DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF MARINE, COASTS AND SMALL
ISLANDS
MINISTRY OF MARINE AFFAIRS AND FISHERIES
2009
DEVELOPMENT OF INDON...
POTENSIALS
• Indonesia’s is the World’s largest archipelago
– 95,150 km of coastline
– More than 17,480 islands
– Stretche...
Basic Challenges:
1. Large and rapid population growth
2. Lack of knowledge for sustainable
management of natural resource...
NEW PARADIGM
1. Decentralization
2. Democratization; Participatory
Approach
3. Ecosystem Based Management?
4. Sea Partners...
INTRODUCTION TO “Sea Grant-Like”
Indonesian Sea Partnership Program (SPP)
• SPP (“Mitra Bahari”) was
adopted from Sea Gran...
Rules and Regulation
Related on SPP
• Legally, SPP is declared in Law No. 27/2007 concerning
on coastal zone and small isl...
 SPP provides a mechanism for addressing
implementation gaps at central and
regional levels
 SPP has accesses capacity b...
VISION
Partnership is vehicle to accelerate
marine and fisheries development
MISSION
•To develop partnership among stakeho...
LOCAL
GOV.
PRIVATE
SECTOR
NGO’s
DG-
CSI
UNIV.
National Strategic
Priorities
Local Government
Priorities
Coastal
Community
...
Location of Sea Partnership Provinces
(2003-2010)
Several Activities has been Achieved
within Sea Partnership Consortia in
2009
Activities Consortia/Regional Center
Develop...
CORAL REEF TRANSPLANTATION TRAINING IN
GOSONG SENGGORO
• When : June 2009
•Where : Gosong Senggoro, Kotawaringin Barat ,
C...
Entrepreneurship Training for Fisherman Women’s
Group in Pasia Nan Tigo Padang
Sea Partnership Consortia West Sumatera, 20...
Training Application of GPS and Fish finder for
fisherman in Sea Partnership Consortia South
Kalimantan
 When : April 201...
National Secretariat Achievement in 2009
 Institutional Strengthening and core programs in 33
consortia
 establishment o...
HONAM SEA GRANT VISIT, 2009
ACTION PLANS FOR YEAR 2010 IN
NATIONAL SECRETARIAT OF SPP
• Strengthening national Secretariat
• Produce SPP journals, Boo...
Sea Partnership Coordination Meeting
September, 2010
• Increasing quality and active participation of
coastal community
• Strengthening institution, networking, and
personnel ...
POTENTIAL INTERNATIONAL
COLLABORATIVE ACTIVITIES AND OPPORTUNITY
FOR DEVELOPING SEA PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM
PARTICIPATE IN US ...
SPP PUBLICATIONS
Cross Visit
Indonesian SPP – KOREA SEA GRANT
-Korea Sea Grant (Honam Sea Grant) delegates visited SPP in 10-13
August 2009...
CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES
 Indonesian Sea Partnership is rapidly growing and required
stronger cooperation and better ...
Coral Reef Rehabilitation and
Management Program in Indonesia
(COREMAP II)
Threats stem from both natural phenomena
and anthropogenic impacts.
Remote reefs are not safe from exploitation
and damage...
• BLAST FISHING: can destroy nearby corals and severely
impact distant corals.
• CYANIDE FISHING: physical damage.
• Both ...
• Natural or Anthropogenic
induced?
• “Bleaching” is a very
generic non-specific
term.
• Many factors induce
bleaching / c...
 Phase 1: Initiation (1998-2003)
• Viable framework for a national coral reef
system in Indonesia established
• Assistanc...
Unique Design Features
• Decentralized Management
• Multi Stakeholder Inclusion
• Quantifiable Fisheries Benefits
• Wide G...
COREMAP II Goals:
 Insure biodiversity conservation and sustainable
management of coral reefs and related
ecosystems;
 S...
(A) Institutional Strengthening - to enhance government institutional
responsiveness to meet the needs of coastal communit...
COREMAP II
ADB
COREMAP II
WB
CORE of COREMAP
We are too small……..!!!
