National Policy on Development of Community-Based Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation (Indonesia)
National PolicyDevelopment of Community-Based Water Supply andEnvironmental SanitationPresented by:Directorate for Settlements and Housing, BappenasJakarta, 14 September 2006
Facts • Water and sanitation are basic human needs. As the consequences, both central and local government should take the responsibility for the provision of water and sanitation (Government Regulation No. 16/2005; about Development Water System) • Unsuccessful progress: – Water: 50% (year 2002) 53,4% (year 2004) – Sanitation: 63,5% (year 2002) 67,1% (year 2004) • Indonesia has been committed to reach the MDGs on year 2015.
Industrial effluent in settlements Unhealthy Unused Public Toilet practiceClogged Ditch Low-standard toiletBath and wash atpolluted river Sewage Disposal Decreasing of Quality Low water service and Quantity of Raw Low quality of solid waste management coverage Water WSES Condition in Indonesia
Implications .. • There is a need to have a policy as a basis for water and sanitation development, for both community based and institutional based development – Community based Collaboration between government, external support agencies, NGO and community in water and sanitation • Government, ESA, NGO facilitator • Community main actor for development – Institutional based; • District-owned agencies (PDAM, PDAL, PD Kebersihan) operator • Government through technical institution regulator, its better to have no governmental institution which is acted as an operator
• National Policy Development of Community-Based Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation – Already signed by 6 echelon I officers. – Adopted by provincial and district governments. – Implemented through projects funded by government budget, donors and NGOs.
Millennium Law No.7 /2004 Development Goals Governmetn Regulation No.16/ 2005WASPOLA National Policy ISSDP National Action Plan Institutional based Community based policies policies Strategy for drinking water, Implementation waste water, solid strategy waste and drainage Action Plan Action Plan Programs and activities
National PolicyDevelopment of Community-Based Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation
Policy Principles1. Water as an economic and social goods2. Informed choice as the basis for a demand responsive approach.3. Environmentally-based development.4. Hygiene education5. Pro poor6. Active role of women in decision making7. Accountability in the development process8. Government’s role as facilitator9. Active community participation10. Optimal and target-oriented service11. Application of the cost recovery principle
Water lord??1. Water as an economic and social goods. 2. Informed choice as the basis for a demand responsive approach
3. Environmentally-based 4. Hygiene education development √