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EOLE / OWF 12 - The rise and evolution of the open source software foundation - stephen r. walli (eole2012)
 

EOLE / OWF 12 - The rise and evolution of the open source software foundation - stephen r. walli (eole2012)

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    EOLE / OWF 12 - The rise and evolution of the open source software foundation - stephen r. walli (eole2012) EOLE / OWF 12 - The rise and evolution of the open source software foundation - stephen r. walli (eole2012) Presentation Transcript

    • The  Rise  and  Evolu0on  of  the  Open   Source  So8ware  Founda0on   EOLA  2012   Stephen  R.  Walli   October  2012  
    • The  Thesis  FOSS  Founda9ons  are  essen9al  to  enabling  the  growth  of  FOSS  Projects  when  companies  want  to  par9cipate,  contribute  and  adopt.  
    • Two  Ra0os   ~20  LoC/day  1  bug  :  1000  LoC  
    • So8ware  Economics  We  have  shared  soIware  since  we  wrote  it.      Liberally-­‐licensed  collabora9vely  developed   soIware  is  the  best  re-­‐use  strategy.    “Plagiarism”  in  soIware  is  good  and  indeed   necessary.  
    • The  Economics  of  Shared  Development  
    • The  Economics  of  Companies  Collabora0ng  
    • Founda0ons  as  IP  Management  Machines  •  This  is  the  history  of  the  FSF,  the  ASF,  the   OSDL/Linux  Founda9on,  and  the  Eclipse   Founda9on  •  Regardless  of  what  each  founda9on   represents  to  its  members  and  cons9tuencies,   what  they  “do”  is  IP  management.  
    • Henrik  Ingo’s  Observa0ons  Henrik  Ingo  determined  that  the  9  largest  most  vibrant  projects  are  governed  independently  by  founda9ons  (hWp://bit.ly/f3O34M)  The  tenth  largest  (is  company  supported)  is  an  order  of  magnitude  smaller  
    • Neutrality  and  Ownership  “There  appears  to  be  a  glass  ceiling  for  single  vendor  projects  prohibi9ng  their  growth  from  the  Large  category  upwards.  ”                          —  Henrik  Ingo  
    • What  is  a  FOSS  Founda0on?  Founda9ons  are  non-­‐profits*  that  provide:   Legal  Structure   Business  Opera9ons   Technical  Services   *  But  they  are  s9ll  businesses  
    • Founda0ons   *  But  they  are  s9ll  businesses  
    • Corporate  Projects  
    • Corporate  Projects   ?????   ?????  
    • Why  does  it  maKer?   Neutrality  encourages  contribu9on   Clean  IP  encourages  adop9on  Founda9ons  act  as  community  centre-­‐of-­‐gravity    
    • Neutrality  Encourages  Contribu0on   (Inbound)  
    • Neutrality  and  Ownership  •  Successful  Projects  Grow  and  Evolve  un9l  …   –  Apache  SoIware  Founda9on   –  OSDL/Linux  Founda9on   –  Eclipse  Founda9on  
    • Clean  IP  Encourages  Adop0on   (Outbound)  
    • Legal  Structures  are  Important  •  License  (inbound/outbound)  •  Assignments  and  Contribu9on  Licenses    •  Provenance  tracking  •  Liability  and  risk  management  •  CommiWer  indemnifica9on    
    • Founda0on  as  Community  Centre-­‐of-­‐Gravity  
    • Crea0ng  Strong  Communi0es  •  Support  an  Architecture  of  Par9cipa9on  •  Make  it  easy  to  join  the  conversa9on    •  Support  and  grow  commiWers  •  Support  lines  of  communica9ons  •  Provide  technical  services  +  infrastructure   (forges,  code  signing,  etc.)  
    • Conclusions  While  liberally  licensed  shared  collabora9ve  soIware  development  may  represent  the  best  soIware  re-­‐use  strategy  invented,  FOSS  Founda9ons  are  essen9al  to  the  par9cipa9on  of  companies  that  can  grow  and  sustain  FOSS  projects  and  their  communi9esn  long  term  
    • Ques0ons?   Stephen  R.  Walli   Technical  Director,  Outercurve  Founda9on   hWp://www.outercurve.org   swalli@outercurve.org  hWp://stephesblog.blogs.com    (Once  More  unto  the  Breach)   hWp://www.networkworld.com/community/walli   @stephenrwalli