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Devastating Financial Impacts RPT Revenues CIP Capital Costs Cuts in City Services
. The Fundamental Problem Coastal Cities are not Designed or Managed to be Sustainable or Resilient
Question - What has Sea Grant done to meet the climate change challenge and what more can it do?
Sea Grant & Climate Change A Record of Accomplishment Alaska Sea Grant- Coastal Erosion/Bering Sea New Jersey SG- International Workshop Sea Level Rise Maine SG- Edited “Maine’s Climate Future” Washington SG- Climate Change Adaptation Workshop Oregon/Maine SG- Research & Engagement Coastal CC California SG- Global Warming “trophic equivalency”/forecasting Florida SG- Coastal Primer for Florida Legislature Delaware SG- Predicting Coastal Inundation Mid Atlantic Region Georgia SG- Software/Visualize & Analyze Shoreline Change Mississippi/Alabama SG-Climate/Resiliency Panel New York SG-East Coast Winter Storms Forecasting Website Maryland SG- Visualizing Sea Level Rise Rhode Island SG- Sea Level Rise Policy Puerto Rico SG- Governor’s Climate Commission Hawaii SG- Center of Excellence in Climate Adaptation & Policy
Answer- Sea Grant has done a great deal but it can play a far greater role.
Sea Grant’s Unique Attributes *University Partnerships *Diversity of Research Talent *Trusted/Experienced Coastal Extension Service
Growing National Consensus For extensive and immediate extension services related to mediation and adaptation to climate change
Sea Grant Extension Ideally positioned to take a leadership role in this multi-jurisdictional extension effort, extending NOAA-wide information and expertise
Sea Grant Climate Extension The work Sea Grant is doing now just scratches the surface of national need. To effectively deal with the climate challenge Sea Grant Extension will need a substantial increase in resources and funding.
The Challenge Redesign Coastal Cities to be More Sustainable and Resilient in the Face of Climate Change
Proposal - NOAA Sea Grant Sustainable Coastal Community Climate Change Initiative Utilize NOAA Sea Grant and other NOAA expertise to facilitate coastal urban planning that integrates land use, transportation, energy, natural resource, economic, and climate change mitigation and adaptation components.
Proposal NOAA Climate Service should contract with Sea Grant to provide coastal climate extension services and carry out that initiative
The Sea Grant Goal Every Coastal Local Government to Develop a Comprehensive Sustainability Plan to include Climate Change …. Mitigation Plans Adaptation Plans Resiliency Plans
What would this Sea Grant Sustainable Coastal Community Climate Change Initiative involve?
Sea Grant Coastal Community Sustainability Initiative Public Education & Capacity Building Sustainability must be grassroots based. We have failed as educators . Only 40% of US citizens “believe” in global warming.
Barrier to Action – Ignorance The U.S. – Leader or Obstacle ? U.S. Senator on TV telling the public that global warming is a hoax.
Barrier to Action- Disinformation The disinformation campaign waged by special interests about global warming is the major stumbling block to sustainable energy policies and program funding.
Sea Grant Coastal Community Sustainability Initiative Leadership Education and Training
Sea Grant Coastal Community Sustainability Initiative Creating the Plans Mitigating & Adapting to Climate Change What should the planning encompass?
Land use planning Transportation Energy policy Econ. Development Natural resource management Social factors
Internalizing “external” costs
Key Concepts A Systems Approach Waste handling The Sustainable, Resilient, Coastal City Systems – Scientists understand them, politicians do not.
Climate Change - Building Sustainability & Resiliency Land Use - Mitigation Build Cities for People Not Cars
Climate Change - Building Sustainability & Resiliency Land Use - Mitigation Utilize “Smart Growth” Design
Smart Growth Create Higher Density Mixed Use Communities
Urban Growth Boundaries & Coastal Zone Management Changes
Climate Change – Building Sustainability & Resiliency Land Use - Mitigation Preserve Habitat & Open Space Protect Watersheds, Habitats & View Planes Reduce GHGs
Cities – the Sustainable Prescription Land Use - Mitigation Sustainable Building Design New Green Codes
Adapting to Climate Change Land Use – 1 st Step To Adaptation Evaluate Potential Impacts
Adapting to Climate Change Land Use – Adaptation Decisions Retreat from Potential Inundation Zones or Attempt to Harden Coastal Urban Areas
Adapting to Climate Change Land Use – Adaptation Developing New Comprehensive Plans & Zoning Maps
Adapting to Climate Change Land Use – Adaptation Relocate Population Centers Develop New Public Facilities Plans Phase & Redesign New Urban Infrastructure Re-plan & Redesign City in a Sustainable Way
Adapting to Climate Change Land Use – Adaptation Developing New Building Codes for Higher Temperatures & Storm Intensity, Coastal Setbacks
Adapting to Climate Change Land Use – Adaptation Legal Issues Property Rights - TDR
Climate Change – Building Sustainability & Resiliency Transportation – Mitigation Incentives to Shift to Public Transit Higher Gas Taxes Transit Subsidies – Employer Benefit Plans Improved Service
Climate Change – Building Sustainability & Resiliency Transportation - Mitigation Multi-modal Alternatives Bike Racks on Buses and Sidewalks Modify Roadway Specifications Bikeways Shower & Locker Facilities
Climate Change – Building Sustainability & Resiliency Wastewater– Mitigation & Adaptation Build Distributed Treatment Systems Membrane Bio-reactor Technology
Climate Change – Building Sustainability & Resiliency Resource Recovery– Mitigation Recycling & Reuse Metals Glass……………… to Glassphalt Plastics Green Waste
Climate Change – Building Sustainability & Resiliency Resource Recovery– Mitigation Garbage to Energy – RDF, Plasma Arc
Climate Change Emergency Scenario Resiliency to Climate Change Acute Impacts - Are Cities Ready? Anticipate & Reduce Vulnerabilities-Codes, Setbacks Respond – During and After Disaster Return to “New Normal”
Climate Change Emergency Scenario Tropical Hurricane Resiliency Test
Hurricane heading WNW from eastern Pacific
19 inches of rain expected within next 24 hrs
Storm surge, flooding, dangerous high winds expected
Climate Change Emergency Scenario Utilize Mobile Data Terminals
Climate Change Emergency Scenario The Aftermath Activate Mobile Command & Control
Climate Change Emergency Scenario The Aftermath Activate Prepositioned Resources
Climate Change Emergency Scenario The Aftermath Begin Recovery–Return to New Normal
NOAA Sea Grant Goals & Strategies - Comments Sustainable Coastal Development * Expanded focus on climate change and sustainable coastal community planning Hazard Resilient Coastal Co mmunities * Incorporate “Climate Change” in focus title to reflect NOAA Strategic Plan
NOAA Sea Grant Climate Change Initiative Capacity Building Broaden SG Expertise
NOAA Sea Grant Climate Change Initiative Tap New University Disciplines
NOAA Sea Grant Climate Change Initiative Strengthen NOAA Partner Ties Implement MOUs, Inner Agency Agreements
NOAA Sea Grant Climate Change Initiative Strengthen CES Partner Ties
NOAA Sea Grant Climate Change Initiative Get the Resources!
X X Mitigating and Adapting to Climate Change Sea Grant’s Opportunity & Challenge