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Key concepts and links: What is gender?
 

Key concepts and links: What is gender?

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Understanding how gender relations shape women’s and men’s lives is critical to disaster risk reduction (DRR). This is because women’s and men’s different roles, responsibilities, and access ...

Understanding how gender relations shape women’s and men’s lives is critical to disaster risk reduction (DRR). This is because women’s and men’s different roles, responsibilities, and access to resources influence how each will be affected by different hazards, and how they will cope with and recover from disaster. This presentation is part of Oxfam GB's Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction training pack available at www.oxfam.org.uk/genderdrrpack.

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    Key concepts and links: What is gender? Key concepts and links: What is gender? Presentation Transcript

    • Gender and disaster risk reduction Key concepts and links What is gender? Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction : A training pack
    • What is the difference between sex and gender?
      • Biological differences associated with being male or female
      • Social differences taken to exist between females and females
    • Gender is learned, changeable and varied
      • The social differences that make up gender are learned
      • They are deeply rooted in every culture
      • They are changeable over time
      • They have wide variations within and between cultures
    • How does gender affect people?
      • Along with class, ‘race,’ and other aspects of social identity, gender determines the roles, power, and access to resources for people in any culture.
      • Gender roles and gendered power relations directly influence who has access to and control over which resources and opportunities, and who makes decisions.
    • Gender is unequal
      • In many countries of the world, the distribution and control of resources and opportunities is not equal between women and men.
      • Women and men do not enjoy equal rights, opportunities, access to resources, and rewards.
    • Women, participation and power
      • Women generally tend to hold less power and fewer resources at every level, globally.
      • Unequal gender relations are often embedded in structures from the household through to the community and the state.
      • Often women have little control over their fertility, sexuality or marital choices, and have limited mobility.
      • This limits their public participation and increases their vulnerability to poverty, violence, and HIV.
      • This is systematic discrimination and an infringement of women’s human rights.
    • Gender is not just about women and girls
      • Men also have gender-specific vulnerabilities.
      • It is important to pay equal attention to these
      • But they rarely face gender-based discrimination.
      • If they are marginalised, it is usually due to other aspects of their social identity.
      • Women with the same identities typically suffer double discrimination as members of marginalised groups and as women.
    • What does gender equality mean?
      • Equal enjoyment of rights, opportunities, resources, and rewards by women, girls, boys, and men
      • Enjoyment of rights, opportunities, and life chances is not governed or limited by gender
      • It does NOT that women and men are the same.
    • Understanding power relations is central to understanding gender inequality Key questions to ask in a gender analysis:
      • Which men and which women hold the power in this community?
      • Who owns and controls resources?
      • Who takes the decisions?
      • Who sets the agenda?
      • Who gains and who loses from processes of development?
    • Oxfam’s gender policy
      • Is driven by the belief that achieving gender equality is both a pre-requisite to overcoming poverty and suffering, and an important goal in its own right.
      • Is designed to guide staff across the whole organisation in their efforts to support gender equality and women’s empowerment.
      see handout 1.6
    • Oxfam GB, July 2011 This presentation is part of Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction: A training pack available in full from www.oxfam.org.uk/genderdrrpack