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Leadershipexchangetheory by orapak

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ทฤษฎีการเเลกเปลี่ยน เเละ อำนาจ โดยอรภัค สุวรรณภักดี

ทฤษฎีการเเลกเปลี่ยน เเละ อำนาจ โดยอรภัค สุวรรณภักดี

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  • 1. ì  Leadership  Member  Exchange  Theory  Orapak  Suwanapakdee  
  • 2. Introduc1on  to  Understanding  and  Background:   Analysis    Leadership    and   ì  Who  are  they?  Exchange     ì  What  are  their  background?       Every  leader  has  to  interact  and  influence.       ì  What  do  leaders  want?       ì  What  do  they  want  to  get?   Every  influence  is  caused  by  exchange   whether  it  is  reward  or  punishment     ì  What  do  poli1cians  want?  Every  influence  has  results  which  will  in  turn   ì  Reelected/  Win  elec1on   influence  another  rela1onship.     ì  Benefits  (  in  form  of  bribe  and     corrup1on)   “  To  be  leader  is  to  influence  by  exchange”   ì  Be  able  to  influence  to  get     XYZ  they  want   Whether  it  is  money,  bribes,  good  deed,   ì  Fame  and  reputa1on   giTs,  it  is  all  exchange  for  the  purpose  of   ì  Doing  good  for  public  ****   influencing.     SOURCE:  ORAPAK  
  • 3. ì  Mob   ì  OFFLINE  Mob   ì  ONLINE  Mob  :  YOUTUBE,   Mob     WEBSITE,  FACEBOOK,  •  Who  is  who?   TWITTER,  AND  SOCIAL  •  Leaders?   NETWORK  AND  MEDIA    •  Followers?    •  Intent?  •  How  to  nego1ate    •  What  is  the  climax?    •  What  is  the  bargaining  power?  •  What  is  reward/what  is  punishment  to   Key  factor:   followers?    •  What  is  the  power?   Mob  Influencers  are  called  sub  •  What  are  the  rela1onship  amongst  leaders,   leaders.  What  makes  influencers   subleaders,  followers?     want  to  influence  mobs?  •  What  are  the  gains?  •  What  are  the  losses?  •  What  are  the  benefits  involved?     SOURCE:  ORAPAK  
  • 4. ì  Power     ì  Exchange   Why  are  their  mobs?   ì  Need     Because  they  want  to  influence  something   ì  Wants     and  they  want  to  exchange  something.       ì  The  mobs  consis1ng  of  leader   What  makes  followers  follow  that  leader,  it   and  follow.  They  want  is  because  there  are  something  in  exchange.     something  from  government.     And,  they  want  to  influence  Whether  it  is  500  Baht,  it  is  connec1on,  or  it   government  in  their  ways.     is  whatever,  it  is  the  exchange  for  the   ma_er  of  influence     ì  In  the  mob,  there  is  rela1onship   Without  exchange,  power  is  not  there  to   between  leader  and  follower.   infuence   ì  Who  are  the  true  leaders  and   who  are  followers?     SOURCE:  ORAPAK  
  • 5. Mob  Building  and  Communication   ì  Process    mob  defini1on  from  freedic1onary.com  Noun:    A  large  crowd  of  people,  esp.  one  that  is  disorderly  and  intent  on  causing  trouble  or  violence. ORAPAK  WRITES    Purpose  of  mob  is  to  use  the  crowd  and  influence  of  disorder  and  trouble  to  influence  the  followers Crowd  manipula1on,  band  wargon  effect  and  mob  psychology  are  important  in  mob  ac1ons  SOURCE:  ORAPAK  
  • 6. LMX  Theory  :    Relationship,  Interaction,  Exchange,  Influence  and  Power  SOURCE:  LEADERSHIP  THEORY  AND  PRACTICE  BY  NORTHOUSE      Leader-­‐member  exchange  (LMX)  theory  focuses  on  approach  and  conceptualizes  leadership  as  a  process  that  is  centered  on  the  interac1ons  between  leaders  and  followers.  In  other  words,  now  we  are  focusing  on  “  influencing  process  by  exchange”  instead  of  traits,  skills,  or  styles.  This  is  another  way  to  look  at  rela1onship  and  interac1on.        The  benefits  for  employees  who  develop  high-­‐quality  leader-­‐member  rela1onships  include  preferen1al  treatment,  increased  job-­‐related  communica1on,  ample  access  to  supervisors,  and  increased  performance-­‐related  feedback  (Harris  et  al.,  2009).  The  disadvantages  for  those  with  low-­‐quality  leader-­‐member  rela1onships  include  limited  trust  and  support  from  supervisors  and  few  benefits  outside  the  employment  contract  
