American immigrants


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American immigrants

  1. 1. American People: Immigrants Presented by Liliana Ciudin, 1LM2 11.03.2014
  2. 2. o CONTENTS Immigration The history of immigration Reasons Facts Famous people The American Dream Conclusion Bibliography
  3. 3. Immigration to the United States is a complex demographic phenomenon that has been a major source of population growth and cultural change throughout much of the history of the United States
  4. 4. The history of immigration to the United States deals with the movement of people to the United States since the first European settlements in about 1600. Starting around 1600 British and other Europeans settled primarily on the east coast. Later Africans were brought as slaves. The United States experienced successive waves of immigration which rose and fell over time, particularly from Europe, with the cost of transoceanic transportation sometimes paid by travelers becoming indentured servants after their arrival in the New World. At other times, immigration rules became more restrictive. With the ending of numerical restrictions in 1965 and the advent of cheap air travel immigration has increased from Asia and Latin America.
  5. 5. The economic, social, and political aspects of immigration have caused controversy regarding ethnicity, economic benefits, jobs for non-immigrants, settlement patterns, impact on upward social mobility, crime, and voting behavior.
  6. 6.  Reasons of immigration Poverty Armed conflict Social strife political turmoil Economic hardships
  7. 7. Facts about immigrants More than 1 million immigrants became legal permanent residents of the United States in 2012 Of the new U.S. residents, 14 percent came from Mexico, 7.9 percent from China, and 6.4 percent from India. Between 2009 and 2012, more than 70 percent of immigrants came from Asia and North America every year Immigrants are an essential element of a strong U.S. economy, fulfilling the intrinsic need of the labor force for workers. For the first time in 2012, the majority of babies under age 1 were black, Hispanic, Asian, or another non-white race. By 2026, it is predicted that the government will have a shortage of 20 million workers.
  8. 8. The Census Bureau estimates the US population will grow from 281 million in 2000 to 397 million in 2050 with immigration, but only to 328 million with no immigration.
  9. 9. Famous Immigrants
  10. 10. The American Dream is the belief that through hard work and determination, any United States immigrant can achieve a better life, usually in terms of financial prosperity and enhanced personal freedom of choice. According to historians, the rapid economic and industrial expansion of the U.S. is not simply a function of being a resource rich, hard working, and inventive country, but the belief that anybody could get a share of the country's wealth if he or she was willing to work hard . This dream has been a major factor in attracting immigrants to the United States
  11. 11. All men are created equal and are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights. Among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
  12. 12. Bibliography