Sustainable Reef Fisheries: Challenging
for COREMAP Program!
1. Total Allowable Catch?
2. Environmentally Friendly Fishing...
Small Scale
Locally Managed
Marine Protected Area (DPL)
Spill-Over: Penangkapandi Luar DPL
ISLAND
REEF WATCHER
VIOLATOR
COMMUNICATION PATHWAY
REPEATER ANTENA
REEF WATCHER
OTHER FISHERMAN
HIGHEST
TOPOGRAPHY
ISLAND
...
1. Institutional Accomplishments
• Operate in 16 Districts with Reef Area (3,300
sq km)
• Reach 407 Villages
• Baselines (...
2. Community Based Accomplishments
• 700 Field Extension Workers
• 407 LPSTK and Village Information Centers
• More than 2...
3. Public Awareness/Education/Sea
Partnership Accomplishments
• Public Awareness Campaigns – All Media
• Competitions & Co...
1.Advisory Services
2.Responsive Research
3.Scholarship
4.Seconded Staff
5.Field Work Training or
Internship
6. Establish ...
•US SEA GRANT INTERNSHIP
•US SEA GRANT VISIT
•INTERNATIONAL ADVISORY SERVICE
CORAL TRIANGLE INITIATIVE ( CTI )
ON CORAL REEFS,FISHERIES AND FOOD
SECURITIES
Challenge and
Opportunity of
Science and
Ma...
TERIMA KASIH
THANK YOU
GAMSAHABNIDA
Development of an Indonesian Sea Grant Partnership Program
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  1. 1. DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF MARINE, COASTS AND SMALL ISLANDS MINISTRY OF MARINE AFFAIRS AND FISHERIES 2009 DEVELOPMENT OF INDONESIAN SEA PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM (SPP) &
  2. 2. POTENSIALS • Indonesia’s is the World’s largest archipelago – 95,150 km of coastline – More than 17,480 islands – Stretches over 3 equatorial time zones • Marine waters cover 75% of the national area (~ 5.8 million km2), with third largest EEZ in the world (2.7 million km2 ) • Fourth largest population in the world (~230 million people) • Coral Triangle Areas ~ Mega Marine Biodiversity
  3. 3. Basic Challenges: 1. Large and rapid population growth 2. Lack of knowledge for sustainable management of natural resources 3. Lack of awareness on environmental (coastal) sustainability 4. Poverty especially coastal community
  4. 4. NEW PARADIGM 1. Decentralization 2. Democratization; Participatory Approach 3. Ecosystem Based Management? 4. Sea Partnership (“Mitra Bahari“)
  5. 5. INTRODUCTION TO “Sea Grant-Like” Indonesian Sea Partnership Program (SPP) • SPP (“Mitra Bahari”) was adopted from Sea Grant Program Concepts and launched in Indonesia since October 2002 • SPP was developed in order to enhance marine, coastal and small islands resources for sustainable development • by 2010 SPP has been grown and established in 33 provinces (participation of 86 Universities, 39 private institutions, 77 NGO’s)
  6. 6. Rules and Regulation Related on SPP • Legally, SPP is declared in Law No. 27/2007 concerning on coastal zone and small islands management Article 41: “In an effort to increase the capacity of the stakeholders in management of coastal zone and small islands, a Sea Partnership shall be established as a forum for cooperation between the local government, universities, non-governmental organization, professional organizations, prominent figure of the community, and/or the industry” • Ministerial Decree no 14/Men/2009 concerning on Sea Partnership
  7. 7.  SPP provides a mechanism for addressing implementation gaps at central and regional levels  SPP has accesses capacity between regional universities with local development needed  SPP matches national strategic priorities with regional and regional development issues  SPP is appropriate within the framework of democratic decentralization RATIONALE SEA PARTNERSHIP
  8. 8. VISION Partnership is vehicle to accelerate marine and fisheries development MISSION •To develop partnership among stakeholders for developing marine and fisheries sector •To strengthen sea partnership institution; •To support increasing capacity resources management incoastal and small islands areas based on science and technology; •To push acceleration of marine and fisheries development in coastal and small islands through outreach and/or extension activity, education and training, applied research, andpolicy recommendation.
