Economic gains•Unemployment fell to only1.2% by 1944 and wages rose35%•Farmers benefited asproduction doubled and theirincome tripled
Industry• Americans converted their autoindustry into a war industry• The nation’s automobile plants beganto produce tanks, planes, boats, andcommand cars• Many other industries also convertedto war-related supplies
• Women joined theworkforce. Beforethe war, only about 3million worked in theU.S.• Most were housewivesand raised families.• Desperate for workersto produceweapons, womenreplaced the menthat went to war.02468101214161820Before AfterWomen
Rosie the Riveter• 1940-1945 - the female percentage of theU.S. workforce increased 27%-37%• 1942 - Congress instituted the WomensAuxiliary Army Corps, later upgraded tothe Womens Army Corps (WACs)which had full military status.• By 1945 - nearly one out of every fourmarried women worked outside the home.
U.S. DROPS TWOATOMIC BOMBSON JAPAN• Truman warnedJapan in late July1945 thatwithout aimmediateJapanese surrender,it faced “promptand utterdestruction”• On August 6(Hiroshima) andAugust 9(Nagasaki) a B-29bomber droppedAtomic Bombs onJapanThe plane and crew that droppedan atomic bomb onHiroshima, Japan
JAPAN SURRENDERSAt the White House, President HarryTruman announces the Japanesesurrender, August 14, 1945• Japan surrendereddays after thesecond atomic bombwas dropped• General MacArthursaid, “Today theguns are silent. Theskies no longer raindeath . . .the entireworld is quietly atpeace.”