Using Proverbsin the English ClassroomPresented by Vera Tabureanu
DEFINITIONA proverb is a short well-knownsupposedly wise, saying, usuallyin simple language.Proverbs contain truth,common sense, experience andwisdom, and they areindisputable.
Difference between a proverband sayingProverb: a short sentence, etc., usuallyknown by many people, stating somethingcommonly experienced or giving advice or ashort popular saying, usually of ancientorigin, that expresses effectively somecommonplace truth or useful thought; .E.g. Slow and steady wins the race"A bad cause requires many words.A broken hand works, but not a brokenheart.
Saying: a well-known and wise statementmade by famous people, which often has ameaning that is different from the simplemeanings of the words it contains:What is a friend? A single soul dwelling intwo bodies.Aristotle .Try not to become a man of success, butrather try to become a man of value. - AlbertEinsteinHinduism is not a religion, its a way of life.-Swami Vivekananda
The average length ofproverbs constitutes7 words
COMMON PATTERNS OF PROVERBSBetter X than YLike X, like YNo X without YOne X doesn’t make a YIf X , then Y
PAREMIOLOGYIS THE SCIENCE STUDYINGPROVERBS
PAREMIOLOGISTS differentiate amongthe proverbial subgenresProverbs as suchProverbial expressions e.g. to bite the dustProverbial comparisons e.g. as busy as abeProverbial interrogatives e.g. Does achicken have lips?Twin formulas e.g. give and takeWellerisms e.g. ‘Each to his own,’ as thefarmer said when he kissed his cow.
PROVERBS are used tostrengthen arguments,express generalization,influence people,rationalize our own shortcomings,question behavioral patterns,satirize social evilsand make fun of ridiculous situations.Mieder
PROVERBSadvise,console,inspire,comment on events,interpret behaviourfoster attitudes, such as optimism,pessimism and humility.Nippold
USING PROVERBS IN THE CLASS HELPS TOdiversify the teaching process andmake it brighter,solve some educational problemsimprove students’-learning experience,-their language skills-their understanding of themselvesand the world.
WHEN AND WHY TO USEPROVERBS IN CLASScan be used at any stage of the lessonas warm-up activities, for presentingand/or practising lexical items andgrammar structures and practisingpronunciation.Using proverbs in class the teachercan stimulate a discussion or a debate,provide a topic for a project work oressay writing.
Both the Bible and medievalLatin have played a hugerole in distributing proverbsacross Europe
Proverbs change with time andcultureSome old proverbs reflect aculture that no longer existsLet the cobbler stick to his last.New proverbs appear insteadGarbage in, garbage out,a proverb created due to ourcomputerised time..
Old proverbs are also used as socalled anti-proverbs todayNobody is perfect,is changed toNo body is perfect
Top 10 proverbs from printmedia ( 1975-2000)Enough is enoughTime will tellFirst come, first servedForgive and forgetTime is moneyHistory repeats itselfTime fliesBetter late than neverOut of sight, out of mindBoys will be boys
Many proverbs also containmetaphors.e.g. A watched pot never boilsProverbs often havemultiple meanings and aretherefore dependent oncontext.
STYLISTIC FEATURES OF PROVERBSPhoneticPractice makes perfect. - alliterationA little pot is soon hot. - rhymeSemantic and structuralMore haste , less speed -ellipsisEasy come, easy go.- parallelismThe longest way around is the shortest way home.– paradoxAll is fair on love and war- hyperboleHunger is the best cook -personification
NON-METAPHORICAL PROVERBSHonesty is the best policy
PhoneticsNothing seek, nothing find.Не that will thrive, must rise atfive.What is worth doing is worthdoing well
ModalsAll men cant be first.Beggar can never be bankrupt.Fair face may hide a foul heart.Cracked bell can never soundwell.
Activities with proverbs tobe used in class:
MATCH THE PROVERB WITH ITSMEANINGA rolling stone gathers no moss. fiend in need is a friend iA friend in need is a friend indeed.Empty vessels make the most noise.Good walls make good neighbours.As you make your bed so must you lie on it.1. You must accept the consequences of your act.2. Your relationship with your neighbours depends, among otherthings, on respecting one anothers privacy.3. Those people who have a little knowledge usually talk themost and make the greatest fuss4. A friend who helps when one is in trouble is a real friend.5. A person who never settles in one place or who often changeshis job will not succeed in life ; one who is always changing hismind will never get anything done. A
Divide one long word composed ofwords in a proverbMyhouseismycastle.Dontjudgeabookbyitscover.Helaughsbestwholaughslast.
Complete the proverbs bymatching the columns
Fill in the blanks with the optionsgiven in the brackets.All cats are _______ in the dark.(Black, blue, grey, green)A bad workman always blames his______. (shoes, tools, bosses)
Unscramble these proverbsA HTICTS IN MITE VASES NEINHETRE SI ON KOSME OTIWHTURIFE
Guess the proverb using thegiven initialsExample: R. wasnt B. in a day.Answer: Rome wasnt Built in a day.B. late than N.D. count your C. before they are H.L. before you L.
Complete the following proverbsAlls well thatAll that glittersThe early birdWhere there is a willEvery cloudA bird in handDon`t judge a book
List proverbs that you liveyour life bye.g. Handsome is whathansdome does
ROLE-PLAY THE PROVERB TO EXPLAINITS MEANINGYou cannot eat your cake and have it.Keep your mouth shut and your eyesopen.An apple a day keeps the doctor away.As you make your bed so you must lie onit.The way to a man’s heart is through hisstomach.You cannot teach old dogs new tricks.
MIME THE PROVERB SO THAT YOURCOLLEAGUES WILL GUESS ITWhen in Rome do as the Romans do.Bad news travels fast.There is no place like home.All roads lead to Rome.Time is money.A friend in need is a friend indeed.Money is the root of all evil.
DRAW THE PROVERB SO THATYOUR COLLEAGUES WILLGUESS IT