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presentation building materials

  2. 2. Building materials <ul><li>Building material is any material which is used for a construction purpose. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Stone Materials <ul><li>There are natural stones, can occur in the form of blocks, slabs, granules.
  4. 4. Compact rocks:There are blocks of limestone, marble,granite, slate, sandstone and they are call ashlar, rubble, cobblestones and slabs.
  5. 5. Desintegrated rocks: It is a set of stones of varying size. They are mainly small. Types:
  6. 6. Sand is a naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
  7. 7. Clay is a naturally occurring material composed primarily of fine-grained minerals </li></ul>
  8. 8. Binder materials binder materials Is called caking material capable of uniting fragments of one or more material and give cohesion to the set through chemical changes in its mass produce new compounds.
  9. 9. <ul><li>Binder materials </li></ul><ul><li>Lime: It is a material obtained by subjecting limestone to heat.
  10. 10. Plaster:It is a mineral in form of dust used to cover walls and ceilings.
  11. 11. Cement:It is the mos important binder. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Concrete </li></ul><ul><li>It is a mixture of aggregates, binders and water.
  13. 13. There are different types: Mass concrete,cyclopean concrete,aerated concrete,reinforced concrete. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Concrete </li></ul><ul><li>Mass concrete:It´s obtained by mixing cement, water, gravel and sand
  15. 15. Cyclopean concrete: Made up of cement, water, aggregates.
  16. 16. Aerated concrete:
  17. 17. Reinforced concrete: </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Ceramics Materials </li></ul><ul><li>There are parts made from clay molded and cooked in ovens.
  19. 19. The process consist of 2 steps
  20. 20. Mixing and molding: Some machines mix clay with water.Then,they take form and there are cut depending on the side.
  21. 21. Continuous Baking:The material go to differents cameras with different temperature. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Ceramics Materials </li></ul><ul><li>The most important ceramic materials are:
  23. 23. Bricks:There are pieces of clay cooked,there are two types. </li></ul><ul><li>-Thin bricks:there are very resistant.
  24. 24. -Normal bricks:They have less resistant.
  25. 25. Tiles: Pieces of clay used in roofing.
  26. 26. Glazed ceramic:Rectangular pieces made up of two layers.
  27. 27. Stoneware: Mixture of clay, quartz and feldspar.
  28. 28. Porcelain:Ceramic material coated with enamel. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Metal is called the chemical elements characterized by being good conductors of heat and electricity, have high density, and are solid at normal temperatures (except mercury Metals are materials obtained from minerals that are part of the rocks . The most iportnt metals materials are: steel, aluminum and copper Metal materials
  30. 30. Phases of building construction 1.Land preparation 2.Foundation Pile 3.Structure 4.Covered 5. Enclosures 6.Flooring and cloisonne
  31. 31. Land preparation Is consist of ó smooth, demolishing, excavating, leveling the ground ... to build on it
  32. 32. Foundation pile is the placement of the elements that form the base of the building
  33. 33. Structures used columns, slabs that form the floors of the building
  34. 34. Covered involves placing tiles, slabs, etc .... to protect the building from rain, wind ...
  35. 35. Enclosures is to isolate the building with brick exterior, polyurethane foam insulation work.
  36. 36. Flooring and cloisonne is wrought with different coating materials, natural or synthetic