DRUGS
&
SUBSTANCE
ABUSE
SUBSTANCE ABUSE
Substance abuse can simply be defined
as a pattern of harmful use of any
substance for mood-altering purpo...
Drug Abuse…
…according to the Medline's Medical
Encyclopedia is "the use of illicit drugs or the
abuse of prescription or ...
Are you worried that someone you love
is doing drugs or addicted?
Are you struggling with substance
abuse or drug addiction?
Substance Abuse
does not discriminate; it affects
people from all walks of life,
socioeconomic background and
educational ...
Illegal drugs such as marijuana,
cocaine and heroine are not the
only substances that can be
abused. Alcohol, prescription...
Some Reasons for Drug Use
Some individuals experiment with drugs, Some try
drugs out of curiosity, others to have a good t...
Drug abuse and Addiction is less about
the amount of substance consumed or the
frequency, and more to do with the
conseque...
5 C’s of Addiction
Chronic
Loss of Control
Compulsion
Use despite negative CONSEQUENCES
Cravings.
Risk Factors
Your genes, mental health, family and social
environment increases your vulnerability include.
• Family histo...
Effect on the Brain
Taking a recreational drug causes a surge in levels of
dopamine in your brain, which trigger feelings ...
Common signs
and
symptoms
of
drug abuse
• You’re neglecting your responsibilities at school, work, or home (e.g.
flunking classes, skipping work, neglecting your ...
Common signs
and
symptoms
of
drug abuse
(Cont’d)
You’ve built up a drug tolerance. A greater quantity of the drug has to be used to get a
similar high.
You take drugs to a...
Drug abusers often try to conceal their
symptoms.
look for the following warning signs:
Warning Signs
Physical warning signs of drug abuse
• Bloodshot eyes, pupils larger or smaller than usual
• Changes in appetite or sleep ...
Behavioral signs
of
drug abuse
• Poor work or school attendance and
decline in performance.
• Spike in spending and urgency for money
or financial proble...
Behavioral signs
of
drug abuse
(Cont’d)
• Personality Change
(sudden mood swings, irritability,
or angry outbursts)
• hyperactivity, agitation, or giddiness
• Lac...
Commonly
abused drugs
Marijuana:
Glassy, red eyes; loud talking, inappropriate laughter followed by
sleepiness; loss of interest, motivation; we...
Commonly
abused drugs
(cont’d)
Inhalants (glues, aerosols, vapors) :
Watery eyes; impaired vision, memory and thought; secretions from the
nose or rashes...
TYPES OF TREATMENT
• Medical
• Group therapy
• Individual therapy
• Family Therapy
• 12 Step Programs
• Detoxification
• I...
reference
• www.about.com
• www.umm.edu
• www.helpguide.org
• www.drugabuse.gov
• www.alcoholism.about.com
Don’t do drugs!
Group Members:
Nadia O. Richards
Jamilla Marcelle
Thanks for watching!
Drug  & substance abuse Marijuana, Cocaine, Heroine, alcohol and prescription drugs.
Drug  & substance abuse Marijuana, Cocaine, Heroine, alcohol and prescription drugs.
Drug  & substance abuse Marijuana, Cocaine, Heroine, alcohol and prescription drugs.
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Drug & substance abuse Marijuana, Cocaine, Heroine, alcohol and prescription drugs.

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Risk Factors, Effects on the brain,Symptoms, Warning signs and treatment.
Drugs and substances such as marijuana, cocaine and heroine are not the only substances that can be abused. Alcohol, prescription drugs and over-the-counter medications, inhalant and solvents, sedatives, coffee and cigarettes.

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Drug & substance abuse Marijuana, Cocaine, Heroine, alcohol and prescription drugs.

