lqèkkj t:jh gS rkfd vkS|ksfxd fodklds lkFk&lkFk d`f"k fodkl Hkh gkFkksagkFk fy;k tk,A vxj d`f"kZ lqèkkj ugha fd;k x;k] rks ;g vkS|ksfxd fodkl ds jLrs esa Hkh ckèkk [kM+h djsxk D;ksafdm|ksx dPps eky ds :i esa d`f"k vkSj et+nwjh ij gh fuHkZj gksrs gSaA gkykafd nsk esa d`f"k dk fodkklvlarqfyr gS ftlls NksVs fdlku de mRiknu dj ikrs gSa vkSj fQj ckn esa blls iyk;u dj tkrs gSaAbu leL;kvksa esa xjhc xzkeh.k esa rsth ls c<+rh tula[;k dh leL;k Hkh vyx ls tqM+ tkrh gSA bllsd`f"k etwnjh esa iyk;u dh nj rst gks tkrh gSA d`f"k {ks= esa bu lkjh ckrksa dk ifj.kke ;g gksrk gS fdfdlkuksa vkSj dkjiksjsV isksojksa ds chp dk varj dkQh c<+ tkrk gSA blds vykok d`f"k lqèkkj mu {ks=h; vlekurkvksa dks Hkh de djsxk tks fczfVk jkt dh uhfr;ksa dsdkj.k iSnk gqbZ gSaA rktk Hkkjrh; lwpdkad ¼2001½ c<+rh {ks=h; vlekurk dks ysdj ,d rjg dh psrkouhgSA fganh iV~Vh esa Hkkjr dh dqy tula[;k dk 45 izfrkr fuokl djrh gSA ;gka tula[;k dh okf"kZd o`f)nj jk"Vªh; vkSlr 1-9 izfrkr ds eqdkcys 3 izfrkr gS tcfd izfr O;fDr thMhih fodkl nj ;gka jk"Vªh;vkSlr 3-8 izfrkr ds eqdkcys flQZ 1-3 izfrkr gh gSA ;g lqfufpr gS fd de {ks= fodflr {ks=ksa dsjkLrs dks ck?kk cusaxsA vkfFkZd lq?kkjksa ds fy, O;kid :i ls d`f"k fodkl ij vkèkkfjr gksuk t:jh gSrkfd og laiw.kZ vFkZO;oLFkk esa vk;] jkstxkj vkSj fu;kZr esa viuh egrh Hkwfedk fuHkk ldsA xzkeh.k vk;ds c<+us ls ljdkjh jktLo [kqn c [kqn c<+ tk,xk vkSj oLrqvksa vkSj lsokvksa dk ,d ?kjsyw cktkj cusxkA blds vykok HkweaMyhdj.k ls feyus okys u, volj O;kid :i ls tula[;k ds cM+s fgLls dks feysa]blds fy, jkT; dks d`f"k lqèkkjksa ds en~nsutj lfØ; Hkwfedk fuHkkus dh t:jr gSA blls vyx&FkyxiM+us dk Hkko vkSj lkekftd vlekurk Hkh de gksxh vkSj vkèkqfud mRiknd lekt ds fuekZ.k esa ennfeysxhZ bl rjg rhoz vkfFkZd fodkl djus vkSj mls cuk, j[kus ds fy, nfer fdlkuksa vkSj dkjiksjsVisksojksa ds chp laokn vkt dh t:jr gSA nfer fdlkuksa ds vekuoh; thou ls rhoz vkfFkZd fodkl esadksbZ enn ugha fey ldrhA muds neu ds var ls gh d`f"k vkSj vkS|ksfxd fodkl ds chp dh [kkbZ degks ldrh gS vkSj rHkh nqxquk fodkl laHko gks ldrk gSA bl rjg ^d`f"k lqèkkj* lekt dk cqfu;knh <kapk cuuk pkfg, ftlesa fdlkuksa dk lkDrhdj.k vkSjvFkZO;oLFkk dk fodkl ,d gh flDds ds nks igyw gksa] rHkh og Hkkjr fuekZ.k laHko gS tks fd laizx ljdkjds ml U;wure lk>k dk;ZØe esa Hkh kkfey gS ftls xBcaèku ljdkj dk ^eSXukdrkZ* ekuk tkrk gSARashtriya Sahara, 02.06.06 53
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj MAHARASHTRA COMES CLOSER TO NATURE Uttaranchal has done it, Himachal, UP Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Andhra and MadhyaPradesh are following suit. So why should Maharashtra be left behind? The state has adopted organicfarming as one of the seven main pillars of its plans for agriculture in the future. Under the Krishi Saptak plan, the state has set aside 1 lakh hectares as the target area for organicfarming in the current financial year itself A circular of guidelines has already been despatched to theofficials concerned, and the project is supposed to be implemented from the coming kharif season. The main reasons for the state’s focus on organic farming, says State Agriculture CommissionerSudhir Goyal, be in the need to increase yield from dry fanning and sod fertility, and stop environmentaldegradation. This is probably as close as the department will ever get to admitting the ill effects of pesticides,which it has supported all these years. But not all the inspiration for the project comes from high up the pecking order. Says N B Nagrale,Nagpur District Superintendent Agriculture Officer: “With a lot of farmers adopting natural ways of farming,pesticide use has fallen drastically in the last 3-4 years. This, has provided a good launching pad for theproject.” At the first state-level meeting of officials, NGOs and four agricultural universities in Pune last month,representatives feted 20 organic farmers and five activists for their work. Besides its 15,000 strongworkforce, the Agriculture department has involved NGOs and individuals-not to mention the universitiesin the programme. Farmers and officials at the divisional, district and tehsil levels are already being imparted trainingon organic farming. The department also plans to keep in touch with farmers through activists andthrough workshops and symposia in every district. A detailed curriculum has been drafted for suchprogrammes. One thousand groups, comprising 100 farmers and covering 100 hectares each, are beingestablished in areas that already have some experience with organic farming. Knowledgeable NGOs,individuals and government agencies will, in tandem, co-ordinate with farmers to help implement theproject effectively. The government will partly fund the proposed 1,000 wormiculture projects and alsohelp erect organic manure units in each division. 54
  • Success Stories related to Agriculture Notwithstanding villages like Ashta and Seldoh, which have gone in for organic farming entirely ontheir own, lack of government patronage so far kept the total number of Organic farmers in the state toabout one lakh from a total of three crore farmers. Three thousand of them are certified. “The total quantum of land under organic cultivation currently could be something like five lakhhectares,” says Manoharrao Parchure, one of the activists feted at Pune. “But I think the state will farexceed the 1 lakh hectare official target as the campaign could have a cascading effect.” Parchure’s 40-acre organic farm, located about 60 kms from here, is certified by Switzerland’sInstitute of Marketing, and was even graced by a visit by Masanobu Fukoka, the father of natural farming,in 1997. In recognition of Parchure’s influence, the state government has adopted the slogan of the NGO hefounded and has prescribed a book written by him as reference material. According to Parchure, organic farming pays dividends from the very first year. “The gains could beanything between Rs 2,000-10,000 per acre, he says. To help other farmers get to Parchure’s enviable level, the government has promised to providethem information about international registration; this will allow them to export their produce and evensell it in the domestic market for a handsome price. The government will also aid centres and NGOs providing information for marketing of organicproduce as also those with integrated facility for sale and purchase. There is also a proposal to sell allorganic produce under one brand name in the state. Well begun is half done, but the main problem is the deep-rooted pro-NPK (nitrogen, phosphorous,potassium) psyche. “The farmer needs to be convinced he can do without NPK,” Parchure says. Andthat may be easier said than done.The Indian Express, 02.05.03 55
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj HARYANA BRINGS IN CONTRACT FARMING, WITH SAFEGUARDS Contract farming was formalised in Haryana last week with the Assembly passing the much-awaitedamendment to the Agriculture Produce Marketing Act. This spells good news for Haryana farmers as theBill keeps in mind all the problems that informal contract farming in Punjab had thrown up. The amendment to the Punjab Agriculture Produce Markets Act, 2004, showed that the Om PrakashChautala government in Haryana has learnt a number of lessons from neighbouring Punjab, wherecontract farming was introduced earlier. However, while the practice was largely successful there-with some enterprising farmers inkingdeals with MNCs like Pepsi, Indomint etc-there were cases where farmers were not paid the pricepromised, or their produce was not lifted at all. With most agreements being in English, a company gotenough Iceway to exploit the farmers if it wished. The amended legislation introduced by the Haryana government, called the Punjab AgricultureProduce Markets (Haryana Amendment) Bill, 2004, seeks to correct this anti-farmer bias inherent incontract farming. It would also be a move away from the system of regulated markets, reducing the burden on them,and promote agro-based industries. Under the provisions of the amended Bill, the companies would not only have to commit to a settledprice of an agriculture produce but also to its definite purchase. The companies would also need toregister with the government prior to signing an agreement with the farmers.Highlights • Contract farming sponsor has to commit to a price for the produce and to purchasing it. • Companies have to register with govt. • Takes purchases away from the system of regulated markets. • No title, rights of land can be transferred to the sponsor or his agent as a result of the contract farming agreement. • A competent appellate authority to hear disputes, settle within 30 days. “The new legislation provides that the contract farming sponsor will be the buyer of the agricultureproduce covered under the contract. The business premises of the sponsor would be the private market 56
  • Success Stories related to Agricultureyard for the purpose of conducting business, unless denotified by the state government by notification inthe official gazette,” says a senior officer. Besides, no title, rights, ownership or possession of land can be transferred or alienated or vestedin the contract farming a sponsor or his successor or his agent as a result of the contract farmingagreement. Aware that the agreements could lead to disputes between-the companies and farmers, the Haryanagovernment also plans to constitute an appellate authority. To ensure that there are no unnecessarydelays, all disputes will need to be resolved and a decision taken within 30 days. “The provision hasbeen made to facilitate the farmers, as they have to decide on the next crop to sow. The period of 30days gives both the parties ample opportunity to present their case. The decision of the appellate authoritywould be final,” said an officer. Carrying the decree of the civil court, the decision would be enforceable as such. In fact, disputesrelating to and arising out of contract farming cannot be called into question in any civil court.The Indian Express, 27.08.04 57
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj ORGANIC RICE FARMING IN KUTTANAD BELT Kuttanad once hailed as the rice bowl of Kerala, is witnessing a quiet “green revolution.” A committed group of 32 farmers has successfully adopted organic rice cultivation in 32.8 hectaresin Ayyanadu Padasekharam. They were mobilized and fully supported with technical back up of three organizations—AyyanaduPadasekhara Samiti, Kuttanadu Vikasana Samiti and Poabs Envirotech Private Limited, according toMr. R. Hall, former Director of Agriculture, Kerala, who was part of the active advisory committee thatclosely monitored this group farming exercise. A detailed calendar of operations of the integrated organic farming package was prepared bydrawing the best scientific knowledge of scientists and technologists and rich practical variety ‘Uma’,developed by the experience of seasoned farm-scientists at the Monkombuers. A proven high yieldingva Rice Research Station, was raised with all the organic inputs. Prior to sowing de-watering and weeding was done in time, and soil and water samples wereanalysed to determine the right dose of nutrients required to raise a healthy crop.Organic manure A basal dose of 875 kg of organic manure ‘Green Paddy Special was applied per hectare, andbiofertilizers such as Azospirillum and phosphorus solubilising microbial cultures were added to furtherenrich the soil. The sowing was over by October 18, 2004. After the first manual weeding, the luxuriant crop was top dressed with 375 kg of the organic manureper hectare. Trichograma predator egg cards were, placed to protect the crop against, stem borer pest. Enthusiastic farmers and technologists took up regula pest-surveillance, sorties, and the expertadvisory-committee carefully monitored the crop.Grand Success The programme was a grand success, and it belied the expectations of in rice farmers in theregion. The organically grown rice and poison-free straw are sold at premium price. The farmers havealready taken up test sowing of a short-duration pulse crop following the harvest of the rice crop.Soil Fertility One of the key objectives of this programme is to revive and sustain the soil fertility in this rich ricebelt, and bring back its clean environment to its original glory. The farmers were assured of all technicalsupport, credit and quality inputs were supplied in time. The price for the produce was fixed well ahead of sowing and farmers were assured of a readymarket. 58
  • Success Stories related to Agriculture There have been continuous consultations with the farmers all through the programme, and fullcooperation of the farmers led to its successful implementation. “The Ayyanadu experiment will be an eye-opener for the entire Kuttanad region, and it should spreadlike a social movement to regain the status of organic rice belt for Kuttanad region from this InternationalYear of Rice, said Mr. Hall.The Hindu, 17.02.05 GOING GREEN HOUSE: HIMACHAL PACKS A CRUNCH With irrigation schemes taking off, off-season vegetables are the new cash crop for the state After years of focusing on horticulture, Himachal Pradesh is recasting its agro-identity. With theapple industry largely on its feet, the emphasis is now shifting to off-season vegetables. Four districts—Solan, Sirmaur, Shimla and Bilaspur—are in the lead for off-season vegetableproduction. With the Kandaghat block in Solan, Mashobra and Theog in Shimla and Paonta in Sirmaurwinning accolades for their tomatoes, french beans, garden peas, cauliflower and broccoli, the cashrichfarmers of the lower Himachal belt (Kangra, Una, Hamirpur and Chamba) are taking advantage ofexpanded irrigation facilities to grow new vegetable varieties. Earlier, these areas, like most of HimachalPradesh, were dependent on rainfed irrigation or minor water bodies. According to official estimates, the state area under vegetables is increasing by 5-10 per centevery year. In the foreseeable future, it could well challenge areas under fruits or traditional crops likewheat, rice or maize. “All that farmers need are quality seeds, access to in-demand-vegetables in demand, irrigationfacilities and standardisation of production technologies,” says N K Pathania, head of the vegetablesdepartment at the Agriculture University, Palampur. For one aspect at least, state farmers can seek support from the university. Scientists releasedseven new varieties of broccoli, cauliflower, radish and brinjal in the last year and half; half-a-dozen othervegetable varieties suitable for different climactic zones are in the pipeline. Next on the agenda is standardisation of production techniques. To this end, the university has twoongoing research projects, one of which is under the National Horticulture Technology Mission. The government, on its part is pitching in to help small and marginal farmers through aid individualand community-related irrigation structures like tanks, ponds and water channels. Farmers can get uptoRs 8,000 for the construction of individual water tanks of a size of at least nine cubic meters. Last year,1,476 tanks were constructed under the scheme, while another 175 small farmers got help to installwater-lifting devices. 59
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj “NABARD helped fund the development of 37 watersheds in the vegetable growing districts underits Rs 110-crore project for small irrigation facilities. This will help irrigate an additional 24,821 hectaresin those areas,” says J C Rana, state Director, Agriculture. For bigger irrigation projects, the state government asked the Planning Commission last month tofast-track four major irrigation projects. These projects, in the works for 10-15 years, are aimed atexpanding the reach of irrigation in Kangra, Bilaspur and Mandi districts. They include the Rs 231 croreShah canal, the Rs 74-crore Balh project, the Rs 70-crore Changer scheme and the Rs 55-crore Sidhatamedium irrigation scheme. To keep pace with this trend, the new state agriculture policy (approved in July) also targets bringingan additional 50,000 hectares of land under the crop diversification plan. Offseason vegetables play amajor role in the plan.The Indian Express, 14.10.05 UNITED COLOURS OF PUNJAB A recent migrant to the state, turmeric has launched Punjab’s first agricultural cooperative with 300farmers on board. At first sight, it looks like a field of ornamental plants-a little wild and unkempt with fat yellow-greenleaves but undoubtedly beautiful. “These are great for health as well,” says Iqbal Singh Randhawa, aleading progressive farmer of Hoshiarpur on his resplendent turmeric crop. A relatively new addition to the repertoire of the Punjab farmer, this pretty crop has launched thestate’s firstever cooperative with 300 farmers on board. That. is not all, it’s also inspired a retired Brigadierto invent the first mechanised turmeric. processing unit of the country. Farmers’ Produce Promotional Society (FAPRO) wouldn’t have been born had turmeric not caughtthe fancy of a handful of middle-aged agri-technocrats and farmers. Set up at the fag end of 2001 with174 members and no processing plant, this society now has 300 members (85 per cent of them smallfarmers) growing turmeric on 600 acres. You can’t miss the celebratory mood as you step into the red-bricked Kisan Bhavan at Hoshiarpur,a district known for its large tracts of kandi (sandy and infertile) area. FAPRO is celebrating its maidengrant of Rs 40 lakh from the government for setting tip a turmeric processing plant under the RashtriyaSam Vikas Yojana. “It’s a shot in the arm for the turmeric growers,” smiles Dr Kulbir Singh Deol, chief agriculture officershowing you the Planning Commission noting at the bottom of a file, saying if successful, this experimentwill be replicated all over the country. 60
