Governments are adopting a level playing field strategy......
Even the UK...........
“ Where appropriate, government will procure open source solutions. When used in conjunction with compulsory open standards, open source presents significant opportunities for the design and delivery of interoperable solutions. "
But the Strategy is not yet being turned into Practice
Software Life Cycle Software Specific: Search Cost of up-front evaluation study Cost of up-front proof of concept implementation Acquisition Cost of Software Cost of Customisation for business needs Cost of Integration (to current platform) Integration Cost of Migration (data and users) Cost of Training Cost of Process and Best Practice change Use Cost of Support services - in house Cost of Support services - contracted Cost of Maintenance and Upgrades Software scaling (for change in user or transaction volumes) Retire Exit costs (in relation to hardware and software) Exit costs (in relation to changeover, re-training)
Greater flexibility, freedom and control over the code
Reliability, transparency and greater security of code – many countries are using OSS to create, and hold details of their national ID cards
Building of in-house expertise and skills – making you less reliant on external support
Allows pooling of resources, expertise and code for reuse, customization, and change
Organizational Benefits Organization Specific: Strategic lever Open source software has been used as a cheaper option to help stimulate competition. Dependence Open source helps prevent against upgrade lock-in by a particular vendor. Empowerment Open source software encourages empowerment and the ability to change software as needed through access to the source code and reliance on open standards. Innovation driver Open source can inspire and drive innovation because it is accessible to view and change – but at the same time, it creates an atmosphere conducive to making mistakes and learning from them.
Benefits through Creation of an Ecosystem Software Eco-System Specific: Platform co-creation Open source software can be pooled, shared and built upon to create a platform which encourages reuse and co-creation. Collaborative competition The adoption of open source software helps to nurture the local IT industry by levelling the playing field, and encourage collaborative competition. Building in-house expertise Open source software can help to empower the organisation and help develop in-house expertise through access to a knowledgeable community, source code, and an environment which implies sharing and reciprocity. Principle of mutuality The use, adoption and development of open source software can create experts which can then be used as a shared resource across local authorities and central government.
What is holding your organisation back from using open source? OS related issues Understanding Licences and license compliance Availability of specific apps Some OSS is very immature, inferior user interfaces Sometimes proprietary alternatives are simply better Feature completeness [Lack of a] community backing the open source project Product related issues Poor coverage in ERP arena ; Lack of availability of open source software for our industry Incomplete implementations; Not working correctly Very complex code bases (and communities)
What is holding your organisation back from using open source? Organisation related issues Unclear Procurement policy Value for money Misinformation among upper level management; Lack of knowledge of key technical decision makers; Time availability Support issues Lack of in-house support; lack of in-house knowledge; Understanding by staff; Poor support of open standards by our business partners; Support worries; Requirements for external support contracts Environment issues Desire to have specific software; SAP Legacy Compatibility with Microsoft proprietary file formats Perceived Lack of acceptance of OSS for Public sector solutions Proprietary standards used by environment (govt & clients)
Pragmatism needs to guide open source adoption and not ideology
Open source is not just or only or always about ‘cheap’. But it can bring a number of distinct and enduring benefits when contrasted to strategies based around proprietary software
Migrating to open source is more likely to be successful if it is done when there is a real and present need for change, rather than simply on the basis of finding open source attractive on infrastructure cost arguments
Adoption and development of open source can support the sharing of both expertise and expense between government bodies, for example among local authorities forming a flexible route to collaboration
In 2006: Department of Public Service and Administration & GITOC (Government CIO Council) developed first FOSS Policy, with some main orientations, such as: - The South African Government will implement FOSS unless proprietary software is demonstrated to be significantly superior
- The South African Government will migrate current proprietary software to FOSS whenever comparable software exists
- All new software developed for or by the South African Government using a FOSS license where possible
- The South African Government will encourage the use of Open Content and Open Standards within South Africa
Brazil presented the general ideas and concepts of public software and some specific software in use, like the system of electronic elections Government seen as a supporting actor in FLOSS implementation and its globalization Promote public software as a public good
An accountant, working on the Juramento´s City Hall, decides to learn and install e-cidade , the public software for managing municipality issues; On february, 2010 With the help of a program developer from the city, they solved the bugs they found
A public software for municipality management Before: Juramento used to pay a mensal license of US$ 3,500.00 Now: Juramento pays, monthly, the equivalent of US$ 120.00 (to where the software is hosted) Other advantages: data in cloud computing Next step of Luciano, the account: becoming e-cidade available in smartphones
Replicate in Latin America and the Caribbean the best practices of the Brazilian Public Software
In 2009 A survey was developed to ask the public software community which software would be the most important or interesting to translate to spanish and english and become an International Public Software (CACIC and i-educar were chosen)
Thinking democracy today i s thinking social inclusion stronlgy associated with digital inclusion & equal (or as equal as possible) distribution of knowledge
Democratic countries need to stimulate projects that empowers individuals with knowledge and open source technology Knowledge fosters democracy and consolidates the power of a nation – especially open knowledge based on commons