THE NATURE OF THESCOTTISH ECONOMYWhose economy? Seminar series, Stephen Boyd,Assistant Secretary, STUC
a wee bit of history1760   Enlightenment            Europe’s first literate nation1800s Textiles, textile machinery & ship...
Trends   De-industrialisation   Privatisation   Under-investment   Under-performance as an export economy   Declining...
Where are we now? Emerging very tentatively from longest and deepestrecession since WW2 A different kind of recession K...
Since the start of recession… Employment down 106,000 Unemployment doubling to 231,000 Claimant count doubling to 135,0...
a crisis of jobs andgrowth…not a crisis ofthe public finances
low carbon economy           offshore wind, wave and tidal        built environment           forest industrieslife scienc...
PolicyNeed to move beyond ‘non-interventionintervention’… Fix finance Reinvigorate Scottish manufacturing throughmodern ...
Three pervasive myths The Scottish public sector necessarily crowds  out more productive private sector activity and  job...
Whose economy?Scotland is a small, open comparatively wealthy economy with a  number of enduring advantages…but……where the...
To view all the papers in the Whose       Economy series click hereTo view all the videos and presentations       from the...
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The Nature of the Scottish Economy - Stephen Boyd

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Stephen Boyd, Assistant Secretary of the Scottish Trade Unions Congress, talks about how the Scottish economy works.

The Whose Economy? seminars, organised by Oxfam Scotland and the University of the West of Scotland, brought together experts to look at recent changes in the Scottish economy and their impact on Scotland's most vulnerable communities.

Held over winter and spring 2010-11 in Edinburgh, Inverness, Glasgow and Stirling, the series posed the question of what economy is being created in Scotland and, specifically, for whom?

To find out more and view other Whose Economy? papers, presentations and videos visit:
http://www.oxfamblogs.org/ukpovertypost/whose-economy-seminar-series-winter-2010-spring-2011/

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The Nature of the Scottish Economy - Stephen Boyd

  1. 1. THE NATURE OF THESCOTTISH ECONOMYWhose economy? Seminar series, Stephen Boyd,Assistant Secretary, STUC
  2. 2. a wee bit of history1760 Enlightenment Europe’s first literate nation1800s Textiles, textile machinery & shipbuilding1850s Steel, marine engineering & coal1900s Industrial superpower & spirit of invention…WW1 Over-specialisation, failure to diversify into lighter consumer based industriesWW2 Structural change, outward migration1960s Regional policy, inward investment, north sea oil, financial services1980s Ongoing manufacturing decline, shift to services, growing inequality, persistent economic inactivity2008 Banking crisis….
  3. 3. Trends De-industrialisation Privatisation Under-investment Under-performance as an export economy Declining and ageing population Relatively high skilled workforce Growing participation of women in labour force Shift to part-time/temporary employment Growing economic insecurity and inequality Wages falling as a %age of GDP & concomitant rise in profits…rising household debt Persistent (in work as well as workless) poverty & economic inactivity Shift towards a lower carbon economy….about to gather speed?
  4. 4. Where are we now? Emerging very tentatively from longest and deepestrecession since WW2 A different kind of recession Key sectors badly hit Austerity likely to usher in period of low growth &high unemployment Output gap will persist - deflation? A very worrying labour market….
  5. 5. Since the start of recession… Employment down 106,000 Unemployment doubling to 231,000 Claimant count doubling to 135,000 Long-term youth unemployment up 150% Long-term unemployment up over 100% Claimants to vacancy ratio Oct ’10 at 7:1 Massive rise in under-employment Manufacturing jobs lost - 33,000
  6. 6. a crisis of jobs andgrowth…not a crisis ofthe public finances
  7. 7. low carbon economy offshore wind, wave and tidal built environment forest industrieslife sciences tourism creative industriesThe challenges are huge but so are the opportunitiesaerospace data storage and processing textiles healthchemical sciences education food & drink
  8. 8. PolicyNeed to move beyond ‘non-interventionintervention’… Fix finance Reinvigorate Scottish manufacturing throughmodern industrial policy for Scotland Rebuild the economy’s equalising institutions …to create a fairer, more sustainable economy
  9. 9. Three pervasive myths The Scottish public sector necessarily crowds out more productive private sector activity and jobs Scotland is over-regulated and over-taxed…itis not a good place to do business Proactive industrial and regional policy willnecessarily do more harm than good
  10. 10. Whose economy?Scotland is a small, open comparatively wealthy economy with a number of enduring advantages…but……where the proceeds of growth are increasingly narrowly concentrated……where too few quality jobs are being created……where policy development and implementation is the province of business and government elites……where 30 years of supply side interventions has consigned communities to worklessness, undermined industry and final demand - profound reform is required if we are to meet Scot Govt targets…
  11. 11. To view all the papers in the Whose Economy series click hereTo view all the videos and presentations from the seminars click here

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