Running Head: THE RISE OF MODERN SOCIETY 1 The Rise of Modern Society Name: Institution:
THE RISE OF MODERN SOCIETY 2 Today the society is growing more complex with every day that passes. Sociology has amore in depth meaning today but still hinges onto theories decades old. Max Weber and KarlMarx are among the founding fathers of sociology. They both were economists, raised from aEuropean protestant upbringing, but that was the farthest their similarities went. Their theoriesshaped the modern sociology, as we know it today, each with a different perspective. Socialismand capitalism philosophies are the main source of debate. According to Karl, capitalist society would not stand the test of time, and communismwill replace it. Change to Karl would only come through violent revolutions by the people(Macionis, 2008). To him, the society has classes from the poor all the way the richest. Ineverystratum, the people come together in unity to improve their lives within the strata. Karlbelieved that capitalism widened the gap between the classes. Those that accumulate wealth doso by employing the poor in the society and pay them wages. Division of labor improvesproductivity at the expense of the workers who are alienated from the complete productionprocess. This leads to limited abilities in creativity on the part of the workers while to theowners of the production means a benefit from the massive profits and the excesses that comewith it. Weber, on the other hand, to most analysts debates in favor of capitalism. He rejectedmaterialism ideas that Karl proposed in his work (Macionis, 2008). He felt that if a mandeveloped the capacity to dominate other men, he should get rewards for it. It was abiding toGod’s will by working hard to secure ones future. Karl Marx felt that human beings consciouslytook it upon themselves to amass wealth at the expense of others. Weber responds by saying thatevery person has the desire to accumulate other than just spend believing in a predestined fate.While Karl felt that, the government was to come from the people and be no more powerful than
THE RISE OF MODERN SOCIETY 3the people wanted it to be, Weber thought of government as a different social class from that ofthe people.
THE RISE OF MODERN SOCIETY 4 ReferencesMacionis, J (2008). Sociology, (12th Edition). New Jersey:Prentice Hall