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Green Pakistan: Energy Solutions

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Green Pakistan: Energy Solutions


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  • 1. Iss ue I/ Oc t-D ec 20GREEN PAKISTAN 11 ENERGY SOLUTIONSCentre for Energy Systems (CES-NUST)National University of Sciences and Technology H-12 Islamabad
  • 2. NUST Noteworthy Statistics 366th University of the world (overall) (QS UK, 2010) 42,000 Students applied to NUST last yearEmployement85%The remaining studentseither opt for higherstudies orself-employement (CDC Survey 2009) Top 300 Ranked amongst the UNIVERSITIES OF THE WORLD in the diciplines of Engineerng, IT and Arts & Humainities (QS UK, 2010)Faculty to Student Ratio 1:10 GREEN PAKISTAN 2 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 3. CONTENTSCES-NUST Overview...................08 NUST Participation in the 4th Asian School on Solar Electricity for RuralInternational/Industry Areas ...........................................31Partnerships.................................10 Renewable Energy Research atGreen Energy Incentives and The Pakistan Navy Engineering Col-Pitfalls.........................................14 lege...............................................33Research and Innovation Team.....16 Academia-Industry Linkages: A Case of College of Electrical andThe Role of Corporate Advisory Mechanical Engineering................35Council (CAC) and the EnergySector..........................................22 Energy and Environment...............37Energy Sector CAC Industry Coun- NUST Institution Wise Specificterparts........................................23 Activities Programs, Research Areas and Degree Courses Offered in theNUST University – Industry Portal Energy Sector................................38on Biofuels...................................25 Energy Related Courses offered atCooperation with Asian and Pacific NUST...........................................40Centre for Transfer of Technology(APCTT) for the Promotion of NUST Access Map........................47Renewable Energy Technologies inAsia-Pacific Region......................28 GREEN PAKISTAN 3 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 4. Message from Engr Muhammad Asghar Rector NUSTNUST launched the Centre for Energy Systems (CES) early It is a pleasure to learn that CES is publishing the Energythis year to provide a pivot to its Institutions involved in Magazine, Green Pakistan Energy Solutions. Compilation ofenergy sector programs and to support and consolidate an assortment of research projects by students and faculty,the various activities/projects, which make good sense research programs undertaken at various institutions atfor scalable and sustainable operations with a view to NUST, and the faculty profile is indicative of the progressivecontribute to industry and national economy in times of and futuristic course the Centre has embarked upon. Ienergy crisis. hope that the future issues will bring forth richer views,The Centre should endeavor to create an ecosystem for objectives analysis and hardcore professional subjectsaddressing energy requirements by influencing Policy focusing on more crude and direct interface between theMakers, developing Technologies and Human Resource, research programs and projects vis-à-vis the industry.and mobilizing Communities for energy conservation. The I congratulate the team on the publication of the MagazineCenter must incorporate existing institutes to this core on the occasion of the CES Inaugural Ceremony. I trust thatmission. the Magazine will serve as an international knowledgeEducational and research activities at the Center should harbinger to prop up the information exchange of energyengage energy companies and academic & Government ideas and technology developments.organizations to associate with research groups and projectteams at the National University of Sciences & Technology.Such partnerships will solve pressing front line researchproblems and engage in long term high risk researchprojects important to our energy future. Engineer Muhammad AsgharCES should promote interdisciplinary MS and PhD degrees Rectorprograms in Energy Systems, Renewable Energy, CleanCoal Technologies, Thermal and Hydropower Engineeringto cater for qualified human resource and quality researchto deal with the imminent workforce crises in the energyfields. I hope you will be able to develop internationalcollaborations and I assure you of full support for all suchprojects.
  • 5. Message from Dr. Mohammad Bilal Khan Principal/Director CESThe Inaugural issue of NUST energy magazine Green related to energy. These outfits have published 50 papersPakistan-Energy Solutions is at hand. It brings forth NUST and filed 8 patents including one US patent in the energyEnergy Sector program, activities and projects. Diversity in sector. Funding received through competitive grantsenergy with greater share of renewables in the energy mix amounts to PKR 36.0 M whilst the industrial funding standsis the overriding theme in league with the current global at PKR 120 M to date.energy road map. We acknowledge and commemorate I trust that collaborative industry-academia partnershipsthe generous contribution of NRG Biofuels in the form of will achieve technological breakthrough developments byhigh-end research equipment and their continued support conducting energy related research to congregate local andtoward our renewable energy program. global needs.The current Issue reflects the mission and objectives,NUST participation in international energy moots, industry Energy Sector Undertakings!and overseas partnerships and feature articles by the My first contact with an energy system was in the shape ofparticipating schools. a glass furnace recuperator that conserved thermal energyThe objective of the Centre is to introduce and consolidate by passage of flue gases through a split chamber linednew programs, especially national projects that can be with a stack of refractory to pre-heat air by operating indirectly integrated with the larger energy related initiatives alternate sequence.in the Country. My second contact was the US Department of EnergyThe centre’s vision resides in setting up pilot plants to project on Syn Fuels using a short cut process to producedemonstrate the feasibility of specific programs in the crude oil from biomass.various energy sectors. Thus taking the lead in moving The third contact was defined at Imperial College Londonfrom research and development to demonstration; a step involving processing related energy savings by replacingthat is considered vital for meaningful academia-industry high pressure impingement with a rotary injection systemcollaboration. Hydropower, thermal and power plant to produce composite parts at a vastly reduced energyengineering together with clean coal technologies and outlay.renewables are identified as focal areas by the Centre. The fourth contact entailed improving the combustionThe Energy Centre outreach is triggered by its interaction efficiency of a composite propellant for enhancedwith its multiple research and technical collaboration performance.partners both at home and abroad. Further effective The fifth contact at NUST is a renewable energy system tocollaborations will be fostered as the energy centre of produce bio fuel to provide green liquid fuel for commutingexcellence evolves and grows with due diligence at a fast i.e. aviation, marine, on-road trucking and long rangepace. driving. This current project has culminated in a US patentThe Energy Centre will be developed to enhance innovation for accelerated production of bio fuels using heterogeneousand cross discipline partnership in the fields related to catalyst, and Pakistan’s first fully instrumented solarisedalternative energy technology development. The centre will airlift tubular photobioreactor now functional at CES NUST.focus on meeting advanced research needs of the energyindustry through expansion of research activities and jointindustry-acadamia research and technology development. M.B.KhanCurrently various institutions of NUST offer 120 courses Dr. Mohammad Bilal Khan, T.I.
  • 6. Message from J. Chris Willmann CEO NRG Biofuels Inc. (Canada)“Energy Makes the World Go ‘Round”When I was asked to contribute a message to the readers of circumvent the storage problem, by making use of energythe Renewable Energy Magazine published by the Centre provided by the sun through various more direct methodsfor Energy Systems at NUST, my immediate reaction was – solar, wind, wave, or biomass. As I wrote in my thesis“what an honour… just make sure you write something back in 1977: “we do not have an energy problem – weprofound that will actually mean something to the readers”. have an energy storage problem. It is up to humanity to use technology to overcome practical and perceived obstacles”.So, here is a little background on how I came to be interested Energy is all around us. Harnessing it, storing it, and turningin energy, and later renewable energy as well as a couple of it into something useful is the real challenge.truism from my experience and perspective:I distinctly remember one of my first year courses at At the time, and still today in some quarters, the “panacea”University. The lecturer said simply “Energy makes the to our energy problems was fusion. 35 years have passed,world go ‘round”. This very simply statement packs a lot of and we have made no real, practical progress. The costsmeaning, and upon closer examination, is quite profound. associated with it, be they environmental, social, or simply monetary simply cannot be ignored and are prohibitive andProbably one reason it had such an impact on me was thus not sustainable.because in 1974 when I started university, the industrializednations had just survived the 1973 energy crisis, when the Throughout my career as an Earth Scientist findingprice for crude oil tripled over night and life as we knew it conventional oil and gas throughout the world, I havehad changed. No more abundant and cheap energy. While “dabbled” in renewables and other alternatives, be itthe popular press and governments had many less than hydroelectric power, various wind turbine designs andflattering things to say about OPEC and its new policies, projects, or simply improving efficiency through “betterthose with a little vision recognized this occurrence as technology”. The kWh we save through greater efficiencya wake up call to the world that fossil fuels were a finite does not have to be produced in the first place, or can beresource by definition and something had to change. used for something else. One thing that became very clear to me early on was the realization that any new energyWithout going into details of gasoline pump line-ups, empty technology had to stand on its own economic merits,roads on Sunday because of a ban on driving, reduced and the same is true for any renewables we develop. Wespeed limits, etc. it became clear quickly that without an cannot rely on hand-outs from the public purse or artificialoutside source of energy, we only have muscle power, be it support for any given technology in order for it to surviveour own, or that of beasts we employ to harrow a field or in the marketplace. For technology to be embraced by apull a cart. It has been the availability of abundant cheap general public that tends to be conservative and reluctantenergy that has fuelled industrial development. Initially to change, it must be far superior to anything else it isfirewood and peat moss (biomass), then coal, oil, gas, competing with.nuclear power,- all fossil fuels in one form or another and inthe future renewable biomass based energy systems have In the case of energy, this boils down to dramatically moreand will be the basis of that cheap energy we so desperately energy for less expenditure and cost. While this contrastsseek and fight over. with the reality of research and development being methodical and having progress measured in small steps,Whereas in the past, we have relied on “mining” stored we must not forget that many small steps combined withenergy supplied by the sun, we are now looking at ways to a vision make a big step. It is these big steps that have a
  • 7. profound, positive impact on humanity, but only if they are successful energy systems that have to step up and acceptpresented properly to those forming public opinion. the challenge. These systems, those being developed at the new Centre for Energy Systems at NUST, will provide the With the establishment of Centre for Energy Systems ( the opportunity to develop the many small steps required forkey word being SYSTEMS) at NUST the first steps have been those big jumps forward that will have a profound, positivetaken to contribute to the hard work required to finding effect on providing cheap, appropriate technology andthe energy panacea- which in todays world seems to be energy to the less fortunate of Pakistan and the world.made up of many different elements and forms of energy.In the future we will have many different types of energy In the early 21st Century with a world population of 7 billionsupplies- depending on the end use. But the work has people, we must move forward from conventional fossilto start today, to overcome the inherit inertia favouring based forms of energy to renewables that can compete inunsustainable fossil fuels. the current market place. Those of you getting involved in energy systems may have your work cut out for you, butIf we correlate standard of living with access to energy, your knowledge and creativity have the potential to changeit will become self evident that one of the basic tools for billions of lives for the better. So accept the challenge andimproving the standards of living comes from access to get creative!  energy – energy does indeed make the world go ‘round.It is up to scientists- indeed the mandate of those working,teaching, and researching in engineering specifically, as JCW, December 2011well as the many other disciplines involved in creating
  • 8. CES-NUST OverviewNUST launched the Centre for Energy Systems (CES) early this year to provide a pivot to its Institutions involved in energysector programs and to support and consolidate the various activities/projects, which make good sense for scalable andsustainable operations with a view to contribute to industry and national economy in times of energy crisis. The objectivesof the Centre on energy, environment and policy are simply provision of sustainable supply of energy at affordable rateswith greater share of renewables in the energy mix to reduce environmental footprint. The mission of the Centre isto create an ecosystem for addressing energy requirements by influencing Policy Makers, developing Technologies andHuman Resource and mobilizing Communities for energy conservation. The specific objectives are listed in the following:• Contribute towards availability of sufficient energy on sustainable basis• Develop techniques for maximum utilization of indigenous resources• Promotion of R&D for improvement of energy efficiency, conservation and development of energy efficient appliances and processes• Promote policy making to reduce dependence on external sources• Human resource development to deal with the imminent workforce crises in the energy fields• The Center incorporates existing institutes to this core mission.The vision of the centre resides in setting up pilot plants to demonstrate the feasibility of specific programs in the variousenergy sectors. Thus taking the lead in moving from R&D to demonstration: a step that is considered vital for viable andmeaningful academia-industry collaboration.CES has a dedicated website www.ces.nust.edu.pk soon its official organ, namely “GREEN PAKISTAN ENERGY SOLUTIONS”will have a dedicated Editorial Board drawn from NUST schools involved in energy sector programs/disciplines. There willbe representation from industry and overseas collaboration partners and global energy experts as well. GREEN PAKISTAN 8 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 9. electricity with excess energy harvested and storedParticipating NUST Schools during the day and released at night. Despite our ongoing efforts with jatropha curcas and other highIt is important to enhance innovation, cross discipline lipid content shrubs, from a land utilization perspective,partnership, and transfer of technology in fields related to micro algae is in our opinion is still THE most viableconventional and unconventional fossils fuels, biofuels, and option in the long run. Proven photobioreactor designalternative energy technology development. The various will be replicated in the biofuels park to provide for (a)NUST schools are contributing in the areas of renewable Liquid fuel for on-campus power generation, b) Proteinand conventional energy: from algae cake derived from specific algae cultures to be commercialized by pharmaceutical companies on-• CES (CTL / Biofuels) board the NUST CAC.