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    Hypoglycemia Hypoglycemia Presentation Transcript

    • Hypoglycemia Taylor Muehlstein Josh Moy Jinju Lee Charles Ortiz Period 3 Table 7
    • What is it?
      • A person with systematically low levels of blood glucose (sugar) has hypoglycemia .
      • Glucose is the body's main energy source.
      • Hypoglycemia is not a disease in itself- it is the result of an underlying issue or combination of them.
    • Mild Symptoms
      • The typical signs of low sugar levels:
      • Trembling/shakiness
      • Sweating
      • Anxiety
      • Irritability
      • Pallor (face goes pale)
      • Heart palpitations (unregulated pattern)
      • Tingling lips
    • Severe Symptoms
      • When the hypoglycemia is more severe the following signs or symptoms are possible:
      • Concentration problems
      • Confusion
      • Irrational and disorderly behavior (similar to somebody who is drunk)
      • Seizures (uncommon)
      • Loss of consciousness (uncommon)
    • Demographics
      • Occurs most often in people with Types 1 or 2 diabetes
      • Occurs in men, women, children, the elderly, and even pets
      • Not race specific
      • Genetically dependent (referring to genetic diabetes
    • Causes of Hypoglycemia
      • It most commonly happens when a person with diabetes has taken too much insulin
      • Lack of glucagon (hormone that is secreted from the pancreas that raises blood glucose levels)
      • Excessive alcohol consumption: drinking heavily can block liver from releasing stored glucose
      • Tumor of pancreas known as an Insulinoma
    • Insulin Glucagon Alchohol
    • Treatments
      • Check your blood sugar often, if below 70mg/dl (milligrams per deciliter) stabilize it by eating:
        • 3-4 glucose tablets
        • Half of cup of a non diet soft drink
        • 1 cup of milk
        • 5 or 6 pieces of hard candy
      • Measurements may vary for children
      • Doctor may also have a treatment plan, meal plan, medications or physical activities
    • Diet: DO’s
      • Six meals a day with snack in between
      • Keep a daily account of what you eat
      • Eliminate unhealthy foods: sugar, alcohol, tobacco
      • Keep blood sugar stable
      • Replace junk food with nutritious
      • and wholesome foods:
      • vegetables, fruits, and lean meat are preferred
    • Diet: DONT’s
      • Do not panic
      • Don’t forget to eat breakfast
      • Everyone's body is different, don’t compare
      • Don’t obsess about your diet
      • Don’t drink excessive alcohol
    • Prevention
      • Checking blood glucose levels - keep a regular check on blood sugar levels and identify the onset of symptoms.
      • Eat regularly - keep to your eating routine.
      • Alcohol - a heavy drinking session can trigger hypoglycemia; If you have diabetes type 1 keep to within the daily alcohol limits recommended by your doctor, and eat something
      • Exercise - make sure you have eaten some carbohydrate-rich food before you do any exercise.
    • Preventions cont.
      • Be ready - children with diabetes type 1 should always carry a container of sugary fruit juice or a candy bar so that they are ready if symptoms are felt.
      • Let people know - if you are susceptible to attacks of hypoglycemia, let your friends, colleagues and family members know. Explain what the signs are and what should be done.
      • ID - if you have diabetes, carry an ID form. In case of emergency, health care providers, emergency services, and others will know what to do sooner.
    • Complications
      • Liver disease and/or failure which leads to Jaundice (the yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes, and other parts of the body due to waste build-up.)
      • Insomnia-liver failure causes a build-up of urea and increases tension.
      • Seizures (involuntary convulsions)
    • Complications cont.
      • Retrograde amnesia (cannot remember things before the injury)
      • Comatose state (state of unconsciousness due to a severely lowered blood glucose level
      • Death
    • Citations
      • Symptoms
        • Mathur , R. M. F., & Schiel Jr., W. C. (2008, 21 10). Medicinenet . Retrieved from http://www.medicinenet.com/hypoglycemia/article.htm
        • Robin, S. R. (1999). Hypoglycemic diabetes . Rydner. DOI: Farver, A. F. (2009, June 2). Hypoglycemic complications. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/diabetic-
      • Complications
        • Farver, A. F. (2009, June 2). Hypoglycemic complications . Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/diabetic-
      • Preventions
        • Rickers, F. (2008). National diabetes information clearinghouse . Retrieved from http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/hypoglycemia/
      • Treatments
        • Thomas, P. (2010, January 12). Mayo clinic . Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hypoglycemia/DS00198/DSECTION=treatments-and-drugs
    • Citations Cont.
      • Causes
        • Davey, D. P. (16, February 20). Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) in non-diabetic people . Retrieved from http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/diseases/facts/bloodsugarlow.htm
      • Diet
        • Erickson, O. (2004, May 12). Hypoglycemic diet . Retrieved from http://hypoglycemia.org/hypoglycemia-diet
      • Pictures
        • Hypoglycemia! . (1999). Retrieved from http://www.hemorrhoidinformationcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/Hypoglycemia-Information-Graphic.jpg