Research	  Seminar	                   Thesis	  Projects	  ICT	  in	  Business	  Dr.	  Michel	  R.V.	  Chaudron,	  Leiden	 ...
Agenda	      -  Objec7ve	  of	  this	  course	      -  Logis7cs	          -  1st	  :	  What	  and	  how	  thesis	  project...
Objec;ve	      -  Execu7ng	  a	  research	  project	          -  Learning	  through	  experience	      -  Start	  explorin...
Objec;ve	      -  Execute	  a	  small	  research	  project	          -  Define	  a	  research	  ques7on	          -  Define	...
How	  to	  get	  a	  thesis	  project	    -  The	  student	  is	  responsible	  for	  	          -  crea7ng	  a	  research...
How	  to	  execute	  	      -  Get	  approval	  from	  your	  university	  supervisor	  at	  the	         start	  of	  you...
How	  to	  execute	  	      -  Mo7va7on	         -  If	  you	  radiate	  that	  you	  don’t	  really	  like	  your	       ...
How	  to	  not	  start	  a	  thesis	  project	   -  Company	  internships	       -  Internships	  ≠	  research	  project	 ...
Guidelines	  for	  grading	          Category                                        Arguments	  in	  favour	  and	  again...
Components	  of	  Grading	      -    Quality	  of	  the	  thesis	      -    Originality	  of	  the	  research	  ques7on	  ...
High	  Diving	    Grade	  is	  determined	  by	  	      -  Difficulty	  of	  the	  jump	      -  Quality	  of	  the	  execu7...
Originality	      -  A	  study	  into	  success	  and	  failure	           factors	  of	  …	      -  Best	  Prac7ces	  in	...
Contribu;on	      -  Most	  important:	  scien7fic	  contribu7on	                 	  Which	  new	  knowledge	  does	  your	...
Quality	  of	  the	  thesis	  (repor;ng)	      -      Quality	  of	  the	  content!	      	      -      Clear	  Structure	...
Example	  thesis	  outline	      -  Introduc7on	          -  Context	          -  Problem	  descrip7on	          -  Mo7va7...
Conclusion	  includes:	  Chain	  of	  Evidence	                 Conclusion	  è	             Claim	  è	  Evidence	  è	  ...
Michel Chaudron   Leiden University. The university to discover.
Michel Chaudron   Leiden University. The university to discover.
Descrip;on	  of	  Research	  Method	      -  Don’t:	         -  We	  analyzed	  according	  to	  ‘Yin’.	  Michel Chaudron ...
Analysing	  Interviews	      -  Yin	      -  Coding	  Handbook	  –	  Saldana	      -    Transcribe	  –	  all/most/importan...
Using	  a	  DB	  in	  analyzing	  interviews	  Michel Chaudron               Leiden University. The university to discover.
Depth	  of	  Analysis	    -  Don’t	      	  Just	  list	  the	  outcomes	  of	  the	  survey.	    -  Do’s	      	  Try	  t...
Soundness	  Michel Chaudron     Leiden University. The university to discover.
Traceability	  –	  Chain	  of	  Evidence	                            claim                                     warrant    ...
Why?	  Michel Chaudron   Leiden University. The university to discover.
Create	  a	  theory	  Michel Chaudron                 Leiden University. The university to discover.
Future	  work	      -  Not:	  	           	  …	  more	  case	  studies	           	  …	  survey	  in	  addi7on	  to	  a	  ...
Planning	      -  A	  plan	  includes:	         -  Reading	  relevant	  literature	  	         -  A	  phase	  of	  explora...
Manage	  risk	      -  In	  your	  planning	  you	  can	  have	  some	  decision	         points	  where	  you	  can	  res...
Be	  realis;c	      -  Is	  it	  realis7c	  to:	          -  Get	  access	  to	  all	  CIO’s	  of	  AEX	  companies?	  Mic...