  • Success Stories related to Agriculture Dr C L Vashishth, technical director and one of the executive members of FAPRO, says the grant isalso a recognition of their dogged efforts over the last four years. It was in 2000 that the agriculture department thought of introducing turmeric. The agriculture officialsapproached Punjab Agro for help in marketing but it refused to play ball. It was then that they decided toset up a cooperative. “We went from door to door to convince farmers to enroll with us and buy a shareof Rs 1,000,” recalls Gurbachan Chand Singh Saini, the portly former sarpanch of Bhunga village andgeneral secretary of FAPRO. Their pitch was simple: “Grow turmeric, we will sell you seeds for Rs 6 a kg as compared to themarket price of Rs 25, and then, we will buy it from you.” Today they admit it was quite an audacious promise, given that they didn’t have a processingmachine. “We were going by simple demand and supply,” explains Randhawa. “Until now, Punjab usedto get all its turmeric from Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. We reckoned that if we grew it here, wecould market it at cheaper rates.” Having spent a couple of years in England, he was confident of exportingit as well. High on hope, four of its government members tried to get it a helping hand from the Ministry ofFood and Processing but to no avail. “After four rounds to Delhi, and one meeting with a tout, we knewnothing would come out of it,” shrugs Vashishth. Ever since, the co-op has been running on its own steam until the recent grant. Processing theypicked up from Brig R S Dhillon, a retired gunner from Sanaura village, who set up his own mechanisedunit, the first-of-its kind in India, after Agri Tech Management Agency (ATMA) got him to grow turmericbut refused to buy it. Today Randhawa has also set up one in his backyard and the new plant too will befabricated on the same lines. Marketing wasn’t a problem after a few ads in Doordarshan and print media. Today the cheerfulsunlight yellow packs of ‘Shuddh Haldi’ by FAPRO-designed by the Brigadier-are synonymous withquality in the market.The Statesman, 18.12.05 61
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj ORGANIC PRACTICES FOR INCREASING MANGO YIELD Spraying Panchagavya increases size and improves taste of the fruits. Mango trees respond well to organic manure applications. Organic manures such as vermicompost,Panchagavya and vermi wash are used for promoting healthy tree growth and fruit formation.Essential nutrients From the initial planting stages to caring of full-grown trees, Panchagavya and vermicompost canbe effectively used to supply essential nutrients to the trees and prevent pest infestations, according toDr. S. Sundaravadivel, Vermitechnologist and Environmentalist based in Chennai. Vermicompost is prepared by using earthworms. Vermi wash is the liquid collected after the passageof water through a column of activated earthwarms. It is very useful as an organic spray for all crops.Pest repellent Panchagavya is an organic growth promoter, which is prepared by mixing cow dung, cow urine,cows milk, cured and ghee in suitable proportions, and is sprayed on the plants. It contains severalmacro micronutrients, beneficial bacteria and fungi, which aid in growth promotion and act as effectivepest repellents. It can be prepared by thoroughly mixing five kilos of fresh cow dung and one litre of cows ghee in aplastic or cement tank or earthen pot. The mixture is stirred daily for three to four days. “About three litres of cows milk, two litres of cows cured, three litres of sugar cane juice, three litresof tender coconut water and 10 to 12 bananas are mixed well and added to the mixture. The entireconcoction is allowed to ferment for fifteen days,” said Dr. S. Sundaravadivel. The container should be covered with a net (or) cotton cloth to allow aeration of the fermenting unit,according to him. The concoction is stirred two or three times a day for about fifteen days and then used.For mango trees of about 6-7 years age, vermicompost may be applied at the rate of 10 kilograms pertree and one litre of panchagavya diluted 30 litres of water may be sprayed over the foliage (crown) andat the base of the tree. Spraying panchagavya over the crown and at the base of the tree must be donefour to five times, according to Dr. Sundaravadivel. The first spraying must be done before the floweringseason (January-March) to increase flower formation. 62
  • Success Stories related to Agriculture A second spraying must be done after 15-20 days. The process must be repeated till the flowersturn into small sized buds. Once the buds start forming then the application can be done once a moth,according to him. Use of panchagavya and vermicompost has been found to increase the size, number and enhancethe colour of the fruits.Recommended practice The recommended practice for one hectare of mango trees is about 25 litres of panchagavya(mixed in 750-800 litres of water) and four to five tonnes of vermicompost. Spraying panchagavya has been found effective in the control of fruit fly menace, a common infestationin all fruit bearing trees, according to Dr. Sundaravadivel. According to him, trees treated with organic manures bore large sized leaves and formed a densecanopy with profuse rooting systems. The taste and shelf life of the fruits were also found to be moresatisfactory.Nitrogen-fixing bacteria “The interaction of the root hairs of these trees with the organic manures also increased the activityof the nitrogen-fixing bacteria in the soll. “The organic maures also act as a carrier medium for the development of several beneficial microorganisms such as azospirillum, azotobacter, rhizobium and phosphobacteria,” he said. Dr. S.Sundaravadivel can be reached by mobile at 98843-90104 and email: sundaravadive 166@hotmail.comThe Hindu, 13.07.06 63
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj THREE-YEAR COURSE TO AN ORGANIC CERTIFICATE On the banks of the Satluj a little village has finally-or rid of an old habit. A three-year spirited campaignhas made Khakhrola in Shimla district free of pesticides and fertilisers the end of July, all 15 farmers,each with a land holding between 60 and 100 bighas, will become eligible for an One Cert Asia’s Agri-certification for organic produce. And this village will find a place on the country’s organic map. The farmers here—some of whom are government officials, others retired have not used any pesticideor chemical fertiliser in the last three years. Women of the village were at the forefront of this campaignto shun pesticides and fertilisers and switch to organic farming. Except for some weather-or soil-relatedproblems which have affected their produce, villagers say there hasn’t been any pest attack in thesethree years where they have felt the need to use pesticides. The herbal sprays have been as effective aspest-repellants, they say. Using only vermicompost and herbal sprays, the farmers’ rich haul of capsicum, okra, tomato,cabbage and cauliflower have a ready market in Delhi. With the organic label near their reach, villagers are already thinking ahead. “Once we get thecertification, the market demand of the village produced vegetables and fruits in the outside market willgrow. But we need a linkage to market and the buyers,” says Sulochan Singh, a retired Dy. SP and localfarmer. Upbeat over being part of the organic movement that’s taken root in Shimla district, farmers atvillage Khakhrola are among 5,657 others who have been registered in this model. project beingimplemented in nine blocks of Shimla. About 2 farmers in the district are eligible for the OneCert Asiacertification given by a Jaipur-based agency which has done pre-audits of these farmers. Giving farmers technical inputs is the M R. Morarka Foundation. a Rajasthan based NGO that isworking with the state’s Agriculture Department to implement the Rs 1.5-crore model project. Threeyears ago they out in place a procedure to identify farmers willing to switch over to organic farming. A cluster approach was adopted keeping in view factors like soil conditions and uniform geographicallocations with similar cropping patterns.” says Divender Chaudhry, director.-Morarka Foundation. Among the nine blocks. Rampur leads the show with 1,533 farmers registered in the project. Theog,the gateway to Himachal’s apple belt. comes next. Chirgaon, a backward block and Chopal are alsotreading the organic path. 64
  • Success Stories related to Agriculture In Jubbal and Kotkhai area, more than 200 apple growers have shown a willingess to switch over toorganic mainly because the cost of pesticides and sprays is becoming too steep and hasn’t alwaysbeen-effective in controlling diseases. Second productivity is already down. The proof of the change. say the state’s Agriculture Department officials, lies is the falling sale ofpesticides in Shimla district—from Rs 74 crore to Rs 14 crore in four years. “We are keeping a watch onthe sale figures of these chemicals in the areas where the farmers are switching to organic farming. Thesale trend will be enough to guage the impact, says H R Sharma. Deputy Director, Agriculture Department. The coming months should be exciting The Morarka Foundation plans to arrange market tie-ups forfarmers for their organic produce the surrounding hamlets had remained poor. The villagers practisedprimitive methods of cultivation. Traders and middlemen got fat on the yield while the farmers starved. Education and healthcare facilities were almost non-existent. Officialdom stayed away. “Several pregnant women died for lack of timely medical attention and so did some people bittenby snakes. We were helpless,” recalls Aravinda Kumar, a villager. Then came the road. Now people can drive down to the village in jeeps or use the twicedaily busservice. The road is an example of development ushered in by a proactive government agency, in thiscase the district police. Gangapur and the nine hamlets, mostly inhabited by Gonds, Kolams, and Lambadas, were oncestrongholds of the Maoists. Not anymore. In May 2003, the villagers turned against the Maoists. In a bloody clash that ensued, naxals had tobeat a hasty retreat, but not before the villagers seized a pistol from a dalam commander. The next day,they trekked over 60 km to a police station to hand over the pistol and reiterate their resolve not toentertain Maoists anymore. For the police, it was a godsend-a chance to implement the WHAM (winning hearts and minds)strategy to wean away the villagers from the naxalites. Pooling donations and funds from different schemes,they began laying the road. For more than two months, more than 30 policemen stood guard as 100villagers a day toiled on the road. Two hillocks were cut through and 37 culverts constructed across therivulets to connect the village to the main road running between Kadam and Utnoor towns. The busservice started on January 18, 2004. Just days before that, on January 13, the villagers repulsed anotherattack by the naxalites. The road has saved the villagers from the middlemen. who had till then dictated the price Of paddy,turmeric, cotton, and maize. “We used to-Uek our way to Pembi to borrow money from traders for buyingseeds, pesticides, and fertilizer. We had to sell the farm yield to the same trader, who used to offer lowPrices and then deduct the loan amount with three per cent interest rate,” says Madhu, a tenth classdropout and a former member of the Mandal Parishad Territorial Constituency. 65
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj The tribals were never paid cash immediately, but only after a fortnight. If money was to be paidimmediately, the trader would deduct another two per cent. And so innocent were the tribals that nonequestioned the practices. The villagers are a transformed lot today. Some of them go to Kadam town just to know the prevailingmarket prices. “The other day we sold 2,000 bags of paddy in our village to a trader. We got some Rs.300 extra per quintal. If we had to sell that in Pembi we would have to bear the transport expenses,spend two days for transport. Life is comfortable now,” says CIL Rajeshwar Reddy. Vedama Laxman ismore adventurous. He hired a lorry and took sunflower seeds to Bokhar in Maharashtra to sell. “I got aprice of Rs. 1,600 per quintal. whereas the prevailing rate here is Rs. 1,200.” Frequent visits to Kadam, where they interact with others, have taught the villagers new farmingtechniques. Some have begun hiring tractors to till the lands and the area under cultivation has increased.They now sell mahua flowers and beedi leaves collected from the forest at a Girijan CooperativeCorporation outlet in Kadam. An attitudinal change among the villagers, thanks to the police’s proactive approach, is also evident.They feel an armed struggle is irrelevant when government agencies are ready to solve the problems.“The ITDA [Integrated Tribal Development Agency] sends mechanics to repair the hand operatedborewells. The ITDA officials helped us start Self-Help Groups,” says Dosanla Laxmi. At present thereare 29 active SHGs, which have borrowed Rs 3.55 lakh for buying agricultural inputs. Other “goodies” too have come in. Along with development activity the road has ushered in thehabits of modern world. There is a great demand for tikiis (plastic bindis), soft drinks, beer, and the three kirana stores that have sprung up in Gangapur. An enterprising tribal installed a dish antennaand wired up the entire village bringing it the soap operas. Three others followed suit. There are now more than 100 colour TVs in the village. The residents mostly watch Telugu soapoperas and movies on pirated VCDs bought in Kadam. ‘We have about 70 VCD players in the village,”the tribals say. The Maoists, however, have not taken kindly to the joint road-laying effort. Months after it was thrownopen, an action team shot dead a resident, Damodar Rao accusing him of playing a pivotal role inlaying the road. But the villagers have not lost their nerve. They now want the Government to convert thekutcha road into a pucca road, since during the rains the bus cannot be run. “If there is a pucca road, we need not depend on the RTC bus. We will buy some autorickshaws sothat we can go to Kadam anytime we want,” say the villagers. The Indian Express, 23.06.06 66
  • Success Stories related to Agriculture MORE THAN JUST A PROBLEM... Water shortage is something we all love to hate, but beyond lip service, little seems to have beendone. The need of the hour is to work out solutions before. it is too late, says Kamlesh Pandya When discussion veers around to the issue of water shortage, most Indians tend to think in terms ofalternate water supply options, says Mumbai-based activist Rudolf D’sou-“It works till you have so manymore rivers that can be tapped or lakes from where water can be sourced. When the water table itselfdips to a record low, that is when the solution which should have been taken up in the first place-regeneration of the water table-is thought of,” he adds. In India’s fastest-growing city Thane, Ashok Kumar is a resident with an active interest in the watertable. He also is an environment engineer with a petroleum major, and has a professional as also apersonal interest in the abuse of water resources. “The process of abusing water resources begins with excessive use, doing nothing to regenerateover used water resources, degradation of water through discharge of untreated effluent as alsopercolation of sewage through the earth to the water table under ground. Urban water distribution systemsleave a lot to be desired as there is a large percentage of wastage while distributing water. Finallyleaking taps and lack of treatment make up the rest of the picture he explains. The solution. feels Rajesh Sharma. Managing Director, Ion Exchange (India) Ltd, is good watermanagement. which is crucial to overcome the water crisis that threatens our country. “It is the need ofthe hour, if we wish to avoid starvation and political strife, protect the environment and make industrialand human activity sustainable,” he says. “Top priority should be to conserve fresh water through increased seepage and storage throughextensive watershed development and rainwater harvesting, implemented as a coordinated effort bythe local people with the help of NGOs, jointly with government and the corporate sector,” he explains.Giving a simple fiscal quotient to the issue. he points out that it would cost billions of crores to constructwater storage equivalent to what even existing forests store. In terms of water storage, flood control, reduced soil erosion and loss of nutrients, additionalagricultural crops, fuel timber and other produce, the value of India’s forests is immense. Many millionsof jobs could be created in nurturing watershed forests to protect rivers, the arteries of agriculture. Micro irrigation methods such as drip and sprinkler irrigation can tremendously increase area undercultivation, yields and water saving, feels Rajesh Sharma. Creation of small reservoirs. check dam sand 67
