Title of a story
The title may focus the
readers attention on the
central character, or may
give a clue to the authors
purpose or basic idea.
Main idea or message an author wishes to share
The “moral” of the story
Novels often have more than one theme
Rarely stated directly. The reader has to interpret.
the time, place and period in which the
action takes place.
The Catcher in the
Lord of the Flies:
deserted island, the
The Bean Trees:
Setting: can establish the atmosphere of a work.
Chain of related event that make up
Plot centers on at least one major
problem or conflict.
Climax (conflict and tension reach a
peak, and characters realize their
a series of
and setting are
(conflict gets worked
out and tensions
Exposition: Introductory material giving setting, tone,
Rising Action: series of complications leading up to the
Conflict: Person vs…Person, Nature, Society, Supernatural,
Crisis/Climax: Turning point in the conflict—moment of
highest interest and/or emotion
Falling Action: Events after the climax which close the
Resolution (Denouement): Concludes the action