• SMME (Solar thermal /EC) • Development of a nano-photo catalyst for efficient• CEME (Solar/Geothermal) biodiesel conversion from Jatropha (US Patent• SCME (Thin films/ Nano) Published).• IESE (Biogas / water) • Super-critical fluid extraction of micro-algae for bio fuel• SEECS (Power Engineering) production as an industrial outreach in collaboration• SCEE (Hydro power) with NRG Bio fuels CANADA.• PNEC (Windmill) • Super Critical Fluid Extraction (SCFE) is relatively new• RCMS (Modeling) extraction process that has attracted great interest in• CAE (Solar PV/Wind ) recovery of algal oil using carbon dioxide as the ideal fluid. This is an ambitious project requiring simulation,Various outfits associated with the Centre have published design and fabrication. The capacity of the SCFE unit50 papers and filed 8 patents including one US patent filed selected is 10 L. This is a sizeable pilot plant in this field.in the energy sector. Research funding through competitive Rigorous computer simulation has been performed.grants amount to $ 0.7 M while 0.27 M is received through • Nano solar thin film fabrication and characterization.industrial funding. Cutting edge research on solar thin films, • Fabrication and dynamic testing of filament woundaccelerated biofuels, wind mill efficiency and rotor design, casing with improved interfacial properties for highand super critical fluid manufacturing is being conducted. pressure storage.Salient projects are listed below: • Solar industrial hybrid water heating system installed at Siddique Leather Works funded by HEC. Solar Water Pumping Project for Deprived communities of FATASalient Research Projects: funded by USAID & MoST through HEC. • Design and installation of system based on solar• Renewable technology in the form of solar energy is coupled under floor convective pipe heating. being implemented in the SMME building on NUST Campus to provide space and water heating. • To study and design a small scale solar-powered  • Indigenous design and fabrication of Wind Turbine thermoelectric system installed on the roof top assist Rotors. Indigenous fabrication of 500 W, 1.5m windmill cooling of single office space. rotors with a hub height of 6.0m above ground level as part of NUST-AERO-Fiber Tech outreach industrial link project. Mirror process technique with matching receptacles is used to fabricate the windmill rotors according to NACA 4527 aerofoil profile. Full scale load-deflection/bending stiffness tests are conducted using simulated aerodynamic load with incremental loading. The profile is generated in MAT-Lab and translated to preform, which is used to fabricate the receptacles. Rotors are assembled on the windmill and tested for vibration-free and smooth operation under induced rpm.• Development and testing of Solar Charging Stations for Electric Vehicles.• Design and development of real-time engine blow-by monitoring system.• Indigenous design/development and fabrication of solarized Airlift tubular Photo bioreactor FRP composite based Rotor Wind-Mill mounted at• This project envisions the extension of existing SCME NUST photobioreactors on campus to operate in neutral energy cycle on solar PV with power of florescent tubes coming from high efficiency solar PV generated GREEN PAKISTAN 9 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 10. • Feasibility study for conversion of a gasoline engine • Designed & fabricated a solar water purifier into an ethanol engine and compare the performance • Evaluation/monitoring of Renewable Energy and results. energy efficiency Program (BMZ Germany).• Designed & fabricated six different types of wind turbines in the power range of 300 – 1000 wattsInternational/Industry PartnershipsThe Energy Center outreach is triggered by its interaction with its multiple research and technical collaboration partnersboth at home and abroad. The Center at NUST is already connected with counterparts in China, the US and elsewhere inthe world. Apart from maintaining close networking within the country with relevant institutions, WITS University, RSA,US NSF through Oregon State University USA, University of Calgary Canada, Tsinghua Univeristy and Chinese Companiesare on board with NUST to take this initiative forward. NRG Biofuels Calgary Canada is proactively involved in R&D ofthe Energy Centre at NUST. Further effective collaborations will be forged as the energy center of excellence evolves andgrows with due diligence at a fast pace. Prof. Kendra V. Sharp Professor of Mechanical Engineering PhD, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, 2001 M Eng, University of California – Berkeley, 1996 M Phil, University of Cambridge, 1994 BS, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, 1993 American Institute of Physics/American Association for the Advancement of Science Congressional Science Fellow, 2001 At OSU since 2010. Glumac Faculty Fellow School of Mechanical, Industrial, and Manufacturing Engineering Oregon State UniversityDr. Kendra Sharp’s primary expertise is in the areas of experimental fluid mechanics including diagnostic techniques,mixing, and microfluidics for biological and energy applications. She is also working in the area of sustainable technologies,with an emphasis on microhydro, and international emphases in engineering research and education. She was recentlynamed a Glumac Faculty Fellow at Oregon State University for her work in sustainable technologies.She directed the Microscale Flow Lab during her eight years as a mechanical engineering faculty member at ThePennsylvania State University. She spent the summers of 2008 and 2009 as a visiting researcher at the Laboratory for Aeroand Hydrodynamics, Technical University of Delft, Netherlands. In 2004, Dr. Sharp received a National Science Foundation(NSF) Career Award supporting her work on particle effects in microfluidics. She served as an American Institute ofPhysics (AIP)/American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Congressional Science Fellow in the office ofU.S. Senator J. Lieberman in 2001, immediately after earning her Ph.D. in Theoretical and Applied Mechanics from theUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Dr Xinying Liu PhD in Chemistry (1999), Nankai University BSc in Chemistry (1994), Nankai University Technical expertise Design, synthesis and characterization of catalyst and inorganic nano particles. Fischer Tropsh process.   Life cycle assessment of alternated energyKey responsibilities at COMPSLooking after the Fischer Tropsch laboratory and the Fischer Tropsch process development, including CTL, GTL and BTL GREEN PAKISTAN 10 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 11. Dr. Saud A. Gutub Dr. Saud A. Gutub holds a B.Sc. degree in Civil Engineering from King Fahd University for Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, (1978), and an M.Sc. degree in Water Resources from California State University, Long Beach, California, USA (1981), and a Ph.D. in Groundwater from Colorado State University, Colorado, USA (1988). He has been on the faculty of the Department of Civil Engineering at King Abdulaziz University since 1979. Dr. Gutub has held several administrative and academic positions at King Abdulaziz University. He is currently   the Dean of Faculty of Engineering, Rabigh Branch (2009-now). He has worked as Vice Dean of Student Affairs for Alumni (2005-2007), prior to which he was the Vice Dean of Student Affairs for Housing and Nutrition (2003-2005). He also worked as the Deputy Director of the Water Research Center at KAU (2008-2009). He worked as a consultant to several private and government agencies which included his being a consultant to the deputy mayor of the municipality for projects and constructions in Jeddah City (2005-2009). He has also supervised and participated in the preparation of the Jeddah Master Plan for storm water drainage with Saud Consult Company (2001-2003). Dr. Gutub has research interests in the design and analysis of water distribution systems, estimation of water leakage in water distribution systems, groundwater flow and contaminant modeling, storm drainage design and analysis, flood protection, groundwater dewatering, and underground dams. Dr. Gutub has participated in several studies and researches in water-related areas for governmental and private sectors and published numerous papers in local and international journals and conferences. Prof. Dr. Shi-Zhong Li Executive Director of the US-Sino Joint Center for Biofuel Research Deputy Director of Institute of New Energy Technology, Tsinghua University Co-operations / Projects • A joint research on solid-state fermentation and psychrophilic bacteria for the production of biogas between Tsinghua Unviersity and Malardalen University (funded by MOST China and SEA Sweden) • Sweet Sorghum and Cellulosic Ethanol Joint Research between NREL and Tsinghua University(funded by MOST China   and DOE USA) • Refine sucrose and ligocellulose in sweet sorghum stalks to biofuels (funded by Tsinghua-Cambridge-MIT low carbon alliance) Special area of interest in potential biogas projects • Solid state anaerobic fermentation for biogas production • Microbial community for biogas production at ambient temperature Participation in project proposal • Effect of substrate pretreatment and different fermentation processes on the microbial community and biogas yield • Possibilities of utilisation of marginal land for energy crops for biogas Task/Responsibility in project proposal • Work package 1 Dirk Banemann • Potentials of pretreatment of maize straw as the feedstock of biogas fermenters (UFZ, University of Rostock, Tsinghua University, AEPI;Tianren, CAU, DBFZ) • Coordinator Frank Scholwin • Possibilities of utilisation of marginal land for energy crops for biogas GREEN PAKISTAN 11 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 12. Suhail A Khan Vice President Polyester Business Suhail Aslam Khan is the Vice President Polyester Business. He joined ICI as a Management Trainee in 1986 with the Soda Ash Business and has over 25 years of professional experience in diverse fields. Prior to his current role, Suhail was the General Manager Human Resources and Corporate Communications & Public Affairs. He has also served as the Site General Manager for   the Polyester Business and as Vice President Manufacturing Pakistan PTA Limited. In addition to his role as Vice President of the Polyester Fibers Business, Suhail is also the CEO of ICI Pakistan PowerGen Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of ICI Pakistan.An alumnus of the INSEAD Business School, Suhail holds a Masters Degree in Chemical Engineering from Aston Universityin Birmingham, UK. Mr. Bakhtiar Wain President and Chief Executive Officer Avanceon Limited Bakhtiar Wain is the Chief Executive Officer of Avanceon Limited since he joined the company in 1989 and a General Manager of Engro Corporation Limited. The same year, he set up a   unanimously re- appointed as Chief Executive Officer by the Board of Directors. very successful business of providing turnkey automation, instrumentation & engineering solutions to the local industry. After the acquisition of majority shares by Engro in 2003, he was Mr. Wain also serves on the Board of Innovative Private Limited.Mr. Wain has previously worked for leading companies such as Exxon Chemical, Fauji Fertilizer and ICI. Within 3 yearsof his appointment as Chief Executive Officer, he spearheaded the company towards market leadership in Pakistan. Thecompany subsequently grew internationally by setting up a very successful operation in UAE and acquiring a leadingautomation company in Pennsylvania, USA.Mr. Wain holds a mechanical engineering degree from the University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan. Dr. Zeeshan Nawaz Dr. Zeeshan Nawaz received his Bachelor and Master degree’s with distinction in Chemical Engineering, after that he earned his Doctoral degree in Chemical Engineering & Technology from Tsinghua University, Beijing. He served at Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission and   Beijing Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Reaction Engineering & Technology (FLOTU) for 6 years. His specialization is Catalyst Design and Reaction Engineering. He won many awards and scholarships in his carrier; the most recent are “Excellent Researcher Award of Tsinghua University” sponsored by Eternal Chemical Co. Ltd. Taiwan and Best Young Scientist 2011 by NAYS.Currently, he is involved in Process & Reactor design and High Fidelity Reactor Modeling for various technology developmentactivities. He is also inventor of “novel bi-metallic catalyst for direct propane dehydrogenation” and “designed integratedfluidized bed reactor for light olefins production”. Dr. Zeeshan published more than 50 research papers in esteemedresearch journals and having 7 patents; at the same time he is also member of editorial boards for various reputedresearch journals home and abroad. Rashid Kamal Rashid Kamal received his bachelor degree in Chemical Engineering from Punjab University Lahore. He has spent around 4 years in Fauji Fertilizer Company, Macchi Goth, Rahim yar Khan in the beginning and has an experience of 26 years in different businesses of ICI Pakistan, in various positions Currently working as “Works Manager” Polyester manufacturing unit near Sheikhupura. GREEN PAKISTAN 12 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 13. Dr. Mohammad Saeed Khan Jadoon Dr. Mohammad Saeed Khan Jadoon holds DIC and Ph. D in Petroleum Engineering from Imperial College, University of London, UK in 1992. He has a diversified experience of more than 18 years in Petroleum industry. He has joined OGDCL as Senior Reservoir Engineering in 1993. Currently, he is working as Manager Reservoir Engineering and leading reservoir simulation study group and Reserves & Economic Evaluation division in Oil & Gas Development Company Limited Pakistan. He has been involved in evolving Reservoir Management and Development Strategy of the oil & Gas Fields of OGDCL. He has worked as Convener Peer Review Committee   for the Evaluation of the Petroleum Engineering Institutes of Pakistan, nominated by PakistanCouncil for Science & Technology in year 2002 He is an author of twenty five technical papers and participated in Nationaland International Conferences. He held positions of Secretary General SPE 1999 and Chairman Continuing Education SPEPakistan since 2003. He has been selected as member of peer review committee for Journal of Reservoir Engineering andFormation Evaluation published in USA by SPE International in 2008. He is major contributor in organizing SPE conferencesin Pakistan for last ten years. In recognition of his valuable contribution in dissemination of knowledge through Societyof Petroleum Engineers, he has been selected as a Chairman SPE Pakistan for 2010. He is also on the editorial Board ofPakistan Journal of Hydrocarbon Research, HDIP. He worked as group Leader for the formulation of Tight Gas and lowBTU gases reservoir Development policy for the GOVT of Pakistan. He is also nominated as member Board of Studies inPetroleum Technology, University of Karachi.International Appearances:1. ASEAN Jakarta, Indonesia, 20092. World Future Energy Summit, UAE 20103. COMSTAC/NASIC, Islamabad 20104. International Conference on Energy Systems Engineering, EME-NUST 20105. TMS, California, USA 20106. ASEAN, Vietnam 20117. SDPI, Islamabad 20118. University of Sheffield Energy Centre 20119. Cooperation With Asian And Pacific Centre For Transfer Of Technology (Apctt) For The Promotion Of Renewable Energy Technologies In Asia-Pacific Region, China 201110. 