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Rajpercolation ponds do not require long lead time, complex technology or large amount of capital; willprovide employment for many millions who need not be displaced and can utilise local skills, initiativesand materials, he adds. From natural water the large rural areas to urban Conservation of water through recycle of industrialeffluent and domestic sewage will reduce use of fresh water by 50%. In semi urban areas still underdevelopment it should be mandatory to incorporate water recycle to conserve fresh water. In Mumbai’s garden suburb of Powai, Niranjan Hiranandani, MD, Hiranandani Constructions saysthe emphasis should be on water recycling and through that extra water generated, further greening.“Water sourced from primary resources. such as bore-wells on the premises and piped water suppliesusually go down the drain, so it makes sense to have rainwater harvesting to recharge bore wells, whilerecycling sewage creates more water for washing and gardens, which is the way to go,” he adds. “In a metropolis like Mumbai, as indeed all over the country piped water supply is subsidized, so italways seems a better alternative to add more resources rather than manage water usage,” he explains. Rajesh Sharma says creating the infrastructure to assure water availability and its sustainable supplyfor agricultural, industrial and domestic use is a gigantic task. The key ingredients for successfulcountrywide implementation of water management programmes and projects are awareness, appropriatetechnology, training in operation & maintenance, approval mechanisms, finance availability, transparency,and accountability. “No single organisation can ensure all of these, especially given the vast scale of theproblem and its urgent solution. Only collaborative efforts between public, private and voluntary sectorsand particularly community participation, whether in villages or cities, can give results, build faith andprovide impetus for replication,” he concludes. The Times of India, 05.06.06 68
  • Success Stories related to Agriculture HIGH-YIELDING BENGAL GRAM VARIETY DEVELOPED It has the qualities of bolder grain, wilt resistance of ICCB I and early maturity of Annigeri 1 GULBARGA. Scientists at the Agriculture Research Station of the University of Agriculture Scienceshere have successfully come, out with a high-yielding variety of bengal gram, incorporating the geneprogeny of ICCB-1 Bengal Gram variety (Kabuli) and that of ‘desi’ variety Annigeri 1. Senior Scientist at the research station D.M. Mannur and Senior Farm Superintendent S.R. Patil,who have come out with the new variety called MMK1, told The Hindu here on Monday that the newvariety has been released in Belgaum, Bijapur and Bidar districts after farm trials in the research station. Dr. Mannur said ICCB 1, which is popular among bengal gram growers in North India, is a long-duration variety with a maturity period of 160 days. The climate in North Karnataka district is not bestsuited for farmers to take up the variety, although it is resistant to wilt and many diseases and has goodmarket value. Annigeri I is best suited to the climate in North Karnataka since it is of short duration. But its grainsize and quality is far inferior to the ICCB 1 variety, which has a greater demand in the market and fetchmore price. Taking into all these factors into account, scientists at the research station worked on the segregationof the gene progeny of ICCB 1 and Annigeri I varieties to incorporate the qualities of wilt resistance,bolder grains and ability to mature early and finally came out with MMK 1. This variety incorporates the qualities of bolder grain and wilt resistance of ICCB 1 and the earlymaturity qualities of the Annigeri 1. Dr. Mannur said after trails on the laboratory and in the farms of the research centre, it was decidedto release the new variety in select farms of bengal gram growers in Gulbarga, Bijapur, Belgaum andBidar districts this year. The feedback is encouraging, he said. The scientists propose to release MMK 1 for commercial cultivation from the next season. The newvariety can bear bolder grains and the grain colour is white. This has higher acceptability in the market and fetches good price unlike the old varieties. ‘Red gram bowl Dr. Mannur, who is also involved in research on red gram said Gulbarga district, known as the redgram bowl of South India, faces the threat of reemergence of wilt problem. In the past few years, farmers have been going in for local varieties, particularly ‘Gullal’, as it is ashort duration crop. But it is highly susceptible to wilt problem 69
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj “If this goes on unchecked, the wilt problem will raise its ugly head in a year or two and ruin theeconomy of the red gram growers”, Dr. Mannur said. Dr. Mannur said scientists at the centre have now come out with an improved variety called WRP 1.It is a short duration crop with the capacity to bear bold white seeds.The Hindu, 05.01.06 COMRADES STRETCH OUT TO PVT SECTOR FOR RUBBER PRODUCTION The Left Government in Tripura is Slowly opening up to private investment, following the footstepsor its counterparts in West Bengal and Kerala. Recently it approved all ambitious public-private joint venture in rubber wood processing and furnituremaking unit to boost rubber cultivation in the State through its Tubber Mission’. This followed file signing of a memorandum between the, State-owned Tripura Forest Developmentall If Plantation Corporation Ltd (TFDPC) and tilt, Rubco Haut Woods Private Limited of Kerala forsetting tip a company for rubber wood processing and furniture manufacturing. The new company, christened as Tripura Rubco Rubwood Pvt Ltd, will be. responsible for promotionof rubber cultivation, processing of raw materials, both natural rubber and wood, and their manufacturing. It has also been authorised to raise money from any source and run like a. professional businesshouse. Tripura is the second State after Kerala that produces high quality natural rubber and promises tobe it major contributor to country’s rubber economy, and thereby, to the. creation of jobs,and familyincome. “The launch of the ‘Rubber Mission’ Is very significant as Its success is directly linked with the progressand sustenance of the, proposed venture,” VK Bahuguna, the, mission director told The Pioneer. The mission envisages developing 85,094 hectares or land under the rubher cultivation in the next20 years. The strategy is two pronged: On the one hand, expansion of rubber cultivation in the State, andoil the other hand help enhance income of the small and marginal farmers, especially the tribal shiftingcultivators, “To start with, we are focusing on creating a rubber belt along the borders with Bangladesh, andthose families who had to vacate their lands because of the barbed wire fencing will be brought underrehabilitation project through rubber cultivation,” Mr Bahuguna said. 70
  • Success Stories related to Agriculture In the first phase, rubber will be cultivated in some 3,874 hectors or land bordering Bangladesh,and within the span of next 15 years, the mission hopes to reach the target of 85,094 hectors or landunder the rubber cultivation. For over a decade Tripura hall been Implementing World Bank-funded Rubber developmentprogramme for the rehabilitation of the shifting cultivators. At present more than 10,750 ha of land isunder rubber plantations. The TFDPC which helps rehabilitition of the tribal shifting cultivators, claim that, many of the jhumia(shifting cultivator) families are earning Rs 7,000 to 9,500 per month each. Once the company becomes operational, opportunities for jobs and in-are likely to grow many foldthe TFDPC officials say. The mission would require at least Rs 500 crores for the three years to initiate the process. It hopesto provide 41,000 jobs and settlement of 30,000 tribal population, besides generating over 900 lakhmandays during the period. Special focus will be given on engaging the unemployed youths. As per the project proposal, a factory will be set up at Ananda Nagar, close to the State capital,Agartala, for manufacturing of various natural robberbased products and top class furniture from rubberwoods. The Rubber Board headquartered in Kerala, has identified five lakh hectares in the North-Eastregion where rubber plantations can be developed to double the country’s total rubber growing area.The Pioneer, 08.02.06 71
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj GROUND CONTROL : ORGANIC MANURE IS NE’S NEW BUZZ With an MA degree in international business from the University of Greenwich, London, KumarSanjeet Narayan Dev should not have returned to his home state. But that was exactly what he did. Hecame back to Guwahati and now runs a unit that manufactures organic manure, which he describes asa lucrative area with a tremendous future. Sanjeet has with him his sister, Panchali an MSc in bio-technology. And their backroom, comprisesIIT Guwahati, which has offered them technology as well as standing buy-back orders for most of theiroutput. Though Assam and the Northeast are mostly organic by default—according to gov ernment figures,of the net cultivated area of 4.3 million hectares, around 30.92 lakh hectares have never seen the use ofchemical or inorganic fertilisers—conscious organic farming has suddenly picked up across Assam,especially among those cultivating ginger, turmeric, oranges, black pepper and pineapples. On an experimental basis, the Assam agriculture department has taken up organic cultivation ofjoha or scented rice across 92 hectares in three districts involving 162 farmers. “The young and educatedgeneration of farmers are the most enthusiastic about organic. These is because they have access toinformation and want to make farming a profitable venture instead of just a family tradition,” says N NBarpujari, director of agriculture, government of Assam. That the Northeast is “naturally organic by default” can be gauged from the extremely low consumptionof fertiliser in the region. While the national average is currently around 94 kg/hectare, the average in theNortheastern region as a whole is only 31 kg/ha. In the states of Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim it is even lower: while Arunachal’s average is 2.7 kg/ha, Sikkim uses 3.1 kg/ha. So, though scientists at the Regional Centre of Organic Farming at Imphal, may attribute the lowfertiliser consumption to lack of awareness and non-availability of fertilisers, the situation dovetails nicelywith the purposes of the Central Technology Mission for Integrated Development of Agriculture (TM-IDH). Apart from the ever-increasing number of farmers keen to go organic, one section of entrepreneursis moving the comparatively new area of manufacturing organic manure and vermicompost. While KumarSanjeet Narayan Dev’s bio-manure ‘Green Markets’ has found a ready buyer in IIT Guwahati, Hiren 72
  • Success Stories related to AgricultureSharma, small-time farmer of Bamunpara village in Darrang district earns Rs 1.6 lakh annually throughthe 120 MT of vermicompost manufactured in his eight units. Organic and bio-manure has caught the imagination of the educated unemployed across districts.Nabajyoti Rajkhowa, a science graduate armed with a diploma in computer applications, for instance,did not bother to look for a government job after leaving college. Today, he Is a major vermicompostmanufacturer in Golaghat in Upper Assam, with an assured market among teagrowers and othercultivators and earns around Rs 3 lakh per annum. The one problem the authorities foresee, however, relates to certification, essential if the cultivatorsare to get the tight remuneration. Pot instance, farmers in the hill district of Karbi Anglong get barely Rs25 crore for their annual ginger crop; in the national market, the produce is valued it Rs 200 crore. “We have already taken up the certification process with some accreditation agencies like SOSIndia of Gurgaon and SKAL India of Bangalore,” says Barpujari. “The farmers’ efforts should not go invain.” With the Centre allocating Rs 3 crore for the Northeast under the National Project on Organic farmingduring 2005-06, and certification agencies conducting tests on different farm products of the region, itwon’t be long before agriculture comes down to earth.The Indian Express, 03.03.06 73
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj ASH TO CASH : POWER WASTE DOUBLES AS MANURE Fly ash is making news again, and this time it isn’t about protests and pronouncements. Instead,the tonnes of fly ash generated by four thermal power plants in Maharashtra are directly responsible forcrop yields going up and farmers earning more. What’s more, the chances are bright that byproduct Bhusaval, Paralli-Vaijyanth and and Paras). Ofthese 12 farmers were from the Nashik and Bhusaval belt, near Eklera. The scientists went to the source of fly ash and then spread out to the fields nearby. For the thermalpower plants, this experiment was a “great opportunity” to dispose their “waste”. Since June 2005, theEklera plant, which generates upto 3,000 tonnes of fly ash everyday, has been generously providing itsash for the field trials. To reassure sporting farmers that their investment would not turn to dust, scientists encouragedthem to use the fly ash in only half their field. In the remaining half, the same crop was grown without theash, Depending on the quality of the ash and the crop, between 20 and 50 tonnes of fly ash was liberallysprinkled on each acre of land of thermal power generation will finally find an eco-friendly disposalsystem. Fly ash as organic manure is the new buzz in this agrarian belt. It all began when some farmers around the Eklera power plant in Nashik district decided to join anexperiment being conducted by the Dr Punjabrao Deshmukh Agriculture University, Akola. “Since June 2005, we have been sprinkling select fields with fly ash and the results have beenamazing,” says A H Deshmukh, scientist in-charge of the project in Nashik, fly ash is rich in both microand macro nutrients required in fields and revitalises the soil,” Buoyed by their success in campus trialsbetween 1992 and 1997, the university decided to join the Union science and technology department’sfly ash utilisation programme and go out into 120 fields across the state. All the farms they chose werelocated around four selected’ thermal power plants (Eklera). The results spoke for themselves. On an average, a 20 percent increase was recorded in soyabeanproduction, 15 per cent in banana and between 10 to 20 per cent in cotton. “This method will give farmers an alternative to chemical pesticides,” explains Dr S M Bhoyar, HoDof the agro-chemistry and soil conversation department. Scientists say that once the benefits of the ash last for five years. Seventy per cent of India’s power needs are met by thermal plant, which produce 108 lakh tonnes ofash annually. It is estimated that by 2012, India will have collected 175 lakh tonnes of the ash. The Indian Express, 03.03.06 74
  • Success Stories related to Agriculture IN DRY VIDARBHA, VILLAGE REAPS A RICH HARVEST In the past, Hatgaon village and the surrounding areas located in the cotton howl of Vidarbha havebeen in the news for farmers’ suicides. But that may soon be history. Hatgaon has become the firstvillage to own a minor irrigation project-which it partly built and is now operating and maintaining on itsown. The project was formally handed over to Hatgaon at a function in Wardha on Saturday. Theneighbouring village of Dhotra also secured ownership of its irrigation dam. The Rs 2-crore project, partially funded by KfW, the German development bank, began about threeyears ago. The drought-ridden village now has a dam, built on a local nullah, with over I million cubicmetres of water. the project is being managed by the village’s Water Users’ Association (WUA). Under the Participatory Irrigation and Development Process-restricted to 100-250 hectare irrigationarea-KfW provides onethird of the project cost, while the villagers have to fund the test-either by way ofcash or tabour. Maharashtra Water Resources Department’s Local Irrigation Sector provides the technicalassistance while a local NGO-in this case Wardha-based Dharamitra.-is roped in for motivation andadministirative guidance. Since last year, 94 of the 110 families in Hatgaon are reaping rich dividends. Not only have theiryields increased, but they no longer have to depend on a single cotton crop as they are able to produceas many as three crops annually. The gross agricultural production of village has gone up roughly by Rs5 lakh per annum. “I used to get only three-four quintal of cotton till last year, This year, I had 12 quintals of cotton.Moreover, I also have a second crop of wheat and a third crop of hot-weather gram,” says Husen Raut,a farmer in the area. So, although the last cotton picking is usually done in January, Raut still has abouttwo quintals; of cotton left in his fieild. Similarly, Bapurao Meshram’s three acres of land yielded just one quintal of cotton last year. Thisyear, he got a bumper 12 quintals. He also sowed soyabean and got six quintals of gram, While heinvested Rs 12,000, his returns added up to Rs 30,000.How it Works The German government channels Its International development funds through the Kreditanstalt furWeideraufbau, now known simply as KfW Bank. The Participatory Irrigation and Development Process 75
