Oxfam India Annual Report 2013


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Oxfam India Annual Report 2013

  1. 1. Annual Report 2013 | 1 Closing the Gaps Closing the Gaps ANNUAL REPORT 2013
  2. 2. 2 | Annual Report 2013
  3. 3. Annual Report 2013 | 3 CLOSING THE GAPS ContentS Closing the gaps (Letter from the Chairman).............................................. 04 A snapshot :The year that was....................................... 05 Our Programs ................................................................... 06 Economic Justice ............................................................ 10 Essential Services ........................................................... 13 Gender Justice ................................................................ 16 Humanitarian and DRR .................................................... 18 Emerging Themes ............................................................ 20 You make it possible : Our fundraising efforts .............. 24 Governance and Management ....................................... 28 Facts behind the figures ................................................ 36 Partners ........................................................................... 45 OUR VISION Oxfam India’s vision is to create a more equal, just and sustainable world. The overreaching vision of Oxfam India is “Right to Life with Dignity for All”. OUR MISSION Oxfam India will fulfill its vision by empowering the poor and the marginalised to demand their rights, engaging the non-poor to become active and supportive citizens, advocating for an effective and accountable state and making markets work for poor and marginalised people. OUR VALUES Oxfam believes that its five values are core to its vision and would seek to promote them through its work. The five core values being: 1. Commitment to our vision and mission 2. Honesty and integrity 3. Inclusiveness, secularism and pluralism 4. Valuing and respecting people’s rights 5. Delivering high quality results in a manner accountable to stakeholders ABOUT US Oxfam is marking its 62nd year in India this year. In 1951, Oxfam GB came to India during the Bihar famine to launch its first full scale humanitarian response in a developing country. Over the past 61 years, Oxfam has supported the growth of many civil society organisations across the length and breadth of the country. In 2008, all Oxfams came together to form Oxfam India. Oxfam India, a fully independent Indian organization (with Indian staff and an Indian Board), is a member of a global confederation of 17 Oxfams.
  4. 4. 4 | Annual Report 2013 Chairman’s Message It is my privilege to present to you the annual report and audited accounts for Oxfam India for the financial year 2012-2013. The year 2012-13 was an important milestone for us in terms of operationalising the new Oxfam India strategy as we launched an exciting new campaign, ``Close the Gap’’ to start a dialogue and debate about the pressing issue of large and growing inequalities in India on multiple dimensions—class, caste, religion, geographic location, and so on. Such large inequities in a poor country mean that hundreds of millions continue to live a life of bare sustenace and suffer social and economic oppression. The brutal gang rape case in Delhi in December 2012 highlighted the gender issue and the problems faced by women even in the national capital. In its aftermath, we asked people –young and old, rural and urban, male and female, rich and poor—what they thought about the huge gender divide in India and what could be done to start closing these gaps. We have also started to use a mix of new and old technologies to reach out to as many people as possible in the most remote regions of India. The overwhelming response indicated that this is a much needed conversation, and has only just begun. Oxfam India also launched a humanitarian response to the biggest floods in Assam in a decade and also to the large- scale conflict that left several homeless. The scale and extent of human suffering in both cases points to the need for galvanising larger efforts. I was personally there in Bengaluru in January 2012 to witness the excitement of the second edition of the Trailwalker, Oxfam’s global signature fundraising event in which participants walk 100 km in 48 hours in teams of four to raise funds to support Oxfam’s programs. The second Trailwalker was double in size and revenues from the first, with 164 teams participating and raising R 2.41 crores during the last financial year. Encouraged by its success, we are planning to launch an annual Trailwalker in Mumbai, starting from November 2013, in addition of course to our annual one in January in Bengaluru. These are not just fund-raising events, but serve the larger purpose of creating awareness about the serios problems that will overwhelm us if we do not act quickly. As indicated in our audited accounts for 2012-13, this year our total income was R 58.0 crores as against R 55.1 crores in 2011-12. We are evolving a fundraising strategy, through which we aim to double our size in the next five years and to diversify our sources of income. In this, we seek your active support to help us meet our targets. I would like to record my sincere appreciation to Oxfam International and fellow Oxfam affiliates for their continued support and confidence in Oxfam India. The Oxfam International Board has a new chair, Nitin Desai, and it was a pleasure to welcome him to a meeting of the Oxfam India Board in March 2013. We look forward to his continued support in both nuturing Oxfam India and in influencing the pro-Southern agenda in the Oxfam world. Finally, I would like to thank my colleagues in the Oxfam India Board for being so strongly engaged and for bringing in such a rich diversity of perspective within the Oxfam India governance framework. I would also like to compliment the leadership and staff for effective implementation of our strategy through their commitment, passion and dedication. Kiran Karnik Chairperson Oxfam India Closing the Gaps
  5. 5. Annual Report 2013 | 5 ceo’s message Oxfam India was formed on September 1, 2008 and is now almost five years old. It has been another eventful year in the short life of this organization, a year in which we saw a strengthening of our programs, policy, research and advocacy efforts, a reaching out through campaigns to a much broader audience to change social attitudes, the adoption of an ambitious and exciting new fundraising strategy that aims to double our size in the next five years, and the reaching of an important personal milestone for me. During the last five years, a priority area for us has been to align our grassroots work, done in partnership with local NGOs, with our overall strategy. This has taken time because while the focus of our work has shifted to the seven poorest states in India which are all in the North and the East—UP, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, Assam amd Orissa—the bulk of the program and partners that we inherited were in the south and the west. Overtime, we have had to phase out many of the old partnerships and build new ones in the focus states. The alignment is now finally complete. A second priority has been to link the grassroots work to policy advocacy; to learn from what is working and not working on the ground and feed that back into policymaking with a view to having laws and policies and programs that are more inclusive and pro-poor and that actually get implemented. Our policy advocacy efforts have been strengthened this year by putting in place a Research team that is capturing the views of our partners and of experts in the sector and succinctly making them available for a broad range of policymakers through Policy Briefs and other research products. A big realization for us last year, especially after the Delhi gang rape case, was that in addition to lobbying the state for better laws, policies and programs, we also needed to step up our work with a much broader range of stakeholders to fundamentally change deeply held social attitudes on issues of inequality along multiple dimensions, including gender. We launched a very exciting Close the Gap campaign on March 8, International Women’s Day, to start a broad conversation about these issues in India. The use of new tools of social media—facebook and twitter in particular— have helped us reach a massive audience for our work and create a buzz about it, especially with the young. And finally, the highlight of my year, personally, was to take part in our second Trailwalker held in Bengaluru in January 2013 and to complete the 100 km walk in 40 hours together with my team mates. Thanks to the generosity of our family, friends and colleagues—including from Oxfam International-- our team raised R 3.7 lacs in funds and was the eighth highest fundraising team of all! The pleasure of raising these funds has now turned me into an avid fundraiser for Oxfam India! As always, none of this would have been possible without the strong support of our Board, our donors, our partners, the leadership team and our staff and I would like to thank them all for their contribution towards building a stronger and more impactful Oxfam India during last year. Nisha Agrawal CEO, Oxfam India A snaphot, The Year that was
  6. 6. 6 | Annual Report 201304 . Annual Report 2013 CLOSETHEGAP launch: (From left to right) Chairperson, Forum on Women in Leadership, Poonam Barua, Actor and social activist, Nandita Das, Oxfam India CEO, Nisha Agrawal and social activist, Kiran Bedi launching the campaign on March 8 at Constitution Club in New Delhi. Introduction OurProgrammes andCampaigns
  7. 7. Annual Report 2013 | 7 Before we begin to share what we have done in the past year, it would be worthwhile to give a quick glance to the larger challenges staring us in the face. While the Government owned Economic Survey 2013 painted a rosy picture in terms of India’s declining poverty in the past one year, it also acknowledged the fact that with the declining economic growth rates, its one solution package was under threat and there has been a significant rise in inequality. With the growth rate declining to almost half of what it was, coupled with high food price inflation over the past couple of years, things have impacted the poor adversely. To make matters worse, while the mainstream media continued to debate about the pros and cons of foreign direct investment under the name of ‘policy paralysis’, the real paralysis inflicting our development politics almost went unnoticed. Hence, not much attention was paid to the fact that crucial bills like Food Security Bill, Land Acquisition and Rehabilitation Bill, Mining Bill, were lying unaddressed in the Parliament, making the situation of the poor and dispossessed even worse. Things did not improve even where we have existing policies and acts to provide succor to the marginalized. India missed its three year deadline for the implementation of Right to Education Act; it could not provide once again adequate budget for the implementation of the Domestic Violence Act; crucial acts like Forest Rights Act, and PESA providing safeguards to the tribal population, 15 point Programme meant for the minorities remained stuck in bottlenecks. While the Government finalized and rolled out the 12th Five Year Plan with a large civil society consultation, not many of the inputs from civil society were visible in the final plan document. Hence, even where it accepted the need to universalize the provision of life saving essential generic drugs, it failed to deliver on the