4th Asian School On Solar Electricity For Rural Areas, Selangor, Malaysia 201111. Pakistan-China Cooperation Conference, Beijing, China 2011 Round Table discussion Session at World Future Energy Summit at UAE, 2010 GREEN PAKISTAN 13 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 14. Green Energy Incentives and PitfallsPakistan possesses vast potential in wind, microhydel and Another potentially fruitful area which needs attentionhydel power generation. We need to fix our priorities is the microhydel domain as expressed by the followingright and implement the decisions made by various figures:organs of the State. As for government initiatives, it didset up an institution in 2002 called the Alternative Energy • Micro Hydel Power Potential = 4500 MW ($1.5M/MW)Development Board (AEDB), especially for this purpose. The • Ownership to small, impoverished communitiesPakistan Meteorological Department, with assistance from • Minimum capital investment per installation.USAID, carried out a wind-resource study of Pakistan and • Less impact on Eco Systemdeveloped a precise and accurate detailed map, showing • Ideally suited to Pakistan’s Topographythe potential available in the country for harnessing wind • A vast basin close to prominent mountain rangeenergy. According to it, the country has a total potential of35,000 MW, which it can produce from wind power. The The bottom line is that Micro scale hydropower productionstudy found that from one place alone, the Gharo-Keti has the potential to be a significant and decentralizedBandar wind corridor in coastal Sindh, several thousand component of Pakistan’s growing power needs.megawatts can be produced. On this issue, Pakistan hasalso been extended help by other donors. As far as hydropower is concerned, unfortunately our planers have mixed the priorities of power generation fromIt offered various incentives for independent power “big multi-purpose water reservoir dams” with “run ofproducers, including guarantees to purchase electricity, the river” generation. The main purpose of the former isand concessions such as a zero sales tax and no import irrigation and the power generation is its byproduct whileduty. As a result, 73 letters of intent (LoI) were issued for a the latter is purely used for power generation, and as suchtotal of 4,650 MW of energy to be produced. In view of this their priorities need to be separately identified based onlarge-scale interest, the Planning Commission of Pakistan power requirement. Power generation from “run of river”fixed a target for the AEDB to complete wind projects projects is low cost and its completion schedule is shorterof 900 MW capacity till 2010.Fourteen of the 73 wind- compared to big water reservoir dams. Based on “run ofgenerated projects completed feasibility studies. By 2007, the river” Hydel Projects, a substantial power generationthe National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (Nepra) capacity of about 20,000 MW in northern areas is availablehad issued power generation licences to five companies which should be given priority and completed with in theand they were to start operation by early 2010. There is lot nest 5-8 years.to be desired in this sector to utilize the immense potentialthat resides in it. The wind coming from the Arabian Seapasses harmlessly through Pakistan’s territory into India!Ironically India is producing 8213 MW from this wind.   The Pakistan wind corridor imploringly waiting expliotation!   Run of the river hydel project view GREEN PAKISTAN 14 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 15. The following recommendations are made:• Capitalize on the initial success of UGC to fully exploit the vast coal deposit for electricity and high quality diesel.• Fix gas supply priority in the following order: Industry Domestic Transport• Hasten Gas Pipeline• No Generation, no Capacity Charge for GENCO’s• Reduce Losses; Improve efficiency of GENCO’s• Run of the river hydel projects Dasu Thakot, Pathan, Bunji (20,000MW)• Go for RenewablesPakistan’s serious energy crisis has negative impact on all sectors of economy. It is not just the economic growth that hasbeen hampered by frequent power outages but shutting down of industries has also increased the unemployment.We must expedite exploration of oil and gas on a war footing to complement the depleting reserves. Pay due attentionto the vast coal reserves in regard to converting these into electricity and clean motor fuel. The renewable sector hasimmence potential in terms of both wind and biomass. Indiginize both thermal and PV solar technologies for utilizationon mass scale. The sun is pouring trillions of MW everyday! A delightful news to share with the worthy readers. The first underground gasification experiment has met success. The blue flame emanating from one of the UGC channels in Tharparker Desert is a glad tiding that carries the potential of illuminating Pakistan in the time of acute energy crisis. We extend our heartiest felicitations to Dr. Samar Mubarakmand and his team! Overseas Delegates in the Company of Rector NUST on Dr. Samar Mubarakmand inaugurating Dr Samar the ocassion of MoU Signing Mubarakmand Block at NUST GREEN PAKISTAN 15 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 16. Research and Innovation Team Dr Mohammad Bilal Khan Qualifications/Trainings MS USA, DIC/PhD UK Former Advisor US DOE and PAF Current Position Principal/Director Center for Energy Systems (CES), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST).ProfileDr. Khan is the founding Dean of SCME, NUST. He was involved as researcher/consultant in a sizeable project on theproduction of synthetic fuel from Biomass on behalf of the US Department of Energy at the University of Arizona USA. Theproject had traveled from Rust Engineering in New York to Argonne labs in Illinois to UC Berkley. A major breakthroughenabled the project to recover from its long slumber and activated it to the point of commercial production. Invention isassigned to the University of Arizona. The work is reported in “The Nation Daily” Science and Technology section underthe caption “Shortcut to Natural Production” and ISI Journals. Ultimately, a 3000 bbl/day plant for fuel production frombiomass was reportedly installed in Albany New York. Two further improvements in machine design leading to lowerenergy outlay in reaction injection and planetary viscous processing were achieved as part of PhD and Post Doc. workin Industry. He acted as Advisor on turn key projects across four continents. He is on HEC panel of experts for review ofNational R& D grants. Dr. Khan is currently heading a sizable biofuels project in collaboration with NRG Biofuels Canadawhere employment of a photosensitive catalyst produces biodiesel at a much faster rate consuming much less energy.US patent for the process has been registered. Dr. Khan has over 90 publications, 03 books and 6 patents to his credit.He represents NUST in the Core Energy Group established by the Ministry of Science and Technology. He serves on thepeer review panel of archival journals of international repute. He is recipient of the ORS award by the committee ofthe Vice Chancellors and Principals of the UK. In recognition of his outstanding contribution to the field of science andtechnology the President of Islamic Republic of Pakistan has conferred the President Medal for Technology award 2009.He is chairman of YMK Educational Foundation. He is Co-chair of chemical and energy sectors of Corporate AdvisoryCouncil NUST. He is member BOG RIU and TMS USA.   Dr. Abdul Ghafoor Qualifications/Trainings PhD UK, Post Doc Fulbright US Current Position Principal SMME, NUSTProfileHe has worked as a visiting professor in Kings College London and has also been a Fulbright Scholar at University ofFlorida, USA. Dr Ghafoor has over 50 publications in the journals and conferences of international repute. He is the brainbehind the on-campus practical energy conservation projects, which include water and space heating of SMME buildingand installation of hybrid geysers utilizing solar thermal technology. He is assigned to undertake energy audit of thebuildings for the various outfits under the Ministry of Science and Technology. GREEN PAKISTAN 16 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 17. Dr.Ashfaque Hasan Khan (Sitara-e-Imtiaz) Dean & Principal , NUST Business School Dr. Ashfaque Hasan Khan is currently the Principal and Dean, NUST Business School, National University of Sciences & Technology (NUST), Islamabad. He has been the Special Secretary Finance/Director General, Debt Office and Economic Adviser of the Ministry of Finance, Islamabad for eleven years. He has also been the Director and Vice Chairman of the Saudi- Pak Industrial and Agricultural Investment Company Ltd. (A joint venture of Saudi Arabia and Pakistan); and Directors of the United Bank Limited (Representing government’s shares in theBank) and Pak-Libya Holding Company (A Joint venture of Pakistan and Libya).Dr.Khan holds a Ph.D degree in economics from the Johns Hopkins University in USA. He joined the Pakistan Institute ofDevelopment Economics (PIDE) in 1979 as Research Economist, where he held increasingly senior positions. He was JointDirector of the Institute before being appointed Economic Adviser of the Ministry of Finance in March 1998. In January2003 he was appointed Director General of the Debt Office of the Ministry of Finance. He was appointed Special SecretaryFinance/ Director General, Debt Office in July 2007- a position which he held until February 2009. Dr. Khan has been thespoke person of the Government of Pakistan on economic issues for 11 years (March 1998 – February 2009).As a key member of the Government’s economic team Dr. Khan played a pivotal role in salvaging a near bankrupteconomy of Pakistan and putting it on the path of sustained high growth with financial stability. He was actively involved inpreparing the reform program which was launched in early 2000 and provided vital policy inputs in framing the country’smacroeconomic policies. Dr.Khan was the member of the core economic team who negotiated with the IMF for variousfinancial packages, implemented the programs and finally brought the country out of the IMF Program in December 2004and thus restored the country’s financial sovereignty.As a member of the high level Debt Committee, Dr. Khan was involved in the preparation of the Debt Reduction Strategywhich was later adopted by the Government. The country’s macroeconomic policies centered around the same strategyduring 2000-2007. Dr. Khan played an important role in setting up the Debt Office in the Ministry of Finance. Withineight years of pursuance of the same strategy the country’s public debt was reduced to one-half and Pakistan was ableto prepay expensive external debt. Dr. Khan is the principal architect of the Fiscal Responsibility and Debt Limitation Act,passed by the Parliament in June 2005. This Act has been designed to inject financial discipline in the country.Dr. Khan has been actively involved in the floatation of Pakistan’s sovereign bonds including the Islamic bond (Sukuk) inthe international debt capital market. He has also been involved in the issuance of Global Depository Receipts (GDRs)and Exchangeable Bonds in international equity markets. During his stay in the Ministry of Finance, Dr. Khan has beenproviding valuable policy inputs to the President, Prime Minister, Finance Minister, Secretary General Finance and FinanceSecretary on various issues pertaining to the economy.Dr. Khan’s past experience includes: visiting Lecturer at the Towson State University in USA and Visiting Fellow at the KielInstitute of World Economics in Germany. He has also been the Consultant to many International Organizations/ FinancialInstitutions such as the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific (UN-ESCAP), the Asian andPacific Development Centre, the Asian Development Bank and the World Bank. As Consultant to the Secretary GeneralSAARC, he has the honour of preparing the Regional Study on Trade, Manufacturers and Services which served as thefoundation for regional cooperation in South Asia including the establishment of the SAARC Chamber of Commerce andIndustry.Dr. Khan has the distinction of being the most widely published economist of the country. He has published 9 books andmore than 170 articles in national and international journals of economic science. His papers have appeared in the mostprestigious journals of economic science published from Harvard University and University of Chicago. Dr.Khan has alsothe distinction of being a student of a Nobel Laureate in economics, Professor Lawrence R. Klein.Dr. Khan is currently a member of the United Nations Expert Group to review the performance of the Asia-Pacificeconomies at the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific (ESCAP), Bangkok. He was one of the experts ofthe UN-ESCAP, assigned the task to prepare the views of the Asia-Pacific region on the world economy for presentation atthe G-20 Summit, held in Seoul Korea in November 2010.He has been the editor, co-editor and the member of the Editorial Committee of the various prestigious journals ofeconomic science. He has been the recipient of various awards from the National Book Foundation for publishing articlesin International Journals of economic science. He is also the external examiner of Ph.D dissertation submitted to variousPakistani and foreign universities. Dr. Khan is a frequent speaker at the National Defense University, Pakistan AdministrativeStaff College, National Institute of Public Administration (NIPAs), the Army School of Logistics, Kuldana, Army School ofInfantry, Nowshera and the Command and Staff College, Quetta.In recognition of his outstanding contribution to the field of economics and public policy the President of the IslamicRepublic of Pakistan has conferred the award of Sitara-i-Imtiaz to Dr.Khan in 2005. The Economic Cooperation Organization(ECO) also conferred him the ECO Excellence Award 2010 for his outstanding contribution in the field of Economics. GREEN PAKISTAN 17 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 18. Dr. Qamar Malik Qualifications/Trainings M.Sc. (USA), PhD (UK)   Current Position NRG Biofuels, Calgary Canada. Profile Dr. Malik is visiting and adjunct Professor at NUST. He has 27 years of professional multidisciplinary experience serving academia, R&D and oil & gas industry in North America, Europe and Asia. His interest are in Energy Efficiency and Renewable Projects. He served as lead engineer for world’s largest project in Canada utilizing CO2 for enhanced oil recovery. At present he is representing the industry and leading renewable fuels research to be commercialized in near future. He has a track record of publications in International Journals.   Dr Ishtiaq A. Qazi Qualifications/Trainings Ph.D. (Environmental Chemistry), University of Aston in Birmingham, Birmingham, UK, 1980. MSc. University of Birmingham, UK, 1977. MSc. (Chemistry), University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, 1975 Current Position Dean, Institute of Environmental Sciences and Engineering (IESE),National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad (since July 2004) Profile He has over 25 years of administrative and managerial experience in building and leading professional teams on Environment and Renewable Energy issues. With over twenty publications in refereed international journals has an established expertise in the field of Renewable Energy in general and the following in particular: Solar Energy, Biogas, Microhydel, and Wind Energy. Member of the International Steering Committee for the International Conference for Renewable Energies (Bonn 1 - 4 June, 2004): renewables 2004. Closely involved with the Asian Development Bank’s programme on Promotion of Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency and Greenhouse Abatement (PREGA).Regular Associate, in Non-Conventional Energy, of the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (AS-ICTP), Trieste, Italy (2000-2003).   Dr. Adeel Waqas Qualifications/Trainings PhD (Energy Technology), Asian Institute of Technology Thailand. MS University of Applied Sciences Offenburg, Germany. B.E (Mecahnical Engineering), UET Lahore, Pakistan. Current Position Faculty member at School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering (SMME), National university of Sciences and Technology. Profile He has worked with German Aero Space Center-Stuttgart for one year for the completion of master thesis. He has also completed the training for conducting the energy audit for buildings and industries from APO Thailand under the banner of World Bank. A part from this he has also conducted several trainings on solar water heating, solar space heating and energy efficiency measures in industry and buildings from the platform of the Asian institute of Technology and UNEP. He is also the author of several research articles in well reputed international energy journals and conferences. GREEN PAKISTAN 18 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 19.   