How Serious Is the UPA About Education

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Oxfam India and Centre for Budget and Governance Accountability (CBGA) organised a consultation with media on February 17, 2010 to discuss key expectations from the Budget in the social sector.

This presentation was made on the occassion.

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How Serious Is the UPA About Education

  1. 1. Union Budget 2010-11 How Serious is the UPA about Education?
  2. 2. Public Spending on Education as Proportion of GDP
  3. 3. Public Spending on Education by Union Government
  4. 4. Public Spending on Education by State Governments
  5. 6. Expenditure as % of Approved Budget across States in SSA
  6. 7. Expenditure as % of Total Funds Available across States in SSA
  7. 8. Underutilization of Funds <ul><li>Inadequate utilization of funds </li></ul><ul><li>Spending in last two quarters of financial year </li></ul><ul><li>Funds disbursed reported as expenditure </li></ul><ul><li>REASONS </li></ul><ul><li>Deficiency in decentralized planning </li></ul><ul><li>Bottlenecks in budgetary processes </li></ul><ul><li>Systemic weaknesses </li></ul>
  8. 9. Fund Utilization in SSA at School Level 85.9 % 96.9 % 69.2 % 94.7 % 47.1 % Expenditure as proportion of Total Funds Received 1314 355 3684 944 7894 Unspent Balance (in Rs.) 8041 10983 8260 16950 5451 Total Expenditure (in Rs.) 9355 11328 11944 17894 11580 Total Funds Available (in Rs.) 2007-08 2006-07 2005-06 2004-05 2003-04  
  9. 10. Share of Expenditure across Different Quarters in SSA at the District Level
  10. 11. Share of Expenditure across Different Quarters in SSA at the Block Level
  11. 12. Factors Constraining Fund Utilization <ul><li>Too many schemes with lack of convergence/ integration across schemes </li></ul><ul><li>Systemic Weaknesses </li></ul><ul><li>Bottlenecks in budgetary processes </li></ul>
  12. 13. Estimated Gap in Spending on Elementary Education (in Rs. hundred Crore)

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