same. On a larger plane, it continued to look towards the private sector for solutions in order to cut its expenditure without even testing the efficacy of its hypothesis at a time when a huge amount of concern has been raised about the latter. The overall panacea of private-sector led growth paradigm despite showing the fissures at the seams has remained a cradle of faith for the policy makers. The two big opportunities on the horizon for civil society are the current ongoing worldwide processes to engage with post-2015 Millennium Development Goals and the upcoming national elections. The first one began with United Nations taking a lead through several consultation processes in which India was also a key country. It provided a big platform for the civil society where key concerns of the poor could be taken on board before they could reach back to UN. While the inputs are now getting crystallized, the next few months would be crucial as it would be now up to the national governments to get into the act to deliberate upon the same and we would need to engage more intensively with the Government on this. The second major opportunity is around the upcoming national elections in 2014 where once again the onus is on the various constituents of civil society to build pressure from the grass roots in terms of what should be the core components of each political party’s election manifesto from the point of view of the poor and the marginalized. While government finalized and rolled out the 12th Five Year Plan with a large civil society consultation, it failed to deliver much on the inputs given by the latter. Against this background, Oxfam India continued its work based on a rights-based framework this year, linking grassroots programming through partner NGOs to local, national and global advocacy and policy- making. Oxfam India’s Work All of Oxfam India’s work is framed according to the global commitment of Oxfam to its five broad rights- based aims: the right to a sustainable livelihood, the right to basic social services, the right to life and security, the right to be heard and the right to equality, gender and diversity. Oxfam India works in partnership with over 130 grassroots NGOs to address the root causes of absolute poverty and injustice in the four areas of Economic Justice, Essential Services, Gender Justice and Humanitarian Response and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). Oxfam India’s programme is focused primarily in seven states- Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand and four social groups-Dalits, Muslims, Tribals and Women. The Context in India
  8. 8. 8 | Annual Report 2013 CLOSETHEGAP CAMPAIGN Oxfam India launched CLOSETHEGAP Campaign on 8 March 2013 on the occasion of International Women’s Day. CLOSETHEGAP is a three year campaign against inequality. Though this year we began with a focus on fighting gender inequality the long term aim is to look at other forms of gaps e.g. Dalits and non-Dalits, Tribals and non-Tribals, Muslims and non-Muslims, rich and the poor, urban and rural etc. The key demands of this phase of the campaign have been closing the huge gap between men and women in the key institutions of police, judiciary, Parliament and the corporate world through adequate policy measures. Key Objectives The campaign aims to engage with people through social media, public events, online debates, community radio and a free phone line, in order to solicit their opinions and turn them into agents of change. It also aims to build public momentum for those changes through public events, press coverage and online pressure. CLOSETHEGAP will also provide Oxfam India with an invaluable resource- namely, the thousands of phone calls made by people to the free phone line. These thoughts, ideas and priorities will be used to shape Oxfam India’s policy work, as well as to aid its lobbying efforts. The campaign also aims to create a bridge between urban and rural India through the mediums of community radios and online conversations. Hence rural people voicing their concerns through community radios are getting linked to online conversations mainly happening among the urban young. Key Highlights The March 8 CLOSETHEGAP launch on women’s equality was an enormous success. Hundreds of young people attended to hear speeches from Dr Kiran Bedi, actress Research: Creation of a research unit The year 2013 saw the creation of a focused research function in Oxfam India. The first few months of the year were devoted to creating a thorough ground for future research: processes were set up to ensure that all relevant staff feed into research ideas and designs; mechanisms to improve the quality of research outcomes were mainstreamed. The year also saw the publication of Oxfam India’s first policy briefs. Several briefs outline the organization’s position on major policy changes around regulations on mining, land acquisition and displacement, universal access to health, or the implementation of the Protection of Women against Domestic Violence Act. The briefs draw on Oxfam India’s experience in working with partners and on available secondary sources to provide informed recommendations. They aim to bring micro-level knowledge about the challenges faced by the poor into policy debates at state, national and international levels. We use them to share our point of view and recommendations with the relevant ministries, policy makers and civil society networks to bring them on one page. Finally, Oxfam India contributed to deliberations around what should replace the Millennium Development Goals after 2015 with a series of papers that discuss the framework from the perspective of groups in India that face social exclusion – notably Dalits, Muslims, Tribals and women. The series positioned Oxfam India as one of the leading voices in the UN-led national consultation aimed at informing deliberations by the High Level Expert Panel. Oxfam India also shared them in the two regional consultations of Parliamentarians and Civil Society Organizations in Dhaka and Bali to influence the regional consensus on post-2015 processes. The key demands of this phase of the campaign have been closing the huge gap between men and women in the key institutions of police, judiciary, Parliament and the corporate world through adequate policy measures.
  9. 9. Annual Report 2013 | 9 Our Publications in 2012-13 Policy Briefs • India’s Mining Regulation: Time to Correct Course (also in Hindi) • Land Acquisition in India: Will the New Bill Protect Affect People (also in Hindi) • Achieving Healthcare for All (also in Hindi) • Protecting Women Against Domestic Violence (also in Hindi) • Development After 2015: Ten Goals to Make a Difference for Those Left Behind (Hindi translation is being finalized) Working papers (published) • D. Mahadevia, Urban Poverty in India and Post-MDG Framework, • A. Kothari, Development and Ecological Sustainability in India: Possibilities for the Post- 2015 Framework • P. Prakash, Property Taxes across G20 Countries: Can India Get it Right? • L. Dubochet, Making Post-2015 Matter for Socially Excluded Groups in India • T. Fazal, Millennium Development Goals and Muslims of India • L. John, Engaging BRICS: Challenges and Opportunities for Civil Society Nandita Das, Poonam Barua and Nisha Agrawal, CEO of Oxfam India. More than ten thousand phone calls have come in to the CLOSETHEGAP phone line reaching 50,000 people and additionally, about half a million people through online outreach and social media. Hundreds of young people have attended more than a dozen public events on gender conducted by Oxfam India’s partners Purple Mangoes at youth hubs and colleges. CLOSETHEGAP has received press coverage in several mass media outlets including the Hindustan Times, Radio One and its media partner, CNN-IBN’s Citizen Journalist show, our celebrity Ambassador Rahul Bose’s op eds appeared in the Hindu and Hindustan Times supporting the campaign. The campaign has also given an enormous boost to Oxfam India’s social media presence- the organisation’s Facebook page has already passed 22 thousand likes (as of April 10) while campaign partners Youth ki Awaaz and GotStared.At have also held a number of public debates about the gender gap on their websites which have generated thousands of comments. The key outcomes as a set of recommendations coming through these debates and discussions would be presented to relevant policy makers and representatives of these institutions. ONLY 2 OF 26 JUDGES IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA ARE WOMEN... HAVE AN OPINION? www.closethegap.in Technology Partners Join The Debate to Call Now : 011 – 66030040
  10. 10. 10 | Annual Report 2013 ECONOMIC JUSTICE Our Economic Justice work aims to strengthen the livelihoods of poor and marginal groups in rural India. More than 80% of rural India is dependent on agriculture and forest resources for their livelihoods and 85% of the farmers are small holders owning less than 2 ha of land. More than 80% of all rural female workers are in agriculture while only 9.4% of women own land in rural India. Secure access to the natural resources is the key to sustainable rural livelihoods. Our work is also focused on improving access to forest resources by poor communities and make agricultural models viable for small farmers especially for women farmers. The two clusters of work areas under Economic Justice are (a) Small Holder Agriculture & Climate Change (b) Natural Resources Management. Small holder Agriculture & Climate Change Small Holder Agriculture and Climate Change program focuses on strengthening the economic leadership and land rights of women farmers, making public investments in agriculture accessible to small farmers through Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yozana (RKVY), a Central Government scheme and increasing the resilience of agriculture from the impacts of climate change. Last year we worked with 17 partners in Bihar, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Uttarakhand and directly reached approximately 78700 small farmers and fisher folk. In continuation of our work on social and legal recognition of women farmers, 29 public hearings were held at panchayat level in six states. Women Farmer conclaves mobilizing about 8500 women farmers were held in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, followed by a national level felicitation of women farmers. This was dovetailed with sensitization of mainstream media on the women farmers issue, which resulted in a wide media coverage highlighting their issues. Through our direct work on the ground, 375 women farmers received individual land deeds and 470 women have been able to access land through collective farming groups. With our support, the state women farmers’ campaign in Uttar Pradesh mobilized 212 MLAs supporting a draft bill for bringing amendment to UP Zamindari Abolition and Land Reform Act 1950 in support of joint land title for women. Women’s economic leadership for vegetable cultivation in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh and fisheries in Maharastra and Odissa was strengthened. In Maharashtra five fisher-folk cooperatives mobilizing 4000 women fisher folk got access to ponds and dams. In Odisha, Last year we worked with 17 partners in Bihar, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Uttarakhand and directly reached approximately 78700 small farmers and fisher folk. Member of Women Farmer Group with their wheat crop which they collectively grow on a leased land at Baruhi Devnarayan Nagar village, Sahar block of Bhojpur district in Bihar.