Dr. Suhail Zaki Fraooqui Qualifications/Trainings PhD (Computational Physics) University of Texas at Austin USA Post-Doctorate in the field of Wind Energy from the Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, 2006. Current Position Associate Professor Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pakistan Navy Engineering College (PNEC), National university of Sciences and Technology (NUST). Profile He designed and fabricated and successfully tested several types of Horizontal and Vertical Axis Wind Turbines in the power range of 300 to 1000 watts along with their electric generators, monitored the wind data collection and analysis project of the Govt. of Pakistan along the coastal areas of Sindh and Baluchistan, published several popular science articles and presented his research related to Wind Energy in more than twenty conferences and symposia. Currently, he is the Principal Investigator of the HEC sponsored project on “Off-the-Grid Applications of Doubly-Fed Induction Generators in Autonomous Wind Power Systems”, and is also working on the HEC sponsored 2-Kilowatt Parabolic-Trough Solar-Thermal Power Pilot Project to study and prove the feasibility and cost effectiveness of small scale solar thermal power plants to be mounted on roof tops of residential or commercial buildings. He has also developed a solar drier to dry and preserve food, a solar water purifier and two types of solar cookers. Several of his wind turbines are operating in the premises of the Pakistan Navy Engineering College, Karachi. Currently, his eight patent applications on different aspects of wind and solar energy are under process. He has the honor of having received the NUST’s Best University Teacher Award and Gold Medal for the year 2008.   Prof Zia Ud Din Qualifications/Trainings M.Sc Energy Conversion & Management, University of Applied Sciences, Offenburg, Germany. Current Position Assistant Professor School of Mechanical And Manufacturing Engineering (SMME). National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST). Profile He has worked on Energy Conversion Techniques for Steam, Gas and Combined Power Plants and Renewable Energy Conversion Techniques for Solar, Wind, and Fuel Cells. He has also designed and fabricated horizontal axis, variable pitch, numerically controlled Aero –Generator in Coastal Areas of Pakistan. He is a member of the project PAT (Pumps as Turbines) for small hydro power stations. Dr. Aftab Sadiq Qualifications/Trainings B.E. (MC Risalpur) MS, PhD Georgia Institute of Technology, USA Current Position   Dean SCEE Profile His expertise resides in open channel flow, Scour around bridge abutments in the flood plane. GREEN PAKISTAN 19 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 20.   Prof Ahmed Sohail Qualifications/Trainings MSc 2001, DU Sweden, MS 2002 DU Sweden Current Position Assistant Professor College of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering (EME), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST). Profile He is currently engaged as National Consultant for Evaluation and Monitoring of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Program REEEP-GTZ in Pakistan by AGEG engaged by BMZ Germany. Chief Consultant on Sustainability assessment of ten MHP sites in Chitral, Gilgit and Skardu to UNDP GEP program PURE implemented by AEDB. Chief Consultant (National) for Solarization of Beacon House School System. Project financed by USTDA engaged with TTI Washington to execute the study. Chief consultant to PURE ‘Productive Use of Renewable Energy’ A UNDP financed project engaged by AEDB & UNDP jointly. Chief Consultant /Team leader of “Baseline Survey on Renewable Energy potential in KPK and Balochistan conducted by European Union. Potential Evaluator and National Monitoring Consultant/expert in the project of “ “Support of the project on Ground Water Development by using solar water pumping in FATA” Project executed by GTZ REEEP Program. Appointed by GTZ Germany to evaluate the existing water situation for agricultural purposes in KURRAM Agency FATA and to find optimum solution based upon Solar PV Pumping. External Consultant of efficient & Environment friendly brick manufacturing in Pakistan EEBP funded by Swiss Embassy Islamabad. Project Director for “Solar Industrial Water heating system for leather Industry (HEC Funded Project).   Dr. Habib-ur Rehman Qualifications/Trainings B.Sc. degree in electrical engineering from the University of Engineering and Technology Lahore, Pakistan, in 1990. He received M.S. and Ph.D. degrees, both in electrical engineering, from the Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, in 1995 and 2001 respectively Current Position Associate Professor SEECS Profile He has a wide experience in the area of power system, power electronics, and motor drives in industry and academia. From January 1991 to September 1993, and June 1995 to December 1995, he worked as a substation engineer in NESPAK, Lahore, Pakistan. He was involved in the design, installation, testing, and commissioning of 00 KV substations. From July 1998 to December 1999, he worked as a design engineer in the Ecostar Electric Drives and Ford Research Laboratory, where he was a member of the Electric, Hybrid, and Fuel Cell vehicles development programs. From 2001 to 2006 he worked in the department of electrical engineering at the United Arab Emirates (UAE) University, Al-Ain, U.A.E., as an Assistant Professor. In 2006, he joined the department of electrical engineering at the American University of Sharjah where he was working as an Associate Professor. In 2011, he joined NUST school of electrical engineering and computer science (SEECS) as an associate professor. Dr. Rehman’s primary research interests are in the areas of microprocessor/digital signal processor based adjustable- speed drives and their efficiency optimization, power electronics, alternative energy vehicles and renewable energy systems. He has authored and co-authored 13 international journal and 33 conference papers GREEN PAKISTAN 20 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 21.   Mr. Shahid Hussain Ansari Qualifications/Trainings BE/MS Chemical Engineering, UET Lahore Current Position Faculty Member SCME-NUST ProfileUndertaking PhD. Recently completed on job training in Clean Coal Technologies. He has strong interest in reactionengineering, reactor design, instrumentation and process control and advanced catalysis. He has firm grip on APEN-HYSYSdesign software. Mr. Ansari possesses vast experience in IPRS with overseas training. Mr. Khawar Shah Qualifications/Trainings BS Electrical Engineering, Wright State University, Dayton OH USA. Current Position Centre for Energy Systems (CES), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST). ProfileHe is involved in manufacturing of solar cells, designing alternate energy solutions for commercial and domestic use. Hehas developed five inch solar cell for the first time in Pakistan. This process involves the use of silicon grade wafer. Theproblems faced were the doping concentrations, how to adjust them, and how to develop different methods and processto improve the solar cell efficiency. This involved the removal of edge shorts using plasma etching. He has designed powersolution for telecom tower which involves solar cell panels and hybrid system with different backup time. The system cansupport 1kw, 2kw, and 4kw. He has worked on the design and process for manufacturing of power IC for mobile phone.This device is manufactured on a five inch wafer in high current implanter. This IC is manufactured for the first time inPakistan. GREEN PAKISTAN 21 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 22. The Role of Corporate Advisory Council(CAC) and the Energy SectorNUST is one of the few Pakistani universities to practically resource.engage in industry collaboration. It has a long-standing d. Visible, effective and measurable contribution torelationship with the Pakistani industry. Much of the the Pakistani Economy.research adopted by the various schools at NUST derives e. Help productive employment for NUST Graduatesfrom the necessity to maintain a high level of skill and in Pakistan.technical R&D capability to fulfill the requirements of f. Joint studies, projects and R & D (domestic &Pakistan’s industries. global Industries). g. Encourage domestic and global Industry to investNUST HAS ADOPTED THREE GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR in NUST R&D facilities.COLLABORATION WITH INDUSTRY THAT WILL HELP ENSURE h. Help initiate appropriate projects in NUSTA MUTUALLY BENEFICIAL ARRANGEMENT: Technology Park. i. Undertake required studies jointly with Industry• Successful university and industry collaboration should to assist government for rapid development & support the mission of each partner. Any efforts in economic growth. conflict with the mission either partner will ultimately Each sector is co-chaired by two Senior Executives (one from fail. NUST and one from the Industry).The Sector Committees comprise 8-10 members, with representation from the• Industrial practices and national resources should industry and NUST Academia. This structure has given a focus on fostering appropriate long-term partnerships forum to experienced heads from industry and academia between the university and industry. to combine their expertise and thoughts, and to invest time and effort in R&D critical to the specific sector, national-• The university and industry should focus on the benefits level policy making, resource generation, international to each party that will result form collaborations by collaborations and entrepreneurship, hence striving to fill streamlining negotiations to ensure timely conducted the gap between industry needs and academic research, of the research and the development of the research and at the same time enabling NUST students to conduct findings practical rather than mere academic research. For the Energy sector, as for each of the other sectors, a. In April 2010, NUST established the CORPORATE the presence of the formal platform called CAC, has ADVISORY COUNCIL (CAC) on the initiative of facilitated the identification of specific industry needs, and Rector NUST with the objective of developing a development of research projects and programs tailored to single platform for interacting with the industry. those needs. The industry is heavily involved in the R&D The CAC has the able guidance of Dr. Akram going on at the NUST schools, making sure that industry Sheikh, Professor Emritus NUST and Advisor NUST. needs are fulfilled, and students receive training that The design of the CAC is based on the expertise improves their understanding of the industry, and prepares of various NUST schools, dovetailed with industry them for adding value to the economy as they graduate requirements. The CAC encompasses 11 sectors and enter the workforce. of the economy, including Automotive, Health & NUST develops strategy for parallel development of short Pharmaceuticals, Infrastructure, IT & Telecom, & long term projects with the industry. Its strategy is to Engineering, Banking & Financial Services, Power undertake projects in the short-term, showing tangible & Energy, Chemical, Defense Technologies, results for the industry and solving its immediate problems. Intellectual Property, and the Social Sector. This At the same time, it works on longer term projects as per comprehensive sectoral mapping of the Pakistani a road map developed in agreement with the industry economy and establishment of direct links has partners. resulted in meaningful and productive partnerships NUST schools have partnered with the industry for various at various levels with public and private sector short & long-term projects, including, but not limited to, industries. the following:-Through these industry-academia linkages, NUST aims to • Carrying out energy audits of industrial units, andfulfill the following objectives:- suggesting methods to reduce wastage of gas, a. Help develop required University-Industry electricity, and fuel, thereby improving efficiency of collaborations for “knowledge economy” and industrial units. “technology driven development”. • Developing cost-effective solutions such as: improving b. Build mutual trust and faith. industrial motor efficiency, installation of variable c. Build, produce and provide knowledge and control drives, improving boiler efficiency (coupling knowledge capital in terms of qualified human with feed water from Solar Water Heaters), efficient GREEN PAKISTAN 22 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 23. lighting solutions, efficient air conditioning solutions, developed by the School of Mechanical and Manufacturing etc. Engineering and Energy Centre itself. This program will lead• Developing solutions to address the acute shortage to an integrated post-graduate program of Energy Systems of energy being faced by industries in Pakistan. The involving electrical, mechanical, chemical, materials, and solutions include: environment engineering. NUST has recently established• Development of coal gasification plants and retrofitting a CENTER FOR ENERGY SYSTEMS (CES) with the same with existing gas engines in industries. objective.• Developing biogas systems from biomass / land fill as Since the scope of the Energy sector projects (both projects an alternative fuel for industrial power plants and rural currently being conducted and projects being planned for empowerment under waste-to-energy projects. the short-long term) is diverse, the “customers” NUST• Adding solar PV to the industrial energy mix. can serve also range from textile, telecom, and from• Developing micro-wind turbines to provide electricity engineering to agriculture. for industrial applications. The institutions that are involved with NUST as part of the• Developing solar water heating systems for use in CAC energy committee include public and private sector specific industries. organizations in the areas of:• Development of new nano-structured materials for • Energy efficiency. solar energy storage. • Alternate / renewable energy.• Design of power generation systems based on rice • Regulatory and controlling bodies in Pakistan’s power husk, bagasse, etc. sector (NEPRA, OGRA, and ministries).• Conducting scientific studies on Bio-Diesel yielding • Policy making institutions. plants. • Power generation and distribution companies.• Development of a nanocatalyst for Bio-Diesel refining. • Oil and gas exploration companies. This particular invention at NUST promises to vastly • Oil refineries and oil marketing companies. reduce the energy outlay in transesterification and thus substantially improve the economy of some 20 Through the collaborative efforts of the above-mentioned billion Liters of Biodiesel produced globally. stakeholders, NUST is striving to develop cost-effective and sustainable solutions to the energy crisis faced by theNUST also understands the importance of developing Pakistani industry.curriculum in state-of-the-art technologies relatedto energy. With collaboration from the industry, the Through the collaborative efforts of the above-mentionedundergraduate program of Electrical Engineering aims stakeholders, NUST is striving to develop cost-effectiveto offer a Power Engineering program in the short-term and sustainable solutions to the energy crisis faced by thecoupled with a renewable energy curriculum recently Pakistani industry. Energy Sector CAC Industry Counterparts Designation/ S# Name CAC Role Address Contact No. Email Assistant Organization 1 Mr. Khalid Aslam Industry Director Sapphire 021-32416265, khalid.aslam@ Co-Chair Projects Textile Mills 0333-2372263 khi.sapphire. Ltd , 111000100 com.pk 2 Dr. Bilal Khan NUST Co- Principal CES SCME-NUST 0307-5558720, Principal.ces@ Asad: 5101 Chair H-12 Sector 051-91855100 nust.edu.pk Islamabad External Members 3 Mr. Faridullah Member MD National 051-9206001 mdenercon@ Khan Energy gmail.com Conservation Center (ENERCON) 4 Mr. Sarwar Saqib Member Acting DG Ministry of 051-9206952 chiefenercon@ Environment, gmail.conm ENERCON GREEN PAKISTAN 23 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 24. Designation/S# Name CAC Role Address Contact No. Email Assistant Organization5 Mr. Pervez Mir Member GM Power Nishat Group 0333-4060709 nmlgreige@ of Companies nishatmills.com (Textile and Power)6 Mr. Saadat Ali Member CEO Waste to 0300-8540195 Energy, Islamabad7 Mr. Hassan Javed Member Senior Vice Kandra 0302-8453955 hasanjaved@ President Power, magic.net.pk Petroleum Exploration Limited8 Mr. Muhammad Member CEO- Elan Elan Partner 03215033545, muhammad. Ziauddin Partner Pvt Pvt, Head (51) 2291012- ziauddin@elan. Ltd Office # 239, 3 +92 (51) com.pk, ceo@ Street # 35, 2291017 elan.com.pk Sector F-10/1, Islamabad.9 Dr. Salman Zakria Member CEO- DESCON 042-35805134 , Lhr10 Mr. S. Nowaid Member Deputy PSO House, UAN: 111-111- nawaid.a.zaidi@ Ms. Anjum Zaidi General 2nd Floor, 776 / psopk.com Neelofar, Manager- PSO Khyaban- Ext : 256 021- e-Iqbal, Dir:9221- 35636434 PSO House 5636434 ,Clifton, Fax:9221- Karachi 5636433 Mob: 0333- 211501711 Suhail A Khan Vice President ICI 056-111100200 Polyester (Akzonobel Business ICI Lahore)12 Mr. Habil Ahmed Member Director Welt Konnect, Tel: 051- habil@ Mr Awais Khan Operations- St #8, Agha 2870422, Cell: weltkonnect.com Chaudry