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Hypoglycemia

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  • 1. Hypoglycemia Taylor Muehlstein Josh Moy Jinju Lee Charles Ortiz Period 3 Table 7
  • 2. What is it?
    • A person with systematically low levels of blood glucose (sugar) has hypoglycemia .
    • Glucose is the body's main energy source.
    • Hypoglycemia is not a disease in itself- it is the result of an underlying issue or combination of them.
  • 3. Mild Symptoms
    • The typical signs of low sugar levels:
    • Trembling/shakiness
    • Sweating
    • Anxiety
    • Irritability
    • Pallor (face goes pale)
    • Heart palpitations (unregulated pattern)
    • Tingling lips
  • 4. Severe Symptoms
    • When the hypoglycemia is more severe the following signs or symptoms are possible:
    • Concentration problems
    • Confusion
    • Irrational and disorderly behavior (similar to somebody who is drunk)
    • Seizures (uncommon)
    • Loss of consciousness (uncommon)
  • 5. Demographics
    • Occurs most often in people with Types 1 or 2 diabetes
    • Occurs in men, women, children, the elderly, and even pets
    • Not race specific
    • Genetically dependent (referring to genetic diabetes
  • 6. Causes of Hypoglycemia
    • It most commonly happens when a person with diabetes has taken too much insulin
    • Lack of glucagon (hormone that is secreted from the pancreas that raises blood glucose levels)
    • Excessive alcohol consumption: drinking heavily can block liver from releasing stored glucose
    • Tumor of pancreas known as an Insulinoma
  • 7. Insulin Glucagon Alchohol
  • 8. Treatments
    • Check your blood sugar often, if below 70mg/dl (milligrams per deciliter) stabilize it by eating:
      • 3-4 glucose tablets
      • Half of cup of a non diet soft drink
      • 1 cup of milk
      • 5 or 6 pieces of hard candy
    • Measurements may vary for children
    • Doctor may also have a treatment plan, meal plan, medications or physical activities
  • 9. Diet: DO’s
    • Six meals a day with snack in between
    • Keep a daily account of what you eat
    • Eliminate unhealthy foods: sugar, alcohol, tobacco
    • Keep blood sugar stable
    • Replace junk food with nutritious
    • and wholesome foods:
    • vegetables, fruits, and lean meat are preferred
  • 10. Diet: DONT’s
    • Do not panic
    • Don’t forget to eat breakfast
    • Everyone's body is different, don’t compare
    • Don’t obsess about your diet
    • Don’t drink excessive alcohol
  • 11. Prevention
    • Checking blood glucose levels - keep a regular check on blood sugar levels and identify the onset of symptoms.
    • Eat regularly - keep to your eating routine.
    • Alcohol - a heavy drinking session can trigger hypoglycemia; If you have diabetes type 1 keep to within the daily alcohol limits recommended by your doctor, and eat something
    • Exercise - make sure you have eaten some carbohydrate-rich food before you do any exercise.
  • 12. Preventions cont.
    • Be ready - children with diabetes type 1 should always carry a container of sugary fruit juice or a candy bar so that they are ready if symptoms are felt.
    • Let people know - if you are susceptible to attacks of hypoglycemia, let your friends, colleagues and family members know. Explain what the signs are and what should be done.
    • ID - if you have diabetes, carry an ID form. In case of emergency, health care providers, emergency services, and others will know what to do sooner.
  • 13. Complications
    • Liver disease and/or failure which leads to Jaundice (the yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes, and other parts of the body due to waste build-up.)
    • Insomnia-liver failure causes a build-up of urea and increases tension.
    • Seizures (involuntary convulsions)
  • 14. Complications cont.
    • Retrograde amnesia (cannot remember things before the injury)
    • Comatose state (state of unconsciousness due to a severely lowered blood glucose level
    • Death
  • 15. Citations
    • Symptoms
      • Mathur , R. M. F., & Schiel Jr., W. C. (2008, 21 10). Medicinenet . Retrieved from http://www.medicinenet.com/hypoglycemia/article.htm
      • Robin, S. R. (1999). Hypoglycemic diabetes . Rydner. DOI: Farver, A. F. (2009, June 2). Hypoglycemic complications. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/diabetic-
    • Complications
      • Farver, A. F. (2009, June 2). Hypoglycemic complications . Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/diabetic-
    • Preventions
      • Rickers, F. (2008). National diabetes information clearinghouse . Retrieved from http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/hypoglycemia/
    • Treatments
      • Thomas, P. (2010, January 12). Mayo clinic . Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hypoglycemia/DS00198/DSECTION=treatments-and-drugs
  • 16. Citations Cont.
    • Causes
      • Davey, D. P. (16, February 20). Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) in non-diabetic people . Retrieved from http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/diseases/facts/bloodsugarlow.htm
    • Diet
      • Erickson, O. (2004, May 12). Hypoglycemic diet . Retrieved from http://hypoglycemia.org/hypoglycemia-diet
    • Pictures
      • Hypoglycemia! . (1999). Retrieved from http://www.hemorrhoidinformationcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/Hypoglycemia-Information-Graphic.jpg