Brandon Thomas -- Disruptive Diner: Nano Possibilities
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Brandon Thomas -- Disruptive Diner: Nano Possibilities

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Presentation and discussion from 10/15/13 on opportunities to generate, store, distribute and use energy via nanotechnology. Brandon Thomas, graduate researcher at St. Louis University presented......

Presentation and discussion from 10/15/13 on opportunities to generate, store, distribute and use energy via nanotechnology. Brandon Thomas, graduate researcher at St. Louis University presented with a focus on dramatically increasing efficiency, safety, and power via nano energy. Join OpenlyDisruptive.org for live access to more disruptive innovation events.

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  • 1. BRANDON J. THOMAS PH.D. CANDIDATE SAINT LOUIS UNIVERSITY Use of Nanomaterials for Energetic Applications I.  Piezoelectrics II.  Supercapacitors III.  Reactive Materials IV.  Solar Cells
  • 2. Nanotubes   Nanorods   Nanomaterials   Size:  1-­‐100  nm   Nanosheets   Nanopar5cles   Nanowires  
  • 3. CARBON-BASED NANOMATERIALS Carbon Nanotubes Graphene Buckminsterfullerene, C60
  • 4. Size  Control   Shape  Control   REACTIVITY  
  • 5. Piezoelectric  Effect   Voltage  ßà  Strain   Qin,  Y.;  Wang,  X.;  Wang,  Z.  L.  Nature   2008,  451,  809–813.  
  • 6. PIEZOELECTRIC APPLICATIONS Wang, Z. L. Adv. Funct. Mater. 2008, 18, 3553–3567.
  • 7. Supercapacitors Halper,  M.  S.;  Ellenbogen,  J.  C.  Report  No.  MP  05W0000272,  The  MITRE  Corpora5on,   McLean,  Virginia  2006.  
  • 8. SUPERCAPACITOR •  Nano-enabled electrodes •  Graphene •  Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) http://www.dataweek.co.za/news.aspx?pklnewsid=23918
  • 9. Reactive metal nanomaterials Al (s) + O2 (g) à Al2O3 (s) Thermite Al(s) + H2O(l) à Al(OH)3(s) + H2(g) H2 production/ storage Fuels
  • 10. Nano Al reaction
  • 11. HYDROGEN PRODUCTION http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hykAr0Lhz04, CE Bunker, AFRL
  • 12. Hydrogen as a Fuel H2 (g)+ O2 (g) à H2O (l) http://butane.chem.uiuc.edu/pshapley/Enlist/Labs/FuelCellLab/FuelCell.html
  • 13. HYDROGEN IS DANGEROUS!
  • 14. HYDROGEN STORAGE Mg nanoblades decorated with Pd NPs Liu, Y.; Chen, L.; Lu, T. M.; Wang, G. C. Int. J. Hydrogen Energ. 2011, 36, 11752–11759.
  • 15. COMPLEX METAL HYDRIDES Niemann, M. U.; Srinivasan, S. S.; Phani, A. R.; Kumar, A.; Goswami, D. Y.; Stefanakos, E. K. J. Nano. Mat. 2008, 1–9.
  • 16. REVERSIBLE HYDROGEN STORAGE – LI3ALH6 Thomas, B.J.; Bunker, C.E.; Guliants, E.A.; Buckner, S.W.; Jelliss, P.A. Chem. Commun. 2013, submitted.
  • 17. Patel, A.; Bunker, C. E.; Guliants, E. A.; Jelliss, P. A.; Buckner, S. W. CRC Press, 2013; Vol. 1, pp. 366–369.
  • 18. Solar Cells – Photovoltaic Effect Forvision  smart  car,  BASF   hYp://www.solarnovus.com/ar5cle.php?nID=937    
  • 19. InP NW array – 13.8% efficiency Wallentin, J. et al. Science 2013, 339, 1057−1060.
  • 20. SUMMARY Energy Conversion Mechanical Chemical Solar Nanomaterials Size: 1-100 nm ELECTRICAL ENERGY Nanogenerators Solar Cells Fuel Cells Supercapacitors