Welt konnect Khan Avenue, 0300-5140020 0321- F-5/1, 5111777 Islamabad13 Dr. Asad Javed Member Pakeges, Office: 042- asad.javaid@dic. Lahore 35822173, Cell: com.pk 0302-4337749 (Have to mail him)14 Mr. Bakhtiar Wain President 19-KM Main 042- 3111 940 bwain@avanseon. and Chief Multan Road, com Executive Lahore 54660 Officer Avanceon Limited GREEN PAKISTAN 24 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 25. NUST University – Industry Portal on BiofuelsChris J. Willmann*, Qamar Malik*, Mohammad BilalKhan**and Ali Bahadar****CEO / COO / Director NRG Biofuels Inc., Calgary, Alberta, Canada**Principal / Director Centre for Energy Systems and Co-Chair Energy Sector Corporate Advisory Council NUST, ***HECPhD Scholar,Business Description traditionally impoverished third world countries. Jatropha growth and oil extraction is an established industry; the challenge has been to make the process cost-effective. TheWorking with the Centre for Energy Systems (CES) at new transferable technology for the extraction processesthe National University of Sciences and Technology in will double the output of Jatropha and Algae oil forIslamabad, NRG Biofuels is developing technology that biodiesel and cut processing times in half.will turn the marginally efficient biofuels industry into a It is at the next step in the process, however, thathighly profitable enterprise providing social and economic technological innovations give the collaborating partnersbenefits as well as outstanding investment opportunities. a significant edge using their patent pending proceduresThe case for biofuel is the case for liquid fuel needed in to extract 85-90 percent of the lipids in the algae—anon-road trucking, long range driving, aviation and marine. unprecedented rate of extraction. Another innovationPutting power on the grid does not help in this direction, involves the fast track transesterification procedure thata point that was amplified in keynote speeches delivered converts the oil into biodiesel.by Principal/Director CES at the Network of Academies of This partnership will build a micro algae growth andIslamic Countries and International Conference on Energy processing demonstration plant in Pakistan that will beginSystems Engineering at EME NUST. As fossil fuel reserves producing oil soon in the foreseeable future.dwindle and prices rise, governments around the worldare requiring oil companies to include a certain percentageof biofuels in their gasoline and diesel fuel. To meet thisdemand, researchers are scrambling to find an economicaland sustainable method of producing biofuels.The term biofuels is generally associated with ethanolproduced from food crops such as corn, sugar cane, rapeseed/canola and palm oil. These sources of feedstockremove valuable food crops from the market and takearable land out of food production. In addition, there arenot enough of these crops to meet rising demands forbiofuels.Over the past five to ten years, the primary focus of researchhas been on using non edible feedstock like jatrophaand algae for biofuels. Algae are found everywhere,but grow best in areas 30-degrees north or south of theEquator. Algae feed on CO2 and can be grown in ponds orbioreactors. Production of biofuels from algae is projectedto increase by 43 percent a year. In 2010, the market valueof micro algae technology was $271 million; by 2015 themarket value of micro algae technology is expected tobe $1.6 billion. Correspondingly the global productionof biodiesel from plant feedstock e.g. jatropha, currentlystands at 100 MT / annum. PSO alone imports diesel to the  tune of 10 MT / annum, according to GoP directive 10 % ofwhich needs to be replaced with biodiesel by the year 2020,a saving of $ 1.0 Billion. Jatropha grows well in substandardsoil, is extremely drought tolerant and will produce highquality yields for a minimum of 40 years. Jatropha fieldscan be planted in regions where food crops may not The End Product – Bio-dieselsurvive, providing employment and economic stability in Vial of Bio-fuel Produced in the Lab GREEN PAKISTAN 25 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 26. Key Initiatives and Objectives including the pilot plant) in Pakistan and Africa by the end of 2014, reaching production of 6,750 barrels of biodiesel a day.The first key initiative is the construction and testing ofthe pilot project to ensure that the processes will scale upsuccessfully to commercial production. In order to meetthis initiative local companies will fabricate all necessary Market Opportunities Building on a long and successful association with theequipment (expellers, extraction gadgets and bioreactors) National University of Sciences and Technology in Islamabad,for micro algae production based on CES NUST design, build NRG Biofuels is focusing its initial biofuels productiona demonstration plant, and run the plant to test the ability in Pakistan. Pakistan is ideally suited to this project. Theof the system to reliably manage the high levels of output country urgently needs energy to support the world’s sixthrequired. An important break through in this direction is largest population. Pakistan also has a favourable business  the indigenous design, fabrication and testing of a solarized environment, including low development and labour costs,photobioreactor that runs on a neutral energy cycle, now and a supportive legal, tax and regulatory framework.fully functional at NUST. English is the official language. NRG Biofuels is in agreement in principle with Pakistan State Oil to buy any biofuels produced at world market prices. There is also a significant opportunity to private industrialist. As NRG Biofuels will be selling their products wholesale, their primary focus will be on the government/ state oil providers and large industrial firms. NRG Biofuels will examine options for sale of their biodiesel to the joint venture partners who are providing the location and the CO2 emissions for the micro algae plants. There are ten countries currently growing Jatropha commercially; and many more countries where Jatropha production is in the start-up phase. These growers are all potential markets for our processing services. Competitive Advantages A key advantage for the improved process is the market. Pakistan imports most of its diesel fuel and the Pakistan State Oil company has made a commitment to mixing 10 percent biodiesel into imported diesel by 2020. NRG Biofuels is targeting smaller countries where the need is greatest. They are not attempting at this time to compete with the international oil companies and their subsidiaries that are looking for solutions for the major markets of North America and Europe. There are also competitive advantages of bio fuel production verses oil and gas. Drilling and successfully completing a commercial producing oil and gas well is very high risk. The oil and gas industry has huge environmental challenges (Gulf of Mexico) before and after drilling programs. All oil and gas producing wells encounter decline rates in daily production and reserves. On the other hand, Biofuels cleans-up the environment when Solarized Airlift Tubular Photo bioreactor in operation producing bio fuels. For bio fuel production, there is noat CES NUST drilling risk, no environmental challenges, and no decline in   daily production and/or company reserves.The primary objective is to reach a commercial productionlevel of biodiesel from micro algae, and to earn revenuesfrom providing Jatropha growers with production servicesand equipment. NRG will meet these objectives by:• Entering into joint venture agreements withindustrial manufacturers to locate micro algae productionplants on their manufacturing site, with the understandingthat each plant will capture CO2 emissions at the rate of 1.2 Oil in Algae ismillion cubic feet per day. contain in millions of• Building 52 micro algae processing plants (not micro cells GREEN PAKISTAN 26 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 27. Biodiesel convertible oil is contained in millions of cells Missionin micro algae. The challenge is to extract this from the We will ensure that biofuels production is a viablepouches by commercially viable means. Super critical commercial enterprise by focusing on technology forfluid manufacturing is a promising route adopted by NRG reducing green house gases and increasing the yield ofBiofuels / biofuels.CES NUST. The equipment has been donated by NRGBiofuels to CES NUST with concomitant scale up to pilotplant in collaboration with local industry. Location and Facilities NRG Biofuels’ base of operations is currently in Pakistan. The research arm of the company is Centre for EnergyMarketing Strategy Systems (CES) at the National University of Sciences andNRG Biofuels is selling a wholesale product to a very Technology, (NUST) Islamabad. A Centre for Excellence inspecific market; the company does not need to engage in Energy Systems is being established at NUST. Dr. Qamarretail level strategies. Their public relations process will Malik has been Foreign Faculty Professor at NUST, andfocus on building relationships and developing contracts sits on a CAC committee that assesses all new technologywith operations such as transport services, as well as with developed by the University and is heading industrialthe oil distributing companies. research. Academic counterpart is Dr. Mohammed Bilal Khan, T.I., and galaxy of distinguished researchers from various institutions of NUST.Business Overview Pakistan is ideally suited for this biofuels project. This Commonwealth member has a local energy deficitVision and Mission Statements (estimated at $5 billion per year) and the sixth largest population in the world (expected to reach 208 million byVision 2020). The official language is English and the legal systemThe project encompasses a visionary approach to reducing is based on British common law. There is an excellentcarbon emissions and using renewable resources to create fiscal, tax and regulatory environment, and developmentbiofuels that will set the standards for sustainable biofuels costs are between a quarter and a third of those in Northdevelopment, and improve the quality of life for the people America or Europe. There is also a significant under-utilizedand the communities involved in the production and labour market.processing of our biofuels. We have already developed key relationships with partners and potential customers in Pakistan.  NRG BIOFUEL PROCESSING: GREEN PAKISTAN 27 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 28. Cooperation with Asian and Pacific Centrefor Transfer of Technology (APCTT) for thePromotion of Renewable Energy Technologiesin Asia-Pacific RegionDr. Adeel Waqas, School of    Mechanical and ManufacturingEngineering, represented NUST at theAPCTT forum, Guangzhou China 30  Nov to 01 Dec 2011APCTT is a regional institution of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP)servicing the Asia-Pacific region established in 1977 with the objective of facilitating technology transfer in the Asia-Pacificregion. The objectives of the Centre are to assist the members and associate members of ESCAP through strengtheningtheir capabilities to develop and manage national innovation systems; develop, transfer, adapt and apply technology;improve the terms of transfer of technology; and identify and promote the development and transfer of technologiesrelevant to the region.Member Countries of APCTTFollowing countries are the focal point using the APCTT platform currently in Asia pacific region   GREEN PAKISTAN 28 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 29. Renewable Energy for Rural ApplicationMany rural areas in developing countries, including Pakistan, experiences and deliberate upon possible approachesdo not have grid connectivity. People in these countries also and modalities for promoting research and developmenthave limited access to alternate, reliable energy sources for (R&D) collaboration in the development of renewabletheir livelihood needs as well to meet their entrepreneurial energy micro-systems for rural applications in Asia pacificinitiatives. These rural households need energy for cooking, countries. APCTT is currently implementing a project toirrigation for agricultural purposes, processing and storage establish an institutional cooperation mechanism knownof agricultural produce, domestic applications (lighting and as the Renewable Energy Cooperation-Network for theother domestic electrical appliances) and for operating Asia Pacific (RECAP). This cooperation mechanism aims atsmall-scale production systems. Given this situation, off- providing a unique opportunity for member countries ingrid, stand alone renewable energy micro-systems could the network to share information on best practices for RETplay a key role in meeting energy needs of the people living selection, adoption, and usage as well as to benchmark bestin such remote areas. practices with respect to policies and policy instrumentsWhile many nations have initiated steps to introduce such used by member countries to promote the adoption andmicro-systems, experience suggests that their diffusion is usage of RET.not widespread due to a variety of technical and systemic The main focus of the forum was to explore the possibleissues. Promoting R&D collaboration in developing and ways for enhancing R&D cooperation among institutionstransferring commercially sustainable and viable renewable and researchers involved in the development of renewableenergy micro-systems for rural applications could be energy micro- systems for rural applications of thea significant step towards achieving energy security, member countries. R&D initiatives being undertaken in thepromoting rural entrepreneurship, and fostering inclusive respective country with regard to renewable energy micro-and sustainable development in member countries. systems for rural applications with focus on solar, biomass,A consultative forum for research managers in Guangzhou, wind and hydro energy systems, including hybrid systemsPeople’s Republic of China during 30 November to were also discussed in the forum.1 December, 2011was organized by APCTT to sharePotential Collaborating Countries for thePromotion of Renewable Energy Technologiesin PakistanCountries with whom NUST can collaborate for the promotion of Renewable energy technologies in Pakistan using APCTTplatform are explained1. Thailand (KAIST) was willing to support in the fields of DistributedThailand can offer its expertise in the fields of Biomass Generation, Smart Grid, Fuel cell Technology, PVgasification, solar dryers, Bio-diesel (Jatropha). Asian technology and small hydro technology through researchinstitute of Technology, Thailand (AIT) can be used for policy and development. EEWS and KAIST institute of Eco Energyand technical assistance especially RETs in the rural areas. can collaborate with other countries using APCTT forum forTechnical assistance in the fields of Rice husk gasification the Promotion of RETs for rural areas.also possible.Collaboration with some universities like AITand Chiangmai universities is also possible in the respectivefields. 4. Philippines Philippines can offer Solar desalination and Bio gasification technologies Pakistan2. Sri LankaEfficient cooking Stoves, Biogas and biomass gasification,Micro/Mini hydel can be offered by Sri Lankan government 5. Nepalespecially in the rural areas of the Pakistan. Nepal will like to offer micro mini and Pico hydel systems and these are easily available in the country. Water mills upto 1-3 KW systems can be offered which are indigenously3. Korea developed.Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology GREEN PAKISTAN 29 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 30. 