Finishing	  a	  research	  project	      -  The	  quality	  of	  the	  work	  determines	  the	  grade	      -  Not	  how	...
Confiden;ality	      -  We	  need	  to	  be	  able	  to	  assess	  the	  difficulty	         (and	  amount)	  of	  work	     ...
Administra;ve	  procedure	      -  Send	  Judith	  Havelaar	  an	  e-­‐mail	  that	  you	         would	  like	  to	  join...
Final	  Presenta;on	  &	  Defense	      -  Select	  a	  date	  with	  your	  supervisors	      -  Reserve	  a	  room	     ...
-  BinckBank	  –	  rela7on	  between	  corporate	  strategy	  and	         IT	  strategy	      -  Walter	  Kosters	  /	  F...
-  Chaudron:	          -  Empirical	  studies	  in	  Soware	  Engineering	               •  Cost	  of	  Quality/Defects	  ...
Michel Chaudron   Leiden University. The university to discover.
Other	  contacts	      -    ING	      -    Na7onale	  Nederlanden	      -    KPMG	      -    Heineken	      -    KLM	     ...
Objec;ve	      -  Execute	  a	  small	  research	  project	          -  Define	  a	  research	  ques7on	          -  Define	...
Ques;ons	  Michel Chaudron    Leiden University. The university to discover.
Ideas	  TB	        -          Give	  a	  list	  of	  good	  ICTiB	  thesis	  topics	  which	  we	  consider	  of	  high	  ...
Ques;ons	  to	  address	  in	  your	  plan	      -­‐	  	  	  A	  Time	  plan	  with	  intermediate	  milestones	  (to	  mo...
Ques;ons	  to	  address	  in	  your	  plan	       -­‐	  	  	  	  What	  is	  the	  scien7fic	  domain	  and	  what	  are	  ...
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Research Seminar - Thesis Projects for ICTiB

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Research Seminar - Thesis Projects for ICTiB

  1. 1. Research  Seminar   Thesis  Projects  ICT  in  Business  Dr.  Michel  R.V.  Chaudron,  Leiden  Ins7tute  of  Advanced  Computer  Science   Program  director  M.Sc.  ICT  &  Business   Leiden  University.  The  university  to  discover.  
  2. 2. Agenda   -  Objec7ve  of  this  course   -  Logis7cs   -  1st  :  What  and  how  thesis  projects   -  2nd  :  Case  study  research  (next  week?)  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  3. 3. Objec;ve   -  Execu7ng  a  research  project   -  Learning  through  experience   -  Start  exploring  &  planning  for  final     M.S.c  research  thesis  project  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  4. 4. Objec;ve   -  Execute  a  small  research  project   -  Define  a  research  ques7on   -  Define  a  research  approach   -  Get  feedback/review  on  proposal   -  Execute  (collect  data  +  analyze)   -  Report  and  present  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  5. 5. How  to  get  a  thesis  project   -  The  student  is  responsible  for     -  crea7ng  a  research  project   -  finding  a  supervisor     -  Involvement  of  a  company  is  not  a  university   requirement,  (but  a  possibility);  examples:     -  Effec7veness  of  in-­‐game  adver7sing,     -  What  is  the  value  of  Enterprise  Architecture    Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  6. 6. How  to  execute     -  Get  approval  from  your  university  supervisor  at  the   start  of  your  project   -  Get  feedback  early  and  oen    Don’t  show  up  in  July  with  your  final  thesis  aer  your  last   talk  was  in  march.    Plan  an  intermediate  presenta7on     -  Make  a  planning  that  can  accommodate  changes   -  The  risk  of  your  project  should  decrease  over  7me   -  Include  a  trial  phase  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  7. 7. How  to  execute     -  Mo7va7on   -  If  you  radiate  that  you  don’t  really  like  your   project,  or  only  complain,  …   -  Scien7fic  goals   -  High  standard  on  yourself  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  8. 8. How  to  not  start  a  thesis  project   -  Company  internships   -  Internships  ≠  research  project   -  some  work  needs  to  be  done    no  intellectual  challenge     -  Do  not  combine  internship  with  research  project   by  splibng  7me  across  both  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  9. 