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Rajis being funded by a soft loan of Rs 126.5 crore from KfW. The Maharashtra government has earmarkedRs 42.1 crore (for land acquisition, loyalties) while the farmers are expected to contribute Rs 16 crorebyway of cash, tabour or raw material. The scheme Is expected to cover 34 projects In 12 districts. “Earlier, we had nothing to do after the kharif crop, so most of us would work as labourers inneighbouring villages. Now, we are busy even at this time of the year. We had never grown soybean,wheat and gram,” says Maroti Thakre. But acceptance took time. In fact, the German bank had tried to peg the project in Bihar and Rajasthan,but failed. “Progress was initially slow as the Participatory Irrigation and Development Process was anew concept. Initially, the farmers expected the government to pay for everything,” recalled Kevin Smith,the project’s India consultant. “The farmers income have increased by three-five times in the first season,and they have been able to recover their investmerits in a single year,” he added. “Collection of water charges in a government project is very poor and the cost of maintenance veryhigh. In participatory projects like these, people learn to behave responsibly as the onus is on them”,pointed out K K Badhe, a retired sub-divisional engineer of the Local Irrigation Sector who has beenroped in as consultant. Badhe reports to the Pune-based supervisory body called Technical AssistantTeam (TAT), comprising technologists, sociologists, agronomists, marketing experts and an NGOcoordinator. M N Khadse, an activist with Dharamitra, was confident that the project was sustainable in the longrun too. “It is not like cooperative bodies run by politicians. The WUA body is elected for a five-year term,after which fresh elections are held,” he said. Besides Hatgaon and Dhotra, Dharamitra is undertaking two more projects at Bibkhed and Kasariin Buldana district of Vidarbha. The Indian Express, 26.03.07 76
  • Success Stories related to Agriculture ORGANIC SUGARCANE : PROFITABLE THROUGH INNOVATIVE INITIATIVE Chemical Pesticides and fertilizers have always been considered ‘manna’ from heaven for Indianryots, especially after the second green revolution. Farmers believe that by applying potash and urea tothe soil their crop can be made to yield more. But a vast majority of them have failed to realise that ex cessive application of these chemicals overthe years has poisoned the land, water and the environment.Health hazard More than 75 per cent of the food crops grown today have toxic residues of chemicals used forgrowing them and they are hazardous for human health, according to Mr. R. Ranganathan, President ofOrganic Farmers Association in Chennai. Mr. Ranganathan, an organic farmer himself, Is growing sugarcane in his 8-acre farm in Mayiladuthuraitaluka, Nagapattinam district of Tamil Nadu. Use of organic methods for crop cultivation is no rocket science, according to him. “These traditionalmethods were used for decades, but forgotten along the way and now have been rediscovered as safeand affordable alternatives,” he explains.Expected yield He is expecting to harvest about 40-50 tonnes of sugarcane per acre, compared with farmers whouse chemicals in the area who harvest about 30-40 tonnes. His farm is a model for other aspirants and he is also teaching other farmers the benefits of use ofvarious plant leaves such as neem, castor, custard apple, cow’s urine, dung and curd to make insectrepellents and vermiwash.Horizontal planting Detailing his cultivation technique, Mr. Ranganathan said, “The field was ploughed well into furrowsby applying about 1,000 tonnes of vermicompost. The sugarcane setts were planted on the furrows horizontally at a spacing of about 4x4 feet betweenthem.” In addition to vermicompost, several earthworms were also released into the field. 77
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj Irrigation was done twice every week initially after planting and later continued once every 15 days.About 20 lures of diluted Panchangavya was also sprayed twice over the crop. The first spray was done 15 days after planting the setts in the. main field and the second in the thirdmonth, according to him. Dethrashing of the dried leaves and removal of weeds, which are usual practices in crop cultivation,were not done.No weeding “The dried leaves and weeds were also allowed to grow, as they are also a part of the ecosystem,”he explained. Once a month the dried leaves were pulled manually and left to rot in the field, as they are a goodsource of manure to the plants. The durration of the crop is about one year and Mr. Ranganathan isexpecting four ratoons from his crop. Like other sugarcane growers, he is not selling his the localcooperative sugar mills. “The recent price hike announced by the government is an eyewash, he claims. A farmer gets aboutRs. 1,200 per tonne of sugarcane, but he is not paid for the by-products such as ethanol or molasses,”he said. He, along-with other organic sugarcane farmers in the area, are planning to manufacture mouldedjaggery (called achu vellam in Tamil) from the harvested sugarcane.Organic jaggery Moulded organic jaggery gets a good price especially during the festival season and also createsemployment opportunities for the several persons who produce it, according to him. He plans to sell the moulded jaggery through the several organic product outlets established by hisassociation in the country.Marketing outlets The organic farmers association has about 10,000 farmers as its members all over the country. It has around 200 outlets all over the country under the brand name ‘Poison-free-food’ through whichthe farmers market their produce. For more information readers can contact Mr. R. Ranganathan at No16-Vanigar street, Thirupporur,Tamil Nadu-603 110, email:, phone :044-27446369, mobile: 94433-46369. The Hindu, 11.01.07 78
  • SUCCESS STORIES RELATED TO COMMUNICATIONG A road that changed their livesG At e-gram panchayat, new windows openG A promising use for jute in rural roads 79
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  • Success Stories related to Communication A ROAD THAT CHANGED THEIR LIVES Villagers in a remote tribal area benefit from a joint effort. Two winters ago, on January 18, 2004, the first bus reached village Gangapur in Andhra Pradesh’sAdilabad district, opening up a whole new world for its people and those in nine surrounding hamlets. It used to be a day’s travel by bullock cart in the summer to reach the town of Pembi, 40 km away.During the rains, it took double the time: the villagers had to cross the back waters of the Kadam reservoirin country boats and then wade through waist-deep water to cross rivulets. All that changed with a 12 km road connecting Gangapur to the main road and the nearest town ofKadam. About 1,800 villagers and the district police, braving the threat of Maoists, worked together tolay the ‘kutcha’ road that cuts through two hillocks and many small rivulets. Work began on November20, 2003, and was completed on December 15, 2003.The Hindu, 10.06.06 81
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj AT E-GRAM PANCHAYAT, NEW WINDOWS OPEN It’s a remote area, surrounded by dense forests and the Aravalli hills. Juna Chamun and three othervillages here have a population of 4,500 with most of the people belonging to Scheduled Castes andOther Backward Classes. And only 10 per cent of them own their own agricultural land. In this most unlikely of places, an e-governance revolution has been silently creating new milestones. Three years ago, the panchayat of this group of villages had no funds to carry out developmentalwork. The reason: many families simply won’t pay any tax. Two years back it got a system under whichthe government has provided the GSWAN (Gujarat State Wide Area Network) connectivity using a BSNLdial-up facility installed at its office. “There was no proper mechanism avail able with the panchayat to collect taxes from villagers. AfterI got elected as chief, I collected Rs 60,000 through public donations to purchase a computer, scanner,printer and web camera for the panchayat office,” recalled panchayat president Gunvant Barot. Theythen got the GSWAN connectivity that was to change their lives. Data collection followed: names and addresses of villagers, status of their properties, agriculturalland records, details about roads, sanitation, education and so on were fed into the system. The panchayatthen identified the tax defaulters and launched a collection drive. What proved to be an added centive was the facility of getting public utility documents, photoidentitycards etc without any hassles from the office. The panchayat’s annual revenue from taxes had been ameagre Rs 1.60 lakh and the entire amount went towards administrative establishment expenditure.Now a surplus revenue of Rs 1 lakh has been invested in a Central Government scheme under which thegovernment provides 75 per cent of the total amount while the rest is raised through public contributions. This is the first group village panchayat in Gujarat to earn the status of an ‘e-gram panchayat’. Among other things that the panchayat is now able to provide to the villagers are an e-mail facilityand information about various developmental and welfare schemes. “We also display results of theSSC/HSC board examinations for students who had to walk a long distance to reach either the taluka orthe district centre for this,” says peon Suresh Thakarda at the panchayat office. He operates the systemwhen the, sarpanch is away. Devji Patel, who usually issues land certificates and other utility documents to farmers, says theGSWAN dial-up centre has reduced his burden. “Now, I can concentrate more on developmental work inthe four villages and help the panchayat implement them in time.” The public utility documents being issued through this system include birth/death certificates, incomeand caste/sub-caste certificates and certain documents vital to local farmers like ones which certify thedeath of their cattleheads. The Indian Express, 10.09.05 82
  • Success Stories related to Communication A PROMISING USE FOR JUTE IN RURAL ROADS Think of jute and he picture that springs before your eyes Is sacks, gunny bags and at best dustytwines whose loosely woven yarns trigger a dreadful sneezing bout. Yet there are many lesser known applications of this natural fibre-which can be blended or used inits stand alone form. These applications are seen in a gamut of area,; ranging from nurseries and pest control tostrengthening embankments for roads and railways. Recently the fabric has caught the fancy of top rungfashion designers. Now, a pilot project involving the use of jute geo-textiles for road construction is expected to increasethe possibilities of the environment-friendly material. This will also reduce the threat faced by the goldenfibre which has lost some of its glitter in the wake of stiff competition from synthetics. The project, which is likely to get under way next month, will be taken tip in the rural areas of fourStates to begin with Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal. it comes under the PradhanMantri Gram Sadhak Yojana (PMGSY) covering a total stretch of 40 km. Andhra Pradesh and Assamare expected to join later. The Jute Manufactures Development Council (JMDC), a Union Textile Ministry body for promotionof jute arid jute products, has signed tip with the National Rural Roads Development Agency and theCentral Road Research Institute for implementing the project. While the NRRDA is the nodal wing of the Union Ministry of Rural Development entrusted withimplementation of PMGSY, the CRRI is a body under the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research.The CRRI has already identified eight trial stretches in four States measuring 36.8 kin on which detailedproject reports were prepared suggesting appropriate specifications of jute geotextiles. The CRRI willalso monitor the performance of the fabric and the road for 18 months after completion. It is not as if jute geotextiles have not been used before. Their eco-compatibility, easy availabilityand transportability help them score over the synthetic versions. As road construction materials theyhelp by enhancing strength while checking subsidence. They have proven their suitability beyond the controlled conditions of laboratory experiments andhave been used on soft marine soils at the Kakinada Port in Andhra Pradesh, Kandla Port in Gujarat asalso in West Bengal (including stretches of the Strand Road which skirts the Hooghly). 83
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj As a matter of fact jute geotextiles had been in sporadic use since the 1980s but lack of properdocumentation had dimmed their chances of becoming the material of choice. But this time around, as efforts are being mounted to dovetail jute geotextiles Into the PMGSY andpromote their large scale use, it is causing a bit of excitement. The reason is not far to seek. Says Arun Bat, secretary, JMDC. “The consumption ‘of jute geotextiles will get a tremendous boostwith standardisation after execution of the pilot project”. Mr. Bat’s optimism regarding the emergingopportunities for jute geotextiles is perhaps well-founded. An investment of Rs. 60,000 crores has beenenvisaged under the PMGSY, and according to Mr. Bat, if only 10 per cent of this project could beclinched by jute geotextiles, a demand of around two lakh tonnes of this material, valued at Rs. 500crores, would be generated. However, the material will be suitable only for use on rural stretches as it isnot amenable to taking heavy traffic loads. As for the jute mills. manufacture of jute geotextiles can be taken up without major modification ofexisting equipment. Many big mills have already introduced colour to their production basket by includingitems other than hessian sacking and carpet backing cloth. Items of urban styling and home decor havealready found a market. Of the total production of 15.71 lakh tonnes of jute goods in 2003-04, about 2,92lakh tonnes was in nontraditional items. In case the project take, off it is sure to bring cheer to the big mills. The intensely competitivepackaging sector and the uncertainties of the packaging market make any alternative use a worthwhileproposition. This is as true for the domestic market as for the export market, especially in European countrieswhich Offer a ready market for eco-friendly modes of laying roads. The Hindu, 25.10.04 84
  • SUCCESS STORIES RELATED TO LIVELIHOODG In Naxal country, the call to farmG Mid-day meal scheme a success in RajasthanG Chhattisgarh plans first eco-ethno tourism trailsG Indian cattle model jumps global fenceG ?kjsyw m|ksxksa dh lwph esa 18 vkSj m|ksx kkfey djus lacaèkh vfèklwpuk tkjh 85
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  • Success Stories related to Livelihood IN NAXAL COUNTRY, THE CALL TO FARM Mushrooms pave way to alternate livelihood in Jharkhand Naxalite groups in the heart of Jharkhand are facing an unlikely opponent. It’s white, it’s soft, it’sedible and it’s a fungus. Mushroom cultivation is rapidly emerging as an alternative occupation for theyouth who have traditionally provided the largest number of recruits to ultra-Left groups. Budmu, 25 km from Ranchi, is the perfect example. Two dozen-odd families in this block bearthe,extremist’ tag and seven people have been arrested on serious charges over the past two years. Butthe current passion among the youth here is the mushroom. Seeds of the societal revolution were sowed here in 2001, when Poonam, a resident of Budmublock and an undergraduate student in a local college, joined the Krishi Grain Vikas Kendra (KGVK), anNGO. She was trained by the ICAR’s Ranchi-based Horticulture and Agro Forestry Research Programme(HARP) to grow mushrooms inside a dark room. As her initiative took off, the Jharkhand government’s World Bank-aided Swashakti Project (SP)gifted her a moped, which she used to travel from village to village, mobilising women to form self-helpgroups. “The Naxals tried to recruit me, offering to double the amount KGVK had paid me. But I declined,”says Poonam. As the MCC and the PWG looked on the self-help groups took off and even began weaning awayprofessional extremists. Anju and Hemvanti Devi, who head the group in Dadia village, were once activelyinvolved with ultra-Leftism; now that’s a in the past. “They are worse than goons. We want to make a living through hard work,” says Hemvanti, who hasprospered after joining the self help group. “Since mushroom cultivation is not very labour-intensive, weare beginning to make good profits.” According to Murlatoli group president Kiran and member Munni Devi, the high demand for theircrop is responsible for their good fortune. “There is no dearth of buyers. As soon as we take the mushroomsto the market, they disappear. Even our bankers book their supplies in advance,” they say. Each self-help group in Budmu has 15 to 20 woman members, each of whom procures seeds fromHARP to sell mushrooms at Rs 60 kg. Starting with just Rs 400 in 2002. the Murlatoli group has a proud sum of Rs 4,050 in its bankaccount as on March 3. The groups across Murlatoli, Gurgai, Mudatoli and Dadia farm out their capitalamong villagers keen to take up alternative vocations.The Indian Express, 05.03.04 87
