Open Government and Open DataExperiences by the Fraunhofer Institute for OpenCommunication Systems in BerlinLena-Sophie Mü...
Quelle: Flickr / leralle [1b]
Political-Administrative System                    Comprehensibility | Participation | Cooperation                  Demand...
3 Pillars of Open Government       increase                              enable open    transparency           improve ope...
Transparency:                                         Open DataProviding public data for further use by allmotivation•  tr...
•  Participation of citizens in political   decision making•  eParticipation:    •  Web 2.0 tools facilitate             P...
Collaboration                Public bodies, private sector and civil society                work together to solve specifi...
Open Data in a smart citya brief introduction
Open Data   Open Government Data as resource for intelligent cities                                                       ...
General Setup and Actors             Citizens / Public authorities / Companies                                            ...
Open Data – how to get there?Berlin Open Data Process
Specific features of the State of Berlinrelevant to the local Open Data Process▪    Largest city in Germany▪    Vibrant co...
Stakeholders in the Open Data process in the State of BerlinPublic Sector organisations                          Civil Soc...
Components of the Berlin Open Data Process▪    Survey about users „data needs“▪    Regular round table with stakeholders f...
Data user survey▪    Online Survey conducted by                                              Favorites     the Berlin Sena...
Berlin Open Data Roundtable▪    Start of informal roundtable meetings in fall 2010▪    Meetings every 4-8 weeks▪    Open t...
Application Development Contest▪    Berlin Apps contest▪    Conducted by Berlin Senate for Economics,      Technology and ...
Berlin Open Data Day (BODDY), May 2011 and June 2012▪    Event targeted specifically toward Berlin      civil servants▪   ...
Berlin Open Data Agenda▪    Development of an informal agenda as     guideline for future public sector     actions▪    Cr...
Berlin Open Data Study▪    Runtime 10.2010 - 12.2011 (including pre-study)▪    Objective: Analysis of existing conditions ...
Berlin Open Data PortalMaking Open Data Real•  http://daten.berlin.de   Launched Sept. 14, 2011•  Initiated by Senate of B...
Open Data Apps Showcases (Sept. 2011)Berlin Ozon Sonar                                        ozon.sonar1.mobi/berlin/
Open Data Apps Showcases (July 2012)Berlin Swimming Places - Water Quality                                         www.dat...
Political commitment▪      National government programmes announce pursuing more transparency       through Open Data▪    ...
FOKUS TechnologyOpen Data Platform•  Two parts:    •  Portal in Drupal CMS (Frontend)    •  Register in Comprehensive     ...
Current Development in GermanyA nationwide Open Government Platform
Open Government Data GermanyNational Study and Portal                               •    Priority Project of IT-Planungsra...
Open-government platform for Germany from the bird perspective       Data provider       Data provider                    ...
Ongoing: Open Government Platform Germany▪    On state, country and      regional level▪    Integrating domain-      speci...
Select FOKUS Open Data Activities▪    Open Cities Project (EU, CIP Programme)                                             ...
Open Government      increase                                                                     enable open   transparen...
Layers of activiesStrategy and politicsLegalOrganization / processesTechnologyChange Management
twitter.com/fraunhoferfokustwitter.com/lsmuellerfacebook.com/fraunhoferfokusfacebook.com/mueller.lenasophiexing.com/profil...
Esperienze di open data e open government nella prospettiva del Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication Systems di Ber...
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Esperienze di open data e open government nella prospettiva del Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication Systems di Berlino

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L’innovazione tecnologica fa sì che i metodi di lavoro e le aspettative della società stiano cambiando. Questi mutamenti sono inoltre rilevanti per l'evoluzione del sistema politico-amministrativo, un processo che, per altro, è quotidianamente sotto gli occhi di tutti. Gli studi mostrano come molte pratiche amministrative e di governo siano percepite dai cittadini come non abbastanza trasparenti. In un contesto di politiche pubbliche, questa richiesta di apertura (‘openness’) si colloca all’interno del più ampio concetto di governo aperto (‘open government’). Ad esso si collegano vari aspetti, come la trasparenza, attraverso il rilascio di dati in formato aperto (‘open data’), la partecipazione realizzata grazie all’uso delle moderne tecnologie dell’informazione e della comunicazione (ICT) e azioni collaborative di co-progettazione. L’intervento vuole concentrarsi sugli open data intesi come uno degli elementi per raggiungere la trasparenza. Per farlo si procederà ad una introduzione sul ruolo degli open data in una smart city descrivendo il processo di apertura delle informazioni e le piattaforme open data, prendendo come esempio la città di Berlino. Nella presentazione di Lena Sophie Mueller, Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication System (FOKUS) di Berlino, inoltre, si descrive lo stato dell’arte sui dati aperti in Germania, analizzando l’attuale piattaforma open government tedesca.