  11. 11. Annual Report 2013 | 11 “Samundram” a registered fisher-folk producer company is enabled for bulk production of value added fish products with certification. We also supported 1380 small farmers in getting access to quality subsidized seed under RKVY. We continued our support for increasing resilience of agriculture to the impacts of climate change in Uttrakhand and Odisha. 1600 farmers were trained on climate resilient agriculture practices such as System for Rice Intensification (SRI), rainwater harvesting, vermin composting etc. At the same time we backed it with a national level meeting on “National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture” to sensitize the members of parliaments on impacts of climate change on agriculture. Natural Resource Management Natural Resource Management programme focuses on claiming rights under the Forest Rights Act (FRA) and also to demand pro-poor legislations on mining and land acquisition by communities. We worked with 30 partners in Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Jharkhand and Maharashtra reaching about 40,000 households directly. We continued to strengthen capacity of communities to claim Individual Forest Rights (IFR) and Community Forest Rights (CFR) titles. In the current year, out of 18000 IFR claims filed, 3900 tribals received their individual claims; and out of 240 CFR claims filed 85 Community based claims were received. In Odisha, convergence of government schemes with forest rights was facilitated for all 180 IFR holders and 6 CFR titles. In Maharashtra which received 79 CFR titles in Vidarbha region, communities have begun to take control over water sources & fisheries in the forest area. Thanks to our effort on the ground, for the first time CFR rights have been actualized in a protected area (Melghat Tiger reserve) in Maharashtra. Recommendations provided by Oxfam India supported state level networks such as the Informal alliance in Odisha and Vidarbha livelihood forum in Vidarbha and CFR – Learning & Advocacy (LA) at the national level on constitution of the forest rights committees at the hamlet level, proper reporting of data from states and uniform formats to be used by all the states were Capacity enhancement of local governance bodies at village level proved critical for accessing rights under Forest Rights Act, directing public investments under agricultural schemes and for required social -cultural change for recognition of women as farmers. What did we learn? Villagers belonging to Gond tribe showing their land titles because of Oxfam India’s work in Mularbahal village, in Deogarh district of Odisha
  12. 12. 12 | Annual Report 2013 reflected in the FRA amendment rules We collaborated with the state Tribal development department in Chhattisgarh to help bring the testimonies and evidences of FRA violations from the ground in front of officials as well. A handbook on CFR was also prepared for Chattisgarh to enable communities and support government officials. For advocating on two proposed bills on behalf of the poor, Oxfam India brought out the policy briefs on the “Mines and Minerals Development and Regulation (MMDR) Bill” and “Land Acquisition Resettlement and Rehabilitation(LARAA) Bill”. This was shared with the members of the - National Advisory Council, Standing Committee on Land Acquisition and the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Coal and Steel on MMDR Bill 2011. We also supported the Jan Satyagrah - Ekta Parishad (EP) alliance led mobilization of 50,000 people from grass roots demanding pro-poor land reforms. As a result, the central government agreed for a ‘National Land Reforms Act & Policy’ as a broad framework of land re-distribution to the landless & homeless poor. Following this, the National Homestead Act which promises 4400 sq feet (1/10th of an acre) of land to every landless and shelter less poor family in the rural areas is ready for Cabinet’s appraisal. Also, a notification for amendment in Indira Awas Yojana (Rural Housing Scheme) has already been issued to provide for R 20,000 for house site for each of the families selected under the scheme. GROW – Food Justice Campaign Food Justice Campaign named ‘GROW’ aims to fix the broken food system by linking the various facets of food production and its access by poor such as- marginalisation of farmers and women farmers; access to food schemes ; large-scale land grabs and impact of climate change. The campaign focus in 2012-2013 was to strengthen the knowledge and research base for linking the various facets of food production and access; support alliances and public action and advocacy for a comprehensive National Food Security Bill; amplify the voices for sustainable agriculture; and linking the food price volatility issue with active citizen engagement. Oxfam with partners in Bihar, Jharkhand and Delhi, mobilized mass support for public action and lobbying in favor of a comprehensive food rights act. In the first phase, mass support for caravans was mobilised covering 27 and 17 districts in Bihar and Jharkhand respectively and mobilizing around 200 urban public volunteers to participate in 2 day ‘right to food’ dharna held in Delhi. In second phase, around 300 people were mobilised for national level ‘right to food’ public action in Delhi. In Bihar, Oxfam and Koshish facilitated a civil society Charter of Demands that influenced Bihar Chief Minister’s letter to the Prime Minister. Oxfam also supported 3 partners to establish new community level grassroots vigilance groups to monitor last mile delivery food and nutrition security programs in 36, 18 and 17 villages in Bihar, Jharkhand and Orissa, respectively. Apart from strengthening advocacy effort and grass roots engagement of networks working on food justice issues, GROW facilitated active citizen engagement through public messaging through bill boards, social media, street theatre etc. KHANNA, a public facing initiative on drivers of food price inflation, reached out to around 45000-50000 people at 15 locations in Delhi. Oxfam India–IDS special bulletin on food justice helped broaden the food rights discourse in India with eminent thinkers and activists and helped in filling the research gaps. As a major achievement Oxfam India–IDS special bulletin on food justice was accepted by the Supreme Court as evidence in the ongoing historic right to food case. A study commissioned by Oxfam on ‘Climate change and India: Road in India and of India Post Durban post cop-17’ highlighted the important role for India to break the current ‘policy logjam’ in the international climate negotiations. Active citizens’ engagement on food justice issue is a key ingredient to amplify voices at policy level and also for required practice and attitudinal changes for the success of campaign. What did we learn?
  13. 13. Annual Report 2013 | 13 ESSENTIAL SERVICES Education The focus in education has been on the implementation of recently enacted Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act (RTE Act). Currently, we work with 21 partners in 8 states and at the national level. In the past one year we reached and improved lives of 55,000 students inside 320 public schools. Nearly 4700 children received after- school and remedial support. 1300 teachers were trained for the compliance to RTE Act Communities have a critical role in pushing for the implementation of the RTE Act. Approximately, 1800 parent members of School Management Committees Our experience shows that inequities in access to quality essential services perpetuate further inequality. Hence the focus of our grass roots programmes and campaigns is to empower communities to demand universal access to quality education and health care without barriers. In this process, we work, together with the communities, to improve accountability and transparency of both public and private service delivery systems. While doing so, we also push for greater policy reforms and public investments for essential services at the state, national and the global level. (SMC) were trained towards their duty and rights across all the States with Oxfam India interventions and state SMC Federations have been formed in Jharkhand and UP. Effort was made specially to build capacities of people from the excluded groups with around 8000 community members mobilized for the protection of educational. At the level of local governance institutions, some 440 Panchayati Raj Institution and Local Urban body members were engaged in both rural and urban governing bodies. We also reached out to 37 Members of Legislative Assemblies (MLAs) and Members of Parliament from different states in the process. There was a deepening of the work on social inclusion. Oxfam India partners- Centre for Social Equity and Inclusion and JOSH were part of the National Advisory Children in New Delhi rallying for their rights under Right to Education
  14. 14. 14 | Annual Report 2013 Council (NAC) group drafting recommendations on the issues of social inclusion and Grievance Redress during the course of implementation of the RTE Act. Our partner Shikshasandhan was part of the committee preparing a Tribal Education policy for Odisha. Efforts were also made to understand the implications for social inclusion of the implementation of the 25% quota under the RTE Act with focused action on the same undertaken in Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and Bangalore. Work on Muslim children’s education was deepened in UP and Odisha. National Stocktaking of the Right to Education Act- convention was held bringing together 4,000 delegates from 15 states highlighting status of implementation and a shadow report was brought out. This national process was mirrored in the States where stock taking events were organized and/or reports generated in Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand, Odisha, West Bengal, Karnataka, Delhi and Andhra Pradesh. The alliance played a critical role in securing the Constitutional validity of the Right to Education legislation through Supreme Court of India and stalling the government move to extend the deadlines for the implementation of the Right to Education Act. Health The aim of our health work is to increase people’s, especially women and girls, access to quality health care by strengthening public health system through community based monitoring and budget tracking, advocating for a National Health Act and improving accountability and transparency of private sector. Currently, we are working with 16 partners spread across 7 states and at national level. Oxfam India has been consistently engaging in deepening of community based monitoring of health care services in Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Odisha, and select urban areas of Karnataka and Maharashtra covering approximately 600,000 rural and 200,000 urban populations. In the process, we have trained 154 Village Health and Sanitation Committees (VHSCs). Similarly, 7562 community members were trained on monitoring of the maternal health services with emphasis on entitlements promised under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM). We also organised special training sessions for women, especially pregnant and lactating women, on accessing wholesome diet and nutrition from the ICDS programme. About 11,000 women from 6 states benefitted from this training. These interventions have led to a groundswell for holding health service providers accountable in the intervention areas. In order to mobilise the communities around health and nutrition issues, we organised 56 health melas at the village and Panchayat levels where communities discussed issues relating to access to health care, nutrition and hygiene. Approximately, 32000 people participated in these melas. Through advocacy of the task group where Oxfam India is a member at the state level, community based monitoring of maternal health services has been introduced as one of the intervention strategy by the Government of Bihar. Village Maternal Health and Food Security Atlas was developed in 20 villages of Odisha by our partner CYSD to understand the socio-economic conditions and structural causes of food stress on women especially on pregnant and lactating women. The atlases displayed in the Anganwadi Centres have been helping the Anganwadi Workers and ANMs in tracking the households that need attention for obstetric care. In Chhattisgarh, our partner Jan Swasthya Sahyog (JSS) has introduced an innovative audio based software named “Mahatari Swara” to capture and record telephonic messages using interactive voice recording (IVR) technique. Through this software, community can lodge information regarding the births, maternal health issues, and also record their experience of receiving health services in the public health institutions. Students in a school in Indira Nagar, Lucknow. The photograph was an entry in a photo exhibition organized by Oxfam India in Lucknow.
  15. 15. Annual Report 2013 | 15 Approximately 87,700 female beneficiaries are directly accessing this service. In Maharashtra, Sathi organised patients’ rights meetings in 4 districts and prepared a memorandum on patients’ rights and submitted it to the state government to highlight negative aspects of the ambitious state sponsored insurance scheme. A situational analysis of health services in Karnataka with a focus on privatisation was undertaken in Bangalore city by Jan Arogya Andolana and SPAD. Essential Services Campaign The campaign for essential services focuses on building civil society voices through monitoring of government’s performance, and holding state accountable to the people. The overall focus of this year was to influence the Post-Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)/Post- 2015 process from the perspectives of the excluded groups. Oxfam India commissioned several papers that discuss progress on the MDGs and make propositions for the post-2015 framework from the perspective of four excluded groups in India – the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Muslims, and women. Two further thematic papers examine the MDG framework from the perspective of urban poor, and probe the relation between equity and environmental sustainability. We wrote two policy papers: “Making Post-2015 Matter for Socially Excluded Groups in India” and policy brief “Development after 2015” summarizes the outcomes of the papers and consultations into a set of ten concrete goals. Oxfam India supported Wada Na Todo Abhiyan (WNTA) to organize People’s Review of Government’s performance and MDGs in 9 states. WNTA organized 5 (North, South, East and West and North East) regional consultations and 3 academic consultations on MDGs. The academic consultations were held along with JNU, IIM Ahmedabad and IIT Madras. Oxfam India continued to support People’s Budget Initiative’s (PBI) through Centre for Budget and Governance Accountability (CBGA). In addition to convening the National Convention on Union Budget, PBI organised 5 regional consultations and capacity building initiatives. The Charter of Demands of the Despite years of high economic growth, India has been witnessing rapid increase in inequality. The current economic model emphasises on greater role for private sector in delivery of essential services. Our experience shows that the burgeoning private sector may only help in addressing the physical gap in availability of services at a high cost. Universal access to right to quality education and health care can only be achieved through strengthening of public sector; and to achieve this, increased public spending through tax based financing is a precondition. What did we learn? Union Budget 2013-14 were shared with over 1500 policy makers, academicians, members of civil society organisations and media representatives. The outreach efforts led to a meeting with the Union Revenue Secretary and the Secretary for Economic Affairs. A 12 member delegation articulated civil society vision and key demands of PBI during the meeting. Oxfam India partner, NACDOR organised three consultations in Patna, Ranchi and Lucknow to identify the developmental gaps of Dalit community. More than 600 organisations who participated in the consultations shared their experiences. Based on these inputs, at the national Dalit Assembly organised by NACDOR adopted a national Dalit Developmental Agenda for bridging the gaps. A group of women at a health centre in Bihar checking the maternal health records as part of the community monitoring mechanism introduced by Oxfam India.