  • Success Stories of Panchayati RajMID-DAY MEAL SCHEME A SUCCESS IN RAJASTHAN The Rajasthan Government has taken a positive note of a survey an the mid-day meal schemelaunched in the schools, leading to a significant decline in the dropout rate, increasing the enrolment ofnew students and enhancing the students’ interest in studies. The survey has revealed that the enrolmentof girl students in particular has increased by 29 per cent following the scheme’s implementation. The survey was conducted by the noted economist, Jean Dreze, for New Delhi-based Centre ofEquity Studies in three States—Rajasthan, Karnataka and Chhattisgarh. It has shown that the schoolenrolment between July 2001 and July 2002 went up by 14 per cent in the States where the mid-daymeal scheme was implemented. The corresponding figure in 1990’s was only two per cent. “Rajasthan has thrown its weight behind the Supreme Court order, showing what a political will cando,” Dr. Dreze said in a report based on the extensive survey. The programme, in which ‘ghooghri’—asemiliquid diet made of wheat-is distributed to children in the age group of 6 to 14 years, has alsosuccessfully dealt with the problem of their chronic malnutrition.. Rajasthan is the first State in the country where the mid-day meal scheme was introduced in all the32 districts in the academic session 2002-03 in compliance with the Supreme Court’s directions. Cookedmeal with the 300 calories content and 8 to 12 grams of proteins is given to each student of first to fifthstandards. The scheme is in operation in all the Government and aided primary schools, including the RajivGandhi golden jubilee schools and the mobile schools. Despite the critical financial situation worsened by the consecutive droughts, a provision of Rs. 120crores was made in the State Budget for the ambitions programme during the last financial year. The Principal Secretary, Rural Development. and Panchayati Raj, M.K. Khanna, said here todaythat Rs. 105 crores had been provided under the programme during the current financial year, and77.31-lakh children studying in over 73,000 schools and other educational centres were benefitingfrom it. Mr. Khanna said the scheme’s main objective was to achieve the target of universalisation of primaryeducation and ensure the retention of students in schools. The State Government is providing assistanceat the rate of Rs. 5 per kg for cooking the foodgrain supplied by the Central Government free of cost tothe primary schools. The village panchayats have been entrusted with the responsibility to provide cooked meals tochildren in the rural areas, while municipalities have been asked to bear this responsibility in the urbanareas. The local women and selfhelp groups have come forward to cook ‘ghooghri’. 88
  • Success Stories related to Livelihood Special committees have also been constituted to monitor the distribution arrangements. Anothercommittee conducts joint inspection of foodgrain before lifting it from the Food Corporation of India(FCI) godowns. Mr. Khanna said 1.38-lakh quintals of wheat had been lifted till June this year. According to Dr. Dreze, “what is heartening is that Rajasthan has done the best in food logisticsand monitoring. It reported timely delivery of grains and the teachers invariably described the quality ofgrain as above average. It even set up a high level monitoring committee to supervise the programme.”The Hindu, 28.08.03 CHHATTISGARH PLANS FIRST ECO-ETHNO TOURISM TRAILS Tourists visiting Chhattisgarh will soon be able to feel-what it is like to live with primitive tribes innatural environs. The tourism department got an approval from the Union Tourism Min,to establish thefirst-of-its-kind eco-ethno tourism trails in the country which involves integration of tribal ages in thetourism circuit. The department plans to set up two eco-ethno tourism trails in the state, which involvesestablishment of tourism infrastructure in tribal areas dominated by the primitive Baiga and Chamarcommunities of the state. With tribals forming almost 44 per cent of total population of the state, thegovernment hopes the launch of the pilot project will help in bringing economic benefits for thesecommunities. Tourists staying at the Baiga circuit will be able to cover Kanha National Park, Bhoramdeo Sanctuary,Chilphi Ghati, Bhoramdeo Temple and Madwa Mahal. Those visiting the Kamar circuit will be able tovisit Raipur, Rajim, Udanti sanctuary and Sitanadi sanctuary. A limited number of tourists, accompaniedby trained tribal guides, would be allowed on these trails. Tourism Minister B M Agrawal told The Indian Express that the promotion of eco-ethno tourism ispart of the state’s tourism policy, which aims to develop activity-based tourism to increase the durationof tourists’ visit. “This effort will also help us in preserving the cultural heritage, archaeological monumentand natural landscape of our state,” the minister said, adding “It is a pilot project and we are confidentthat this project can contribute in a big way to the economic prosperity of our tribal population.” Thegovernment also hopes that the trails would also help create awareness about tribal handicraft and leadto employment generation.What the govt thinks • Project will bring economic benefits for tribals • Will help in preserving the cultural her archaeological monuments and natural landscape. • Create awareness about tribal handicraft and employment generation • Preservation of indigenous knowledge of herbal medicines and crops 89
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj Chhattisgarh enjoys a unique culture with a majority of the tribal population having its own distinctidentity and way of life. ‘And it is to present this unique feature of the state that we have decided toprovide basic tourist infrastructure around tribal villages. It will be based on the concept of sustainabilityand minimal interference in the daily lives of local tribals who have over centuries evolved a way of life,which while dependent on natural resources, uses them in a sustainable way,” Chhattisgarh TourismManaging Director Rakesh Chaturvedi said. “Indigenous knowledge on the plantation of herbal medicines and crops is well developed, but isdisappearing fast. We hope with the introduction of these tribal trails, we will be able to provide themwith enough incentives to preserve their knowledge,” he added.The Indian Express, 30.03.07 INDIAN CATTLE MODEL JUMPS GLOBAL FENCE FAO studies benefits of indigenous and upgraded breeds besides cooperative efforts The Indian cattIe-breeding model, putting to use a mix of indigenous and upgraded breeds, isproving to be a good example for replication across the world. With more than 30 diverse cattle breedsand several agencies at work, the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) is consideringtailoring the model for other countries. A team of FAO officials recently visited the Pune-based Bharatiya Agro Industries Foundation (BAIF)to deliberate on and prepare a set of broad guidelines that can steer the cattle breeding policies ofmember nations. “Typically, governments across the world fail to make distinctions between pure and cross breedsand indiscriminately promote the latter as the preferred way to improve produclivity,” says Lucy Maarse,regional team leader, South Asia ProPoor Lifestock Policy Programme and a member of the team thatheld discussions with BAIF “Often, however, indigenous breeds prove to be much sturdier as they a rewell adapted to local climatic and geographic conditions. Compared to cross breeds, these varietiescan continue to remain productive even with limited inputs of fodder, feed and healthcare.” According toMaarse, maintaining and improving pure local breeds through selection is vital to ensure that they do notdisappear altogether in the future. Besides, “farmers have informal, yet sophisticated ways of coming together to undertake breedingprogrammes which are often not recognised by the government”, explains Maarse. For instance, insome parts of Rajasthan, community members jointly select, own and maintain a genetically superiorindigenous bull that enables the community to breed productivc offspring. 90
  • Success Stories related to Livelihood “We have recommended that where resources like fodder, healthcare facilities, marketing,transportation and storage are available, cross breeding can he encouraged while good indigenousbreeds can be promoted in other areas,” says Dr Ashok Pande, vice-president of BAIF. ‘ “We havesuggested that exotic breeds like Jersey not be promoted among farmers at all. Though they can produce25 litres of milk everyday, they can survive only in controlled agro-climatic environments.” But local non-descript breeds, when upgraded with indigenous varieties, can produce close tothree litres everyday, at virtually no cost. As Maarse puts it, “The emphasis will be of promoting indigenousbreeds with low and medium inputs as they are best suited to developing countries.” As for governmental support, BAIF and FAO have recommended that exotic and cross breeds bepromoted only in well-equipped areas. “We also feel that a 100 percent subsidy should be made availableto small and marginal farmers so that they can also breed high-yielding species. This would serve thepurpose that we have set out to achieve namely giving farmers an opportunity to earn supplementaryincome, while maintaining traditional breeds of the country,” sums up Pande.The Indian Express, 08.12.06?kjsyw m|ksxksa dh lwph esa 18 vkSj m|ksx kkfey djus lacaèkh vfèklwpuk tkjh ubZ fnYyh] ¼mesk y[kuiky fojaph flag½ dsUnzh; kgjh fodkl ea=ky; us jktèkkuh ds xSj fu;ksftrvoklh; {ks= ekLVj Iyku esa Lohd`r ?kjsyw m|ksxksa dh lwph esa 18 vkSj ds y?kq m|ksxksas dks kkfeydjus ds fy, ekLVj Iyku esa lakksèku djus dh izfØ;k kq: dj nh gSA vc bl ubZ ?kjsyw m|ksxksa dh lwph esa vkVk pDdh] MªkbZDyhu dh nqdku o LdwVj ejEer vkfn Js.khds m|ksxksa dks kkfey fd;k tk,xkA ea=ky; }kjk bl lacaèk esa vkt tkjh vfèklwpuk ds rjg fnYyh ds ukxfjdksa ls bu 18 ds y?kqm|ksxksa esa kkfey djus ds fy, i{k ;k foi{k esa lkoZtfud vkifÙk;ka vkeaf=r dh xbZ gSaA vxys ,d&nks fnuksa es abl lacaèk esa lekpkji=ksa esa vfèklwpuk lacaèkh foKkiu izdkfkr dj 30 fnuds fHkrj vkifÙk;ka ;k lq>ko vkeaf=r fd, tk,axsA fnYyh ljdkj ds m|ksx ea=h Jh eaxrjke fla?ky uscrk;k fd orZeku esa ?kjsyw m|ksxksa dh lwph esa bu 18 m|ksxksa ds Hkh kkfey gks tkus ls fnYyh ds y?kqm|fe;ksa dks cM+h jkgr feysxhA mUgksaus dgk fd fiNys fnuksa kgjh fodkl ea=h Jh xqyke uch vktkn 91
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Rajdh vè;{krk esa gqbZ cSBd 18 vkSj y?kq m|ksxksa dks ?kjsyw m|ksxksa dh Js.kkh esa kkfey djus ds fy, orZekuekLVj Iyku esa lakksèku djus dk QSlyk fy;k x;k FkkA blh QSlys ds rgr 18 vkSj m|ksxksa dh ?kjsyw m|ksxksa esa kkfey djus dh izfØ;k kq: dh xbZ gSA ?kjsyw m|ksxksa dh lwph esa kkfey fd, tkus okys m|ksxksa dh lwph bl izdkj gS& buesa vkVk pDdh]cSdykbV fLoV dh ,lsEcyh] ukirksy ds la;a=ksa dh ejEer o ,lsEcyh ¼ikjk o vU; [krjukd inkFkksZa dksNksM+ dj½] Dys ekMfyax ¼IykLV vkQ isfjl ds lkFk½] Ms;jh mRikn tSls iuhj] ?kh vkSj Øhe rS;kj djuk]cM+h dk;ZLFky dks NksM+ dj MªkbZDyhfuax] ,ukeksfyax foVjsl ¼fcuk dks;ys ds iz;ksx ls½] [kl&[klVfV~V;ka] twV mRikn] nwèk ls Øhe cukuk] fcUnh fuekZ.k] QksVks dkfizax vkQ Mkbax ¼cM+k vkdkj esa Hkh½iSfdax vkQ kSEiw] iSfdax gkQ gs;j vk;y] jcM+ lVSEi] fjis;j vkQ LdwVj] LØhu fizafVax vkSj crZu èkksudk lkcqu dsoy fefDlax ,aM iSfdax kkfey fd, tk,axsA blds lkFk gh 16 vxLr] 2004 dks ?kjsywm|ksxksa dh lwph dh ds lacaèk esa tkjh vfèklwpuk esa lakksèku djrs gq, ?kjsyw ds m|ksxuEcj&18] 20 vkSj 21oha ds m|ksx dh lwph esa lakksèku Øeak% bySfDVªdy xStsV] dwyj o ghVj dhejEer o ,lSEcyh] diM+s lhyus dh ekhu dh ejEer o ,lSEcyh rFkk ÝaV dkfLVx dks NksM+dj VkbijkVj dh ejEer ds dk;Z dks Hkh ?kjsyw ds m|ksxksa dh lwph esa kkfey fd;k x;k gSA blds lkFk gh dks;ys dks tykus ds tqM+s dk;Z o lh,Qlh xSl vkfn ds iz;ksx ds xSl&cSfYMx vkfndk;ksZa dks izfrcafèkr esa gh j[kk x;k gSA ,d vU; lakksèku ds rgr ksMw;y ,d vkSj nks ds rgrjklk;fud inkFkksZa ds LVksj dks [krjukd inkFkksZa ds fuek.kZ LVksj vkSj vk;kr fu;e 1989 vkSj ifCydyk;fcYVh bkks;jsal ,DV 1990 ds rgr izfrcafèkr esa j[kk x;k gSA eaxrjke fla?ky us crk;k gS fd fnYyh ljdkj vnkyr esa fdlh rjg dk gyQukek ughas nsxh ijUrqog vnkyr ds m|ksxksa dks gVkus vkSj clkus ls lacafèkr tkudkfj;ka Hkj gh nsxhA mUgksaus ;g Hkh crk;kfd ch ls bZ dh dqy 2200 m|ksxksa dh fctyh dkVh xbZ gSA Punjab Kesari, 05.11.04 92
  • SUCCESS STORIES RELATED TO SELF-HELP GROUPG Self-help groups set up in the SunderbansG TN village a hit with drivers for cheap bio-dieselG Village that’s a model for self-helpG An NGO at the service of rural poor 93
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  • Success Stories related to Self-Help GroupSELF-HELP GROUPS SET UP IN THE SUNDERBANS The authorities of the Sunderbans Tiger Reserve Project in West Bengal are now disbursing fundsfor schemes aimed at building the economic self-reliance of villagers in a region better known for RoyalBengal Tigers. So far, the funds allotted by the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests have been for communityand ecological development and preservation of wildlife. Thirty “self-help” groups, each comprising between six and 10 members drawn from the fringevillages, will be provided revolving funds for Pulse cultivation, paddy husking, pisi-culture duck and poultryfarming, etc. So far Rs. 2.37 lakhs have been allotted for the purpose. Seven of the groups comprise only women. The Deputy Field Director, Sunderbans Tiger Reserve Project. Nilanjan Mallick, told The Hindutoday: “Each of these self-help groups will be allocated between Rs. 12,000 and Rs. 40,000 for a start tothis novel scheme.” The activities to be taken up will also go a long way in preventing depredation offorest resources and poaching of wildlife, particularly deer and wild boar. The authorities also increased the target set for honey collection from the forests to 30,060 kg thisseason. Permits were issued to about 400 villagers who would set out in teams of four next month intothe forests to collect honey, Mr. Mallick said. Each honey collector earns about Rs. 40 for every kilogram of honey collected; the produce isultimately handed over to the West Bengal Forest Development Corporation for marketing. About 20,000 kg of honey was collected from the region last year. Mr. Mallick said 14 eco-development committees had been set up in the 25,000-hectare tigersanctuary and another 11 in the buffer areas, covering about 25 per cent of the total Sunderbans populationfor implementing 23 micro-plans that envisage community, development and wildlife preservation. “Nearly Rs. 50 lakhs has been allotted this financial year for community development an importantfeature of which has been extending the solar energy network system in the region. Solar energy isbeing used to provide illumination in the bazar areas, at the jetties scattered across the islands and alsoto enable spotting of wildlife that could be straying into the village areas. There were 11 cases of tigersstraying into pockets inhabited by humans last year but all of them were tranquilised and driven back tothe forests with the help of villagers.” he said. The Hindu, 05.03.04 95
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj TN VILLAGE A HIT WITH DRIVERS FOR CHEAP BIO-DIESEL Sriparangusanallur village in Thoothukudi district has become a favourite stop for autorickshawdrivers and private bus owners. They are making a beeline to this village for its Rs 20 per litre bio-dieselproduced from ‘pungan’ seeds. The pioneer of this cheap and eco-friendly fuel, selfhelp group TANWA ‘Pannai’ started its bio-diesel unit in the village just a few days ago. And since then, the ‘pungan’ seeds have become ‘manna’for the locals. The village, located on the banks of the Tamiraparani, is surrounded by abundant ‘pungan’trees and there is no dearth of its seeds. The bio-diesel extracting unit, with a 5 HP seed breaking machine and a 15 HP oil rotary unit, wasinstalled at an estimated cost of Rs 2.1 lakh. The unit was inaugurated by former district collectorK. Rajaraman, said DRDA project officer G. Radha. SUTRA (Sustainable Transformation of Rural Areas)Agency provided the technical guidance for the project. The SHG purchased large quantities of ‘pungan’ seeds at the rate of about Rs 2.50 per kg andstored it in a shed. The seeds were then dried and kept in the seed breaking machine. Then the seedswere ground in the oil rotary unit. DRDA project officer Radha said that 4 kg of seeds produce one litre of bio-diesel. The end productis heated for five minutes before it is ready for marketing. Eco-friendly fuel marketed by self-help group is sold at Rs 20 for a litre, and can make an autorickshawrun for 72 km on just 3 litres The unit has a capacity to grind 40 kg of seeds in one hour and can run continuously for 5 hours.According to estimates, the unit has the capacity to produce 50 litres of bio-diesel from 200 kg punganseeds in five hours. The by-product; about 150 kg of oilcakes, is sold as biofertiliser at Rs 4 per kg.Interestingly, the SHG has been running the seed, breaking machine on the bio-diesel it produces. Radha said the concept of producing bio-diesel from ‘pungan’ seeds had been conceived by theIndian Institute of Science (IIS), Bangalore. She added that she had visited the bio-diesel test unit run byIIS in Dharmapuri district to get the technical know-how. “There is already a huge demand for this bio-diesel,” said B. Gopalakrishnan, Block DevelopmentOfficer of Srivaikuntam, He pointed out that during trial runs, an autorickshaw ran for 72 km on 3 litres thefuel, as against 54 km on the regular diesel. 96