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Esperienze di open data e open government nella prospettiva del Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication Systems di Berlino

  1. 1. Open Government and Open DataExperiences by the Fraunhofer Institute for OpenCommunication Systems in BerlinLena-Sophie Müller | 10-29-2012 | Smart City Exhibition 2012 | Bologna, Italy
  2. 2. Quelle: Flickr / leralle [1b]
  3. 3. Political-Administrative System Comprehensibility | Participation | Cooperation Demands political- Outputs Inputs Decisions administrative Support system Actions (black box) Environment / Environment/ Society Society
  4. 4. 3 Pillars of Open Government increase enable open transparency improve open collaboration participation  (accountability)  (co-working) 
  5. 5. Transparency: Open DataProviding public data for further use by allmotivation•  transparency and accountability•  economic usecore elements•  machine-readable•  freely licensed•  open standards•  free of charge•  easy / central access
  6. 6. •  Participation of citizens in political decision making•  eParticipation: •  Web 2.0 tools facilitate Participation collaboration and channel opinion formation•  Examples: •  Bundestag: ePetitions •  Adhocracy and Liquid Feedback •  Open participatory budget Source: Flickr / Anna Lena Schiller
  7. 7. Collaboration Public bodies, private sector and civil society work together to solve specific tasks and problems Examples •  App contests (Apps for Germany) •  Crowd-funding, public loans •  Placement of voluntary activity Source: flickr / michaelcardus
  8. 8. Open Data in a smart citya brief introduction
  9. 9. Open Data Open Government Data as resource for intelligent cities GPS‐Naviga+on from  Skobbler   London Tube Status from  M Barclay Source: Graudenz, D., Klessmann, J., Schulz S., et al., “Vom Open Government zur Digitalen Agora - Die Zukunft offenerInteraktionen und sozialer Netzwerke im Zusammenspiel von Politik, Verwaltung, Bürgern und Wirtschaft” (ISPRAT, 2010).
  10. 10. General Setup and Actors Citizens / Public authorities / Companies Users Commercial Parking space managementPublic Public Transit time tables Reports about potholesapplications applications Pollutant reports Trade structure Public Events Applications and value-added servicesData-as-a- Other Data Private Daten  Service Commercial Data (DaaS) Kommerzielle Daten  Data and platform services Public Data Öffentliche Daten  Sensorische Daten  Sensor Data Open Government Data Platform Infrastructure Government Agencies 11
  11. 11. Open Data – how to get there?Berlin Open Data Process
  12. 12. Specific features of the State of Berlinrelevant to the local Open Data Process▪  Largest city in Germany▪  Vibrant community of developers▪  Many public sector bodies from national, state and local level▪  Community of civil society organisations concerned with transparency and participation in the public sector▪  Dedicated individuals in local civil society and public sector
  13. 13. Stakeholders in the Open Data process in the State of BerlinPublic Sector organisations Civil Society Organisations▪  Berlin Senate for Economics, Technology ▪  Government 2.0 Network Germany and Research ▪  Open Data Network▪  Berlin Senate for the Interior ▪  Open Knowledge Foundation, German Chapter▪  Berlin - Brandenburg Statistical Office ▪  Wikimedia  Research Organisations Private Sector Companies▪  Fraunhofer FOKUS ▪  Opiz Consulting▪  FU Berlin ▪  Oracle Germany Leading the effort Supporting the effort Observing the effort
  14. 14. Components of the Berlin Open Data Process▪  Survey about users „data needs“▪  Regular round table with stakeholders from administration, civil society, science and industry▪  Local Application Development Competition▪  Berlin Open Data Day with local showcases▪  Berlin Open Data Agenda▪  Development of Open Data study and portal by FOKUS
  15. 15. Data user survey▪  Online Survey conducted by Favorites the Berlin Senate for 40 Economics, Technology and 35 Research 30 25 3 Voting %▪  20 categories for Public Data 20 2 1 15▪  About 1300 participants 10 5 0 Planning Admin. Pollution Controls Infrastructure Citizen Topics
  16. 16. Berlin Open Data Roundtable▪  Start of informal roundtable meetings in fall 2010▪  Meetings every 4-8 weeks▪  Open to everyone▪  Joint preparation and realisation of –  Berlin Open Data Agenda –  Berlin Open Data Day▪  Planned further activities –  Contact point for questions concerning Open Data –  Providing written expert statements concerning i.e. Open Data Strategy –  Carrying out topic-specific workshops: OD & traffic, OD & environment –  Supporting public authority workshops
  17. 17. Application Development Contest▪  Berlin Apps contest▪  Conducted by Berlin Senate for Economics, Technology and Women▪  72 Proposals▪  Jury elected four main winners –  bePart: City development information application –  Green thumb: Environmental application –  Multilingual learning and information assistant –  Wheelmap: Informing about the barrier free city▪  Audience Award with 5.700 votes▪  Ceremony on 24.02.2011▪  Special Berlin Award within national German Apps4Deutschland competition in March 2012