  16. 16. 16 | Annual Report 2013 GENDER JUSTICE Violence against Women As per National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-3 in 2005- 06, 40% of the women in the age group of 15-49 years have faced some form of domestic violence. National Crime Record Bureau notes that there has been an increase of 7.1% cases of crimes against women during the year 2011 from 2010. Violence affects a women’s dignity and her ability to actively contribute to the social, political and economical development of the country. As an equal citizen of the country it is also a violation of her inalienable rights. Oxfam India believes very strongly that it is the right of every woman to live a violence free life and therefore we work together with other civil society organisations in ensuring justice for women. In the past year we worked with 33 partners in 13 states directly reaching over 4.5 lakh women and about 5 lakh men through our work on the ground. The campaign on violence against women reached out to more than 2.5 million women and 1.4 million men carrying the messages on reducing the occurrence of violence in women’s lives. The state governments of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh have recognised the good work of the 17 police station based support centres run by Oxfam India’s partners. This has resulted in the willingness of the state governments to upscale and institutionalise this model in Gujarat and Odisha. Post the December gang- rape and murder case in Delhi, the State Department of Home, Odisha has announced to open women cells in the police station across all districts, in line with the Oxfam India model The Gender Justice theme of Oxfam India covers two major programmes: Violence Against Women (VAW) and Political Empowerment of Women (PEW). The overall goal of Violence Against Women is reducing the social acceptance of violence through policy and practices and bringing change in social beliefs and systems that perpetrate violence. The Political Empowerment of Women aims to work towards increased and effective participation of women in political and governance institutions. of support centre. In Uttarakhand, as a result of advocacy by the women’s collective network (Sanjha Manch) with the State Government, a plan of action and budget for the implementation of Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act was submitted to the Central Government for approval. The police station based support centres have provided holistic redressal to more than 13000 survivors of domestic violence in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Odisha, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. The centres are providing counselling, legal aid, referral to medical aid and shelter homes. The toll free Bhumika Tele-Helpline (1800 425 2908) in Hyderabad has catered to more than 4000 calls over the year, helping them to seek legal advice and references to various agencies. Research in different states on the related law of Section 498(A) of the Indian Penal Code has highlighted the obstacles for women while filing cases and getting legal redressal under this section. A national level consultation was also held on the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Bill 2012 to collectivise the voices of various activist, academicians, legal practitioners, representatives from corporate and civil society. Though the Bill has been passed in both Houses of Parliament, there will still be a need for the civil society’s active engagement in the process of rule-making for operationalising this Bill. Women’s Political Empowerment The major focus of Oxfam India and its partners on this issue has been the building of capacities of elected women representatives and women’s collectives to
  17. 17. Annual Report 2013 | 17 participate actively in the institutions and processes of governance at the village, block and districts levels. In Maharashtra, 135 women stood for the panchayat elections independently and 36 of them got elected to PRI institutions. More than 95 all women’s Gram Sabhas in the Oxfam India intervention were conducted with more than 9000 women participation. In Madhya Pradesh, the women’s collective Narmada Mahila Sangh which was supported by our partner Pradan organised a special public hearing for women. In the special public hearing the Collector, Superintendent of Police (SP) and Officials from Women and Child Welfare Department heard the cases. This resulted in a circular to all the concerned police stations to take immediate action on those cases. In Chhattisgarh, partner organizations are training women and conducting mini-gram sabhas to take up issues of violence, non- compliance of basic amenities such as the Public distribution supply, meeting with the mothers of children and anganwadi worker to assess the quality of food served. This has resulted in better services at village level. In Jharkhand, elected women representatives have been federated at the block and district levels. Last year, 19 block level federations and 15 district level federations have been formed. A State Level convention on Strengthening Women’s Leadership in Panchayati Raj Institutions in Jharkhand become a strong platform for advocating the need for more devolution of funds, functions and functionaries in that particular state. Gender Justice Campaign Through its advocacy work, Oxfam India has continued to highlight the obstacles in the effective implementation of the Protection of Women against Domestic Violence Act. Our policy brief “Protecting Women from Domestic Violence” was circulated widely amongst varied stakeholders for advocacy on effective implementation of the Act with regard to the existing infrastructure, personnel and budgetary allocations. Our activities during the Sixteen Days of Activism also helped in raising the awareness amongst women and other stakeholders on the issue of violence against women. Our advocacy was directed towards educating the Parliamentarians on the PWDVA, the proposed budget in the 12th Five Year Plan, the efforts of the women’s groups to provide a reasonable costing for the implementation of the Act under the aegis of the National Commission of Women. Our efforts saw seven questions being raised in Parliament on PWDVA. This also saw coming together of many women’s organizations, both at the centre and the states, for demanding an adequate budget for the implementation of the Act. A national consultation was organised with the intention of amplifying the voices of our partners in the challenges on domestic violence in the states and attempts to bring about a cross-learning of initiatives that are working. Gender Justice Campaign work this year got linked to the first phase of ClosetheGap campaign, where we began on 8th March mobilising public opinion on the issues of gender based inequality and women’s rights. Huge number of public events, online conversations and public debates were generated through innovative mediums and technologies. The campaign will continue to build this year on the issues of Women’s Reservation Bill in Parliament, Domestic Violence Act and women’s leadership in the corporate world. From the many steps forward we have taken at different points of time, we learnt that it is extremely important to identify our strategic allies and the need to work with the system to bring the change we desire in the interest of women. What did we learn? Girls from Magadh Mahila College in a human chain event during the 16 days Activism campaign at Patna.
  18. 18. 18 | Annual Report 2013 HUMANITARIAN & DRR India is among the most disaster prone countries in the world. 241 districts in 21 states are prone to multi- hazard risks. About 57% of land in India is vulnerable to earthquake, 28% to drought and 12% to flood (and increasing). Oxfam India’s humanitarian mission is to respond to such emergency crisis and ensure that quality humanitarian assistance is delivered on time to the most affected and vulnerable. This is especially so for areas where poverty is seen in its worst form, accompanied by hazards and unsafe conditions, and where well-being and growth of communities and the economy is deterred. In this portfolio, we work with the aim that all people facing real or potential humanitarian crises in India will be assured both the protection and assistance they require to prepare for, and cope with, shocks, regardless of who they are or where they are affected, in a manner consistent with their human rights. During 2012-2013, Oxfam India provided direct humanitarian assistance to approximately 101,620 people. During the year, Oxfam India responded to the worst floods in Assam in 10 years. The Assam flood response programme supported 48620 people with water and sanitation facilities, cash transfer and shelter support. We implemented the flood response programme in Assam as a part of humanitarian consortia and collaborated closely with Action Aid and Christian Aid who were consortia members. It was funded by the European Commission for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection office (ECHO). In July 2012, when violence broke out between the Bodos and Muslims in Bodoland Territorial Area District (BTAD), Assam, Oxfam launched its humanitarian response programme in two districts of Chirang and In this portfolio, we work with the aim that all people facing real or potential humanitarian crises in India will be assured both the protection and assistance they require to prepare for, and cope with, shocks, regardless of who they are or where they are affected, in a manner consistent with their human rights. Kokrajhar of Assam. The conflict which started in July continued till September claiming more than 100 lives and displacing 450,000 people from the villages. Oxfam India supported more than 53,000 internally displaced people (IDP) in Chirang and Kokrajhar districts of Assam living in 40 IDP camps with hygiene kits, emergency shelters, helped install clean water supply systems and safe sanitation facilities in the camps. Emergency Food Security and Vulnerable Livelihoods In Assam flood response programme we piloted for the first time directly transferring cash to the affected families / households to enable people to buy food and avoid hunger and malnutrition. When carried out alongside monitoring processes to check the benefits of distributing cash, we found that it can lead to improved social outcomes for women and children and their families by giving them better access to resources such as food, household items, payment of school fees; additional nutrition for children and agricultural input and medicines too. Oxfam India Board member Farah Naqvi visiting Oxfam India supported conflict affected areas in Assam.