6. India and biodiesel technologies. The university will be ready toIndia has the vast experience of PV system for lighting, provide trainings in the respective RETs fields and will bewater pumping (irrigation and drinking water) and for ready to open its labs for the projects as they have big andhealth system in distributed rural areas as well as extreme modern labs for PV research and development purposeremote areas. Indigenous industry for the manufacturing and can initiate the joint research is also possible.of PV cells is well established in India and PV modules can China can also share its experience and provide technicalbe purchased at very reasonable price compared to the assistance for the deployment of RETS in remote and ruralinternational market. India will be ready for transfer of areas.technology of PV modules as different African countries A high quality research is being conducted at Guangzhouhave benefited from it already. India can also provide Institute of Energy Conversion in the field of biogas and biotrainings for rural electrification using PV technology and diesel.can share its experience in this regard. The best way willbe that country purchasing the PV system and the trainingcan be free of charges. APCTT forum can be used to provide 9. Bangladeshthese types of trainings for engineers and technicians. Solar (PV) home systems and biomass for micro systems can be provided to other countries. Need financial and Technical support for micro, mini and pico hydel systems.7. Fiji IslandsThe country is not much involved and focused in R&D Conclusionsof RETs for rural applications. And the country is seeking To conclude, collaboration in the field of Biomasscooperation for using coconut shells coconut residue for gasification, Biodiesel, Solar thermal applications, PVrural applications. PV technology is also being looked for technology, distributed generation and smart gridlighting application as well as solar dryers. technology is possible and is being imitated with respective countries. The universities like, Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand, Yunnan University, China, Guangzhou Institute8. China of Energy Conversion-China and Korea Advanced InstitutePossible collaborations in the field of Solar Thermal, of Science and Technology (KAIST) were ready to initiatebiomass and biogas power generation for rural application the joint research with universities in Pakistan especially(1kW to 20 MW). NUST. The APCTT platform can be effectively used for theYunnan University (SERI → Solar Energy Research Institute) promotion of RETs Pakistan and for this the current NUSTwas ready to support on PV for lighting and water pumping Center for Energy System can play a vital role. GREEN PAKISTAN 30 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 31. NUST Participation in the 4th Asian School onSolar Electricity for Rural Areas20th – 24th June 2011, Puri Pujangga, UKM Bangi, Selangor,MalaysiaProf. Zia-ud-Din of SMME participatedin the esteemed moot on behalf ofNUST & Pakistan      SummaryNUST is committed to become the leading institute in throughout the world. To overcome these global effects,Pakistan to foster research and educate students and policy sustainable, clean and safe energy policies that wouldmakers on energy issues that are crucial to the future of satisfy the energy demand of the twenty first centuryPakistan. NUST especially focuses in the field of energy have to be implemented. Renewable energy resourcesconservation and renewable energy technologies. Assistant particularly solar should therefore be key energy sourcesProf. Mr. Zia Ud Din from the School of Mechanical and for the future.Manufacturing Engineering (SMME) participated in a Photovoltaic systems convert solar energy into electricity.capacity building workshop on solar energy technologies Photovoltaic applications are in building integratedfor rural areas organized by the Solar Energy Research photovoltaic systems, water pumping, and many otherInstitute (SERI),National University of Malaysia (UKM) applications in remote areas where access to electricityBangi, Malaysia from 20th to 24th June 2011, with is difficult. Photovoltaic system can be hybrid with othercooperation of the Islamic Scientific, Education and Cultural renewable energy sources such as wind energy. This willOrganization (ISESCO), and the United Nations Educational, increase the reliability of the system, prolong the operation,Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). optimize the usage of renewable resources and ensure economic viability. Solar energy is expected to become an importantIntroduction component in the total energy picture in many develop and developing countries and will play an importantSolar energy is the world most abundant source of energy. role towards achieving long lasting, sustainable, andIt is also the most environmentally compatible source of environment friendly renewable energy resources.renewable energy. The amount of solar energy interceptedby the planet Earth is 170 trillion kW. This represents anenormous amount of untapped energy at the door step. Participation of the WorkshopPresently, the demand of energy is met by fossil fuels (i.e. There were total of 20 participants, the officials fromcoal, petroleum and natural gas). It is a well known fact ministries and academia from Malaysia, Indonesia, Islamicthat 8 countries have 81% of all world crude oil reserves, Republic of Pakistan, Islamic Republic of Iran, Republic of6 countries have 70% of all natural gas reserves and 8 Kazakhstan and Republic of Azerbaijan. Assistant Prof. Ziacountries have 89% of all cost reserves. More than half Ud Din from NUST, also the representative of Pakistanof Asia, Africa and Latin America import over half of all presented the potential and its present status of solartheir commercial energy. This problem is worsened by the energy in Pakistan especially its application in rural areas.fact that demand on power generation is continuously In addition to the solar energy applications, the expertsincreasing in these countries especially in China and India. from the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI),UKM BangiAt the current rate of production, the world production of Malaysia discussed with the participants of the workshopliquid fossil fuel (petroleum and natural gas) will decline by the following various renewable energy options for ruralthe year 2012, transforming the world into a net importer applications in their respective countries.of liquid fossil fuel.Moreover, the emission of greenhouse gases arising fromhuman activities, especially those related to the use of 1. Pico Hydro for Rural Applications Hydropower is one of the sources which can generatefossil fuel, open burning in agricultural practices and land- energy, especially in Malaysia and Pakistan, by the flowinguse management have many side effects. Their combustion water into a turbine to produce electricity. There are threeproducts produce pollution, acid rain and global warming. types of hydropower discussed in this topic, such as storageIn fact the last two decades have been the warmest on dams (mostly large, > 10 MW), run-of-river (10 kW – 25 MW)record. These resulted in unpredicted weather patterns GREEN PAKISTAN 31 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 32. and pump storage (used for peak power on a grid system) all of the possible system configurations, HOMER displayshydropower systems. However, the size of the hydropower a list of feasible systems, sorted by lifecycle cost. Thus, wecan be divided into large hydro (> 10MW), small hydro can easily find the least cost system at the top of the list.(< 10 MW), mini hydro (< 1 MW), micro (< 100 kW) andpico hydro (< 5kW). The advantages and disadvantages 5. Biomass and Biogaswere also discussed. Finally, this lecture introduced the The paper describes the importance of biomass as ahydropower to the rural areas using micro and pico hydro source of renewable energy. Biomass materials havebuilt by UKM in the rural areas in Malaysia. Mr. Zia Ud Din greatest potential to be processed as feedstock in bio-highlighted the great potential of micro and pico hydro energy production or as fuels in combustion, gasificationturbines in northern areas of Pakistan where there is an and pyrolysis systems. It discussed various methods ofestimated potential of 300 MW for micro hydropower. As preparing the biomass materials. It identified variousof today, only 10 MW of that potential has been tapped. applications and focus areas of research and development in handling and storage of biomass.2. Wind EnergyA lot of research has been done but only in the last few yearsthere have been a lot of improvement of renewable energy Conclusionbased on wind. This is due to the high potential of the wind The forum introduced various technologies and applicationto generate power. The advantages of the wind energy are of solar and other renewable energy for the rural areaeasy to build, wind factor, this field can create industry and such as PV, wind, hydro power and biomass. HOMERjobs and has export potential. Finally the feasibility of wind software was introduced to the participants to design aturbines was discussed with real examples that had been more cost effective energy system. Finally, the practicalinstalled around the world. The coastal areas of Pakistan approach was to enhance the delegates understanding ofwere highlighted for the huge potential for wind power. the overall process on making solar cells and panels and their installation, commissioning and maintenance of Photovoltaic System.3. PV as Cottage Industry and Micro In concluding session of the workshop, Mr. Zia Ud DinFinancing from NUST suggested that the participant countriesFrom this discussion session, participants realized that must cooperate with each other in renewable energyphotovoltaic (PV) industry is not only for experts, such as technologies to achieve the following objectives:scientist, engineers or researchers rather it is possible forall. It can be transformed to a cottage industry with a small a. To promote the use of environment friendlycapital cost. Malaysian experiment is successful in making technologies for developing Asian countriesPV as a cottage industry. The process used in the cottage b. To create awareness among policy makers,industry is tabbing and stringing to connect the solar cells, academics and professionals among developingpre-laminating process, laminating, framing and module Asian countries on the concept of sustainabletesting. All of these processes become extremely simple technology such as solar energyand at a low cost but yet the outcome is as good as the c. To present and transfer the state of the art solarfully-automated process which required a huge capital energy technologies for rural applicationscost. On the last day of seminar, all participants made their d. To share case studies and design tools for solarown laminated solar cells. system sizing and costing e. To introduce micro financing schemes for solar4. Using HOMER Software to Design technologies in Asian countries f. To expose participants to practical aspectsPV System of photovoltaic system applications in futureThe experts introduced HOMER software that can be used workshopsto design renewable energy systems. This includes the g. To come out with certain doctrines, policies,input, simulation and sensitivity analysis within HOMER. memorandum of understandings (MOU) betweenA simple example on a hybrid system has been presented the participating countries and get the benefitincluding a PV Wind Diesel Hybrid system. Other advanced from the experiences of each other.features such as fuel cell and hydrogen storage and well asgrid connection has been presented. HOMER is a computermodel that simplifies the task of evaluating design optionsfor both off-grid and grid -connected power systems forremote, stand-alone and distributed generation (DG)applications. HOMER’s optimization and sensitivity analysisalgorithms can evaluate the economic and technicalfeasibility of a large number of technology options andto account for variation in technology costs and energyresource availability. HOMER estimates the lifecycle costof the system, accounting for the capital, replacement,operation and maintenance and fuel costs. After simulating   GREEN PAKISTAN 32 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 33. Renewable Energy Research atThe Pakistan Navy Engineering CollegeDr. Suhail Zaki FarooquiFaculty of Engineering SciencesIn view of the recent developments in renewable energy The wind energy research project of PNEC was aimedsector, a wind energy research project was initiated at at the indigenous designing and fabrication of smallPNEC at the beginning of the last decade. Under the wind turbines according to the local wind conditions inspecial directives of the President, the government of Pakistan. A number of horizontal and vertical axis windPakistan asked the Pakistan Meteorological Department turbine concepts have been explored in the power range(PMD) in 2001, to carry out a three years project of wind of 300 to 1000 watts during these years, despite severeresource assessment in the coastal areas of Pakistan. financial limitations. Wind turbines are highly localizedThe implementation of the project was jointly monitored machines. One wind turbine suitable for a given locationby the author of this article and the Director General of may not operate optimally at another location. Most of thethe Pakistan Council of Renewable Energy Technologies imported wind turbines are designed at high wind speed(PCRET). Round the clock wind data was collected at ratings at 10–13 meter per second, and therefore do notone hundred feet high purpose built towers at forty five operate properly in Pakistan, where we have average winddifferent locations along the coastal areas of Sindh and speeds in the range of 5–7 meters per second. This is to beBaluchistan. The digital data was stored in data loggers for realized that the power in the wind depends upon the cubethree years. The data was analyzed in 2004 and forty one of the wind speed, hence power in the 8 meter per secondthousand megawatt wind power potential was identified wind is only half as compared to the power in the 10 meterin the Gharo wind corridor alone, near Karachi. One third per second wind. Following is a pictorial overview of theof this resource, that is, fourteen thousand megawatt is wind turbines developed at PNEC at wind speed ratings oftechnically extractable. Extrapolation of this assessment 8 meters per second. Special emphasis is laid on developingindicates at least three times more off shore resource in the low cost technologies, so that the end product may becomePakistani territory of the Indian Ocean. For comparison, the more affordable for the common user in Pakistan.current total energy demand in Pakistan is around fifteenthousand megawatts. A second phase wind data collectionproject at another forty five locations in the Northern areasof Pakistan is currently underway. The results are expectedby early next year.       Three bladed 500 watt horizontal Three bladed 1000 watt vertical Three bladed 300 watt horizontalaxis wind turbine axis wind turbine with a combination axis wind turbine with PVC blades of Savonious and Darrius type blades GREEN PAKISTAN 33 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 34. The Wind & Solar Research Laboratory was established atPNEC in 2007 after receiving a grant from HEC for the studyof Doubly-Fed Induction Generators for the productionof constant voltage and frequency power in stand alonewind turbines. Recently, another grant has been approvedby HEC for the designing and fabrication of a two kilowattsolar thermal power plant at PNEC. A number of productshave been developed at the laboratory in the field ofsolar thermal energy. Here is a pictorial overview of theseproducts.2 meter x 1.8 meter experimental Solar Parabolic Troughdeveloped at PNEC, that heats the 2.3 liters of HeatTransfer Fluid (HTF) in the central tube to over 300 Co inless than an hour.  