  9. 9. LOCAL GOV. PRIVATE SECTOR NGO’s DG- CSI UNIV. National Strategic Priorities Local Government Priorities Coastal Community Development OUTREACH EXTENTION POLICY APPLIED RESEARCH Private Sector Development CONSORTIUM REGIONAL UNIVERSITY BASED REGIONAL IMPLEMENTATION STRUCTURE
  10. 10. Location of Sea Partnership Provinces (2003-2010)
  11. 11. Several Activities has been Achieved within Sea Partnership Consortia in 2009 Activities Consortia/Regional Center Developing marine protected areas based community in Sekunyit, Kaur Bengkulu Coral Reef Surveys Result of Tsunami, Illegal Fishing and Global Warming in Pulau Banyak Aceh Socialization of National Act Regulation No 27 Year 2007 on coastal zones and small islands management. North Sumatera Capacity building training to support marine protected areas South East Sulawesi Developing mangrove center in Teluk Awur Central Java Developing marine ecotourism based community West Papua Training on disaster mitigation North Sulawesi
  12. 12. CORAL REEF TRANSPLANTATION TRAINING IN GOSONG SENGGORO • When : June 2009 •Where : Gosong Senggoro, Kotawaringin Barat , Central Kalimantan •Who : Coastal Communities in Gosong Senggoro
  13. 13. Entrepreneurship Training for Fisherman Women’s Group in Pasia Nan Tigo Padang Sea Partnership Consortia West Sumatera, 2009
  14. 14. Training Application of GPS and Fish finder for fisherman in Sea Partnership Consortia South Kalimantan  When : April 2010  Where : Fishing Port Muara Kintap South Kalimantan  Who : 3 groups fisherman from Muara kintap and Aluh –Aluh  What : Application of GPS and Fish finder
  15. 15. National Secretariat Achievement in 2009  Institutional Strengthening and core programs in 33 consortia  establishment of Ministerial regulations on Sea Partnership  Initiated cooperation and received visit delegation from Korean Sea Grant  Training of Trainers on Logic Model for 33 coordinator Sea Partnership Consortia  National workshop on Sea Partnership  Produced material publication such as journals, booklet, etc in Bahasa
  16. 16. HONAM SEA GRANT VISIT, 2009
  17. 17. ACTION PLANS FOR YEAR 2010 IN NATIONAL SECRETARIAT OF SPP • Strengthening national Secretariat • Produce SPP journals, Booklet, film, success story of RC-SPP • Training of Trainer/In House Training • Coordination Meeting • National Workshop on Sea Partnership Program • Participation on SPP Week in USA
  18. 18. Sea Partnership Coordination Meeting September, 2010
  19. 19. • Increasing quality and active participation of coastal community • Strengthening institution, networking, and personnel of SPP • Synchronizing program & development of partnership scope of SPP • Increasing support facility, monitoring and evaluation system for strategic planning of SPP • ncreasing program & improvement of budgeting system of SPP. Strategies for Development of SPP
  20. 20. POTENTIAL INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIVE ACTIVITIES AND OPPORTUNITY FOR DEVELOPING SEA PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM PARTICIPATE IN US SEA GRANT WEEK AND KOREAN SEA GRANT WEEK TRAINING of TRAINERS/IN HOUSE TRAINING PROPOSED INTERNATIONAL ADVISER (INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT SPECIALIST ) FOR REVITALIZATION OF SPP INSTITUSIONAL STRENGTHENING HUMAN RESOURCE CAPACITY TROUGH EDUCATION ( INTERNSHIP, SISTER UNIVERSITY , SCIENTIST EXCHANGE PROGRAMS, ETC) CONTINUING EXTENSION AND COMMUNICATION PROGRAM THROUGH WORSKHOP AND TRAINING
  21. 21. SPP PUBLICATIONS
  22. 22. Cross Visit Indonesian SPP – KOREA SEA GRANT -Korea Sea Grant (Honam Sea Grant) delegates visited SPP in 10-13 August 2009 : Taekkun Nam (Director of Honam Sea Grant Program), Daegwun Yoon (Mokpo University), Denny Kim (Chief of Honam Sea Grant Program), Sophie Kim (Researcher of Honam Sea Grant Program). -November 2009, SPP participated in Korea Sea Grant Week -The Expo 2012 Yeosu Korea Organizing Committee visited MMAF. Director Marine Policy Division, Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs invite SPP to participate in Korea Sea Grant meeting that will be conduct at the expo.