  19. 19. Annual Report 2013 | 19 Disaster Risk Reduction Programme While emergency response is central to our humanitarian work, equally critical is our disaster risk reduction and community preparedness initiatives which aims to analyse the cause of vulnerability and mitigate them. During 2012 – 2013 Oxfam’s DRR programme covered 369,718 people in Assam, Bihar, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. For example, Oxfam is working to “build a wider institutional culture for disaster management community preparedness and disaster response”. In Assam, Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh Oxfam’s ongoing DRR programmes include provisioning of technical assistance to thousands of farmers affected by disasters to reduce risk through intervention in agriculture with the introduction of stress tolerant paddy variety, system of rice intensification and diversified irrigation. In Andhra Pradesh our coastal DRR work helped people to be prepared for cyclones and floods. The project facilitated marine fisher folk, primarily women, to organize themselves into collectives to process marine fish products and market them. Our Humanitarian and DRR programme has also established effective working relations with a number of different organizations including government bodies, local and international NGOs and UNICEF. The UNICEF – Oxfam initiative with the government line departments (PHED) is to build capacity and contingency planning. The project was implemented in Bihar, UP, Assam and Odisha which incorporated an advocacy strategy to improve government policy and practice in relation to development and disaster response. Policy Advocacy Our humanitarian and risk reduction initiatives are aimed at influencing policies among governments both at the state and district level. Oxfam India is a key player in various platforms of the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) including the sub- committee on Urban Disaster Risk Reduction and sub- committee on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene. Our experience shows that preparedness and risk management costs a fraction of what a relief response can cost, saving money as well as lives. For example, Oxfam’s risk reduction initiatives on safe water through raised handpumps in Bihar, Assam and Odisha has helped families to access safe potable water during floods when all other water sources are inundated, damaged or contaminated. What did we learn? Oxfam India’s team in Sonitpur Assam educating flood survivors about hygiene and sanitation Oxfam India Board Member, Ammu Joseph interacting with conflict survivors in Assam Oxfam India partners transporting relief materials for distribution in flood affected areas
  20. 20. 20 | Annual Report 2013 EMERGING THEMES Apart from the four traditional themes, Oxfam India also works on some emerging themes like urban poverty, India and the World, youth and active citizenship, communalism and peace building. These are themes that are gaining in prominence in the development discourse as civil society organizations make the link between building effective models on the ground and promoting active citizenship. Urban Poverty Oxfam India worked with 6 partners over 6 states (Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, & Rajasthan) in 15 cities directly reaching out to about 4782500 people mostly marginalized occupation groups such as waste pickers, street vendors, migrant construction labourers and women domestic workers. In Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh, Urban Poor Collective successfully lobbied with MLAs & Parliamentarians to persuade the state government and local administration to stop forceful eviction of 1500 urban poor families living in 15 small and large slum settlements in Sangam area during preparation towards Mahakumbh 2013. In Lucknow, the Urban Poor Collective under the banner of Street Vendors Association and Shehri Ghareeb Sangharsh Morcha successfully lobbied with political parties and as a result the City Mayor directed the Municipal Commissioner to form city & ward level vending committees and conduct citywide mapping to assess the number of street vendors, vending zones and possible space for allotment to protect their livelihoods. More than 1200 urban poor from across the project cities obtained various ID cards such as Voter ID, Sajda Fatima Nagar happily showing off her jewelry work in Mohibullapur, Lucknow.
  21. 21. Annual Report 2013 | 21 Ration Card, Aadhar card enabling them to establish their existence and identity and avail various benefits and entitlements. In Uttar Pradesh the community led advocacy resulted in the inclusion of 4000 urban poor in socio economic & caste census 2011, whereas in Karnataka, Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP), agreed to give identity cards to all waste pickers and provide them with health insurance and safety gear. In Delhi our partner CES collaborated with Unique Identification Authority of India and Union Bank of India which led to successful enrolment of more than 2000 homeless people for UID and opening of around 160 bank accounts. In Maharashtra Waste Picker’s Collective in Pune & Pimpri-Chinchwad successfully negotiated with Municipal Corporation and Private firms for the inclusion of Wastepickers in Solid Waste Management. In Rajasthan, 31 labour disputes were resolved through the Labourline (a 24x7 Telephone Helpline for migrant labourers) run by Aajeevika leading to the payment of compensation to the victim labourers During 2012–13 Oxfam continued the Assam Urban Poverty programme covering 1174 poor urban households in Guwahati city. Oxfam’s Linking up Urban Poor of Guwahati City (LinkUP) programme is an initiative linking the urban poor with key essential services and women vendors forming their own collectives. Greater Guwahati Women’s Vegetable Vendor Association was formed with the membership of indigenous women street vendors in Ulubari areas of Guwahati city. During the year we also supported public health engineering initiatives on water and sanitation from setting up hand pumps and aprons for access to safe water to installation of latrine complexes and bathing spaces for women and adolescent girls. Kharanti Marak, (widow) aged around late 50s: a women street vendor from Garo tribe comes from Ampher areas on the Assam-Meghalaya border near to Guwahati city to sell vegetables. “I used to come daily and bring vegetables from the villages for selling on the street in Ulubari area of the city (Guwahati, Assam). I have been doing my business in the footpath for last six years. I am also member of the women street vendor association called “Greater Guwahati Women’s Vegetable Vendor Association, formed by Oxfam and sSTEP. “Being a part of this association, has given me support, a sense of being together and unity with other women vendors. This organization is engaged with the municipal authority to get an authorized space for selling vegetables. Now we are able to save R10 per week, and the money is collected to be given out as loans to those women vendors in our association who need them the most on a regular basis. Youth & Active Citizenship The Youth and Active Citizenship program aims to protect, promote and advance young people’s human rights by facilitating their participation and development in society in order to build sustainable and effective democracies. Currently we are working with four partners on this theme in the cities of Delhi, Hyderabad, Jaipur and Chandigarh besides doing policy advocacy at the national level. a) Create to inspire Fellowship Last year, Oxfam India collaborated with Nokia India to roll out an innovative fellowship on sustainable consumption, named “Create to Inspire”. This fellowship aims to generate awareness and ownership around effective and judicious consumption and management of water, energy, transport and e-waste through creative mediums such as arts and handicraft, music, dance, film, photography, design, technology and social media. Launched on International Youth Day, the ‘Create to Inspire’ Fellowship enrolled 200 youth between the age of 18 to 23 years from Delhi and Hyderabad to work on issues of sustainable consumption in their cities. At the end of the term, fellows will showcase their creative products with messages on sustainability in a final event. Besides this, to engage the respective cities and communities on sustainable consumption of resources, a reach out to the wider public is planned through liaison with schools, colleges, residential welfare associations (RWAs) and cultural institutes.
  22. 22. 22 | Annual Report 2013 b) Students Mobilisation Initiative for Learning through Exposure (SMILE) In-turn-ship programme and developing 5th Space Under the SMILE In-turn-ship programme and developing 5th Space, we support PRAVAH, our partner in their work ‘to involve young people in activities which help them to belong and take more responsibility in whatever they do’. 9 camps were held in prominent colleges of Delhi University. 700 young people were exposed to self awareness techniques out of which 300 registered for other SMILE In-turn-ship processes. 140 young people attended 6 Youth addas. 5th Space Live (Youth in Social Action) organised 250 youth participants addressing multiple themes like Gender, Peace Building, Environment, Livelihood and Education. To mark final culmination of the 5th space celebrations in various regions, a three day event for youth facilitators/youth leaders was hosted by Pravah and Commutiny – The Youth Collective (CYC) in Delhi. This event also marked the launch of the publication ‘The Ocean in a Drop - Inside out Youth Leadership’ published by Sage Publications which researches the chronicle of dwindling participation of young people in politics since Independence and introduces the concept of the 5th space - a space that facilitates young people to develop themselves while working on the development of society. c) Project Bridge Our partner Yuvsatta is directly mobilizing 200 adolescent youth of Bapu Dham Colony in Chandigarh, to positively impact their communities. The focus of this project is to provide youth leaders with the skills, education and confidence to define and address issues in their communities. Most of the girls identified during the survey to find out school dropout girls, enrolled in Project Bridge after family counseling and are continuously coming for different skill development classes such as Academic Supplements, Skill Development Workshops, Sports and Team Activities, Educational Excursions, Community Media and Literacy, Community Outreach Performances. India in the World Programme In 2013-2014, the India and the World programme continued to build on its work in four key areas: building a national coalition to engage with multilateral policy making fora; persuading the government to adopt progressive positions on key global issues such as tackling inequalities; developing a framework for transparency and accountability of Indian external development assistance and enhancing the level of engagement between Indian CSOs and CSOs working on similar issues in other BRICSAM countries. On the first component, Oxfam India led the national coalition’s efforts to engage with the Indian government on G20 Oxfam India - Nokia Create to Inspire Fellows at a workshop in New Delhi.
  23. 23. Annual Report 2013 | 23 related issues. A charter of policy recommendations on issues related to climate change, taxation and food security was presented to officials based in the Ministry of Finance. In December 2012, Oxfam India participated in the first official Civil20 meeting organised by the Russian G20 Presidency, and delivered a session introducing the G20 to CSOs in St Petersburg. Oxfam India was appointed a key representative of the C20 Inequality Task Force, which has been tasked with preparing a report on tackling inequalities, which is to be submitted to the G20 Heads of Summit in September 2013. On the back of the official BRICS Summit which took place in Durban in early 2013, Oxfam India both convened and participated in various civil society meetings related to influencing the BRICS agenda, particularly around the proposed BRICS Bank. Oxfam India alongside selected civil society organisations, academic institutions and think tanks, founded the Forum for Indian Development Cooperation (FIDC) – established as a platform to facilitate policy dialogue between these constituencies and the India’s new aid administration, the Development Partnership Administration. Oxfam India also initiated its research study on Indian private investments in Africa, as part of the broader BRICSAM research strategy. Communalism and Peace-building Oxfam India has been working with Act for Harmony and Democracy (ANHAD) to promote secular voices and democracy through trainings to young people. In the last year, ANHAD reached out to 10,000 youth, women students to sensitise them on the subjects of communal violence, promotion of secular values and acceptance of diversity through trainings and cultural programmes. Oxfam India in partnership with ANHAD, organised a National Consultation on Communal Violence Bill in an attempt to revive the debate around the bill. The Consultation demanded a new legislation whose primary focus is to secure accountability of public servants and to hold them responsible for communal and targeted violence as well as make provision for providing reparative justice to the victims and survivors of such violence. A detailed submission on the principles of a new legislation was submitted to the government. Similarly, ANHAD gave inputs into the 12th five year plan in terms of minorities’ expectations from the five year plan through a consultation organised in Delhi. Arun Maira, Member, Planning Commission; strategic advisor for Oxfam GB Duncan Green and Minister of State for HRD Shashi Tharoor at the launch of second edition of Duncan Green’s book ``From Poverty to Power’’
  24. 24. 24 | Annual Report 2013 Kiran Karnik, Oxfam India Board chair and Ammu Joseph, Oxfam India Board member (top) discuss Trailwalker with Oxfam India Senior Leadership Team at the Start Point of Bengaluru Trailwalker. Two Oxfam India Board members, Somasekhar Sunderesan (bottom left) and Shankar Jaganathan (bottom right) completed the 100 km Bengaluru Trailwalker challenge along with their respective teams.
