The Winnipeg General Strike

1,815 views

Published on

Grade 10 History class

Published in: Career
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,815
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
33
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
15
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Winnipeg General Strike

  1. 1. The Winnipeg General Strike The Labour Movement in Canada
  2. 2. Readings <ul><li>From William Lyon Mackenzie King: The loner who kept Canada together , read page 17, the sections on ‘Willie invents the company union’ </li></ul>
  3. 3. WWI and employment <ul><li>During the First World War, as young Canadian men went overseas, it became more and more difficult to find workers back in Canada </li></ul><ul><li>For those who remained, this meant that you could get high wages </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to inflation </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>When the war ends, 500 000 men return from overseas and come looking for work </li></ul><ul><li>Meanwhile companies and owners are looking to reverse gains made by employees </li></ul><ul><li>Radical labour groups form, inspired by the Communist movement </li></ul><ul><li>Governments oppose these labour groups and the creation of unions </li></ul>
  5. 5. One Big Union <ul><li>In 1919, workers in Western Canada form a group called the One Big Union (OBU) </li></ul><ul><li>Looking for better wages, a five-day work week, and legal recognition of the union </li></ul><ul><li>By the end of 1919, had 50 000 people as members </li></ul>
  6. 6. Winnipeg General Strike <ul><li>In May 1919, negotiations break down between employers and men working in building and metal trades </li></ul><ul><li>Workers go on strike, and call for a city wide strike </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Within hours 30 000 workers had gone on strike, as 94 of 96 unions agree to go on strike </li></ul><ul><li>City comes to a halt </li></ul>
  8. 8. Citizens Committee of 1000 <ul><li>Made up of manufacturers, bankers and politicians (Winnipeg’s elite) </li></ul><ul><li>Formed to oppose the strike </li></ul><ul><li>Got support of government and the military </li></ul><ul><li>Portrayed the strike leaders as “alien scum” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Bloody Saturday <ul><li>June 17 th – special police arrest strike leaders </li></ul><ul><li>June 21 st – protests turn into riots, and police and military attack protesters </li></ul><ul><li>1 killed, at least 20 wounded </li></ul>
  10. 10. Lingering Effects <ul><li>By June 25 th the strike is over </li></ul><ul><li>Bitterness remains in Winnipeg for decades afterwards </li></ul><ul><li>Conservative Party loses election of 1921 </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to much improved working conditions </li></ul>

×