  • Success Stories related to Self-Help Group N. Indira, leader of the SHG, told The Indian Express that “we have fixed at Rs 20 per litre. But thereare many who are even willing to pay Rs 25.” She said the SHG owe it all to the former district collector. She recalled how most of the womenhere were unemployed and called on Rajaraman during his visit to the village some four months ago andsought his help to set up factory. “It was the collector who took the initiative to make this project a reality,”Indira said.The Indian Express, 06.06.04 VILLAGE THAT’S A MODEL FOR SELF-HELP It’s not what you would expect an Indian village to be. There are neither any dung heaps, nor garbagemounds. And anyone defecating in the open is slapped with a Rs. 20 fine. You can’t dump garbageoutside your house. And if all this sounds too wonderful to be true, there’s more. From being water deficient, Mahaluge.village in Thane district, 80 km from Mumbai, has managed to end its dependence on outside sources.Agriculture is back in fashion and migration has ebbed. All this hasn’t happened overnight. In fact, when about 500 villagers from Koyna were rehabilitatedhere in 1962 due to the construction of the Koyna dam, they were filled with despair. For the next 20years, nothing changed. Things started moving after one Suresh More retired in 1987 and settled in the village. “When Istarted living here, I realised that the dirty surroundings were coming in the way of the development ofthe village. So I decided to get everyone together to clean it up,” recalls More, now 68. Today a huge arched cement gateway welcomes you to the village. When you walk on the cleanred-mud village road, you marvel at the dustbins hanging from-green hedges on either side, every 25metres, and boards with messages to keep the village clean on the trees around you. This has fetchedthe village awards. “Earlier we used to wait for someone from the Collectorate to come and clean our village and forpoliticians to (yet us water. When nothing happened, we decided to do it ourselves,” said More. It wasn’t easy. The villagers were so used to defecating in the open and dumping garbage outsidethat they were reluctant to spend money on toilets. But when More and some other villagers. startedsweeping the village themselves, they were convinced. 97
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj Recalls Balkrishna More, 70, who supported Suresh More right from the beginning: “Slowly peoplestarted joining us in sweeping the village and collecting the garbage and the look of the village changed.”For those who couldn’t afford cement toilets, they devised a Rs. 500 toilet and also contributed for thosewho couldn’t afford. Today Mahaluge is swept on Tuesdays and there’s a daily muster for garbage collection. Besides,90-odd homes have their own toilets. Once the villagers witnessed how they could improve their quality of life, it was only a matter of timebefore they resolved to solve other problems similarly.The Indian Express, 08.09.05 AN NGO AT THE SERVICE OF RURAL POOR Tirupati-based samiti is implementing government schemes The Rashtriya Seva samiti (RASS), a non-grovernmental Organisation headquartered at Tirupati inAndhra Pradesh, has been in the forefront of implementing schemes of the Central and StateGovernments for women and children. Started in 1981 as the Rayalaseema Seva Samiti to cater for the needs of the drought-prone region,its name was changed 10 years ago after the NGO’s. activities expanded to other States. According to G. Muniratnam, general secretary, RASS is managing creches for children of womenfarm workers in villages not covered by anganwadis at and around Tirupati. Thirty children up to the ageof six are taken care of by a teacher and an assistant, given supplementary nutrition and educationaltools and kept in a clean environment free of cost. The scheme is funded by the Union Human ResourceDevelopment Ministry. Under the Child Sponsorship Programme, children are provided with clothing and education materialup to a particular age. Funded by the Government and international agencies, the poorest of the poorchildren from villages are given aid for education up to matriculation. Special grants are given byinternational agencies on the birthdays of the children and on festival days. More than 6,000 children have benefited by the programme started in 1999. At Tirupati, RASS has formed women’s self-help groups-in more than 200 villages. The membersare given financial assistance to set up businesses of their choice. They are asked to save Re. 1 everyday and aid is given to them. Petty shops, leaf plate making units, and other small units have come up inthese villages. Mr. Muniratnam claims that nearly Rs. 12 crore has been diven, as loans to the membersand repayment is prompt. 98
  • Success Stories related to Self-Help Group The products of the SHGs are marketed by the producers with RASS guidance. Mr. Muniratnam says gambling, which was widely prevalent in villages around Tirupati, has beencurbed to a large extent. A de-addiction centre with 12 beds has been set up by RASS atPappanaidupetta and significant results have been achieved. The dropout rate has come down, thanks to increased awareness among women of sending theirwards, especially girl children, to school. A separate school for the disabled and another for differently-abled children have been set up with assistance from the Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry.Nearly 500 children have benefited from these two schools. Youth interested in agriculture are trained in the use of modern implements and practices under theAcharya Ranga Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Nearly 1,000 youths have benefited under the programme, for which a nominal fee of Rs. 50 ischarged. RASS has started implementing a programme, ‘Sahaya Gram,’ for the physically handicapped. It has promoted a concept of model village on 20 acres to help all sections of the handicapped. Thescheme provides health services on wheels to the community and creates awareness of the importanceof education. It lays stress on immunisation and child care and corrective surgery, and gives mobilityaids. At a computer training centre set up at Tirupati, youth are trained for six months in variousprogrammes free of cost.Work in naxal areas too Mr. Muniratnam says the Organisation has set up women’s SHGs even in naxal-prone areas inOrissa. The Organisation’s finances are audited and test audits by the Comptroller and Auditor-Generalare also conducted. Among the honours conferred on the organisation are the FICCI award for outstanding work in ruraldevelopment (1997), The Government of India National Award for good work in the field of disabledwelfare (1994), the Jamnalal Bajaj Endowment Award for service to disadvantaged groups and the ruralpoor (1989), the Rotary India Award for improving rural employment (2004). The Hindu, 14.02.06 99
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  • SUCCESS STORIES RELATED TO MEDICINAL PLANTSG Novel technique to boost Amla yieldG US Firm Patents Kerala Tribe’s JeevaniG vk;qosZn dh vksj ykSVrh nqfu;k fodYi ugha nslh fpfdRlk dk 101
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  • Success Stories related to Medicinal Plants NOVEL TECHNIQUE TO BOOST AMLA YIELD Amla (Phyllanthus emblica),The improved selection: varieties like blica), is a prime constituentAnand, Banarasi, BSR-I, Chakya, of thriphala and is known Kanchan, Krishna and NA7 bear atfor itshigh medical value. tractive fruits and fetch good market value. A technique called in-situ budding has been advocated in Maranthai, Adaikalapatnam, Kadayanalfor and Tenkasi areas of Tirunelveli District to increase amla yield. Six to ten year old trees are cut atthree feet height front ground level during June-July or October-November. New flushes are allowed to grow to pencil thickness. It takes two to three months to attain pencilthickness. Three to four branches at opposite angles with equidistance were selected for budding with improvedvarieties. A patch of hark of 1.5 cm length and 0.75 cm breadth was removed from a selected branch. Approximately the same size of the bark with bud front the stem of a selected variety was fixed witha polythene strip tightly in the upper and down side of the bud without covering the bud. The entire tree was defoliated. Irrigation was done at 3-5 days interval up to 2 weeks. New flushes emerging from the trees were removed frequently to facilitate active bud growth. On proper establishment of new growth from the bud the trees should be irrigated once in 15 daysup to six months. The new growth emerging from the buds should be cut at half to one foot from the tip during the thirdmonth of planting and thereafter at two to three months interval depending upon the growth. This facilitates early growth of the girth of the budded branch to the size of girth of the cut end of thefree to avoid breakage of branches due to wind heavy winds.The Hindu, 13.05.04 103
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj US FIRM PATENTS KERALA TRIBE’S JEEVANI Apathy, indifference and sheer lethargy on part of Government has enabled an American firm tosurreptitiously procure the trademark patent of Jeevani, a popular herbal compound with regenerativepowers, developed with the active participation of tribals of Kerala. Jeevani, an ethno-pharmacological herbal compound made from indigenous medicinal plant extracts,was developed by Tropical Botanical Garden and Research Institute (TB-GRI) after eight years of researchandwith the help of the native knowledge of tribal communities of Kerala. For a decade, neither TBGRI nor any other agency of the Government bothered to secure aninternational trademark or patent both the product and the process. Suddenly, everybody has woken up to the fact that a leading US food supplement manufacturer andvitamin store chain, Great Earth Companies Inc. has secured trademark rights for Jeevani. The American company is now using Jeevani in its widely marketed product ‘Jeevani Jolt 1000’without technically infringing the intellectual property rights of the original Jeevani. The ingredientsmentioned in the American product are the same as those in the original Jeevani, such as withanissomnifera (ashwagandha), piper longum, and evolvalus alsinoides besides the main ingredientarogyapacha. Jeevani, known as the ginseng of the Kani tribe of Kerala, is a herbal formulation famed for its anti-fatigue, immunity-enhancing and liver-protecting qualities. Widely used as a wonder drug by the tribe, itstrengthens the body’s natural defences by activating the cellular immune system and enhances a hostof other innate faculties. The formulation is based on an extract of the plant, Trichopus Zeylanicus subspecies Travancoricus,endemic to the Western Ghats, with a heavy concentration in the Agastyar hills of Kerala. Jeevani was developed by TBGRI here and an Indian process patent was acquired. The TBGRI-tribai partnership on Jeevani, with half the royalty going to the tribe, has been acclaimed as a model inbenefit-sharing for which, the institute got the UN Equator Prize in 2002. After patenting, the product was subsequently licensed out to Coimbatore Arya Vaidya Pharmacyfor manufacturing and marketing for a period of seven years. In 2002, the UN Environment Programmeand the World Trade Organisation even accepted the Kerala model on Jeevani as a global model inbenefit-sharing and recognising intellectual property rights of indigenous people in accordance with theguidelines of the UN Convention on Biodiversity Treaty. 104
  • Success Stories related to Medicinal Plants Interestingly, Jeevani, the globally renowned herbal drug, does not enjoy a global patent protectioneven a decade after its development, but only has an Indian process patent, which is not valid ininternational markets. The TBGRI is yet to apply for patent protection in international markets. Confusionalso prevails whether the process patent of Jeevani is still valid in India. Jeevani was earlier trapped in a controversy when Nutrisciences Innovations LLC. a New York-based firm, applied to secure trademark rights a year back. Interestingly, this company has now withdrawn its claim due to the controversy. This US company, aglobal supplier of herbal drugs, registered Jeevani under the US Trademark Rules for some time andthe product was being freely sold in the US market without the knowledge of TBGRI. Now, according to Great Earth Companies Inc literature, the product has trichopus zeylanicus togetherwith other herbs in a botanical complex named ‘Jeevani’. Successful clinical trials were conducted with Jeevani making it available in the West as an energiser,‘anti-stress’ adaptogen, and immune system supporter. Among Kani tribals of Kerala, trichopus, is known as arogyappacha, meaning green health andvitality, says the company literature. The product is being sold at a price of US$ 21.99 per 60 capsules,instead of the original Jeevani sold in granular form.The Pioneer, 06.01.06 105
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj vk;qosZn dh vksj ykSVrh nqfu;k fodYi ugha nslh fpfdRlk dk vk;qosZn] ;kuh nslh fpfdRlk if)fr ds ckjs esa vke èkkj.kk ;gh gS fd ;g ,yksiSFkh ds eqdkcys] dkQhfiNM+h gqbZ gS vkSj blesa chekfj;ksa ds mipkj ds fy, os rduhdsa ekStwn ugha gSa] ftudk bLrseky vktds ,echch,l MkWDVj djrs gSaA tks yksx vk;qosZn dks tkurs gSa vkSj blds Qk;nksa ls ifjfpr gSa] muds fy,fufpr :i ls ;g ,d xyr èkkj.kk gS] D;ksafd vk;qosZn esa u flQZ mu chekfj;ksa ds bykt fy[ks gSa]ftuds ckjs esa nqfu;k dks mUuhloha vkSj chloha lnh esa irk pyk] cfYd tfVy jksfx;ksa dh kY; fpfdRlkvkfn ds ckjs esa Hkh foLrkj ls o.kZu fd;k x;k gSA vk;qosZn ds fo}kuksa us jksx dh ,slh fLFkfr ds fy,vR;ar gh mÙke oSKkfud kCn ^vkR;hd O;kfèk* iz;ksx fd;k gS] ftldk rkRi;Z gS Rofjr fpfdRlk djukAblesa eq[; O;kfèk dks è;ku esa j[kdj gh minzo dk fuokj.k djuk pkfg;sA ;fn jksxh ds minzo fuokj.k esa eq[; O;kfèk ;k nks"k ds izfrdwy Hkh dksbZ fpfdRlk djuh iM+s rks djuhpkfg;sA bldk dkj.k ;g gS fd vfèkd gkfudkjd minzo ds fuokj.kkFkZ vYi gkfudkjd O;kfèk o nks"k c<+Hkh tk;s rks mls lgu fd;k tk ldrk gSAvkWijsku Hkh gksrk gS vk;qosZn esa vk;qosZn us fpfdRlk ds fdlh Hkh vax dks vuNqvk ugha j[kk gSA ikpu laLFkku ls vkS"kfèk ds kksf"krgksus esa i;kZIr le; yxrk gSA vr% vkS"kfèk ds lhèks jDr esa igqapkus ds mik; fudkys x;sA xaHkhj :i lschekj ejht ds flj esa kL= }kjk dkdinkdkj uked LFkku cukdj ogka vkS"kfèk Hkj nh tkrh Fkh] ftlesaog jDr esas fey lhèks kjhj esa QSydj khèkz izHkko Mkyrh gSA jDr ls vkS"kfèk dk laidZ gksrs gh ewfNZrO;fDr mB cSBrk gSA blh fl)kar ij batsDku fofèk dk vkfo"dkj gqvk gSA ewPNkZ liZfo"k] lf=ikr ghHk;adj vR;fèkd voLFkkvksa esa batsDku }kjk vkS"kfèk dh kjhj esa igqapkus dk funsZk fn;k gSA vkS"kfèk dksi= isVh flfjt esa Hkjdj lqbZ dh uksad ls ulksa esa igqapkus dk Li"V foèkku mfYyf[kr gSA vr% vkt dks yksx le>rs gS fd vk;qosZn ds MkWDVj batsDku yxkuk ugha tkurs Fks] jDr{k; gksusij jDrkHkj.k ugha djrs Fks rks ;g mu vKku "kM;a=dkfj;ksas dk izyki ek= gSA vk;qosZn esa kjkc vkSj fo"kdks Hkh vkS"kfèk esa iz;ksx djus dk foèkku gSA Dainik Jagran, 26.02.06 106
  • GENERAL SUCCESS STORIESG Just drive half hour from Chennai to see what a village can beG Let CEOs wear dhotis, kisanbhais pin-striped suitsG Bhagirath award for Rajasthan villagerG Punjab Village Taps Money PlantG Rural DevelopmentG Little panchayat, percentage rajG Govt shifts focus to rural developmentG iapk;rksa dk kkluG Water in the desertG USAID focus on disaster preparednessG cnyko dh jkg ij iapk;rh jkt 107
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj108
