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Diabetes
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  • 1. DIABETES B Y : B R YA N AMARO & OSCAR CABANAS 1
  • 2. WHAT IS DIABETES ? Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin, a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. The cause of diabetes is a mystery, although both genetics and environmental factors such as obesity and lack of exercise appear to play roles. There are three types of diabetes : type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes 2
  • 3. DIABETES PERCENTAGE Data from the 2011 National Diabetes Fact Sheet (released Jan. 26, 2011) Total prevalence of diabetes Total: 25.8 million children and adults in the United States 8.3% of the population have diabetes. Diagnosed: 18.8 million people Undiagnosed: 7.0 million people Pre-diabetes: 79 million people New Cases: 1.9 million new cases of diabetes are diagnosed in people aged 20 years and older in 2010. 3
  • 4. TYPE 1 Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Only 5% of people with diabetes have this form of the disease. With the help of insulin therapy and other treatments, even young children with type 1 diabetes can learn to manage their condition and live long healthy lives. 4
  • 5. TYPE 2 DIABETES Type 2 diabetes, once known as adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar your body's main source of fuel. With type 2 diabetes, your body either resists the effects of insulin a hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into your cells or doesn't produce enough insulin to maintain a normal glucose level. Untreated, type 2 diabetes can be life-threatening. 5
  • 6. TREATMENTS AND PREVENTIONS Treatment - The major goal in treating diabetes is to minimize any elevation of blood sugar (glucose) without causing abnormally low levels of blood sugar. Prevention – The way you can prevent diabetes type 2 is to eat healthy, You can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes through a healthy lifestyle. Change your diet, increase your level of physical activity, maintain a healthy weight...with these positive steps, you can stay healthier longer and reduce your risk of diabetes. 6
  • 7. DATA CHART 7
  • 8. YOUTUBE VIDEO http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b9sGJHBakdY 8
  • 9. PODCAST http://ndep.nih.gov/resources/podcasts/ 9
  • 10. BIBLIOGRAPHY • http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/diabetes/ • http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/ • http://www.health.com/health/diabetes2/ • http://diabetes.webmd.com/ 10