  23. 23. CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES  Indonesian Sea Partnership is rapidly growing and required stronger cooperation and better strategies  More active participation of Universities  Stakeholders contribution (budget and activities) is needed  Expand networking at the national, regional and international levels  Increasing human resource capacity in each regional center  Development of activity implementation through collaboration of cross consortia  Increasing contribution of SPP to accelerate marine and fisheries development  Opportunity given by Law No. 27/2007 such as Ministry Decree on SPP, strategic planning, and evaluation and monitoring  Opportunity to participate in global cooperation/commitment for managing some international issues (i.e. CTI, etc)
  24. 24. Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management Program in Indonesia (COREMAP II)
  25. 25. Threats stem from both natural phenomena and anthropogenic impacts. Remote reefs are not safe from exploitation and damage. 50 % of reefs are highly threatened. Only 15 % of reefs are not threatened Western Indonesia: < 30 % of reefs have a coral cover > 50 % Eastern Indonesia better but still < 45 % Percentage of degraded reefs increased from 10 % to 50 % over last 50 years. >23,000 km2 of original mangrove lost by 1980. Threats to Indonesian reefs ( source Reefs at Risk) The degree of threat varies with region, only through active collaborative research we will determine the type and degree of threat (s) impacting the Indonesian reefs Degree of threat to Indonesian reefs 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Totalthreat Destructivefishing OverfishingSedimentation Pollution Coastaldevelopment Percentageofreefs Low Medium High
  26. 26. • BLAST FISHING: can destroy nearby corals and severely impact distant corals. • CYANIDE FISHING: physical damage. • Both extremely costly (Hopley and Suharsono 2000) • Between 2000 – 2020 these practises will cost Indonesia: BLAST: U$ 570 million CYANIDE: U$ 46 million • CORAL MINING: is completely unsustainable • Blast and cyanide fishing still a huge problem – need to enforce policy AND examine mid to long term impacts. • ALTERNATIVE INCOME STREAMS? Anthropogenic factors decreasing diversity: DESTRUCTIVE TECHNIQUES Effects of distance on coral recovery following a blast event 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 time 0 1 year later time 0 1 year later Porites 1 (6m away) Porites 2 (3 m away) Surfacearea(mm)2 Bleached Overgrown Bleaching area recovered Modified from Smith 2003
  27. 27. • Natural or Anthropogenic induced? • “Bleaching” is a very generic non-specific term. • Many factors induce bleaching / coral mortality. • One of the biggest cause of concern is thermal induced bleaching. From Smith et al 2005 Global Change Biology Coral Bleaching
  28. 28.  Phase 1: Initiation (1998-2003) • Viable framework for a national coral reef system in Indonesia established • Assistance from: GOI, ADB, WB/GEF, AusAID  Phase 2: Acceleration (2004 - 2012) • Viable reef management systems established in 15 districts • Assistance from: GOI, ADB, WB/GEF  Phase 3???: Institutionalization (2012–2017) • Viable reef management systems established in priority districts operational, fully decentralized to regional governments and institutionalized COREMAP PHASES
  29. 29. Unique Design Features • Decentralized Management • Multi Stakeholder Inclusion • Quantifiable Fisheries Benefits • Wide Geographic Coverage • Sound Financial Management • Awareness for Behavior Change • Project Support Communications
  30. 30. COREMAP II Goals:  Insure biodiversity conservation and sustainable management of coral reefs and related ecosystems;  Strengthen the capacity of communities and local institutions to manage coral reefs and related ecosystems; and  Lower the incidence of poverty in the Program’s coastal communities
  31. 31. (A) Institutional Strengthening - to enhance government institutional responsiveness to meet the needs of coastal communities, in support of collaborative management o f marine reserves and other marine protected Areas (B) Community Based & Collaborative Management - to empower all coastal communities and institutions throughout program districts to sustainably co-manage coral reefs and associated ecosystems to increase incomes which will in turn enhance community welfare (C) Public Awareness, Education and SPP to promote societal awareness o f the benefits of coral reef ecosystem conservation and sustainable use that leads to behavioral change. The COREMAP (Phase 2) implemented through 3 components:
  32. 32. COREMAP II ADB COREMAP II WB
  33. 33. CORE of COREMAP
  34. 34. We are too small……..!!!
