WHAT IS DIABETES ?
Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not
produce or properly use insulin, a hormone that
is needed to convert sugar, starches and other
food into energy needed for daily life. The cause
of diabetes is a mystery, although both genetics
and environmental factors such as obesity and
lack of exercise appear to play roles. There are
three types of diabetes : type 1 diabetes and
type 2 diabetes
Data from the 2011 National Diabetes Fact Sheet
(released Jan. 26, 2011)
Total prevalence of diabetes
Total: 25.8 million children and adults in the United
States 8.3% of the population have diabetes.
Diagnosed: 18.8 million people
Undiagnosed: 7.0 million people
Pre-diabetes: 79 million people
New Cases: 1.9 million new cases of diabetes are
diagnosed in people aged 20 years and older in
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was
previously known as juvenile diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the body
does not produce insulin.
Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other
food into energy needed for daily life. Only 5% of people with diabetes
have this form of the disease. With the help of insulin therapy and other
treatments, even young children with type 1 diabetes can learn to
manage their condition and live long healthy lives.
TYPE 2 DIABETES
Type 2 diabetes, once known as adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent
diabetes, is a chronic condition that affects the way your body
metabolizes sugar your body's main source of fuel.
With type 2 diabetes, your body either resists the effects of insulin a
hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into your cells or
doesn't produce enough insulin to maintain a normal glucose level.
Untreated, type 2 diabetes can be life-threatening.
TREATMENTS AND PREVENTIONS
Treatment - The major goal in treating diabetes is to minimize any elevation of
blood sugar (glucose) without causing abnormally low levels of blood sugar.
Prevention – The way you can prevent diabetes type 2 is to eat healthy, You
can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes through a healthy lifestyle.
Change your diet, increase your level of physical activity, maintain a healthy
weight...with these positive steps, you can stay healthier longer and reduce
your risk of diabetes.