I’ll start with what “Haida” means. It is pronounced “hi- da” and means Xayda which means person. The Haida Indians lived in both southern Alaska and British Columbia, particularly the Haida gwaii archipelago and Prince of Wales Island. In Canada there are two separate Haida communities called Masset and Skidate. Each have their reserved place that is legally their land, however the Haidas are also Canadian citizens so they have to follow all Canadian laws. Alaska natives live in one community in Hydaberg. The Haidas have a very organized community with laws and a government.
Kids play all the time. However, older kids have morechores than playtime. The kids have dolls, toys, andgames. Like many native Americans Haida motherstraditionally carried their babies in cradleboards ontheir backs.
The Haidas have avery organizedcommunity withlaws and agovernment.
Haida women gathered plants and herbs,wove baskets and clothes, and did most ofthe child care and cooking.
Men were fishermen andhunters and sometimeswent to war to protecttheir families. Bothgenders took part instorytelling, artwork,music and traditionalmedicine.
The Haidas lived in rectangular cedar plankhouses with bark roofs. Usually these houseswere as large as one hundred feet long andeach fit up to fifty people (a whole clan). AlsoHaidas at war lived in teepees.
Haida men wore breechcloths and long cloaks.Women wore knee length skirts and poncho-like capes. In winter Haidas wore moccasinsand heavy caribou robes. Haidas wore baskethats made of finely woven spruce root. TheHaidas painted their hats which displayed aperson’s status and family connections like wedo now on Facebook in modern times.
Haida artists are known for their fine basketryand wood carving art, including carved masksand spectacular totem poles.
The Haidas would frequently trade with othertribes of the Northwest coast, particularly theTlingit and Tzimshian (Tsim-she-am) tribes.They had festivals called potlatch. That is wheremodern day people got the idea of potluck.Chiefs and he wealthy Haidas got big things likewooden canoes. There are lots of traditionalHaida legends and fairy tales. Storytelling is veryimportant to the Haida’s Indian culture.