  35. 35. Sustainable Reef Fisheries: Challenging for COREMAP Program! 1. Total Allowable Catch? 2. Environmentally Friendly Fishing Gears? 3. Size Limitation/ Regulation? 4. Enforcement 5. Empowerment 6. Ecosystem Based Management
  36. 36. Small Scale Locally Managed Marine Protected Area (DPL)
  37. 37. Spill-Over: Penangkapandi Luar DPL
  38. 38. ISLAND REEF WATCHER VIOLATOR COMMUNICATION PATHWAY REPEATER ANTENA REEF WATCHER OTHER FISHERMAN HIGHEST TOPOGRAPHY ISLAND MCS BOAT REEF WATCHER DISTRICT ZONE (4 NM) PROVINCIAL ZONE (12 NM ) HOLDING CAGE ANNEX A. MCS SYSTEM WORKING MECHANISM FISH DISEMBARCATION STATION COREMAP STATIONSUBDISTRICT OFFICE POLICE OFFICE KSDA OFFICE
  39. 39. 1. Institutional Accomplishments • Operate in 16 Districts with Reef Area (3,300 sq km) • Reach 407 Villages • Baselines (Ecological; Social) Established • Training Programs Conducted at all Levels • 8 Provincial & District Legislation • 15 District Coral Reef Strategies • 14 District Marine Protected Areas (KKLDs)
  40. 40. 2. Community Based Accomplishments • 700 Field Extension Workers • 407 LPSTK and Village Information Centers • More than 20.000 members of Pokmas • 400 Village Coral Reef Mgmt Plans (RPTKs) • 400 Village Protected Areas (DPLs) • Community Monitoring, Control, Surveillance • 390 Micro Credit Operations
  41. 41. 3. Public Awareness/Education/Sea Partnership Accomplishments • Public Awareness Campaigns – All Media • Competitions & Contests at all levels • Teacher Training • Elementary School Books and Program • Junior and Senior High School Books • Seconded Staff Placements • University Scholarships • University Field Internships • High School Scholarships • University Research Projects
  42. 42. 1.Advisory Services 2.Responsive Research 3.Scholarship 4.Seconded Staff 5.Field Work Training or Internship 6. Establish National Sea Partnership Office COREMAP-II • Institutional Strengthening): Program Coordination M & E and Training • Community Based and Collaborative Management : COMUNNITY EMPOWERMENT, COMUNNITY DEVELOPMENT, COMUNNITY BASE RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, MARINE CONSERVATION AREA MANAGEMENT • PUBLIC AWARNESS, EDUCATION AND SEA PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM NATIONAL SPP • OUTREACH • EXTENSION AND EDUCATION • APPLIED RESEARCH • POLICY RECOMMENDATION SEA PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM-COREMAP II
  43. 43. •US SEA GRANT INTERNSHIP •US SEA GRANT VISIT •INTERNATIONAL ADVISORY SERVICE
  44. 44. CORAL TRIANGLE INITIATIVE ( CTI ) ON CORAL REEFS,FISHERIES AND FOOD SECURITIES Challenge and Opportunity of Science and Management in Improving People’s Prosperity
  45. 45. TERIMA KASIH THANK YOU GAMSAHABNIDA

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