  25. 25. Annual Report 2013 | 25 Our Five Year Fundraising Strategy Since India is now a middle income country, foreign funds for development—whether for official aid or for support to civil society—are seeing a sharp decline in recent years. Oxfam India, and other NGOs in India, are therefore increasingly looking to create greater awareness about their work within the country with the objective of building a larger base of support within India. With this objective in mind, we developed and adopted a new comprehensive fundraising strategy in December 2012 with the objective of increasing and broadening the amount of funds raised within India. With almost five years of experience as an Indian entity behind us, we believe that Oxfam India is now ready to leverage its many strengths--its clear and focused strategy, strong grassroots work done in partnership with local NGOs, high quality policy and advocacy work, strong financial management systems, and the highest standards of governance—to build a large, diverse and sustainable base of support for our future work. This can be built on the learnings and best practices of the past five years. Guiding principles and emerging opportunities for our fund raising efforts in the next five years would be: • Emergence of very aware and powerful youth. • Foundations and Trusts a key player in the future. • Emergence of a Private and public sector corporate that is increasingly exploring ‘CSR- the new definition’. • Government policies potentially trying to create an environment of greater participation in social development. • Leverage ‘Trailwalker’ to reach out to stakeholders. • Need to be efficient and cost effective. You make it Possible: Our Fundraising efforts With these guiding principles we have decided to focus on: 1. Trying and reaching the R 100 crore mark by 2018 (i.e., doubling in size in the next 5 years). 2. Being cost efficient and spending no more than 16% of donations in raising these funds. 3. Organizing at least have 2 (and potentially 3) Trailwalkers a year. 4. Raising about 65% of our funds from within the country. 5. Making sure our Individual donors are our long term partners in change and are not one time charity givers. 6. Raising funds within the country from • Individual donors. • Corporate donors. • Trusts and Foundations • Trailwalker and other events. 7. Globally, raising funds from • Bilateral and Multilateral agencies • Other Oxfams’. One of Oxfam india’s Corporate support partners, GATI, in action.
  26. 26. 26 | Annual Report 2013 FUND RAISING EFFORTS IN 2012-13 Individual Donors: Raising funds in India presents huge opportunities as income and wealth is growing amongst a sizeable part of the population, with many amongst them having the desire and ability to give back to the country. We also have a very young population—with about half the country being below the age of 30—and there is an increasing awareness and desire among the youth to become more actively engaged in shaping the kind of India they want to live in. Oxfam India has made an effort to engage with these and other Individual donors to not only raise funds but also share with them our work and its impact so as to engage them in our work. ‘Friends of Oxfam’ group was formed with the objective of garnering ongoing engagement and support. During the year, 22313 individuals supported Oxfam India and contributed a total sum of R 8. 9 Crores for our work. This includes 2783 donors who gave us about R 1. 2 Crores in support of our response to Assam crisis. Donors in Focus: Mr. Aditya Khanna started supporting Oxfam India as an individual and then built on that relationship by providing support through his company C&S Electrics Ltd. Mr. Sameer Prasad an individual donor to Oxfam India also participated in both the Trailwalkers, his team being the second highest fund raiser in the first year. His company ‘Faces’ was the foot care partner for the Trailwalker. The relationship evolved over time and now they are committed to our campaign through Cause Related Marketing. The year ended with a legacy being written in favor of Oxfam India, an inspiring example of generosity and selflessness. Institutional Donors: Continued support from many institutional donors gave us great encouragement. Our Institutional partners this year were European Commission for Humanitarian Office, Department for International Development (DfID), UNICEF, Davidson Trust, John Helleur Trust, Ford Foundation, Gates Foundation. DFID’s ongoing Global Poverty Action Fund (GPAF) project aims at improving maternal health in the six states of India. The project seeks to bring change in the lives of the people, by advocating for transformation in the social structural system and improvement in delivery of maternal health and public food services by Government at community level . The project covered 420 villages of 18 districts spread over the six poorest states of India. It is expected to reach 1,86,000 women/ pregnant women who will be directly benefitted from this program over three years. The Davidson Trust supports Sikshasandhan for improving access to education for marginalised children in Mayurbanj district, Nota Gram Panchayat, Odisha. Their support since July 2011 has two core objectives 1) to ensure access to a quality basic education for tribal children, especially girls and 2) to campaign for effective implementation of the RTE Act, of 2009. The focus is to enable the community to create demand for girl child education, influence the functioning of Government schools to make special efforts to enrol and retain tribal girl children and Advocacy and campaign to ensure that local government effectively implement the RTE Act. Another project “Increasing income for fish Workers in Odisha” is also supported by the Davidson Trust and implemented by United Artist Association. The project strives to enhance the income of 8800 vulnerable fish collectors and processors in four coastal districts i.e. Ganjam, Puri, Balasore and Jagatsinghpur of Odisha. The Helleur Trust supports the Delhi Education Initiative project funding two NGOs, SARD and JOSH. The project aims to increase the quality of education through remedial education; teacher training and mobilizing parents from marginalized community. It also supports strengthening the education governance system by building the capacity of young people and communities ensuring accountable school systems . The initiative reaches more than 1800 children and 3000 community members. Corporate partnerships: There is an emerging definition of ‘CSR’ and the draft Companies Bill, when enacted and implemented, is likely to change the engagement with corporate donors and they could be important partners in social development and bridging the divide between the two Indias. The Bill requires large corporates with Net worth more than 500 crores, or Turnover greater than 1000 crores or net profit higher than 5 crores to contribute 2% of their profit after taxes on CSR. In line with our new marketing strategy, this year we put in considerable effort in building relationships and engaging in discussions with corporates both in the public and private sector. Some of Oxfam India’s partnerships with corporate institutions this year were:
  27. 27. Annual Report 2013 | 27 1. Nokia India- Support for the ‘Create to Inspire’ fellowship program for youth. This partnership is committed for three years. 2. Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. (BPCL)- Agreed to support our work on education in Odisha for a period of 3 years. 3. C&S Electric Ltd support to our education project in Delhi. 4. Faces - Cause Related Marketing support for a Campaign on rights of women farmers to land ownership. This is a long term commitment for five years. 5. Pirojshah Godrej Foundation’s support towards Oxfam’s education projects. Many Corporates also extended support to Oxfam India’s relief efforts in Assam. These included GATI (Logistics partner), HSBC, Accenture, Marks and Spenser, Autodesk, TCG Lifesciences and UPS. Corporate Partnerships in Focus 1. Nokia India Create to Inspire Fellowships is a joint initiative of Oxfam India and Nokia India aimed at transforming youth development through various forms of Art in order to achieve sustainable consumption. It seeks to network selected teams of young people from universities and colleges in Delhi and Hyderabad to promote awareness on issues of sustainable consumerism (around issues of Water, Transport, Energy and E-waste), through projects including art/craft, dance, design, film, music, photography and technology. 2. Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. (BPCL) BPCL has committed support for 18 months to our education project in Odisha. Oxfam India, along with local partners Shikshasandhan and Chale Chalo will implement the project in 30 villages each in the districts of Mayurbanj and Sundargarh particularly with an effort to enroll and retain tribal girls in government schools. Events: Our Flagship event Oxfam India Trailwalker was held for the second time in Bengaluru on 25-27 January, 2013. This year, we doubled participation to 164 teams with a total of 654 walkers. 115 full teams and 555 walkers completed the challenge of a 100 Km walk in under 48 hours. We raised a sum of R 2.4 crores through this Trailwalker till end March 2013 (with the fundraising continuing till end April 2013). A total of 5052 donors supported various teams, and the highest fundraising team ‘GS United’, a team from Goldman Sachs, raised a huge sum of R 56.5 lakhs for Oxfam India. There was encouraging support and a total of 35 corporates participated with Goldman Sachs Services (Pvt) Ltd registering 39 teams, Accenture 23 teams, Thomson Reuters 22 teams, Infinite Computer Solutions five teams, and Analog Devices Inc. registering four teams. There were 17 partners and sponsors who helped us organise the event. This includes Apollo Hospitals as medical partner and International Herald Tribune as international media partner. Corporate employees of Accenture, Infinite Compute Solutions, and Mphasis volunteered to manage checkpoints. There were over 500 volunteers from six colleges namely T John’s College, St. Joseph’s College of Art and Science , Dayanand Sagar Junior Business School, PES-BBM (Banashankari Campus), CMR Institute of Management and Team I. Medical students came forward to provide paramedic and physiotherapy support from St. John’s College of Physiotherapy, Krupanidhi College of Nursing, and Garden City College of Physiotherapy and Nursing. We are very grateful to all the participants, corporate, volunteers and others who made the second Bengaluru Trailwalker such a success! Encouraged by this success, we are now planning a new trailwalker in Mumbai along a beautiful trail from Garudmaachi, Pune to Lonavala. The inaugural Mumbai Trailwalker is planned from November 15 to 17 later this year and the next annual Bengaluru Trailwalker will be held from January 17 to 19, 2014. Scaling Ladakh for Mumbai: Somasekhar Sundaresan, Oxfam India’s Board member, aimed to scale the heights of Mt. Kun (7087 meters), the second highest peak in the Greater Himalyan Range to raise funds for Oxfam India’s partner Yuva, that works on urban poverty issues in Mumbai. He was able to go up to 5600 meters, which included making a technical climb on an ice wall. Due to heavy snow and risk of an avalanche, however, the climb had to be aborted. Nevertheless, the fundraising efforts were highly successful and Somasekhar was able to raise a sum of R 18.7 lacs for Oxfam India from his colleagues and friends through this expedition. Other Activities: 25 employees of Mercury Phama participated in the Standard Chartered Mumbai Marathon to raise funds for Oxfam India. Elated team members of GS United including the CEO of Goldman Sachs, Bunty Bohra, after finishing the Bengaluru Trailwalker. GS United was the Fastest Mixed team as well as the Highest Fundraising team in Oxfam India Trailwalker 2013, Bengaluru.
