Water Wealth. Investing in Basin Management in Asia and the Pacific
Book LaunchBook LaunchADBADB--IUCN joint publicationIUCN joint publicationWaterWealth:WaterWealth:Investing inInvesting inInvesting inInvesting inBasinBasinManagement inManagement inManagement inManagement inAsia and theAsia and theP ifiP ifiPacificPacificA dit i B d CA dit i B d CAuditorium B and CAuditorium B and C14 March 2013, 17:0014 March 2013, 17:00--17:3017:30
Th PRC d i h ld’ d l B iThe PRC today is the world’s second largest economy. Basinsfeatured in this report contribute a large percentage of the country’sGDP. The impact of heavy pollution on freshwater supply and publichealth, as seen in these basins, highlight the critical links betweenhealth, as seen in these basins, highlight the critical links betweenbasin management and sustainable economic growth. Clean-upprogrammes to restore the health of the Songhua and Yellow Riversand Chao Lake have become examples of innovative policy andtipractice.
Livelihood for all: Fishermen from Bangladesh (left) andJapan (right) Their livelihood is dependent on fishing forJapan (right). Their livelihood is dependent on fishing, forwhich healthy rivers with abundant fish are necessary. Theissues of livelihood, clean water to maintain ec osystemsand life are the same, be it in Japan or Bangladesh.
Shared water resources infrastructure promotescooperation and economic development.cooperation and economic development.
Pakistan’s draft National Water Policy of2006 emphasizes an integrated andp gcomprehensive water managementstrategy.
The Indus river basin is a multi-layeredtransboundary basin shared internally betweenprovinces and internationally with India.p yThe karez is a resilient system – it can withstanddrought by abstracting from aquifers slowlydrought by abstracting from aquifers slowly.
Farmer participation in waterFarmers discuss crop water a e pa t c pat o atemanagement can increase productivity.a e s d scuss c op atebudget before a sowing season.Groundwater resources are usedt i l f i i ti i A dhextensively for irrigation in AndhraPradesh.
A wetland once leased to private parties nowbelongs to the community.
T diti l fi hi i ht t t d bTraditional fishing rights are protected byengaging the community in the management ofthe wetland.
The Ceylon Electricity Board worked closely withcommunity leaders to finalize and implement theResettlement Action Plan.Resettlement Action Plan.
The PRC’s extensive water managementframework extends vertically andhorizontally from the central government toits townships and villagesits townships and villages.
Apple industry in the YellowRiver BasinJiamakou Irrigation Scheme helps toachieve higher water productivity in theYellow River Basin.Farmers have been majorb fi i i f th i b ibeneficiaries of the river basinmanagement efforts in the PRC.
The United Movement of MongolianRivers and Lakes successfully lobbiedRivers and Lakes successfully lobbiedfor a ban on mining in the headwatersof rivers and the protection ofreservoirs and forested areas.
The Onggi River Movement has demonstrated the need for activeOnon River Basin is rich in biodiversity and the Onon-The Onggi River Movement has demonstrated the need for activeinvolvement of the people in restoring the basin ecosystem.O o e as s c b od e s ty a d t e O oBalj National Park was established in 2000 to conservethese resources.Revival of the ecosystem resulted in economic gains for thelocal people.
Japan’s water policies have beenrevised and adapted over the past 60years in response to changing needsyears in response to changing needs.
Th T Ri B i t dThe Tama River Basin was restored as aresult of awareness raising campaignswhich led the government to formulatethe Environmental Management Plan. Urban citizens are more informed of theneed to restore Japan’s river basinsneed to restore Japan s river basins.The Nissan Stadium, the largestsports stadium in Japan, was built onl t d l tfan elevated platform.
Upgrading the EnvironmentAdministration to ministry status hasensured legal and administratives pport for tackling ater poll tionsupport for tackling water pollution.
The Bang Pakong River BasinCommittee was successful in resolvingwater allocation issues.Farmers harvesting ricein eastern Thailandwater allocation issues.
The water lily Thainium crinium, an economicresource for the local people is nowresource for the local people is nowrecognized by the Government of Thailand asa rare and endangered flora.
Three countries are engaging in national andcross-border dialogue to improve themanagement of a transboundary river basin.
The 3S basin is very rich in inlandyfisheries.
Policy and institutional changes in VietNam are responding to the need tomodernize river basin management.g
An IWRM approach is helping to reduce pollutionand protect water resources in the countryand protect water resources in the country.
Cambodia’s Water Law supports strategicpp ginvestments in developing water resources,and promotes transparent, accountable andparticipatory water management.
Keeping people in the centre of a watermanagement strategy can help toalleviate poverty and protect theThe 4Ps Project has raised awarenessof river basin management conceptsat the provincial level. alleviate poverty and protect theenvironment.at the provincial level.
The Mekong basin is the most culturally diverse regionand one of the richest areas of biodiversity in the worldand one of the richest areas of biodiversity in the world.
The Environmental User Fee System introduced by the LagunaLake Development Authority has helped to curb the pollution in thelake, making it safer for the local population., g p p
A river monitoring task force teampatrolling Langat River Communities living along the river havetaken to rain water harvesting.ta e to a ate a est gThe Proboscis monkey in theKinabatangan river basin
Singapore’s success in managing its waterefficiently is evident in the domesticefficiently is evident in the domesticreduction in water consumption.
Led by the Ministry of the Environment, the cleaningy y , gand beautification of the Singapore River and KallangBasin was accomplished in 10 years with the help ofgovernment departments, grassroots and civicorganizations the business community and NGOsorganizations, the business community and NGOs.
Indonesia’s water law requires 50%community participation in all watercommunity participation in all watermanagement planning
Lahor reservoir in the Brantas basinCleaning up activities are being undertakenin the Citarum river, lifeline of Indonesias,economic and social development.Bengawan Solo river basin is the largeston the island of Java.
One of the important components of theMurray-Darling Basin Plan is to divert 2,750GL of water from irrigation and other waterThe Ecosystem Health Monitoring GL of water from irrigation and other waterusers to restore environmental flows.The Ecosystem Health MonitoringProgramme releases an Annual ReportCard that assesses and rates the health ofSouth East Queensland’s waterways.Public awareness about the Yarra River washeightened through a long-term mediacampaign titled “Give the Yarra a go.”
I th f f f h t it dIn the face of freshwater scarcity anduncertainty over the impacts of climatechange, the Pacific Islands are adoptinginnovative water management solutions.
Many Pacific islands are nowhaving water utilities to managetheir drinking water andsanitationHarvested water from the runway atsanitation.Majuro airport.
Community involvement helped to save thecatchment area of the rivercatchment area of the river.
To order WATERWEALTH, please contact:Mr. Ganesh PangareHead, Ecosystems and Livelihoods Group, Asia, y p,Head, Water Programme, AsiaIUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature)Asia Regional OfficeAsia Regional Office63 Sukhumvit Soi 39, Sukhumvit Road, WattanaBangkok 10110, ThailandTel: +66 2 662 4029 (ext. 402)Fax: +66 2 662 4387Skype: pangy16Email: <Ganesh.PANGARE@iucn.org>
Free WATERWEALTH downloadat:at:htt // db / bli ti /http://www.adb.org/publications/waterwealth-investing-basin-gmanagement-asia-and-pacific