A COMMUNITY BASED FRAMEWORK FOR EVALUATING ECOSYSTEM SERVICES ASSOCIATED WITH OREGON'S MARINE RESERVES   Michael Harte  Co...
<ul><li>Emerging scientific consensus around ecosystem-based management as a conceptual model for managing marine systems....
<ul><li>Putting EBM into effect means giving greater attention to research that supports marine spatial planning by: </li>...
<ul><ul><li>Accounting for uncertainty in baseline information, implementation of policies and social and biophysical resp...
Application to Oregon’s Proposed MPAs
Application to the Oregon’s Proposed MPAs <ul><li>Develop a conceptual framework for identifying, estimating and evaluatin...
Application to the Oregon’s Proposed MPAs <ul><li>Identify changes (+ & -) in ecosystem services and benefits that are the...
Expected Outcomes <ul><li>The concepts of ecosystem services and benefits are communicated to, and understood by, decision...
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A community-based framework for identifying, estimating and evaluating ecosystem services associated with Oregon's proposed marine reserves

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Oregon State University oceanographer Michael Harte's 2010-2012 research project for Oregon Sea Grant

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A community-based framework for identifying, estimating and evaluating ecosystem services associated with Oregon's proposed marine reserves

  1. 1. A COMMUNITY BASED FRAMEWORK FOR EVALUATING ECOSYSTEM SERVICES ASSOCIATED WITH OREGON'S MARINE RESERVES Michael Harte College of Oceanic & Atmospheric Sciences & Oregon Sea Grant Selina Heppell Department of Fisheries & Wildlife Gil Sylvia Coastal Oregon Marine Experiment Station
  2. 2. <ul><li>Emerging scientific consensus around ecosystem-based management as a conceptual model for managing marine systems. </li></ul><ul><li>It is about maintaining healthy marine & coastal ecosystems so that they can provide the services humans want and need for this and future generations. </li></ul><ul><li>It is place/system focused rather than sector focused. </li></ul><ul><li>EBM focused research, extension and education explicitly integrates multiple disciplines and perspectives and emphasizes their interconnection. </li></ul>Planning for the 21st Century Ocean Uses
  3. 3. <ul><li>Putting EBM into effect means giving greater attention to research that supports marine spatial planning by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying marine management units based on biophysical characteristics. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishing the ecosystem services provided by these management units and the benefits associated with those services. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accounting for cumulative human impacts and associated tradeoffs between services. </li></ul></ul>Planning for the 21st Century Ocean Uses
  4. 4. <ul><ul><li>Accounting for uncertainty in baseline information, implementation of policies and social and biophysical responses to a particular activity. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluating regulatory and non-regulatory management mechanisms that align incentives for the sustainable use of resources within the zones. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraging adaptive management programs to monitor, review and adjust zones and their regulation as required. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force Reports reinforce this approach to ocean and coastal management. </li></ul></ul>Planning for the 21st Century Ocean Uses
  5. 5. Application to Oregon’s Proposed MPAs
  6. 6. Application to the Oregon’s Proposed MPAs <ul><li>Develop a conceptual framework for identifying, estimating and evaluating costs and benefits associated with Oregon’s proposed marine reserves from an ecosystem service standpoint. </li></ul><ul><li>Establish the methods that are likely the best for assessing and measuring ecosystem services and the ecosystem benefits associated with the marine reserves. </li></ul><ul><li>Apply the operational evaluation framework to marine reserve ecosystem services analysis for two case study sites using available quantitative data and qualitative data. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Application to the Oregon’s Proposed MPAs <ul><li>Identify changes (+ & -) in ecosystem services and benefits that are the most important to decision makers, communities and stakeholders at local and regional scales. </li></ul><ul><li>Establish monitoring, evaluation and adaptive management procedures to maximize benefits and minimize costs. </li></ul><ul><li>Produce guidance on the application of an ecosystem-services approach to marine reserve planning, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Expected Outcomes <ul><li>The concepts of ecosystem services and benefits are communicated to, and understood by, decision makers, coastal communities and stakeholders. </li></ul><ul><li>Decision-makers take into account ecosystem services and benefits when assessing, implementing and monitoring marine reserves as an ecosystem-based management tool. </li></ul><ul><li>Decision-makers, communities and stakeholders use consistent definitions and measures of ecosystem services and ecosystem benefits. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced conflict between decision-makers, communities and stakeholders. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced social, cultural and economic costs to coastal communities. </li></ul>
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