  • 7. Dyadic  Relationship  Interac1on  and  rela1onship  between   leader  and  followers   SOURCE:  LEADERSHIP  THEORY  AND  PRACTICE   BY  NORTHOUSE    
  • 8. SOURCE:  LEADERSHIP  THEORY  AND  PRACTICE   BY  NORTHOUSE     Dyadic  Relationship    =  Two-­‐way  communication    
  • 9. In  Groups  and   Out  Groups   Out  Groups  are  different  groups   Or  different  teams   Example:  working   In  Groups  are  same  groups  or  same  teams   within  group  and    Stake  factor  :  same  stake  or  NOT?    coordinating  amongst   different  depts   SOURCE:  LEADERSHIP  THEORY  AND  PRACTICE   BY  NORTHOUSE     Based  on  survey  conducted,     High  quality  of  leader-­‐  members  rela1onship  leaders  to  higher  job   Sa1sfac1on,  performance  and  outcome  
  • 10. ì  Topics  of  discussions  Leadership  Making     ì  King  and  Leadership  Making   ì  Thaksin  and  leadership  Tool:  a  Tool  to  create  network  with     Making  followers   ì  Steve  jobs  and  leadership   making    Defini4on  :  Partnering  with  employees.  Making  sure  employees  are  bound  to   ì  What  is  leadership  making?  leadership  process   ì  Partnering  Key:    How  to  make  employees/followers   ì  Caring    Feel  as  a  part  of  the  group.         ì  Suppor1ng     ì  Rewarding/Punishing     Leadership  Making  -­‐à  Influence     (  In  order  to  influence  well,  the   basis  is  rooted  in  leadership   making)…..     SOURCE  :  ORAPAK    
  • 11. Leadership  Making  Could  be  good  for  leaders  and  followers   But  not  every  follower        
  • 12. ì  What  makes  people  follow   Thaksin?   Leadership  Making   and  Communication     Communica1on  is  a  form  of  leadership     making.       When  leaders  are  making  changes,  leaders  influence  by  communica1on  and   ac1ons.    
  • 13. ì  h_p://www.ma1chon.co.th/ news_detail.php?Result  of  Leadership   newsid=1326900310&grpid= Making     &ca1d=01&subca1d=0100 Let’s  discuss  in  classes   ì  การเเต่งตั้งให้เป็น รมต กระทรวงเกษตรนั้น เพราะ ?  
  • 14. What  is  Power?  =  Ability  to  influence   How  does  power  influence  in  dyadic  or  group   rela1onship?           OTen  people  use  the  words  power/  authority   interchangably.   Basically,  power  can  be  derived  from  authority   But  it  does  not  have  to  be  because   Some  leaders  in  1tle  are  powerless     Here  are  source  of  power-­‐-­‐à   Source  :  ADAPTED  FROM    www.ccl.org/ leadership/pdf/research/roleOfPower.pdf  
  • 15. ì  Facts   ì  Many  people,  especially  in   What  is  Relationship   poli1cs  use  rela1onship   Building?     building  as  a  power  to   collude  whether  it  is  done   Many  firms  talk  about  team  building.   by  individual  or  as  a  whole.     Team  building  is  another  form   Of  rela1onship  building.   ì  Collusion  defin1on:     ì  A  conspiracy  arrangement  When  do  you  think  building  rela1onship   of  a  group  members  leading   or  building  team  rela1onship  lead  to     to  power  and  influence  or   Collusion  power?     benefits.     SOURCE:  ORAPAK  
  • 16. Rewarding  Power   Collusion  Power   etc    All  the  powers  when  combined    With  communica1on  conspiracy    can  lead  to  collusion  power  which  Can  lead  to  the  change  of  democra1c  system  or  it  can  be  mob-­‐ruled  democracy.           SOURCE:  ORAPAK  
  • 17. ì  MOVING  FORWARD   Summary   ì  WITH  THE  POWER  OF   TECHNOLOY,  CULTURE,  AND   We  have  to  be  careful  how  to  lead  and   POOR  EDUCATION,  THE  CHANCE   how  to  follow  so  that   IS  HIGH  THAT  MOBS  WILL  BE   We  wont  be  tools  of  others’  power  to   EVERYWHERE  AND  UNFAIRNESS   influence  on  unfair  basis.   WILL  INCREASE  EVERYWHERE     UNTIL  EVIDENCE  COMES  OUT     The  conclusion  of  understanding  this   ì  DEMOLITION  OF  SYSTEM  AND  theory  is  to  combine  with  understanding   POWER  COLLAPSE  WILL  FINALLY   of  styles,  traits,  and  skills  in  order  to   HAPPEN  IN  THIS  COUNTRY  SOON   understand  your  leader,  and  country   WITH  THE  FORCE  OF  ECONOMIC   leaders   CRISIS  OR  ANY  CATASTROPHIC  IF   THAT  HAPPENS.   SOURCE:  ORAPAK