Gender mainstreaming and gender analysis in work addressing risk reduction: Other useful tools for assessing capacity and vulnerability
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Gender mainstreaming and gender analysis in work addressing risk reduction: Other useful tools for assessing capacity and vulnerability

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Understanding how gender relations shape women’s and men’s lives is critical to disaster risk reduction (DRR). This is because women’s and men’s different roles, responsibilities, and access ...

Understanding how gender relations shape women’s and men’s lives is critical to disaster risk reduction (DRR). This is because women’s and men’s different roles, responsibilities, and access to resources influence how each will be affected by different hazards, and how they will cope with and recover from disaster. This presentation contains useful tools for assessing capacity and vulnerability. This presentation is part of Oxfam GB's Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction training pack available at www.oxfam.org.uk/genderdrrpack.

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Gender mainstreaming and gender analysis in work addressing risk reduction: Other useful tools for assessing capacity and vulnerability Gender mainstreaming and gender analysis in work addressing risk reduction: Other useful tools for assessing capacity and vulnerability Presentation Transcript

  • Gender and disaster risk reduction Gender mainstreaming and gender analysis in work addressing risk reduction Other useful tools for assessing capacity and vulnerability PowerPoint 2.3
  • Sustainable Livelihoods Analysis (SLA)
  • SLA: livelihood assets Human capital: skills, knowledge, and good health Social and political capital: networks, relationships and influence Physical capital: basic infrastructure and producer goods Financial capital: assets and income Natural capital: natural resources, including land and water See handout 2.10
  • SLA: strengths and weaknesses
    • Flexible tool that can be adapted
    • Mainly concerned with people, and their constraints and opportunities
    • But does not differentiate between women and men
    • So it is critical that gender analysis tools are combined with SLA.
  • Pressure and Release Model (PRM or Crunch Model)
    • A disaster results from the interaction of two ‘forces’
    • Processes generating vulnerability
    • Physical exposure to a hazard
    • So, to reduce the risk of disaster, the vulnerability of people exposed to hazards must be reduced and their capacities strengthened.
    see handout 2.11
  • Example: La Paz, Bolivia
  • Progression of safety
  • Frameworks to help assess capacity and vulnerability
    • Frameworks are tools to help gain an understanding of a situation
    • It can be useful to combine different frameworks or sets of tools
    • CVA / SLA / PRM can be combined with gender analysis tools.
    • They can help to capture gendered power inequalities and their consequences, in order to plan how to deal with the impacts of disasters and climate change.
  • Oxfam GB, July 2011 This presentation is part of Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction: A training pack available in full from www.oxfam.org.uk/genderdrrpack