  • General Success Stories JUST DRIVE HALF HOUR FROM CHENNAI TO SEE WHAT A VILLAGE CAN BE A model of sustainable development, village has harnessed water, eradicated poverty, done awaywith huts President APJ Abdul Kalam has described this village as the signpost for modern India. About 30km from Chenni in Tiruvallur district, the predominantly Dalit village of Kuthambakkam is a text-bookexample of what Gram Swajar can do to make sustainable development, meaningful with the help oftechnology. On march 10 this year, when panchayat president Ilango Rangasamy (42) met Kalam in New Delhiand told him about the revolution brewing in his village, the President remarked, “Ilango, this countryneeds many more like you,” and promised a visit. Ilango was the first Dalit from the village to obtain an engineering degree. He landed a job with theCouncil for Scientific and Industrial Research but gave it all up because his village needed him. Nearlyseven years later, Kuthambakkam is self-sufficient in water and fast moving towards achieving zero-hunger and hutless-village status. Kuthambakkams success flows from its home grown wisdom— optimise the use of locally availableresources through technology, make grass roots empowerment the key to community development,respect the environment you live in and every thing else will follow. Its one of the very few villages that has a website—— that the ruralcommunity uses to both improve its resources and sell its produce. But it is in optimising environmental resources that Kuthambakkam stands out. Through an intricateseries of check-dams and rainwater harvesting structures, it has managed to dramatically increase theground water level— potable water is available at a death of less than 10 feet. Seven water tanks andpumping stations have been built and all nine village ponds desilted. The result— 2000 acres of thevillages wetland now sportThe Indian Express, 06.06.03 109
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj LET CEOS WEAR DHOTIS, KISANBHAIS PIN-STRIPED SUITS There is a vast market in the rural areas; corporates and NGOs need to work in partnership and endtheir cold war A great deal has been written on bridging the divide between urban and rural India, but unfortunately,in actual terms this divide is increasing rather than diminishing. The reason: there is no identified partywhich sees a strong economic benefit for themselves in implementing such a change. The government would be an ideal agency to bridge the divide, but despite its efforts, the dividehas not really decreased. Now it seems that the government needs to be shown the way, and so thebodies identified are corporations and non-profit organisations (NGOs). Currently confined to their ownworlds, these bipolar organisations need to end the cold war and understand one another. The majority of corporate India does not understand rural India mainly due to their focus on metrosand urban centres, where they have always believed a population exists for goods and services. Thismarket theory is now facing a problem. Corporates are experiencing saturation and competition isseverely eroding margins. These entities are realising the need to expand their markets to ensure growth.Concurrently, over the last decade, spending power outside of Indian metros and cities has beenincreasing by leaps and bounds, mainly due to a succession of good monsoons. Unfortunately, the corporate sector does not have enough knowledge of this lucrative segment andtherefore has not been successful in devising strategies to penetrate this sector. The NGO sector, dependent on funding for survival, still believes in the socialistic/communist adagethat the capitalists exploit the poor. The irony is that the source of most NGO funding comes fromfoundations established by large corporations to fulfill their owners’ philanthropic needs. Examples of such foundations include the Ford Foundation, Gates Foundation, WadhwaniFoundation, Azim Premji Foundation etc. Now, NGOs are experiencing a shift in mindset, where thenew buzz word is “sustainability”. Non-profits are realising the need to release their current dependenceon grants, and the importance of being selfsufficient. In addition to financial independence, the otherrealisation is the need to introduce new management techniques-for functioning efficiency. The NGO world has become conscious that to expand the scope of their activity, an inflow of corporatetechniques and management requirements is critical. Therefore, the potential for a marriage betweenthe corporate and the NGO, or urban and rural, does seem to exist. 110
  • General Success Stories The corporate sector spends millions of rupees on training and exposing their executives to innovativeand cutting edge management techniques, sending their executives to IlMs, ASCI, and even foreigninstitutions Re Harvard. Why do they spend these vast sums? The obvious answer is to bring relevantknowledge into the company in order for employees, and therefore the organisation as a whole, tofunction more efficiently. What do these expensive institutions provide ?. Basically faculty and facility. Yetcorporate India today needs to gain in-depth knowledge of rural India. NGOs work in rural India. NGOsin turn need exposure to knowledge of modem management systems. The way I see it there are two factors: education and economy. The academia’s role in this processis crucial. Here, a reputed institution such as WASCI would need to step in and create an educationalsetting for corporate executives at the NGO. Various training Programmes can be devised, focusing onimparting knowledge of rural requirements, such as rural marketing and product development (eg theneed to design TVs with uninterrupted power supply for rural markets, instead of focusing on the urbanproduct of flat screens). The selected academic institutions would work with the NGO to create faculty and facility. Theacademic institution would take charge of conducting the necessary research prior to developing coursesfor corporate executives. As a by-product of the actual course, these executives would get the opportunityto have on-the-ground rural work experience and thus gain exposure to rural In dia. The NGO wouldattain value from exposure to executives and the entire training programme, in addition to tuition feeswhich would be shared with the management institute. It would be important to devise programmes initially to meet the corporate sector’s urgent knowledge requirements, in order to start the process. The next logical step to a training programme would be to build a more engaged economicrelationship. Here, the NGO could get involved with helping the corporate sell its goods/services tobenefit its own members. Such a venture would enable the NGO to ensure its own funding/sustainabilitywhile simultaneously building social entrepreneurship at the grassroot level. The globalisation process is said to have left the underprivileged behind, creating a time lag for thissegment to catch up through the “trickle-down” effect Could this process be hastened?The Indian Express, 05.03.04 111
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj BHAGIRATH AWARD FOR RAJASTHAN VILLAGER Tall and gaunt Arjun Kaka is a simple villagerfrom Alwar in Rajasthan. This 60-year-old uneducatedmail was instrumental in reviving a dried-up river with indigenous conservation methods. And today theArwari is a perennial river and is the source of fresh drinking water for 70 villages in Alwar. For accomplishing this feat Kaka was given the presidential award three years ago. On Monday hewas bestowed with the Bhagirath award at the convention of water-experts and activists currently oil inthe Capital. Narrating how he had revived the river which had dried up during the time of his ancestors, Kakasaid that Ile constructed a check dam with the help of villagers of Kolala and Baontha. The check damstopped the run-away water from the nearby jungles and recharged the ground water in turn revived theriver. “The river used to be only a seasonal one during the time of my ancestors but it has now become aperennial river. There is no shortage of water the whole year round,” Kaka said. As on date, the villagers are raising the height of the checkdam through shramdan. A parliament of70 villages meets regularly to protect the environment and conserve the water resources of the area. Arjun Kaka’s achievement was brought to light by water activist Rajinder Singh. “I refused to come to Delhi to collect the Presidential Award and said that the President shouldcome and see the work and only if lie likes it should he give the award,” Arjun Kaka said. The thenpresident K.R. Narayanan did, in fact, go to Alwar and hand over the award to Kaka. Hindustan Times, 14.01.04 112
  • General Success Stories PUNJAB VILLAGE TAPS MONEY PLANT Their secret: Vote in a sarpanch in sync with the government And you thought only politics were self serving. They could take a lesson from Sahoulivilage, wherecommunity interests have led the 3,200 residents to vote in a sarpanch in sync with the states rulingpower. Before you scream manipulation. Consider the fallouts: Sahoulis largely agriculture and dairyfarming-dependent populace have pucca roads, equipment and technological guidance at their disposal. “From planters to harrows to cutters the Sahouli Cooperative Agriculture Service Society AgricultureService Society will loan out anything a farmer needs for rabi and kharif crops. If an incidual ere to buythem, it would impose heavy debts on him. So the society is a practical option, “Says Harvinder Singh,former sarpanch of the village. “We also have a fully computerised cooperative dairy, which produces around 700-800 litres ofmilk a day. We even have 12 computers in the village school; a local NRI gifted them to us in 1998, wheneven city school did not have them,” adds Malkiat Singh, the current sarpanch. Considering that Malkiat is a Congressman and Harvinder an Akali, it would be unusal for them tobe singing the same tune elsewhere. Not so in Sahouli. “We have learnt through experience that if theAkalis are in power in Chandigarh, an Akali sarpanch ensures state money comes in. Ditto for a Congressgovernment and a Congress Sarpanch, “Says Gurdial Singh, a villager. “Since we need state funds for all development work— be it water supply or reconstruction of theold bridge connecting us to a neighbouring village— in the last two elections we have voted for a sarpanchallied to the state government." With funds flow assured, the villagers have taken up innovative farming in a big way. “Out of the2,100 acres of agricultural land, about 300 acres have been earmarked for vegetables. We took thedecision a couple of years ago, when we saw that the water table was dropping steadily and the farmercould not continue to deepen his tubewells indefinitely,” says Harpinder Singh, who himself growsvegetables on 10 acres of his land. The vegetables, which use organic manure, also provide three crops a year, unlike the traditionalwheat-paddy cycle. A ready market is available in nearly Ludhiana. For a village thats learnt to work the political system, these things are almost childs play.The Indian Express, 02.04.04 113
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj RURAL DEVELOPMENT The first of July 2003 marks a historic day for the state of Sikkim. For it was oil this day that powerswere de-centralised and awarded to panchayati raj Institutions. In order to empower rural communities, the rural development programmes along with the governmentand institutions of civil societies, are focusing oil a number of interrelated areas, particularly humandevelopment. The emphasis is on decentralisation, participatory approaches designed to improve the delivery ofrural services such as drinking water, sanitation, connectivity, microcredit, education and health to thepoor, and vulnerable sections of societies. Fiscal and administrative decentralisation is also being emphasised oil to enable local institutionto undertake various programmes The emphasis is also oil bridging the ruralurban inequality, therebydeaccelerating the process of rural migration. The department is also trying to create off-farm employment for reduction in rural poverty. It is alsotrying to address issues like gender bias. For this it has taken a number of steps. They include 70 percent allocation of the state’s budget towards development of rural areas, 33.5 per cent reservation forwomen at panchayat level. The state’s framework for panchayati raj institutions include several features. Grain PrasashanKendras have become central offices where field functionaries of all line departments are posted andaccommodated under a single roof in the administrative control of the panchayat president. Grampanchayat units and zilla panchayats now have the power to prepare, sanction, supervise and implementschemes of Rs. 3-10 lakh. To enable the panchayats to exercise these powers, the government has provided air amount of Its10 Iakh to each of the 166 gram panchayat units in the state. The four zila panchayats have been givenRs 50 lakh each during the financial year 2003-2004. To enhance scheme’s implementation rate training has been imparted to all the panchayatsabhapatis, sachivas and rural development assistants. All government institutions like the primaryschools, PHCs, VLO centers, libraries, ClCs, rural tourism, etc, within a Gram panchayat unit have beenPut under the administrative control of the president of file respective gram panchayat units. All plans and schemes are to be passed in the gram sabha and district planning committee meetings.Villagers are given equal opportunity in the decision-making process. The real charm of democratic decentralization and devolution of financial powers to panchayati rajinstitutions lies in the fact that the villagers need not run anymore from pillar to post in big offices of thedistrict head quarters and in the state capital to get their work done. All work call be done in the village itself at file grain prasashan kendras. The Pioneer, 26.06.04 114
  • General Success Stories LITTLE PANCHAYAT, PERCENTAGE RAJ Poley Yadaiah is not worth a statistic indebted farmer committed suicide in April this year. Butofficial dom has not noticed. Everyone else has, though, in his age of Neradacheruvu in Mahbubnagardistrict. Well, almost everyone. The panchayat seems to have taken no action behalf of his family. Andthey may get no help. Andhra Pradesh has a new government. But it also has its bureaucracy. One that acts as it did foryears. With striklack of concern on the farmer’s suicides. So the proper count of their number and natureis proving chaotic. Many affected households have been recorded wrongly or not at all if that was to beexpected of the State machinery, whatever happened to the panchayats? Janmabhoomi happened,” young K Jangaiah, He is panch of Shabuddlapur in Nalgonda district.“Janmabhoomi” was the flagship project of Naidu Government. One seen as a whole new “model ofdevelopment.” It aimed, among ny other things, “to involve people in the implementation of relopmentprogrammes.” In theory, at least. In practice,” says Chandra han Reddy in Mahbubnagar district, “a huge parallel structure emerged.One that simply passed people and crippled ichayati raj in this State.” Mr. Idy was sarpanch of Midgil in-district for about 13 years. ke gram sabha, gram panLyat, none of these had any aning. The show wasrun by bureaucrats.” Andhra Pradesh could well be the biggest violator of the 73rd Amendment of the Indian Constitution.If the panchayats have failed in the ongoing crisis, there is good reason for it. They have had no realpower for years now. “The parallel setup led to a sharp centralisation of power,” says Mr. Reddy. “New committees cameup at the village level that were not elected by the people as a whole. Only by small groups with vestedinterests. And who could be managed from above.” Committees sprouted in great numbers. Each village had them. These included an education orvidya committee. And, of course, one for watersheds. Also, a ryuthu mitra (farmers’ friends) group. “Forestcommittees sprang up where no forests existed,” says Mr. Jangaiah. Then there were also the “WaterUsers Associations.” And Library Committees. Even one for Continuing Education. The Anganwadiswere run by “mothers” committees. “Not a single one of these was answerable to the panchayat,” says Mr. Jangaiah. “They were run bysmall cabals, each with a chairman who could control them. But the funds Went to them. Not to theelected panchayats who lost all decisionmaking powers.” 115
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj In name, these too, were.,elected.” But by a tiny base. Yet the large funds they got ensured thatvillage elites took over quickly. “My gram panchayat had a budget of just Rs. 13,000,” says Mr. Jangaiah.The funds poured into the committees by the Government and its foreign donors ran to millions of rupeesin many cases. This profusion of bodies drew a positive nod from the World Bank and other backers.This was in Bank jargon, “facilitating stakeholder consultations.” Once it bombed, some quietly distancedthemselves from the programme. Battles for control could be intense. Like in Chaudanpally in Nalgonda. Here, “elections” to the“mothers committee” were postponed four times as rival groups clashed. The total electorate for thispoll was all of 55. In theory, legitimacy flowed from gram sabha to gram panchayat. And from there to the mandal andzilla parishad. Not in Andhra, say the sarpanchas. In all villages, people speak of how that process wasgutted. Here, a “nodal officer” at the mandal level wielded much power. A bureaucrat, he was appointedby and answered to the Collector. Who, in turn, reported to the Chief Minister. Constitutionally, electedbodies were simply shoved aside. The panchayats were starved of funds. The “committees” of theparallel structure were flush with them. “The gram sabha meeting was controlled by the nodal officer,” “This system helped the flowersaysMr. Jangaiah. “Not by us. They decided and told us when the gram sabha would be held. And what itsagenda would be. We were never consulted. The nodal officer ran the show. The sarpanch sat as anominal chairman. A mere figurehead. “Their will prevailed over public opinion.” The impact of the parallel structure was devastating. “Local democracy died,” says ChandramohanReddy in Midgil. This system helped the flowering of contractor raj. A percentage raj. In which eachvested interest got its cut. Right up to the MLA and MP. Democratic pressure from below could beignored. The post of chairmanof the vidya committee could be as hotly contested-with a micro-electorate-as that of the sarpanch! Why? Because of the money involved.” The Hindu, 04.07.04 116