  1. 1. DRUGS & SUBSTANCE ABUSE
  2. 2. SUBSTANCE ABUSE Substance abuse can simply be defined as a pattern of harmful use of any substance for mood-altering purposes.
  3. 3. Drug Abuse… …according to the Medline's Medical Encyclopedia is "the use of illicit drugs or the abuse of prescription or over-the-counter drugs for purposes other than those for which they are indicated or in a manner or in quantities other than directed."
  4. 4. Are you worried that someone you love is doing drugs or addicted?
  5. 5. Are you struggling with substance abuse or drug addiction?
  6. 6. Substance Abuse does not discriminate; it affects people from all walks of life, socioeconomic background and educational level.
  7. 7. Illegal drugs such as marijuana, cocaine and heroine are not the only substances that can be abused. Alcohol, prescription drugs and over-the-counter medications, inhalant and solvents, sedatives, coffee and cigarettes, can all be used to harmful excess.
  8. 8. Some Reasons for Drug Use Some individuals experiment with drugs, Some try drugs out of curiosity, others to have a good time, because friends are doing it. Some in an effort to improve athletic performance or ease stress, anxiety, or depression. The Use of it doesn’t automatically lead to abuse. drug use moves from casual to problematic depending on the individual.
  9. 9. Drug abuse and Addiction is less about the amount of substance consumed or the frequency, and more to do with the consequences of drug use. if your drug use is causing problems in your life—at work, school, home, or in your relationships—you likely have a drug abuse or addiction problem.
  10. 10. 5 C’s of Addiction Chronic Loss of Control Compulsion Use despite negative CONSEQUENCES Cravings.
  11. 11. Risk Factors Your genes, mental health, family and social environment increases your vulnerability include. • Family history of addiction • Abuse, neglect, or other traumatic experiences in childhood • Mental disorders such as depression and anxiety • Early use of drugs
  12. 12. Effect on the Brain Taking a recreational drug causes a surge in levels of dopamine in your brain, which trigger feelings of pleasure. Your brain remembers these feelings and wants them repeated. Changes in your brain interfere with your ability to think clearly, exercise good judgment, control your behavior, and feel normal without drugs. Changes in your brain interfere with your ability to think clearly, exercise good judgment, control your behavior, and feel normal without drugs.
  13. 13. Common signs and symptoms of drug abuse
  14. 14. • You’re neglecting your responsibilities at school, work, or home (e.g. flunking classes, skipping work, neglecting your children) because of your drug use. • You’re using drugs under dangerous conditions or taking risks while high, such as driving while on drugs, using dirty needles, or having unprotected sex. • Your drug use is getting you into legal trouble, such as arrests for disorderly conduct, driving under the influence, or stealing to support a drug habit. • Your drug use is causing problems in your relationships, such as fights with your partner or family members, an unhappy boss, or the loss of old friends.
  15. 15. Common signs and symptoms of drug abuse (Cont’d)
  16. 16. You’ve built up a drug tolerance. A greater quantity of the drug has to be used to get a similar high. You take drugs to avoid or relieve withdrawal symptoms. You cannot stay too long without the drug, experiences withdrawal symptoms such as nausea, restlessness, insomnia, depression, sweating, shaking, and anxiety. You’ve lost control over your drug use. You cannot control your drug cravings, you feel powerless to stop using, you become dependent and feel that you’re unable to function without it. Your life revolves around drug use. You are consume by thoughts of the drugs and how to get it. You’ve abandoned activities you used to enjoy. You isolate yourself and avoid socializing in order to use drugs. You continue to use drugs, despite knowing it’s hurting you. You are experiencing serious health and harmful problems but continues despite of them- infections, mood swings, depression, paranoia.
  17. 17. Drug abusers often try to conceal their symptoms. look for the following warning signs:
  18. 18. Warning Signs
  19. 19. Physical warning signs of drug abuse • Bloodshot eyes, pupils larger or smaller than usual • Changes in appetite or sleep patterns. Sudden weight loss or weight gain • Deterioration of physical appearance, personal grooming habits • Unusual smells on breath, body, or clothing • Tremors, slurred speech, or impaired coordination
  20. 20. Behavioral signs of drug abuse
  21. 21. • Poor work or school attendance and decline in performance. • Spike in spending and urgency for money or financial problems. • Secretive, suspicious unusual behaviors • Sudden change in friends and associates. • Accident or trouble prone (fights, accidents, illegal activities)
  22. 22. Behavioral signs of drug abuse (Cont’d)
  23. 23. • Personality Change (sudden mood swings, irritability, or angry outbursts) • hyperactivity, agitation, or giddiness • Lack of motivation and withdrawn • Unexplained Anxiety or paranoia
  24. 24. Commonly abused drugs
  25. 25. Marijuana: Glassy, red eyes; loud talking, inappropriate laughter followed by sleepiness; loss of interest, motivation; weight gain or loss. Depressants (including Xanax, Valium, GHB): Contracted pupils; drunk-like; difficulty concentrating; clumsiness; poor judgment; slurred speech; sleepiness. Stimulants (including amphetamines, cocaine, crystal meth): Dilated pupils; hyperactivity; euphoria; irritability; anxiety; excessive talking followed by depression or excessive sleeping at odd times; may go long periods of time without eating or sleeping; weight loss; dry mouth and nose.
  26. 26. Commonly abused drugs (cont’d)
  27. 27. Inhalants (glues, aerosols, vapors) : Watery eyes; impaired vision, memory and thought; secretions from the nose or rashes around the nose and mouth; headaches and nausea; appearance of intoxication; drowsiness; poor muscle control; changes in appetite; anxiety; irritability; lots of cans/aerosols in the trash. Hallucinogens (LSD, PCP) : Dilated pupils; bizarre and irrational behavior including paranoia, aggression, hallucinations; mood swings; detachment from people; absorption with self or other objects, slurred speech; confusion. Heroin : Contracted pupils; no response of pupils to light; needle marks; sleeping at unusual times; sweating; vomiting; coughing, sniffling; twitching; loss of appetite.
  28. 28. TYPES OF TREATMENT • Medical • Group therapy • Individual therapy • Family Therapy • 12 Step Programs • Detoxification • In Patient Rehabilitation • Therapeutic Counselling& Groups
  29. 29. reference • www.about.com • www.umm.edu • www.helpguide.org • www.drugabuse.gov • www.alcoholism.about.com
  30. 30. Don’t do drugs! Group Members: Nadia O. Richards Jamilla Marcelle Thanks for watching!

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