  28. 28. 28 | Annual Report 2013 Oxfam India Board member Somasekhar Sundaresan climbing Mt. Kun (top) to raise funds for Oxfam India partner Yuva’s work with pavement dwellers (bottom)
  29. 29. Annual Report 2013 | 29 Oxfam India Board At the core of Oxfam India’s governance practices is the Oxfam India Board, which ensures that core objectives of the organisation are met. It facilitates and exercises due diligence on how the management serves and protects long- term interests of stakeholders, at the same time, ensuring the highest standards of governance. The Board comprises non-executive directors and is supported by three sub-committees, namely the Finance and Audit Committee, the Nominations Committee and the Fundraising Committee. Responsibilities of the Board • Oversee policy formulation, strategic thinking, management supervision and accountability to supporters, donors, staff and those affected by its work. • Determine organisation’s mission, purpose, strategic direction and policies. • Provide strategic leadership to develop strategies, manage proposals and challenge assumptions. • Recruit, encourage and support the CEO, whilst monitoring and evaluating his/her performance. • Ensure that the views and concerns of key stakeholders are heard and addressed through efficient mechanisms and processes. • Steer the organisation in a manner so as to enable it to maintain a high level of accountability and transparency. Board Meeting Dates and Agenda Dates of Board Meetings are decided in advance. The Chief Executive Officer, after consulting other Directors, drafts the agenda for each meeting and circulates it to all members prior to its finalisation. The Board meets for a minimum of four times in a calendar year with each meeting lasting for either a day or a day and a half. No business is transacted at any meeting, unless a quorum exists. The quorum must not be less than two members in any case. All statutory business is carried out in the Annual General Meeting which is held within six months of the close of the financial year. Oxfam India is registered as a Company under Section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956 (bearing corporate identity number U74999DL2004NPL131340). Name 2nd June 2012 1st September 2012 15th December2012 2nd March 2013 Kiran Karnik (Chair) P P P P Mridula Bajaj (Vice Chair) P P P P Moumita Sen Sarma P P X P Shankar Jaganathan P P P P Farah Naqvi X P P P Ammu Joseph P P P X Somasekhar Sundaresan P X P X P.S.Krishnan P P P P (joined from June’12) Rohini Somanathan P P P (joined from September’12) Neelam Deo X X X P (joined from March’13) Governance and Management
  30. 30. 30 | Annual Report 2013 OUR BOARD MEMBERS* (as of June 1) Kiran Karnik, Chairperson Kiran Karnik is the former President of the National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM), India’s premier trade body and Chamber of Commerce for the information technology software and services industry. He has also served as Managing Director of the Discovery Network in India, Founder-Director of the Consortium for Educational Communication and the Indian Space Research Organisation. Kiran took over as the Chairperson of Oxfam India Board on August 27, 2010. He is on numerous government committees and is currently member of the Scientific Advisory Council to the Prime Minister and Central Employment Guarantee Council, besides chairing the International Steering Committee of the Commonwealth Connects Programme. Awarded Padma Shri in 2007 and Data Quest IT Person of the Year award in 2005, he was recognised as one of the ‘Stars of Asia’ by Business Week in 2004 and ‘Face of the Year’ by Forbes magazine in 2003. In 1998, the International Astronautical Federation awarded him with the Frank Malina medal for space education. A post-graduate from the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, Karnik holds an honours degree in physics from Mumbai University. Moumita Sen Sarma Moumita Sen Sarma, a Chartered Accountant by training has served the Financial Services sector for 21 years in several capacities. Till March 2010 she served as the Vice President & Head of Microfinance and Sustainable Development at ABN AMRO Bank in India as well as a Board Member of ABN AMRO Foundation. She has also worked with American Express Bank and SRF Finance. Ms. Sen Sarma is the Vice Chair of Cashpor Micro Credit (Varanasi) and a Board member of Ananya Finance for Inclusive Growth (Ahmedabad). She is a Stakeholder Council Member of Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), Amsterdam. An avid practitioner of yoga, Ms. Sen Sarma, now volunteers the most significant amount of her time with the projects of Coimbatore based, Isha Foundation. She has been a frequent speaker at conferences on both Microfinance and Sustainable Development in India and abroad (incl USA, EU: World Bank/IFC, Tallberg, WEC, Ethical Corporation, Women’s World Banking, Euro Market Forum, Sa-Dhan, WRI) as well as Business Schools (IIM A, ISB, S.P Jain). Ms Sen Sarma trained at Price Waterhouse Coopers for her CA and is a Graduate in Physics from the Presidency College, Chennai. Mridula Bajaj, Vice Chairperson Mridula Bajaj is a specialist in Child Development with more than three decades of experience in programme, research and training. She is currently Executive Director of Mobile Creches, an NGO that works with children on construction sites. She took over as the Vice Chairperson of Oxfam India Board in August 2010. She has also been a Member of the Steering Committee for the 10th Five Year Plan and has served on the Expert Committee to evaluate proposals and field inspection under experimental and innovative education projects by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Education. She has done extensive work in the area of empowerment of women and child development. She holds a Master’s degree in Science in Child Development from Lady Irwin College, Delhi University.
  31. 31. Annual Report 2013 | 31 Farah Naqvi Farah Naqvi is a Member of the National Advisory Council and a committed activist and writer. For over two decades she has been involved in democratic interventions on issues of minority rights, gender rights, justice, communalism and violence against women. She has worked with survivors, followed-up with investigative agencies, networked women’s groups, documented and shared information and undertook fundraising and policy advocacy with the government. She is one of the founder members of Nirantar, an NGO working on gender and education. A post-graduate from Columbia University, Farah has done notable work in the area of broadcast journalism. Ammu Joseph Ammu Joseph is an independent journalist and author based in Bangalore, writing primarily on issues relating to gender, human development and the media. She began her career in Mumbai in the mid-1970s; in her last full-time job within the press she edited the Sunday magazine of The Indian Post in the mid-80s. Since then she has been contributing to a number of mainstream newspapers and magazines as well as web-based media. Among her publications are six books. She has also contributed chapters to several other books, besides writing and/or editing a number of other publications, both Indian and international. She has been on the visiting faculty of several institutions of media education and involved in several media-related research projects. She received the UNFPA-LAADLI Media Award for Gender Sensitivity 2007 in recognition of her consistent engagement with gender issues. In 2003 she received the Donna Allen Award for Feminist Advocacy from the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, USA. She is a founder-member of the Network of Women in Media, India. Shankar Jaganathan Shankar Jaganathan is passionate about corporate governance, sustainable development and economic history. He is a Chartered Accountant and a law graduate, with more than two decades of varied experience in the corporate, academics and social sectors. Some of the institutions he is/ was associated with include Wipro, Azim Premji Foundation, Indian Institute of Science, Union Bank of India and NMIMS. Bangalore based, Shankar is an independent director on the boards of Companies, guest faculty in leading management institutes and an author of the two books, Corporate Disclosures 1553-2007 AD, published by Routledge and The Wisdom of Ants, A Short History of Economics published by Westland. Somasekhar Sundaresan Somasekhar Sundaresan is a partner with J. Sagar Associates, a large national law firm in India and heads the firm’s securities law and financial sector regulatory practice. He has extensive experience and expertise in advising clients in the area of foreign investment, banking and financial institutional sector, and mergers and acquisitions, particularly, those involving listed companies. He has advised a number of banks, securities issuers, merchant bankers, stock brokers, mutual funds, fund managers, foreign institutional investors, non-banking financial companies, stock exchanges, securities depositories, and other financial services intermediaries. In addition to his private practice, he is actively involved in public policy and regulatory affairs in India’s financial sector.