9. Guidelines  for  grading   Category Arguments  in  favour  and  against  (pro’s  and  con’s) Grade Thesis  Work (including  software,  paper) Please  mention  authors,  title,  conference/journal  and  whether  the    paper  has  been  accepted Publications  that  came  out  of   the  project  (if  any) Project  Execution Final  Presentation Defense Other  items  delivered   (poster,  exhibit,  …) Grades  can  be  ‘halves’  except  for  5.5. Overall  gradeMichel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  10. 10. Components  of  Grading   -  Quality  of  the  thesis   -  Originality  of  the  research  ques7on   -  Crea7vity  in  crea7ng  a  solu7on   -  Depth  of  Analysis     -  Soundness  of  the  approach   -  Systema7c  applica7on  of  methods  and  techniques   -  Quality  of  the  repor7ng  (structure  of  the  thesis,  grammar)   -  Cri7cal  Thinking:  the  student  does  not  take  presented  informa7on  for   granted,  but  challenges  this.   -  Contribu7on  to  scien7fic  knowledge  (Has  a  publica7on  been  realized?)     -  Characteris7cs  of  execu7ng  the  project   -  The  student  has  made  a  good  planning  and  largely  stuck  to  this  planning   -  Autonomy  (self-­‐propelling):  student  has  performed  the  work  largely   autonomously  with  lidle  input  required  from  the  supervisors  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  11. 11. High  Diving   Grade  is  determined  by     -  Difficulty  of  the  jump   -  Quality  of  the  execu7on   Image Source: Wikimedia -  Oen  not  easy  to  increase   difficulty  during  flight     Image Source: WikimediaMichel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  12. 12. Originality   -  A  study  into  success  and  failure   factors  of  …   -  Best  Prac7ces  in  …     -  Think  about  the  surprise   factor  of  the  findings  when   you  define  your  ques7on.   Image Source: WikimediaMichel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  13. 13. Contribu;on   -  Most  important:  scien7fic  contribu7on    Which  new  knowledge  does  your  project   discover?   -  Don’t:  label  your  sec7on  ‘relevance’.    relevance  ≠  contribu7on     -  Avoid  the  obvious                                                                      (“open  deuren”).   Image Source: WikimediaMichel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  14. 14. Quality  of  the  thesis  (repor;ng)   -  Quality  of  the  content!     -  Clear  Structure   -  Clear  and  Concise  English  –  Grammar   -  Be  precise  and  to  the  point   -  Traceability  of  the  argumenta7on   ‘Chain  of  Evidence’  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  15. 15. Example  thesis  outline   -  Introduc7on   -  Context   -  Problem  descrip7on   -  Mo7va7on  of  relevance/importance   -  Related  work   -  Exis7ng  State  of  the  Art  /  Literature  study   -  Approach   -  Process  &  Method  (for  collec7ng  &  analysing  data)   -  Results   -  Conclusions     -  Future  work   -  Discussion  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  16. 16. Conclusion  includes:  Chain  of  Evidence   Conclusion  è   Claim  è  Evidence  è  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  17. 17. Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  18. 18. Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  19. 19. Descrip;on  of  Research  Method   -  Don’t:   -  We  analyzed  according  to  ‘Yin’.  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  20. 20. Analysing  Interviews   -  Yin   -  Coding  Handbook  –  Saldana   -  Transcribe  –  all/most/important  parts   -  Read  -­‐>  iden7fy  theme’s   -  Link  cita7ons  to  theme’s   -  Analyse  theme’s.  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  21. 21. Using  a  DB  in  analyzing  interviews  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  22. 22. Depth  of  Analysis   -  Don’t    Just  list  the  outcomes  of  the  survey.   -  Do’s    Try  to  explain  –  build  a  theory!      