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How Change Happens lecture III: Understanding Power and Change
How Change Happens lecture III: Understanding Power and Change
How Change Happens lecture III: Understanding Power and Change
How Change Happens lecture III: Understanding Power and Change
How Change Happens lecture III: Understanding Power and Change
How Change Happens lecture III: Understanding Power and Change
How Change Happens lecture III: Understanding Power and Change
How Change Happens lecture III: Understanding Power and Change
How Change Happens lecture III: Understanding Power and Change
How Change Happens lecture III: Understanding Power and Change
How Change Happens lecture III: Understanding Power and Change
How Change Happens lecture III: Understanding Power and Change
How Change Happens lecture III: Understanding Power and Change
How Change Happens lecture III: Understanding Power and Change
How Change Happens lecture III: Understanding Power and Change
How Change Happens lecture III: Understanding Power and Change
How Change Happens lecture III: Understanding Power and Change
How Change Happens lecture III: Understanding Power and Change
How Change Happens lecture III: Understanding Power and Change
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How Change Happens lecture III: Understanding Power and Change

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Brandeis University Proseminar presentation by Oxfam's Duncan Green from March 2012. (3/6)

Brandeis University Proseminar presentation by Oxfam's Duncan Green from March 2012. (3/6)

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  • 1. Understanding Power and Change Duncan Green Brandeis Proseminar March 2012 Lecture 3
  • 2. Why it Matters Rich source of new ideas and approaches in both advocacy and programming Recognizing our own models of change and understanding those of others is helpful in building alliances and SMS Improved agility and impact e.g. spotting opportunities quicker Increasingly appreciated by funders
  • 3. What is Power? Power as force field Ways of looking at power – Visibility – Spaces – Four powers
  • 4. Visibility Visible Invisible (norms and values – who decides what is normal?) Hidden (setting agendas and priorities, who chooses speakers and sends out invitations?)
  • 5. Power and relationsin international aid
  • 6. Act or s andproces ses d N orms an beliefs
  • 7. Spaces Intra-elite Invited spaces Created spaces
  • 8. Intra-elite, invited or created?
  • 9. The four powers Power Within Power With Power To Power Over
  • 10. We Can: Power Within and ViolenceAgainst Women
  • 11. We Can: Changing Beliefs, not Policies Launched 2004 3.2 million women and men in South Asia have signed up as ‘change makers’ Viral influencing model, began in Uganda ‘To me change is the killing of fear’ ‘I tell people, I am not here to change you, that is not in my power. But I can tell you how I have changed, and how it has changed my life’ http://www.oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/?p=6922
  • 12. Power Analysis for Advocacy:Phase One Define Change Goal What laws, policies, practices, relationships need to change? What are obstacles to change? (e.g. attitudes and beliefs, political groups, financial/commercial interests, lack of a feasible practical proposal) What are the political opportunities for change (e.g. legislative timetables, elections, international negotiations & summits)
  • 13. Power Analysis: Phase Two Who are decision-makers and institutions that determine the change? At what level are decisions made (international, national, state, politician or official) Who has formal and informal power on a reform process? Among these groups and individuals, which are – most easily influenced by OXFAM/partners? – The lost causes? – the ‘shifters - the undecided or persuadable? Who influences the people in this key group, who are often the principle target for our campaign?
  • 14. Power Analysis is permanent Power Analysis Change Implement and Hypothesis Evaluate Select Change Strategies
  • 15. Case Study: Revolution in Egypt Watch the Al Jazeera video (20 minutes) and think about How Change Happens – Context; Institutions; Agents; Events – What tactics and alliances did the April 6th movement employ? – Discuss your thoughts in groups and report back

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