  32. 32. 32 | Annual Report 2013 P.S Krishnan P. S. Krishnan has been an outstanding champion of the deprived social categories of Indian society. In his three decades long period as an IAS officer, he has been vigorously and consistently working for the advancement and empowerment of the Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST) and Backward Classes (BC). After his retirement in 1990 as Secretary, Ministry of Welfare, he has been on numerous Government Committees and is currently the Chairman of the Peoples Commission against Atrocities on Dalits from 2008 onwards and Chief Advisor, National Coalition for Strengthening of the Prevention of Atrocities Act and its Implementation, and Chairman of the Peoples Commission against Atrocities on Dalits. One of the most significant of his pioneering initiatives at the national level was the formulation and initializing of the Special Component Plan for Scheduled Castes in 1978, as a means of enhancing, the flow of developmental benefits to the SCs. Mr. Krishnan has also prepared a comprehensive draft Bill, namely, “Manual Scavengers and Other Sanitation Workers (Total Liberation, Comprehensive Rehabilitation & Humanisation of Working Conditions) Bill” for a Working Group of the Ministry of Labour of which he is a Member. The Bill has been cleared by the Working Group and is now before the Government. He has written a number of papers and articles on various aspects pertaining to SC, ST and BC and authored many books. Rohini Somanathan Rohini Somanathan is Professor of Economics at the Delhi School of Economics. She received her Ph.D in 1996 from Boston University and has held faculty positions at Emory University, the University of Michigan and the Indian Statistical Institute before joining the Delhi School of Economics in 2005. Her research focuses on how social institutions interact with public policies to determine patterns of economic and social inequality. She has also worked on a variety of questions related to development policy in the Indian context. These include studies on the effects of economic liberalization on productivity and wage inequality, access to microfinance, the impact of school nutrition programs on child outcomes and the assessment of alternative policies to counter environmental problems such as floods, solid waste and air pollution. Neelam Deo Neelam Deo is a 1975 batch Indian Foreign Service (IFS) officer who served as India’s Ambassador to Denmark and Côte d’Ivoire, with concurrent accreditation to Sierra Leone, Niger & Guinea. She began her career with the IFS in Italy in 1977. Her subsequent postings included responsibility as a political and press officer in Thailand. In the Ministry of External Affairs, she was Joint Secretary for Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and for Maldives. Her last assignment was as Consul General in New York. During her assignment with the Embassy of India in Washington DC liaison with the U.S. Congress, think tanks and universities in the U.S., on strategic issues were among her special responsibilities. After serving 33 years in the IFS, she co-founded Gateway House: Indian Council on Global Relations in 2009. She is also a distinguished fellow with the Centre for Air Power Studies, and a member of the Advisory board of the Morgan Stanley Mutual Fund. Neelam Deo completed her Master’s degree in Economics from the Delhi School of Economics. Prior to joining the IFS, she taught Economics at Kamla Nehru College, Delhi University She has extensive knowledge and exposure to issues of Africa, South East Asia, India-U.S. bilateral relations, Bangladesh and other SAARC neighbours. She is a frequent commentator on issues that involve India’s economic emergence, diaspora and global politics. Her articles have appeared in various publications – Gateway House, Newsweek, Rediff.com, Business Standard, Statesman, Mint and Pragati.
  33. 33. Annual Report 2013 | 33 Governance Philosophy The governance philosophy that underlies Oxfam India is based on five key principles: 1. An unerring focus on realising the vision the organisation has envisaged for itself. To this end, we have put in place a long-term strategy and made substantive investments in the short-term for long-term results. 2. Conform with both the spirit and letter of the law to serve the ends of natural justice and welfare for all. .3. Display a high level of transparency and disclosure with the motto being ``When in doubt, disclose’’. 4. Keep all stakeholders informed about all organisational developments and encourage participation as an integral part of the ways of working through constant communication. 5. Have a simple framework driven by organisational objectives with the flexibility to change with circumstances and new development. People and Culture With Oxfam India entering its fifth year of existence, we have streamlined our HR processes. Oxfam India is trying to build a culture of consultative decision making. Need was felt to create spaces for open and frank discussion and dialogue among employees and to invest in their Learning and Development. A Leadership Development program was designed for the Senior Leadership team and India leadership team. They were part of 3 module training and a year round peer level support through action learning groups. All participants felt perceived improvement in their ability to lead and motivate large teams, build cross functional synergies and engage in consultative decision making. Encouraged by the success of this programme we have planned to replicate the model for next level of employees in the coming year. Staff retreat is an annual off site event which helps teams to share their work and plans for the future with rest of the organisation. Field visit to our project site gave first hand insight into our work. One day of Intra department discussions was assigned for review and planning. We also took this opportunity to recognise and applaud exemplary performances. In order to enhance greater engagement of stakeholders, visits to our projects were organised for some of our donors. Processes for management of payroll and employee records were streamlined with use of HRMS . We have now launched the next phase of technology implementation and in the coming year we should have various departments and regions synced in through implementation of a robust ERP . 1 Human Resource Management Software 2 Enterprise Resource Planning
  34. 34. 34 | Annual Report 2013 OUR TEAM Nisha Agrawal, CEO, Oxfam India Nisha has been working on poverty, inequality and development issues for more than two decades. She has been the CEO of Oxfam India since its inception in March 2008. Prior to that she has worked with the World Bank on development issues for 18 years. Nisha has extensive experience of working in countries in the East Asia Region (Cambodia, Vietnam and Indonesia) and in the East Africa Region (Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda). She has a Doctorate in Economics from the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA. She has also worked as a Research Economist at the Impact Research Centre, University of Melbourne, Australia. Avinash Kumar, Director, Policy, Research and Campaigns Avinash Kumar has a Ph.D. in modern History from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. He was a Charles Wallace post-doctoral Fellow at School of Oriental and African Studies, London University. Among his various assignments he has taught at a central university, worked at a research institute and has worked with Oxfam in India for the past seven years on a range of themes (including communalism and right to basic services) and positions. He has an ongoing interest in politics of development, inequality and history of ideas. He also dabbles in cultural politics of cinema and literature as his favourite pastime. Shaik Anwar, Director, Programs and Advocacy Shaik Anwar has experience of over 22 years in the development sector of India and has been working on a wide range of development issues including poverty, socio-economic development of rural communities and livelihood of socially excluded groups. He has been with Oxfam for six years and led programs on various themes . Prior to working with Oxfam, he has worked with Center for World Solidarity (CWS) on a range of development initiatives including agriculture, natural resource management and community development. He has conducted research work on common pool resources. Anwar enjoys networking and has a passion to work on community development processes. Kunal Verma, Director, Marketing and Fundraising Kunal has been raising funds for fighting injustice and creating a more equal and dignified world order. An IIM Bengaluru alumni and a post graduate in fundraising and international marketing, he has over 15 years of functional experience cutting across corporate and non-profit organisations. Kunal comes with the unique experience of starting fundraising operations in India for three of the best known international NGOs. i.e. Action Aid India, Christian Children Fund and Oxfam India.
  35. 35. Annual Report 2013 | 35 Deepa Ghosh, Director, Communications and Events Deepa is a Marketing Communications Professional with 15 years experience in Brand Communications, Direct Marketing, Customer Relationship Management and Campaign Management based on Data Analytics. Having worked with brands like Hutch, Lowe Lintas and JWT, her core competencies include ability to develop 360 degrees communication via conventional and non-conventional media, direct marketing, loyalty and relationship marketing, digital marketing and brand engagement events. Before joining Oxfam India, she was Branch head of Direxions Marketing Solutions Private Limited in Delhi. Anuja Bansal, Director, Operations Anuja is a Chartered Accountant with 20 years of post qualification experience. She has held leadership positions in the not-for-profit sector with organisations working in the areas of Education, Livelihood and Microfinance. She has extensive experience in Finance, IT and Human Resource Management. Before joining Oxfam India, Anuja was the Chief Finance Officer for Bharti Foundation, simultaneously holding portfolios of Information Technology and Legal.
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  37. 37. Annual Report 2013 | 37 Facts Behind the Figures Affiliate Contribution 2012-13 Income The total income for the year 2012-13 has increased to R 58.0 crores from R 55.1 crores in the year 2011-12 representing an increase of 5.3%. Sources of Income Ammount in ` Crores % Income 2012-13 2011-12 Variance Grant from Affiliates 36.5 41.5 -11.9% Donations - Institutions 4.9 1.3 269.2% Donations - Corporates 0.6 0.0 1797.8% Donations - Individuals 8.9 9.9 -9.4% Donation - Affiliates 3.1 0.4 792.7% Events 2.6 1.2 122.7% Bank Interest 1.1 0.8 27.9% Others 0.2 0.1 200.8% Total 58.0 55.1 5.3% The committed affiliate income has reduced by 11.9% to R 36.5 crores in the current year from R 41.5 crores in the previous year. These affiliate grants as a proportion of total income for the year account for 63% as against 75% for the previous year which shows an increasing proportion of self generated income in the total income. Donations from institutions and corporates together have increased manifold as a result of increase in new contracts entered during the year. The donation from affiliates is primarily on account of appeal income for Assam flood and conflict response. Donations from Individuals have reduced by 9.4% to R 8.9 crores in the current year from R 9.9 crores in the previous year due to closure of certain fund raising offices as part of strategic exercise. Event income has more than doubled at R 2.6 crores primarily on account of income raised by over 164 teams during the second Trail walker event in Bangaluru. Increase in interest income is as result of better fund management while other income has increased primarily on account of sale of assets for the closed fund raising offices. Grant from Affiliates Ammount in ` Crores % Grant from Affiliates 2012-13 2011-12 Variance Oxfam Novib 19.80 18.6 6.4% Oxfam Great Britain 5.3 8.8 -39.4% Oxfam Australia 6.6 8.5 -22.4% Oxfam International 3.2 3.4 -6.0% Oxfam America 1.0 0.3 229.3% Oxfam Hong Kong 0.3 1.3 -79.7% Oxfam Japan 0.0 0.2 -100.0% Oxfam Germany 0.4 0.4 0.9% Total from affiliates 36.5 41.5 -11.9% Committed grants from affiliates have declined to R 36.5 crores in the current year from R 41.5 crores in the previous year representing a reduction of 11.9%. The grant from Oxfam GB has reduced considerably from the previous year due to reduction in funds available to Oxfam GB from back donor contracts for Oxfam India programme. Grant from Oxfam Australia is not actually a decline from previous year, the variance is on account of proper accrual of income in the year 2012-13. Grant from Oxfam Hong Kong has declined due to completion of one of the funded programme in the states of Uttrakhand and Jharkhand. Increase in income from Oxfam America is on account of new project for