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A community-based framework for identifying, estimating and evaluating ecosystem services associated with Oregon's proposed marine reserves
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A community-based framework for identifying, estimating and evaluating ecosystem services associated with Oregon's proposed marine reserves

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Oregon State University oceanographer Michael Harte's 2010-2012 research project for Oregon Sea Grant

Oregon State University oceanographer Michael Harte's 2010-2012 research project for Oregon Sea Grant


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  • 1. A COMMUNITY BASED FRAMEWORK FOR EVALUATING ECOSYSTEM SERVICES ASSOCIATED WITH OREGON'S MARINE RESERVES Michael Harte College of Oceanic & Atmospheric Sciences & Oregon Sea Grant Selina Heppell Department of Fisheries & Wildlife Gil Sylvia Coastal Oregon Marine Experiment Station
  • 2.
    • Emerging scientific consensus around ecosystem-based management as a conceptual model for managing marine systems.
    • It is about maintaining healthy marine & coastal ecosystems so that they can provide the services humans want and need for this and future generations.
    • It is place/system focused rather than sector focused.
    • EBM focused research, extension and education explicitly integrates multiple disciplines and perspectives and emphasizes their interconnection.
    Planning for the 21st Century Ocean Uses
  • 3.
    • Putting EBM into effect means giving greater attention to research that supports marine spatial planning by:
      • Identifying marine management units based on biophysical characteristics.
      • Establishing the ecosystem services provided by these management units and the benefits associated with those services.
      • Accounting for cumulative human impacts and associated tradeoffs between services.
    Planning for the 21st Century Ocean Uses
  • 4.
      • Accounting for uncertainty in baseline information, implementation of policies and social and biophysical responses to a particular activity.
      • Evaluating regulatory and non-regulatory management mechanisms that align incentives for the sustainable use of resources within the zones.
      • Encouraging adaptive management programs to monitor, review and adjust zones and their regulation as required.
      • Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force Reports reinforce this approach to ocean and coastal management.
    Planning for the 21st Century Ocean Uses
  • 5. Application to Oregon’s Proposed MPAs
  • 6. Application to the Oregon’s Proposed MPAs
    • Develop a conceptual framework for identifying, estimating and evaluating costs and benefits associated with Oregon’s proposed marine reserves from an ecosystem service standpoint.
    • Establish the methods that are likely the best for assessing and measuring ecosystem services and the ecosystem benefits associated with the marine reserves.
    • Apply the operational evaluation framework to marine reserve ecosystem services analysis for two case study sites using available quantitative data and qualitative data.
  • 7. Application to the Oregon’s Proposed MPAs
    • Identify changes (+ & -) in ecosystem services and benefits that are the most important to decision makers, communities and stakeholders at local and regional scales.
    • Establish monitoring, evaluation and adaptive management procedures to maximize benefits and minimize costs.
    • Produce guidance on the application of an ecosystem-services approach to marine reserve planning, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation.
  • 8. Expected Outcomes
    • The concepts of ecosystem services and benefits are communicated to, and understood by, decision makers, coastal communities and stakeholders.
    • Decision-makers take into account ecosystem services and benefits when assessing, implementing and monitoring marine reserves as an ecosystem-based management tool.
    • Decision-makers, communities and stakeholders use consistent definitions and measures of ecosystem services and ecosystem benefits.
    • Reduced conflict between decision-makers, communities and stakeholders.
    • Reduced social, cultural and economic costs to coastal communities.