  18. 18. Berlin Open Data Day (BODDY), May 2011 and June 2012▪  Event targeted specifically toward Berlin civil servants▪  Organized by stakeholders from the regulars table▪  Took place in the Berlin Senate facilities▪  Gained high level support by Senator Wolf (Senate for Economics) and IT-State Secretary Freise (Senate for the Interior)▪  120 participants, many from the Berlin public administration▪  Agenda: Introduction to OGD, exhibition of existing local OD activities▪  Next BODDy: Mid 2013
  19. 19. Berlin Open Data Agenda▪  Development of an informal agenda as guideline for future public sector actions▪  Created by the involved stakeholders▪  In part local adaptation of Open Data Principles by the Sunlight Foundation▪  Document assists explaning OD, marketing and gaining more support http://berlin.opendataday.de/agenda/
  20. 20. Berlin Open Data Study▪  Runtime 10.2010 - 12.2011 (including pre-study)▪  Objective: Analysis of existing conditions and development of general concept and technical architecture/pilot▪  Carried out by interdisciplinary research team▪  Work packages –  Analysis of current organisational and framework conditions –  Architecture and pilot development –  Legal analysis –  Business model analysis –  Recommendations▪  English summary: http://epsiplatform.eu/content/berlin-open-data-strategy-0
  21. 21. Berlin Open Data PortalMaking Open Data Real•  http://daten.berlin.de Launched Sept. 14, 2011•  Initiated by Senate of Berlin: Department for Economy, Technology and Women•  Planned by FOKUS•  Realized by BerlinOnline and FOKUS•  Data sets on statistics, environment, business, etc.•  Using free licenses (CC-BY and ODC-BY)•  English summary at: http://epsiplatform.eu/content/ berlin-open-data-strategy-0
  22. 22. Open Data Apps Showcases (Sept. 2011)Berlin Ozon Sonar ozon.sonar1.mobi/berlin/
  23. 23. Open Data Apps Showcases (July 2012)Berlin Swimming Places - Water Quality www.datenjournalist.de/ badestellen-in-berlin-mit-open-data- kartiert/
  24. 24. Political commitment▪  National government programmes announce pursuing more transparency through Open Data▪  Political programme of current Berlin state government: ▪  The coalition will continue and expand the Open Data Initiative of the State of Berlin. Herefore the coalition will support the examination of opening up government data, while respecting data privacy (p. 94).▪  Commitment to Open Data by top political figures in Berlin at Berlin Open Data Day, portal launch and presentation of Open Data study Source: SPD Berlin, & CDU Berlin (Eds.). (2011). Koalitionsvereinbarung. Vorlage für die Beratung des Landesparteitages der SPD am 21. November 2011. Retrieved from http://www.tagesspiegel.de/downloads/5859422/1/Koalitionsvereinbarung%20zwischen%20SPD%20und%20CDU
  25. 25. FOKUS TechnologyOpen Data Platform•  Two parts: •  Portal in Drupal CMS (Frontend) •  Register in Comprehensive Knowledge Archive Network (CKAN Backoffice)•  Based on urban metadata scheme•  Federation support •  Respects administrative hierarchies •  Enables publication on German or European level (already on offenedaten.de)
  26. 26. Current Development in GermanyA nationwide Open Government Platform
  27. 27. Open Government Data GermanyNational Study and Portal •  Priority Project of IT-Planungsrat •  Collaboration with Bund and Länder •  Strategic, legal, organizational, technological aspects •  Study published: July 2012 •  currently: Development of a prototype by Fraunhofer FOKUS by 2013 •  Available online: http://s.fhg.de/ogdd- shortversion
  28. 28. Open-government platform for Germany from the bird perspective Data provider Data provider Data user Data provider Quelle: Klessmann et al. 2012, p. 80 29
  29. 29. Ongoing: Open Government Platform Germany▪  On state, country and regional level▪  Integrating domain- specific data offers▪  Prototype development in 2012▪  Pilot for 2013
  30. 30. Select FOKUS Open Data Activities▪  Open Cities Project (EU, CIP Programme) hEp://openci+es.net  –  open innovation management in the public sector   –  Open Data Platform together with Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bologna, Helsinki, Paris, Rome▪  EU ENGAGE - Infrastructure for Open, Linked Governmental Data Provision towards Research Communities http://www.engage- project.eu/ and Citizens▪  Further EU projects relevant to Open Data: –  iCity –  Commons4Europe
  31. 31. Open Government increase enable open transparency improve open collaboration participation  (accountability)  (co-working)  participation / openness (opportunities / benefits) technical / organizational complexity (challenges / risks)
  32. 32. Layers of activiesStrategy and politicsLegalOrganization / processesTechnologyChange Management
  33. 33. twitter.com/fraunhoferfokustwitter.com/lsmuellerfacebook.com/fraunhoferfokusfacebook.com/mueller.lenasophiexing.com/profile/LenaSophie_Mueller
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