Substance abuse
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Substance abuse



Basic knowledge about substance abuse.

Basic knowledge about substance abuse.



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Substance abuse Substance abuse Presentation Transcript

  • DEFINITION Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, refers to a maladaptive pattern of use of a substance that is not considered dependent.The term "drug abuse" does not exclude dependency, but is otherwise used in a similar manner in nonmedical contexts.The terms have a huge range of definitions related to taking a psychoactive drug or performance enhancing drug for a non- therapeutic or non-medical effect.
  • Drug misuse is a term used commonly for prescription medications with clinical efficacy but abuse potential and known adverse effects linked to improper use, such as psychiatric medications with sedative, analgesic, or stimulant properties.
  • It has been observed that Nigeria is one of the country with high substance abusers . more than 440
  • ALCOHOL Alcohol is the major substance commonly abused nowadays. It is a colourless liquid, contained in drinks such as beer, wine, spirit, etc. that make people drunk. Earlier in 2002, theWorld health Organization estimated that around 140 million people were alcohol dependent and another 400 million suffered alcohol-related problems.
  • Total recorded alcohol per capital consumption (15+), in liters of pure alcohol ALCOHOL STATISTICS IN THE WORLD
  • Depending on the actual compound, drug abuse including alcohol may lead to health problems, social problems, morbidity, injuries, unprotected sex, violence, deaths, motor vehicle accidents, homicides, suicides, physical dependence or psychological addiction.
  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS Drug abuse, including alcohol and prescription drugs can induce symptomatology which resembles mental illness. Drug abuse makes central nervous system (CNS) effects, which produce changes in mood, levels of awareness or perceptions and sensations. These signs and symptoms cannot be fully stated as it varies in individual.
  • Substance abuse can be prevent in two major ways.These are: Educating the society. The government should make a policy against the selling of unprescribed drugs.
  • In conclusion, substance abuse is now one of the main focus of developing countries to eradicate as it contribute to crime rate, poverty, corruption among others. OSUNTOKI GIDEON IBUKUNOLUWA