Require 'knowledgecommons' # This currently fails / Mike Linksvayer

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This talk makes the case that (1) a vibrant commons of knowledge (culture, science, etc) is required for other 'opens' (source, infrastructure, society) to survive; (2) knowledge is harder and slower to open than other layers; (3) it can be done anyway, through disruptive services and collaboration that creates new categories of knowledge works rather than merely recapitulating and failing to compete with existing proprietary-dominated categories. Understand the threat, challenge, and resultant opportunities for entrepreneurs, policymakers, and activists to contribute to ensuring an open future.

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Require 'knowledgecommons' # This currently fails / Mike Linksvayer

  1. 1. # this currently failsrequire ‘knowledgecommons’ Mike Linksvayer Creative Commons 2011-09-23 1
  2. 2. @mlinksva 2
  3. 3. “The max net-impact innovations, by far, have been meta-innovations, i.e., innovations that changed how fast other innovations accumulated.”Robin Hanson (economist)http://www.overcomingbias.com/2008/06/meta-is-max---i.html 3
  4. 4. “We don’t have any idea how to solve cancer, so all we can do is increase the rate of discovery so as to increase the probability we’ll make a breakthrough.”John Wilbanks (Creative Commons) 4
  5. 5. “Whenever a communication medium lowers the costs of solving collective action dilemmas, it becomes possible for more people to pool resources. And ‘more people pooling resources in new ways’ is the history of civilization in… seven words.”Marc Smith (sociologist) 5
  6. 6. wikipedia 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. <rdf:RDF xmlns="http://creativecommons.org/ns#" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"> <License rdf:about="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/"> <permits rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/ns#Reproduction"/> <permits rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/ns#Distribution"/> <requires rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/ns#Notice"/> <requires rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/ns#Attribution"/> <permits rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/ns#DerivativeWorks"/> <requires rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/ns#ShareAlike"/> </License></rdf:RDF> 9
  10. 10. <div xmlns:cc="http://creativecommons.org/ns#"xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/terms/"><span rel="dc:type" href="http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/Text"property="dc:title">My Book</span> by<a rel="cc:attributionURL" property="cc:attributionName"href="http://example.org/me">My Name</a>is licensed under a<a rel="license"href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/">CreativeCommons Attribution 3.0 License</a> and is an adaptation of<a rel="dc:source" href="http://example.net/her_book"/>Herbook</a>.</div> 10
  11. 11. Creative Commons works at year end % fully free/libre/open and % ported500,000,000 100.0%450,000,000 90.0%400,000,000 80.0%350,000,000 70.0%300,000,000 60.0% Total Free %250,000,000 50.0%200,000,000 40.0%150,000,000 30.0%100,000,000 20.0% 50,000,000 10.0% 0 0.0% 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 -0 9 11
  12. 12. Growth, value creation/releaseIncreasing adoption by institutions, aspolicyHowever, not many sectors fundamentallychanged in the way FLOSS has changedsoftware [encyclopedias excluded]This must change for open* to reach itspotential... 12
  13. 13. (1) a vibrant commons of knowledge(culture, science, etc) is required for other‘opens’ (source, infrastructure, society) tothrive 13
  14. 14. (2) knowledge is harder and slower to openthan other layers; 14
  15. 15. (3) it can be done anyway, throughdisruptive services and collaboration thatcreate new categories of knowledge worksand services rather than merelyrecapitulating and failing to compete withexisting proprietary-dominated categories 15
  16. 16. necessary [for open*]hard[er than open*]howto [with open*] 16
  17. 17. Knowledge?- for purposes of this talk all knowledge,including data, except software- yes, software is data is culture- indicative of early failure of free/openmovement to address non-software, andnon-software open movements to embracefree software? 17
  18. 18. Commons?- resources governed for mutual,sustainable benefit- society has done terrible job of governingknowledge commons- control, creation, invention, incentivemyths; censorship, monopoly reality 18
  19. 19. Currently fails?- try to “provision [knowledge] resources asnecessary”- not nearly as trivial (;-)) as interoperableAPIs;- massive legal costs, often insurmountablebarriers; especially for business trying toplay by the rules- made worse by extension of ©restrictions, diminishment of exceptions,impoverishment of public domain 19
  20. 20. necessary [for open*]- attacks on open net based on suppressionof knowledge commons- lack of knowledge commonsdisadvantages open*- free society needs free speech! 20
  21. 21. hard[er than open*]- length of generations- pure network effects- more distance between producers andconsumers 21
  22. 22. howto [with open*]- policy- collaboration tools, vision- provision, share, service knowledge- dogfood 22
  23. 23. Three ideas to leave with- peer production of [free] culturalrelevance- aim to explode existing categories, notjust recapitulate proprietary works (seeencyclopedias)- Intellectual Provenance 23
  24. 24. links: convey yourself to:http://creativecommons.fr(Creative Commons France)http://creativecommons.org(Creative Commons) 24

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