  • General Success Stories GOVT SHIFTS FOCUS TO RURAL DEVELOPMENT PM to launch Food For Work programme in 150 districts With Maharashtra victory in the bag, Prime Minister Mamnohan Singh is now planning his first realpublic interface an October 28 at a Jharkhand village to flag off the much-hyped ‘Food For WorkProgramme. So far, his public appearances have been limited to a visit to a drought-affected village in AndhraPradesh or a trip to Maharashtra for a campaign. Singh is going to follow up the launch of the progamme. ‘Operation 150’, (the campaign will runacross 150 districts in the country) with the formal opening of four mission on November 14. BesidesFood for Work, they are about Rural Healthcare, Urban Renewal and Water. The Iast two days have seen intense and indepth discussions on these programmes, involving thePrime Minister, Finance Minister. Planning Commission Deputy Chairman Montek Singh Ahluwalia andRural Development Minister Raghuvansh Prasad Singh. “There have been detailed discussions on what these missions entail and how to make themeffective,” said a minister, after attending a meeting. Pressing ahead with the advantage that Maharashtra has given the UPA and with the Congresssensing a potential for revival, Singh is planning to project an image of his government which is ‘pro-poor’. It is not surprising that he has chosen Jharkhand for the programme launch. Elections are due inthe state early next year and the incumbent BJP government there faces an uphill task. Fourteen districtshave been identified in the state for the programme. The largest number of districts identified as “most backward” are in Orissa (18), followed by MadhyaPradesh(15), Bihar (15)Jharkhand (14). Maharashtra (11), Chhattisgarh (10), Andhra Pradesh (8) andGujarat (6). The southern states account for a smaller number of badcward districts-Tamil Nadu has 4,Kamataka3 and Kerala’s got 1. ‘Operation 150’ is the first step towards the enactment of the National Employment Guarantee Act,a draft of which is now ready. Finance Minister P Chidambaram had announced in his Budget speechthat pending the enactment of the National Employment Guarantee Act, which would provide legalguarantee for at least 100 days of employment on programmes of public works, a massive Food forWork Programme would be started in 150 of the most backward districts. The Planning Commission has evoked a method of identing the most backward districts: takingpoverty ratio as the bat for the identification-usual agricultural productivity, rate and SC/ST population.Many current states would have bet excluded, say sources, if 150 districts at the bottom of the lad ofbackwardness had been taken. It was decided that that at le I one district each state would covered. Theonly exception Goa, which is relatively prosperous. The Centre will provide these states with foodgrainsfree of cost.The Indian Express, 20.10.04 117
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj iapk;rksa dk kklu iapk;rksa dks lkDr cukus vkSj mudks vkfFkZd enn reke tfVy izfØ;kvksa vkSj ,tsafl;ksa dks yka?krsgq, lhèks igqapkus ds fy, dsanz ds Lrj ij chrs lkyksa esa reke ckrsa dh xbZ gSaA ,uMh, ls igys] ,uMh,ds nkSjku vkSj vc ;wih, ljdkj ds nkSj esa Hkh ogha ÅckÅ dok;nsa dh tk jgh gSA ;wih, ljdkj us rksvc ,dkfèkd lfefr;ka Hkh crk nh gSa ftudks ,d ,sls y{; dh fnkk r; djus dk dke lkSaik x;k gS ftly{; dks lkèkus dh bPNk kfDr dk gh reke ljdkjksa esa vHkko jgk gSA dsanz dh bu ljdkjh dok;nksa lsvyx bl ekeys esa lcls Bksl dne mBk;k gS fcgkj usA igys bl fiNM+s ekus tkus okys jkT; us f=Lrjh;iapk;r O;oLFkk esa efgykvksa dks 50 Qhlnh vkj{k.k nsdj ,d cM+s cnyko dh uhao j[kh rks nwljh rjQdbZ ,sls izkoèkku fd, tks xzke izkklu vkSj lqèkkj dk rkuk ckuk rS;kj dj ldrs gSaA foÙk vk;ksx dh flQkfjkksa ds vkèkkj ij iapk;rksa dks èku eqgS;k djkus ds QkewZys ij rks dsanz ljdkjdks gh dqN djuk gS ysfdu fcgkj us iapk;rksa dks tks vfèkdkj fn, gSa os vius vki esa vuwBs gSaA ;g ,drjg ls lkgfld iz;ksx Hkh dgs tk,axsA u, izkoèkkuksa ls ,d rjQ lok yk[k efgyk,a iapk;rksa esa turkdh uqekbanxh dj jgh gksaxh rks nwljh rjQ Hkkjrh; naM foèkku dh nks ntZu ls T;knk èkkjkvksa ds rgrdkjZokbZ ds fy, iapk;r dpgjh dks l{ke cukus ls LFkkuh; Lrj ij dkuwu O;oLFkk dh leL;k rd lsfuiVus esa enn fey ldrh gSA ;g Hkh dVq lR; jgk gS fd fcgkj esa o"kksZ ls iapk;r pquko ugha gq, ysfduiapk;rh jkt dkuwu 1993 dh txg yk, x, iapk;rh jkt dkuwu 2006 us ;g iqjkuh deh vkSj vkykspukdh HkjikbZ djus dk dke c[kwch fd;k gSA dsanz dh iapk;rh jkt vfèkdkfjrk mi lfefr vc yacs vjls ckn ,d vnn cSBd dj ikbZ gS rks fcgkjus xzkeh.k vnkyrksa dh dYiuk dks tehu ij mrkj fn;k gSA pqfuank vkijkfèkd èkkjkvksa ds rgr vkus okysekeyksa ds lkFk&lkFk nhokuh ekeyksa esa Hkh iapk;rksa dks U;kf;d vfèkdkj fn, x, gSaA vc dpgjh iapk;rdk ljiap pqfuank ekeyksa esa iqfyl dks jiV ntZ djus ds fy, dg ldrk gS] rhu eghus dh ltk lqukldrk gS] tqekZuk Bksd ldrk gS vkSj ;gh ugha fdlh vokafNr O;fDr dh dqN xfrfofèk;ksa ij ikcanh Hkhyxk ldrk gSA vuqeaMyh; vfèkdkjh bl dkjZokbZ dks jksd ;k izHkko j[k ldrk gS ysfdu iapk;r ds Åij,d vfèkdkjh cSBk nsus ds ckn Hkh iapk;rksa dks lkDr cukus dh bl jkT; dh ewy Hkkouk ij bldk dksbZvlj ugha iM+sxkA 118
  • General Success Stories ;g rc cankscLr fd;k x;k gS fd pan ,sls ekeyksa esa dksbZ vnkyr laKku ugha ysxh tks xzke dpgjhdh U;k;ihB }kjk laKs; gSA D;k ;g de gS fd tks U;kf;d vfèkdkj iapk;r ds Lrj ij ys tk, x, gSamUgha ds ne ij efgyk,a cykRdkfj;ksa] NsM+[kkuh djus okyksa rd dks lcd fl[kkus dh Bku jgh gSA fcgkjus tks dkuwu cuk;k gS mldh èkkjk 103 ¼d½ ds rgr Hkkjrh; naM lafgrk dh 30 èkkjkvksa esa xzke dpgjhlaKku ys ik,xhA nhokuh ekeyksa esa Hkh lquokbZ xzke dpgjh dj ik,xhA LokHkkfod :i ls ;s dgpfj;kanhokuh ekeyksa dks tfVy dkjZokbZ esa ugha my>uk pkgsaxh ysfdu xkao ds Lrj ij pksjh] MdSrh] cykRdkj]NsM+[kkuh tSls ekeyksa esa ;s xkao Lrj ij ;s vnkyrsa peRdkfjd urhts ns ldrh gSaA gkykafd fcgkj us iapk;rksa dks vfèkdkj laiUu cukus dh bZekunkj dksfkk rks dh gS ysfdu vHkh HkhvkfFkZd :i ls mUgsa lqn`<+ djus] ctV dks LFkkuh; t+:jrksa ds vuqlkj [kpZ djus dh Lora=rk nsus] ;kvk; ds oSdfYid tfj;s LFkkuh; Lrj ij fodflr djus tSls ekeyksa esa vHkh ;gka Hkh dqN [kkl ugha fd;kx;k gSA iapk;rksa dks jkT;ksa ds lesfdr dks"k ls iSlk nsus ij gh lgefr ugha cu ikbZ gS vkSj blds fy,iapk;rh jkt eaf=;ksa dh cSBd cqykuh iM+ jgh gSA dbZ jkT; iapk;rksa ds pquko djkus ds fy, gh rS;kjugha gSAA bu lcds chp fcgkj us dasnz ljdkj ds lkeus ,d uthj rks isk dh gh gSARashtriya Sahara, 17.06.06 119
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj WATER IN THE DESERT Jaipur in May......think of the desert state of Rajasthan and a kaleidoscope of images swirl beforethe minds eye - colourful, romantic, harsh and even intimidating. But few think of in abundance of waterand a powerful system to collect and conserve this precious resources as being intrinsic to the land, itspeople and culture. Yet the fact remains that some of the most exquisite architectural marvels builtaround water bodies dot the entire region and the present days cities have grown around water sources,be they lakes, well or other natural and man-made systems. Historically societies relied on natural or man-made water bodies as their primary source offreshwater. However, with the passage of time, most of them have fallen into disrepair and the perpetuallack of water is today a well-known, and politically advantageous, story. Whiled the lake city of Udaipuras also Jaipur lake, are well known, few are aware of a traditional system of bawaris or step-wells rightacross the state capital. The bawari has been an inherent part of social life in Rajasthan. In the erstwhile Amber kingdom,entry into Aamer was restricted to day-time. To facilitate travellers night stay, huge shelter houses orsarais, with an in-built water source (bawari) were constructed at regular intervals. The bawari descends floor by floor right to the water source. Step lead down each floor and a ledgeright around the well has niches leading off them. Stringent regulation, like ban on bathing and washingclothes ensured the water remained clean and unpolluted, Located on traditional caravan routes, thesebawaris served as rest-houses for travellers and royal cavalcades or army as the occasion demanded.In time these oases drew settlers. The present day cities are but a collection of these water bodies,once under royal patronage, established by a fort or palace at advantage point. Sadly, today the citieshave flourished but the water bodies, where it all began are forgotten, often buried amidst earth andrubble. But the good news in the revival of traditional wisdom, coupling community based water conservationtechniques, which use conventional wisdom with the latest advances in technology. Two such examplesin Jaipur are the restoration of the Sarai, and Kala Hanuman Bawarls, with help from soft drink majorCoca-Cola India. The company worked with the state government, village communities experthydrogeologists and the local municipal authorities to chalk out a programme to remove silt, reworkcatchment and strengthen boudaries. The Statesman, 25.05.06 120
  • General Success Stories USAID FOCUS ON DISASTER PREPAREDNESS U.S. ‘working closely with NGOs, Govt. officials’ and affected communities’ The US Agency for International Development’s (USAID) support is targeted it improving disasterpreparedness in six coastal districts of Tamil Nadu, David T. Hopper, U.S. Consul General in Chennai,said on Tuesday, while intiguriting sanitation systems fit the coistal hamlets of Chinnakuppam,Injambakkam and Periyakuppim. A programme linking the cities of Cuddalore and Nigapattinam with the U.S. cities in the State ofFlorida which are highly prone to disasters, is also ongoing, he said. He said that through USAID, the U.S. Government was working with local NGOs in close co-operationwith local government officials arid communities to address the needs of those affected. “Our support has progressed through two phases-relief and transition,” he said pointing out thatapproximately $4 million were distributed using NGO networks focusing on water and sanitation, solidwaste management, education, psycho-social support and restoring livelihoods. During the transition and recovery phase, $14 million were provided as fund, he said. the U.S.would continue to support those affected by the tsunami till the programme finishes in September 2007,he said. Mr. Hopper inaugurated individual household toilets with waste-water treatment systems (WWATS)and solid waste mana, ent programmes. Ranvir Prasad, Tiruvallur District Collector, said that a tsunami vulnerability map was being prepared.But this did not mean that people would be forced to vacate vulnerable zones, lie said. P. Kubendran, Kathivakkam Municipal Commssioner, said that a new drinking water scheme forIts. 6 crore would soon be in place for Kathivakkam. A.L. Rangarajan, programme-coordinator, said thatExnorn was providing solid waste management facilities in 28 habitations covering 13,840 tsunamiactivities in the five tsunami-affected districts of Tiruvallur, Kancheepuram, Cuddalore, Nagapattinamas well as Kanyakumari districts. Exnora had constructed 121 individual household toilets it the fishing hamlets. It his also provide(]support for developing community waste management programmes in the coastal regions. Approximately 400 houses in the Chinnakuppam and Periyakuppam villages have received wastebills. Sanitary workers Would collect the segregated waste and bring it to the segregation yard forcomposting and disposal, he said. Paul McVey, Tsunami Recovery Programme Manager. USAID, Nalini Keshavaraj, ProgrammeManager, Tamil Nadu Tsunami Resource Centre is well as members of Exnora International participated.The Hindu, 07.09.06 121
  • Success Stories of Panchayati Raj cnyko dh jkg ij iapk;rh jkt ckr blh o"kZ twu eghus dh gSA fcgkj ds dfVgkj ftys esa ,d fHk[kkfju gyhek [kkrwu us fdajksM+kiapk;r ds pquko esa thrdj iapk;rh jkt ds bfrgkl esa ,d u;k vè;k; tksM+ fn;kA blls igys mÙkjiznsk esa xkthiqj us 60 izfrkr efgykvksa dk iap fuokZfpr dj vkj{k.k ds lHkh fjdkMZ rksM+rs gq, ,du;k dhfrZeku LFkkfir fd;k FkkA lp rks ;g gS fd iapk;rh jkt NksVs ls NksVs xkao vkSj ogka jgus okysyksxksa dks yksdrkaf=d ljdkj ls tksM+us dh ,d egRoiw.kZ dM+h gSA bldk Js; tkrk gS 1992 ds 73osalafoèkku lakksèku dks ftlds rgr chl yk[k ls vfèkd vkcknh okys lHkh jkT;ksa esa xkao] [kaM vkSj ftykLrj ij gj ikap lky esa fu;fer pquko djkus vkSj vuqlwfpr tkfr] vuqlwfpr tutkfr vkSj efgykvksads fy, vkj{k.k dk izkoèkku fd;k x;k FkkA LFkkuh; tuizfrfufèk laLFkkvksa dk lq[kn igyw ;g gS fd 12 yk[k ls vfèkd efgyk,a fuokZfpr gqbZgSaA tgka igys efgyk ljiap ;k mi ljiap nh;k ysdj <wa<us ls Hkh ugha feyrh Fkha ogka vc ;s gh xzkeh.kefgyk usrk viuh drZO;ijk;.krk] fu"Bk vkSj fu"i{krk ds dkj.k iapk;rh jkt ds bfrgkl esas Lo.kkZ{kjcurh tk jgh gSaA igys efgyk,a fuj{kjrk ds dkj.k ?kj dh ngyht ikj djus dks iki ;k vijkèk ekurhFkha ysfdu vc lk{kjrk dh lhf<+;ka p<+rs gq, fcuk fdlh dh ijokg fd, gj {ks= esa iq#"kksa ls vkxsfudyrh tk jgha gSaA dbZ iapk;rksa dks rks QkLV VªSd vnkyrksa ls Hkh rst xkfr ls >xM+s fuiVkus dk xkSjogkfly gSA iapk;rh jkt dh uhao etcwr djus ds fy, f=vk;keh laLFkkxr ra= cuk;k x;k gSA bl f=ewfrZ esajkT; fuokZpu vk;ks] pquko izfØ;k ds rgr fofHkUu Lrjksa dh iapk;rksa dk xBu djrk gSA nwljk jkT; foÙkvk;ksx miyCèk lalkèkuksa ls iapk;rksa dks iksf"kr] fodflr vkSj lq<+ djrk gSA rhljk ftyk vk;kstuvk;ksx fofHkUu dk;ZØeksa vkSj ifj;kstukvksa ds vkdkj] O;; vkSj lalkèkuksa dh :ijs[kk rS;kj djrk gSAbl laiw.kZ ifjn`; ds kks[k xqykch jax ds ckotwn rLohj ds eVeSys i{k ls vka[k ewan ysus ls lpkbZ ughafeV ldrhA vkt fuf"Ø; iapk;rksa dh la[;k Hkh bruh c<+ xbZ gS fd eqfdy ls pkj izfrkr iapk;rksaesa gh fupys Lrj ij yksdra= fØ;kkhy vkSj thoar gSA f=Lrjh; izfrfufèk laLFkkvksa ds pquko fu;fer ugksus dh fkdk;rksa ds lkFk lkFk ?kiyksa] vfHk;arkvksa dh tksj tcjnLrh] fgald ?kVukvksa] erisVh Nhuusvkfn dh c<+rh ?kVukvksa us iwjh pquko izfØ;k dh fu"i{krk dks gh dV?kjs esa [kM+k dj fn;k gSA iapk;rhjkt laLFkkvksa esa èkkaèkyh vkSj Hkz"Vkpkj ds fuokj.k ds fy, dksbZ vpwd mik; vkSj dk;Zuhfr Hkh ugha gSA 122
  • General Success Stories vly esa iapk;rh jkt jkT; dk ekeyk gksus ds dkj.k mUgsa ysdj dksbZ uhfr ugha cu ldh gSA gkyesa fnYyh esa iapk;rh jkt ij vk;ksftr rhu fnolh; dk;Zkkyk esa ;g fopkj lkeus vk;k fd jkT; pqukovk;ksx] jkT; foÙk vk;ksx vksj ftyk vk;kstu lfefr dks Hkz"V ukSdjkkgksa] NqVHkS, usrkvksa] tehankjksa vkSjmpp oxZ ds yksxksa vkSj Bsdsnkjksa ls nks&nks gkFk djus iM+rs gSaA tgka rd ukSdjkkgksa dk lacaèk gS rksdysDVj vkSj muds lgdehZ lÙkk lw= vius gkFk esa j[kus ds pDdj esa ugha pkgrs fd ftyk izèkku vkSjvU; fuokZfpr izfrfufèk muds vfèkdkjksa esa lsaèk yxk,A blh rjg fupys Lrj ij chMhvks vkSj iapk;rizeq[k ds chp vfèkdkjksa dks ysdj [khaprku vkSj eueqVko gksuk vke ckr gSA ;g ,d ekuh gqbZ ckr gS fdvfèkdre yksdra= ogka gksrk gS tgka lh<+h nj lh<+h vfèkdkjksa dk gLrkarj.k gksrk pyk tkrk gS vkSjvarr% turk dh vkokt lkjs jk"Vª dh vkokt cu tkrh gSA ysfdu dbZ xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa èkkjk blds myVcg jgh gSA bu leL;kvksa dk lekèkku iapk;rh jkt dks [kRe djus esa ugha cfYd mldks csgrj cukus esagSA blhfy, 29 ekeys muds vfèkdkj {ks= esa j[ks x, gSaA blds vykok ;g Hkh t:jh gS fd iapk;rh jktlaLFkkvksa ds dkedkt esa ikjnfkZrk ykbZ tk, vkSj xzkeh.k mlds dkedkt ij iSuh fuxkg j[ksaA iapk;rhjkt laLFkkvksa dk vkfFkZd n`f"V ls Hkh etcwr gksuk t:jh gSA bu laLFkkvksa dks 29 ekeys rks vkoafVr djfn, x, ysfdu mlds fy, èku dh i;kZIr O;oLFkk ugha dh xbZA ;g foMacuk rc vkSj Hkh dpksVus yxrh gS tc ge ikrs gSa fd xzkeh.k fodkl ea=ky; vkSj iapk;rhjkt ea=ky; dks la;qDr ctV jkfk fdlh Hkh vU; ea=ky; ls de ugha gSA bl o"kZ xzkeh.k fodkl ea=ky;ds fy, 39073 djksM+ 18 yk[k vkSj iapk;rh jkt fodkl ea=ky; ds fy, vyx 3825 djksM+ 73 yk[k #i;svkoafVr fd, x, gSaA laln dh LFkkbZ lfefr ds vuqlkj iapk;rh jkt dks lkSais x, 29 fo"k;ksa ds fy,fuèkkZfjr ctV dh 71000 djksM+ #i;s dh jkfk esa ls 40000 djksM+ #i;s ls vfèkd jkfk dsanzh; ea=ky;ksadks nh xbZ gSA bl jkfk dks iapk;r ds dk;ksZ esa u yxkdj ea=ky;ksa dks nh xbZ gSA bl jkfk dks iapk;rds dk;ksZ esa u yxkdj ea=ky;ksa }kjk gM+i ysuk ?kksj vU;k; gSA iapk;rksa dks dqy feykdj pkj izfrkrls Hkh de jkfk fey ikrh gSA ysfdu ;g fufpr gS fd vkS|ksfxd ?kjkuksa ds xkaoksa dh vksj #[k djusls xzkeh.k Hkkjr dh d`f"k O;oLFkk] cqfu;knh <kaps vkSj iapk;rh jkt dh iwjh lajpuk esa tcjnLr ifjorZugksus tk jgs gSaA d`f"k vkSj m|ksxksa dk ;g feyu fdl djoV cSBsxk ;g rks vkus okyk le; crk,xk ysfduiapk;rh jkt esa cnyko dh ;g jkg dbZ tksf[keksa ds lkFk vkkkvksa Hkjh gSARashtriya Sahara, 07.11.06 123