Polycystic kidney disease


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Polycystic kidney disease

  1. 1. Running Head: POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASE 1 POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASE Name Institution Affiliation Course (October 9, 2012)
  2. 2. POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASE 2 Polycystic Kidney Disease Polycystic Kidney Disease is a genetic kidney disorder inherited through family lines,where the kidneys form many cysts making them bloated; this is due to the formation of manycysts in the kidney. There are two types of the disorder which are the autosomal dominant andthe autosomal recessive. The autosomal dominant is usually developed at older years such as 30– 40 but also occurs in children and is the most common; while the autosomal recessive isdeveloped in childhood years and can even start from the womb and is a rare condition(Dakshinamurty, 2009).Causes The Polycystic Kidney Disease is inherited from family with the autosomal dominanttrait being more prevalent. When one parent has the gene to this disorder then chances are thatthe child has 50 percent chance to contract the disorder. This disorder is associated with aorticand brain aneurysms, liver, testes, and pancreas cysts, and colon diverticula (Simons & Walz,2006).Symptoms The symptoms include pain in the abdomen and abdominal tenderness; blood in theurine; too much urination at night, and flank pain on the abdominal parts (one or both sides).Other symptoms include pain in the joints, drowsiness, and abnormalities on nails(Dakshinamurty, 2009).Signs and tests
  3. 3. POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASE 3 During examination there may be abdominal tenderness on the upper part of the liver,which may also be enlarged. There also may be heart murmurs; growth of the kidneys and/orabdomen; and high blood pressure (Dakshinamurty, 2009). The tests done on the patient include a complete blood count (CBC), urinalysis, and acelebral angiography. Through scans on the body the swellings will be identified and henceabdominal CT scans, MRI scans, ultrasound and intravenous pyelogram (IVP) may be done. Forpersons who identify the disease in other family members it is best to take a genetic test toascertain their health (Dakshinamurty, 2009).Treatment In view of the fact that the disorder is genetic, treatment is aimed at control andpreventing further complications of the symptoms. For this reason, medication is taken to treatthe given ailments found out such as blood pressure drugs (high blood pressure) and antibiotics(urinary bacterial infections). Also diuretics and low salt diets are encouraged (Dakshinamurty,2009). When cysts are painful, bleed, or get infected they may be drained since they may be somany to remove each of them. Surgical operations to remove the affected kidneys (transplant)could be done or a scheduled dialysis of the patient.
  4. 4. POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASE 4 ReferenceDakshinamurty, K. V. (2009). Polycystic Kidney Disease – ECAB. Philadelphia: Elsevier Health Sciences, 2009Simons, M. & Walz, G. (2006). "Polycystic Kidney Disease: cell division with a clue?" Kidney International. (70): 854–864