A low cost solar water distillar capable of purifying 4 to 6liters of water per day has been designed, fabricated andsuccessfully tested. It is inclined at an angle of 25o to givethe maximum annual output. With dimensions of 3 feet by4 feet it ideally can be placed over the roof top of any house.Impure water is filled in the morning and 100% pure waterbecomes available in the evening. Water is held in smallsteps on treated surface, and gets converted to vapors bythe solar radiation. The vapors then condense on the insideof the glass surface and slide down onto a channel, whichconveys them to an outlet where they get collected in acontainer. It can become an Ideal source of clean waterfor small families. Larger sizes may be constructed as per  demand.An entirely new type of solar cooker with separate Collectorand Cooking chamber have been designed and fabricatedin the Wind & Solar Energy Research Laboratory at PNEC.The Collector supplies a constant power of 500 watts to thecooking chamber. This concept is entirely different from theconventional green house effect based solar cookers, and itpermits frequent interventions during the cooking processwhich are not permitted in the conventional solar cookers.The plain mirrors at the bottom reflect the concentratedsolar power onto the vacuum tube, where oil is heated tohigh temperatures like 200-300 Co. The chamber housesa cooking pot inside it, which contains the stuff to be  cooked. The mirrors at the bottom require solar tracking.The tracker is operated by a battery. The system is low costand practical, because it allows the operator to stay in theshade, since the collector and cooking chamber may beseparated from each other by a distance. GREEN PAKISTAN 34 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 35. Academia-Industry Linkages: A Case of College of Electrical and Mechanical EngineeringAhmad Sohail, Assistant ProfessorCollege of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering has played an exemplary role in establishment of university industrylinkage. Many projects have been undertaken fulfilling the need of the industry and signifying the role academia has toplay for the promise of industry in Pakistan. Following is the brief synopsis of the project undertaken by the author andhis team.Pakistan First Industrial Solar WaterHeater:A country with abundance of solar insolence, it wasregrettable that there was no demostratable model forindustry how to benefit from solar energy. Under thefunding of Higher Education Commission, Pakistan’s firstindustrial solar water heater was installed at SaddiqueLeather Works Sheikhupura Road Lahore. The systemwas capable of heating 30,000 litre of water per day at80oC. Since 2007, system is working perfectly and savingtremendous amount of fuel to the industry. Solar Water Pumping ProjectFederally Administrated Tribal Areas (FATA) are knownfor their difficult terrain and landscape. Fetching waterfor household needs is a daunting task for the females ofthe area. Under funding of USAID, solar water pumpingsystems were installed at all 6 agencies of the tribal belt.The installed system fulfils the needs of the resident of thevillages as well as their animals. The systems are workingsatisfactorily since 2008.For far flung areas, where access to grid connectedelectricity is not possible, solar off grid system offersperfect solution. Kharan (Baluchistan) is one such areawhere access to electricity is still a dream. With the fundingof Muslim Aid, solar electrification system was installed ata village in Kharan. The system involved lighting and water Off Grid Solar Electrificationpumping solutions for the households.For far flung areas, where access to grid connectedelectricity is not possible, solar off grid system offersperfect solution. Kharan (Baluchistan) is one such areawhere access to electricity is still a dream. With the fundingof Muslim Aid, solar electrification system was installed ata village in Kharan. The system involved lighting and waterpumping solutions for the households.It is estimated that 1% of electricity in our country isconsumed by public lighting i.e. road lights, street lightsetc. Lighting systems based on Metal Halide technology aresymbols of a by gone era and Light Emitting Diodes (LED) Energy Efficient Lighting Systemsare the future of lighting industry. With the funding of success resulting in electricity saving of 85% while providingDepartment of Science and Technology KPK, models of LED similar output in light.road lights were installed in the municipality of Peshawarand their performance was monitored. The result was a GREEN PAKISTAN 35 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 36. On Grid Solar Photo Voltaic System:The concept of distributed generation is coming of agefor demand side management of electricity. The ability togenerate electricity on site and feed to the grid throughinstruments such as net metering has matured and resultedin wide spread adoption of on grid renewable adoption.Under the funding of USTDA, 10KW PV system was installedat Beaconhouse School System Canal Campus Lahore. Thebehaviour of PV system is being studied to develop amodel for on grid PV system. The system is in operationsince August 2011. Current UndertakingsEnergy Auditing Services: Deploymenet Of Advanced MeteringEnergy is one of the most important factors of productioncycle and its increasing cost has rendered it very important Infrastructure:to use it intelligently. However it is estimated that in Considering energy demand side, the consumers arePakistan, up to 30% of recoverable energy is lost due to interested to get ever greater control over their energy usagepoor housekeeping. Energy auditing is the method to and the application of technology is already meeting thisidentify the loopholes in energy generation and utilization requirement. Smart metering, e.g., allow utility customerssystems. For that matter, we have conducted energy audits to take advantage of time-of-use (ToU) pricing that wasin textile, leather and steel rerolling sectors to signify the formerly available only to large commercial/industrialenergy conservation options and develop energy plans for users. AMI provides the information about energy usageindustries. This is much needed for all industrial as well as (demand) to utilities, consumers and the grid itself. Thiscommercial and residential sectors as well. As ENERCON is enables all parties to make better decisions about reducingsoon implementing energy codes, it’ll become compulsory costs and strain on the grid during times of peak demand.to have energy auditing done. Hence it is necessary to From the technological point of view, AMI provides theprovide critical mass of expertise to meet this need. necessary communication and control functions needed to implement critical energy management services such as pricing schemes, automated meter reading (AMR), demandBiogas From Slaughter House Waste: response, and power quality management.Establishment of slaughter house in Lahore (Lahore MeatProcessing Complex) to fulfill the local needs of protein andfor export purposes, needs attention is a step in positive Grid Integration Of Renewable Energydirection. This complex is capable of producing 0.75MW Sources:electricity based on bio gas from bio degradable bio- The increased share of distributed generation has beendegradable waste of the slaughter. This will also promote achieved with the “fit and forget approach”, focusing onsustainable culture in the city. connection rather than integration. In practice, these energy sources have been connected to the power system under limits established by planning studies assuming worseSmart Distribution Grids: case conditions, limiting their functionality and applyingClimate change, ageing grid infrastructures, reducing strict relay settings designed for early unit tripping. Withnetwork losses, and new power generation technologies the current integration approach only energy is displacedare driving the need for the traditional power grid to but not capacity because the lack of control mechanismsundergo significant adjustments. To operate the power restrain any sort of management and conventional unitssystems under new conditions, the smart grid concept are still required to provide system services. Therefore,has been proposed by integrating renewable energy the overall objective of maintaining and even reinforcingsources, energy storage, demand response, intelligent electric power security has to be accomplished in aninstrumentation, self-healing technologies, and information economic optimal way integrating conventional andand communication technology (ICT) for continuous non-conventional power plants (controllable and non-real-time monitoring, asset management, and control of controllable) into the power system operation. To controlelectric gird capable of two-way flow of both power and the power systems under above situation, the smart gridinformation. One of the important characteristics of a smart have been proposed by integrating ICT, RES, control andgrid is the interoperability that enables all of the required instrumentation.devices, technologies, applications, and energy marketplayers (regulated and deregulated) to interact in orderto efficiently deliver sustainable, economic and secure Conclusion:electricity supplies. Smart grid is an evolution towards an We as academia in indebted by of our nation to play ouroptimized and sustainable energy system which is more role by presenting remedies to the issues our countryintelligent, efficient, reliable, and it has positive influence face. We at college of E&ME doing our bit in the spirit ofon climate change. bring academia at the forefront of development drive for Pakistan and intent to continue on this path. GREEN PAKISTAN 36 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 37. Energy and EnvironmentProf. Dr. Ashfaque A Khan: NBS, NUSTDr. Ishtiaq A. Qazi: IESE, NUSTEnergy, being an important factor of production, is essen- Unless the gap between the demand and supply is bridged,tial for improving the quality of human life as well as for Pakistan’s economic activity will remain hostage to energyeconomic activities. To sustain higher economic growth, constraints.the country needs reliable, uninterrupted, and affordable Despite its critical importance to economic developmentsupply of energy. The per capita consumption of energy is energy sector has remained under researched. The issuesviewed as an important indicator of economic development such as bridging the gap between supply and demand forof any country. Countries with higher Human Development energy; forecasting the supply and demand, conservingIndex (HDI) have higher per capita energy consumption. energy to address the issue in the short-run; addressingThe world is facing a daunting task to meet the growing the augmentation of supply of energy, the role of pricesenergy demand which is likely to double in the next twenty in changing the consumption mix of energy; looking foryears. Pakistan is among the list of developing countries alternate sources of energy; developing generation capac-where the need to address the issue of energy demand ity through alternate energy like wind and solar technolo-is the greatest. Pakistan’s energy demand is projected to gies, biodiesel, bio-gas and small hydro projects; enhancingreach 129 million tones of oil equivalent (TOE) in the next the efficiency of the use of energy; and determining the15 years. Ensuring the availability of useable and affordable potential of an energy through nuclear technology, needsenergy is the cornerstone of Pakistan’s current and future thorough research for which there exists no proper institu-development strategy. tional mechanism. The Centre for Energy and EnvironmentIn recent years, the energy demand has increased sharply will be the proper institution to undertake policy-orientedin Pakistan owing mainly to strong economic growth and research and provide regular policy inputs to the govern-the attendant rise in per capita income. The supply of en- ment.ergy has, however, remained far too short to match grow- Energy and environment are closely linked with each oth-ing demand because the existing energy resources could er. Presently, around four-fifths of the energy used in thenot be sufficiently explored and exploited. Consequently, world is based on fossil fuels. Burning these fuels releasesthe energy supplied remained deficient to offset the grow- emissions which cause air pollution, infrastructure damage,ing demand of domestic, industrial, commercial and power human disease and climate change. These problems aregeneration needs. Despite being a high priority agenda manifested, at a local level through the fogs; at a regionalitem, the development in energy sector has remained less- level through the acid rain; and, at a global level throughthan-satisfactory for a variety of reasons including finan- the rise in average world temperature as a consequence ofcial constraints, unprecedented surge in oil prices, high the green-house effect. In fact, global climate protection isrisk endeavours, low interest of private sector, inadequate the supreme environmental challenge that mankind is nowinstitutional framework, heavy costs and complex charac- facing. Solution to this problem lies in the transformationter of hydrocarbon development. To address the issue of of the present energy system through:demand-supply gap, the government is working on many a. Reduction in the use of fossil energyfronts, including the import of electricity and gas from Iran, b. Energy Conservation, andutilization of 185 billion reserves of coal, development of c. Substantial development of new renewable en-small and large hydro projects, promotion of efficient use ergy sources.of energy, and acceleration of current programs of alterna- As the population of this planet rises from the current 6tive energy development. billion to an estimated 7.5 billion by 2025, and as the largeEnergy sector in Pakistan comprises sources like electricity, population centers in Asia, Africa and South America en-gas, petroleum, nuclear and coal. There has been a con- hance their industrial base, the demand for energy andsistent change in the energy consumption mix in Pakistan stress on the environment will reach unprecedented lev-over the past decade or so. The shares of gas and coal in- els. Unless developing and industrialized countries startcreased to 40.3 percent and 13.7 percent respectively since to collaborate now to anticipate potential problems and1996-97; coal consumption has witnessed a 7.7 percentage to search for solutions, the future generations will face apoints increase in its share during the same period. On the world where it may be too late to reverse trends towardsother hand, the share of oil consumption has declined to more scarcity of energy resources and greater stress on the29.3 percent from 48 percent; while the share of electric- environment.ity consumption has remained flat during the period (15 While the industrialized countries are starting to addresspercent). The change in energy consumption mix is partly some of the current and anticipated problems, they can-attributed to the availability of indigenous energies such not succeed without close collaborations with countriesas gas and coal and partly to the unprecedented surge in like Pakistan that are struggling to eradicate poverty andglobal oil prices. illiteracy so that these countries are able to develop theirPrimary energy supply has increased by 51 percent since industrial base, in a sustainable manner, without posing1998-99 to 62.9 million TOE in 2007-08. The per capita any serious threat to the global environment. It is in theavailability of primary energy has increased by 26 percent interest of all of us on this planet to work together to pre-during the period. As stated earlier, the demand has out- serve the quality of life for future generations, regardless ofstripped the supply of energy and as such the economic where they make their home.activity has been adversely affected over the last two years. GREEN PAKISTAN 37 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 38. NUST Institution Wise Specific Activities Programs, Research Areas and Degree Courses Offered in the Energy Sector. Energy RelatedSchool/Department Activity/Projects Programs Research Areas CoursesSchool of Mechanical Establishment of Participation in Shell Solar Energy Solar Energy Systemsand Manufacturing Research Labs for Eco Marathon Kuala Solar Water Heating Renewable EnergyEngineering (SMME). Renewable Energy Lumpur, Malaysia. Solar Home Hydrogen / Fuel Cell Systems Engineering. Electrification Technology Seminars on Energy Solar Pumping Power Plants Efficient Buildings. Biodiesel Conversion Energy Conversion Plant. Power Electronics Power Engineering Electro-Mechanical Systems Oil and Natural Gas EconomicsPakistan Naval Projects related to Development Wind Energy Renewable EnergyEngineering College Solar, Wind and Ocean of Indigenous Solar Energy (B.E Level)(PNEC). Energy. technology for low Ocean Energy 25 Seminars on Wind & cost manufacture Solar Energy. of wind and solar Wind Data Collection energy applications Activity along the equipment coastal Areas of Sindh & Baluchistan. Designed & fabricated six different types of wind turbines (300- 1000 W).School of Chemical Biodiesel Production Pilot Scale Setups of Clean Coal Chemical Kineticsand Materials Initiative. Continuous Biodiesel Technologies; FT Reaction engineeringEngineering(SCME)/ Established and Patented production. Synthesis and Reactor DesignCentre for Energy Biodiesel Technology. Super Critical Fluid Thin Films Transport Establishment of PilotSystems (CES) Extraction Facility. Biofuel Engineering Phenomena Plant Continuous Biodiesel Setup Facilities. Algae biomass Advanced Biofuel Environmental Development of Biofuel Cultivation in Photo Technology Engineering Engineering and Algae Bioreactors. Biomass Conversion Gas Engineering Energy Lab. MoU with NRG Process Fuel and Combustion Stimulated growth Biofuels Canada Innovative Extraction Nano Materials of Algae Species in for Pilot Scale and Separation Tools Combustion and Photobioreaactors. Investigation of Renewable Energy Propulsion Super Critical Extraction Jatropha Crop Energy Systems Lab. Cultivation and Engineering Indigenous Fabrication of composites wind mill Setting up of pilot Nano Catalysis rotors according to NACA scale production Plant Design