How Change Happens lecture VI: tools for change

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Brandeis University Proseminar presentation by Oxfam's Duncan Green from March 2012. (6/6)

Brandeis University Proseminar presentation by Oxfam's Duncan Green from March 2012. (6/6)

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  • 1. Your Assignment: Some Tools for Exploring Power and Change Duncan Green Brandeis Proseminar March 2012 Lecture 6
  • 2. General Points Multiple ways of understanding change Power lens a good place to start Are you trying to understand ‘from the outside’? - either past or potential future change Or are you a would-be change agent trying to design an influencing strategy? – Tools different in each case
  • 3. What is Power? Power as force field Ways of looking at power – Visibility – Spaces – Four powers
  • 4. LOOKING FROM THEOUTSIDE
  • 5. Four Components of Change Context – Technology, environment, demographics, globalization Institutions – Culture, ethnicity, religion, attitudes and beliefs – Civil service, judiciary, electoral democracy, essential services, Agents – Social movements, elites, leaders, private sector, media Events – Wars, disasters, confrontations
  • 6. Dynamics and Pathways toreconstruct (or suggest scenarios) Cumulative and Chaotic Sequential Events, tipping points and Path Dependence lightbulb moments Demonstration Accumulation of Effects forces
  • 7. The conflict-cooperation cycle Social Conflict Events and Reforms run out Moments of steam or new problems arise Reforms y Cooperation
  • 8. THINKING LIKE A CHANGEAGENT
  • 9. Power Analysis for Advocacy:Phase One Define Change Goal What laws, policies, practices, relationships need to change? What are obstacles to change? (e.g. attitudes and beliefs, political groups, financial/commercial interests, lack of a feasible practical proposal) What are the political opportunities for change (e.g. legislative timetables, elections, international negotiations & summits)
  • 10. Power Analysis: Phase Two Who are decision-makers and institutions that determine the change? At what level are decisions made (international, national, state, politician or official) Who has formal and informal power on a reform process? Among these groups and individuals, which are – most easily influenced by OXFAM/partners? – The lost causes? – the ‘shifters - the undecided or persuadable? Who influences the people in this key group, who are often the principle target for our campaign?
  • 11. Power Analysis is permanent Power Analysis Change Implement and Hypothesis Evaluate Select Change Strategies
  • 12. Some Possible Change Strategies Active Citizenship – Rights education – Supporting People in the Streets – Grassroots Leadership Training – Public campaigning eg via media Elites – Direct engagement with politicians – Research-driven engagement with technocrats
  • 13. Change strategies (continued) Windows of opportunity – Election campaigns – Responding to shocks – Seizing opportunities eg court cases, scandals
  • 14. Tactics: Think about Alliances – how broad? Conflict v cooperation – how confrontational? Problem/Solution/Villain How to build broad coalition around easy wins Prescriptive or flexible? Convening/brokering or responding to opportunities v a specific objective