and profile. facility. Characterization Interface Engineering to Melinda Gates Interface Engineering produce Stouter Filament Foundation Grant for for fabrication of Wound Casing Gas Investigation/setting filament wound Storage Cylinders. for Gas up Pilot Scale Biogas structures to serve Compression in Bioenergy Pilot Unit. gas compression sector (Patent Number needs in the .140917). Bioenergy and syn Gas Cleaning Unit for gas sectors. Syn Gas. GREEN PAKISTAN 38 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 39. Energy RelatedSchool/Department Activity/Projects Programs Research Areas CoursesCollege of Electrical Solar Industrial hybrid Designing/Fabrication Solar Thermal. Energy Resourcesand Mechanical water heating system. and Optimization PV wind hybrid &Management.Engineering (EME) Solar Water Pumping of bio gasifier and systems. Sustainable Systems Project for deprived biodiesel conversion Absorption based Engineering. communities of FATA units. solar cooling. funded by US AID. Design of 25 kw Geothermal Installation of solar PV power system based applications for Hybrid System. of CPC technology Heating & Cooling. Installation of street using Solar Energy. Biodiesel extraction lights. Identification of and Plant design. Evaluation/monitoring Waste Heat Recovery Bio gas Digester of Renewable Energy potential at thermal design development and energy efficiency Power station of AES. BIOMASS Gasifier Program (BMZ Germany). Baseline Survey on renewable Energy potential in KPK and Balochistan. WINROCK USA funded project for Kharan Balochistan: Installation and provision of solar electrical lighting.Research Centre Indigenous Research projects in Wind Energy. Modeling andfor Modeling and Development of 1 KW the energy sector at Solar Energy. Simulation of EnergySimulation (RCMS). Wind Turbine. this school of NUST Fuel and Combustion. systems External Flow Analysis primarily reside in the of Trucks. domain of computer Indigenous modeling and Development of 5 KW simulation. Wind Turbines.College of Energy efficient Analysis of HBLED Solar (PV) Power ElectronicsAeronautical lighting using solar PV technology. Wind Turbines MicroelectronicsEngineering (CAE) technology. Analysis of DC & AC Run of River/Hydel Circuits & systems Study and design drivers for HBLED. energy production. a small scale Analysis of solar PV solar-powered technology. thermoelectric system. Efficient solar lighting Detailed aerodynamics system development design and fabrication & analysis. of wind turbine, blades. Feasibility study for conversion of a gasoline engine into an ethanol engine and compare the performance results. GREEN PAKISTAN 39 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 40. Energy Related Courses offered at NUSTCourse name Department Program w/in Undergrad/grad Compulsory/ Credit hrs Dept. electiveEngineering Geology Military College Civil Engineering Undergrad Compulsory 3--0 of EngineeringHydrology and Water Military College Civil Engineering Undergrad Compulsory 1.5-0.5Management of EngineeringPublic Health Military College Civil Engineering Undergrad Compulsory 2--1Engineering of EngineeringIrrigation Engineering Military College Civil Engineering Undergrad Compulsory 2--0 of EngineeringDesign And Construction Military College Civil Engineering Undergrad Elective 3--0of Earthen Dams of EngineeringOpen Channel Flow Military College Civil Engineering Undergrad Elective 3--0 of EngineeringRiver Engineering Military College Civil Engineering Undergrad Elective 3--0 of EngineeringEnvironment Military College Civil Engineering Undergrad Elective 3--0Management & Impact of EngineeringAssessmentPower Electronics NUST CE & ME Electrical Undergrad Compulsory 3--1 EngineeringPower Engineering NUST CE & ME Electrical Undergrad Compulsory 3--0 EngineeringElectric Machine Drives NUST CE & ME Electrical Undergrad Compulsory 3--1 EngineeringHydro Acoustics and NUST CE & ME Electrical Undergrad Compulsory 3--0Sonar Theory EngineeringThin Film Processing NUST CE & ME Electrical Grad Compulsory 3--0 EngineeringThin Film NUST CE & ME Electrical Grad Compulsory 3--0Characterization EngineeringThermofluid Lab-1 NUST CE & ME Mechanical Undergrad Compulsory 0--1 EngineeringThermofluid Lab-2 NUST CE & ME Mechanical Undergrad Compulsory 0--1 EngineeringThermofluid Lab-3 NUST CE & ME Mechanical Undergrad Compulsory 0-1 EngineeringCombustion in Engine NUST CE & ME Mechanical Undergrad Elective 3--0 EngineeringElectrical Machines NUST CE & ME Mechanical Undergrad Elective 3--0 EngineeringEnergy Conversion and NUST CE & ME Mechanical Undergrad Elective 3--0Power Electronics EngineeringEnergy Resources & NUST CE & ME Mechanical Undergrad Elective 3--0Utilization EngineeringGas Turbines NUST CE & ME Mechanical Undergrad Elective 3--0 EngineeringHydrogen/ Fuel Cell NUST CE & ME Mechanical Undergrad Elective 3--0Technology Engineering GREEN PAKISTAN 40 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 41. Course name Department Program w/in Undergrad/grad Compulsory/ Credit hrs Dept. electiveInternal Combustion NUST CE & ME Mechanical Undergrad Elective 3--0Engine EngineeringIntroduction to Oil and NUST CE & ME Mechanical Undergrad Elective 3--0Natural Gas Engineering EngineeringOil and Gas Economics NUST CE & ME Mechanical Undergrad Elective 3--0and Management EngineeringPower Generation and NUST CE & ME Mechanical Undergrad Elective 3--0Distribution EngineeringPower Plant Engineering NUST CE & ME Mechanical Undergrad Elective 3--0 EngineeringPower System Analysis NUST CE & ME Mechanical Undergrad Elective 3--0 EngineeringRenewable Energy NUST CE & ME Mechanical Undergrad Elective 3--0technologies EngineeringSolar Energy Systems NUST CE & ME Mechanical Undergrad Elective 3--0 EngineeringAdvanced Mechanics of NUST CE & ME Mechanical Grad Compulsory 3--0Materials EngineeringCoating Technology NUST CE & ME Mechanical Grad Compulsory 3--0 EngineeringForm Synthesis & NUST CE & ME Mechanical Grad Compulsory 3--0applied stress Analysis of EngineeringMachineryMechanics of Fibre re- NUST CE & ME Mechanical Grad Compulsory 3--0inforced Composites EngineeringThermo fluids NUST CE & ME Mechatronics Grad Compulsory 3--0 EngineeringElectro-Mechanical NUST CE & ME Mechatronics Undergrad Compulsory 3--0Systems EngineeringDesign of Machine NUST CE & ME Mechatronics Undergrad Compulsory 3--0Elements EngineeringIndustrial Electronics NUST CE & ME Mechatronics Undergrad Compulsory 3--0 EngineeringCombustion in Fuel Cell NUST CE & ME Mechatronics Grad Compulsory 3--0Systems EngineeringFuel cell fundamentals NUST CE & ME Mechatronics Grad Compulsory 3--0and technology EngineeringBio-Inspired Systeems NUST CE & ME Mechatronics Grad Compulsory 3--0 EngineeringEnergy Resources NUST CE & ME Engineering Grad Compulsory 3--0Management ManagementWaste Management NUST CE & ME Engineering Grad Compulsory 3--0 ManagementPower Distribution and Pakistan Navy Electrical Undergrad Compulsory 3--0Utilisation Engineering Engineering CollegePower System Analysis Pakistan Navy Electrical Undergrad Compulsory 3--0 Engineering Engineering College GREEN PAKISTAN 41 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 42. Course name Department Program w/in Undergrad/grad Compulsory/ Credit hrs Dept. electivePower Transmission Pakistan Navy Electrical Undergrad Compulsory 3--0 Engineering Engineering CollegePower Electronics Pakistan Navy Electrical Undergrad Compulsory 3--0 Engineering Engineering CollegePower System Protection Pakistan Navy Electrical Undergrad Compulsory 3--0 Engineering Engineering CollegeMachine Design and Pakistan Navy Electrical Undergrad Elective 3--1Equipment Training Engineering Engineering CollegePower System Operation Pakistan Navy Electrical Undergrad Elective 2--0and Control Engineering Engineering CollegePower Generation Pakistan Navy Electrical Undergrad Elective 2--0 Engineering Engineering CollegePower Electronics Pakistan Navy Electronis Undergrad Compulsory 3--1 Engineering Engineering CollegeElectrical Machines Pakistan Navy Electronis Undergrad Compulsory 3--1 Engineering engineering CollegeAdvanced Control Pakistan Navy Electronis Undergrad Elective 3--1systems Engineering engineering CollegeHydro Acoustics and Pakistan Navy Electronis Undergrad Elective 3--0Sonar Theory Engineering engineering CollegeAdvanced Power Pakistan Navy Electronics Grad Compulsory 3--0Electronics Engineering Engineering CollegeFluid Mechanics II Pakistan Navy Mechanical undergrad Compulsory 0--1 Engineering Engineering CollegeTheory of Machines Pakistan Navy Mechanical undergrad Compulsory 3--0 Engineering Engineering CollegeAutomotive Driveline Pakistan Navy Mechanical undergrad Elective 3--0Engineering Engineering Engineering CollegeGas dynamics Pakistan Navy Mechanical undergrad Elective 3--0 Engineering Engineering CollegeHydrogen / Fuel Cell Pakistan Navy Mechanical undergrad Elective 3--0Technology Engineering Engineering CollegeSustainable Energy Pakistan Navy Mechanical Grad Compulsory 3--0systems Engineering Engineering CollegeAdvanced Turbo Pakistan Navy Mechanical Grad Compulsory 3--0Machinery Engineering Engineering College GREEN PAKISTAN 42 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 43. Course name Department Program w/in Undergrad/grad Compulsory/ Credit hrs Dept. electiveThermal system design Pakistan Navy Mechanical Grad Compulsory 3--0 Engineering Engineering CollegeSurface engineering Pakistan Navy Manufacturing Grad Compulsory 3--0 Engineering engineering CollegeAdvanced coating Pakistan Navy Manufacturing Grad Compulsory 3--0Technology Engineering engineering CollegeTransport Phenomenon School of Chemical Undergrad Compulsory 3--0 Chemical and Engineering Materials engineeringSimultaneous Heat & School of Chemical Undergrad Compulsory 3--0Master Transfer Chemical and Engineering Materials engineeringSimultaneous Heat & School of Chemical Undergrad Compulsory 0--1Master Transfer Lab Chemical and Engineering Materials engineeringInstruementation & School of Chemical Undergrad Compulsory 3--0Process Control Chemical and Engineering Materials engineeringChemical Reaction School of Chemical Undergrad Compulsory 3--0Engineering Chemical and Engineering Materials engineeringFuel & Combustion School of Chemical Undergrad Compulsory 0--1 Chemical and Engineering Materials engineeringFuel & Combuston Lab School of Chemical Undergrad Compulsory 0--1 Chemical and Engineering Materials engineeringChemical Process Design School of Chemical Undergrad Compulsory 3--0& Simulation Chemical and Engineering Materials engineeringComposite Materials School of Materials Grad Compulsory 3--0 Chemical and Engineering Materials engineeringNano-materials School of Materials Grad Compulsory 3--0 Chemical and Engineering Materials engineeringCombustion & Propulsion School of Energetic Grad Compulsory 3--0 Chemical and Materials Materials engineering GREEN PAKISTAN 43 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 44. Course name Department Program w/in Undergrad/grad Compulsory/ Credit hrs Dept. electiveAdvanced Fuel School of Energetic Grad Compulsory 3--0technology Chemical and Materials Materials engineeringInterface engineering School of Energetic Grad Compulsory 3--0 Chemical and Materials Materials engineeringSurface Engineering and School of Materials Grad Compulsory 3--0Characterization Chemical and Engineering Materials engineeringAdvanced Surface School of Materials Grad Compulsory 3--0Coatings Chemical and Engineering Materials engineeringElectronics and Magnetic School of Materials Grad Compulsory 3--0Materials Chemical and Engineering Materials engineeringMaterials for high School of Materials Grad Compulsory 3--0temperature Applications Chemical and Engineering Materials engineeringCoastal Engineering School of Structural Grad Compulsory 3--0 Civil and Engineering Environmental EngineeringAdvanced Geo Techical School of Structural Grad Compulsory 3--0Design Civil and Engineering Environmental EngineeringGeotechnical Site School of Structural Grad Compulsory 3--0Investigation Civil and Engineering Environmental EngineeringAdvanced Soil Mechanics School of Structural Grad Compulsory 3--0 Civil and Engineering Environmental EngineeringEarth Structures School of Structural Grad Elective 3--0 Civil and Engineering Environmental EngineeringDesign And Construction School of Structural Grad Compulsory 3--0of Earthen Dams Civil and Engineering Environmental EngineeringWater supply School of Construction Grad Elective 3--0and Wastewater Civil and Engineering andEngineeering Environmental Management EngineeringWater Resources, School of Construction Grad Compulsory 3--0economics, Planning and Civil and Engineering andManagement Environmental Management Engineering GREEN PAKISTAN 44 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 45. Course name Department Program w/in Undergrad/grad Compulsory/ Credit hrs Dept. electiveAdvanced Open Channel School of Water Resource Grad Compulsory 3--0Hydraulics Civil and Engineering & Environmental Management EngineeringApllied Hydrology School of Water Resource Grad Compulsory 3--0 Civil and Engineering & Environmental Management EngineeringGround Water Hydrology School of Water Resource Grad Elective 3--0 Civil and Engineering & Environmental Management EngineeringHydropower Engineering School of Water Resource Grad Elective 3--0 Civil and Engineering & Environmental Management EngineeringWater shed Management School of Water Resource Grad Elective 3--0 Civil and Engineering & Environmental Management EngineeringSolid waste Management School of Water Resource Grad Elective 3--0 Civil and Engineering & Environmental Management EngineeringEngineering Hydrology Institute of Environmental Undergrad Compulsory 3--0 Environmental engineering Science & engineeringPriniciples of water and Institute of Environmental Undergrad Compulsory 3--0waste water treatment Environmental engineering Science & engineeringWater pollution Control Institute of Environmental Undergrad Compulsory 3--0 Environmental engineering Science & engineeringEnvironmental Health & Institute of Environmental Undergrad Compulsory 3--0safety Environmental engineering Science & engineeringCleaner Production Institute of Environmental Undergrad Compulsory 3--0Techniques Environmental engineering Science & engineeringEnvironmental Chemistry Institute of Environmental Grad Compulsory 3--1and Microbiology Environmental engineering Science & engineeringUnit Processes Institute of Environmental Grad Compulsory 3--0in Environmental Environmental engineeringEngineering Science & engineeringIndustrial and Hazordous Institute of Environmental Grad Elective 3--0Waste Management Environmental engineering Science & engineering GREEN PAKISTAN 45 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 46. Course name Department Program w/in Undergrad/grad Compulsory/ Credit hrs Dept. electiveEnvironmental Institute of Environmental Grad Elective 3--0biotechnology Environmental engineering Science & engineeringEnvironmental Institute of Environmental Grad Compulsory 2--0Laboratory Environmental engineering Science & engineeringEnvironmental policy & Institute of Environmental Grad Elective 3--0Governance Environmental Science Science & engineeringEnvironmental Ethics Institute of Environmental Grad Elective 2--0 Environmental Science Science & engineeringCleaner Production Institute of Environmental Grad Compulsory 3--0Technology Environmental Science Science & engineeringEnergy Policies NUST Business Public Policy Grad Elective 3--0 School Research Centre GREEN PAKISTAN 46 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 47. NUST HeadquartersNational University of Sciences & Technology (NUST),Sector H-12, Islamabad, Pakistan.NUST UAN: +92-51-111-11-6878E-Mail: info@nust.edu.pkWebsite: www.nust.edu.pk GREEN PAKISTAN 47 ENERGY SOLUTIONS
  • 48. NUST IdentityThe NUST emblem is a reinterpretation of the old logo. It retains the essence of the previousinsignia, and breathes new life into its meaning.The Book of Knowledge lights up the darkness, through the Vine of Wisdom which bearsthe two moons and stars facing towards the East and the West, symbolising the diversity ofdisciplines and the fruit of knowledge.The Rising Sun brings change, hope and enlightenment. It emanates inspiration and from thelight of knowledge, four birds take wing from the nests of light, and spread out to the fourcorners of the world, symbolising the quest for spiritual gratification through knowledge andwisdom.The NUST Blue is a colour that represents the future. It carries all the characteristics of thecolour blue, like dignity, grace, freshness, professionalism, prudence and resolve.
  • 49. Centre for Energy Systems (CES)National University of Sciences and TechnologyH -12 islamabadwww.ces.nust.edu.pkTel: +92 51 908 55100Mob: 0307 555 8720