Find  rela7ons,  contradic7ons,  …    Relate  to  theories/findings  in  related  literature.    Have  the  goal  in  mind  to  publish  your  work  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  23. 23. Soundness  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  24. 24. Traceability  –  Chain  of  Evidence   claim warrant claim claim warrant warrantMichel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  25. 25. Why?  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  26. 26. Create  a  theory  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  27. 27. Future  work   -  Not:      …  more  case  studies    …  survey  in  addi7on  to  a  case  study     -  Suggest  ques7ons  that  delve  deeper:   -  In  this  thesis  we  found  that  Reviewing   Requirements  is  cost  effec5ve  for   preven5ng  defects.   -  Future  work:  for  all  types  of  defects?    Maybe  you  have  a  suspicion  about  something…  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  28. 28. Planning   -  A  plan  includes:   -  Reading  relevant  literature     -  A  phase  of  exploratory  research   •  Either  interviews,  surveys,  …   •  Perform  a  trial  before  the  real  thing   -  A  phase  of  in-­‐depth  research   •  This  builds  on  the  findings  of  the  exploratory  research   -  No  exploratory  research  only  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  29. 29. Manage  risk   -  In  your  planning  you  can  have  some  decision   points  where  you  can  resort  to  ‘plan  B’  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  30. 30. Be  realis;c   -  Is  it  realis7c  to:   -  Get  access  to  all  CIO’s  of  AEX  companies?  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  31. 31. Finishing  a  research  project   -  The  quality  of  the  work  determines  the  grade   -  Not  how  much  7me  you  spent  on  it   -  On  average  thesis  projects  take  longer  than  6   months  to  finish.   -  “Dear  supervisor,  my  project  needs  to  be   finished  by  august.”  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  32. 32. Confiden;ality   -  We  need  to  be  able  to  assess  the  difficulty   (and  amount)  of  work   -  We  will  sign  an  Non-­‐disclosure  if  asked   -  We  will  not  sign  off  IP   -  We  do  not  provide  insurance  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  33. 33. Administra;ve  procedure   -  Send  Judith  Havelaar  an  e-­‐mail  that  you   would  like  to  join  a  diploma  ceremony   -  Your  last  grade  need  to  be  in  5  weeks  before   the  diploma  ceremony  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  34. 34. Final  Presenta;on  &  Defense   -  Select  a  date  with  your  supervisors   -  Reserve  a  room   -  Presenta7on:     -  about  30  minutes   -  ques7ons:  un7l  the  commidee  is  sa7sfied   -  Send  your  presenta7on  to  your  supervisor(s)   for  review    Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  35. 35. -  BinckBank  –  rela7on  between  corporate  strategy  and   IT  strategy   -  Walter  Kosters  /  Frank  Taakes  (LIACS)    Social  Networks  (find  company  yourself)     -  Pieter  Kwantes  (ABNAMRO)   Domain  Specific  Language  for  Securi7es  Trading     -  Thomas  Ba”ck   -  Op7miza7on  ,  Gene7c  Algorithms    Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  36. 36. -  Chaudron:   -  Empirical  studies  in  Soware  Engineering   •  Cost  of  Quality/Defects  over  lifecycle   -  Architecture  (value,  offshore,  modeling,  reasoning)   -  Risk  measurement   -  Katzy   -  E-­‐learning   -  Innova7on  Management,  Entrepreneurship   -  Virtual  Teams    Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  37. 37. Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  38. 38. Other  contacts   -  ING   -  Na7onale  Nederlanden   -  KPMG   -  Heineken   -  KLM   -  Soware  Improvement  Group  (SIG)   -  Ministry  of  Finance   -  ChipSo   -  T-­‐mobile   -  ….   -  Check  out  ICTIB  alumni  on  LinkedIn  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  39. 39. Objec;ve   -  Execute  a  small  research  project   -  Define  a  research  ques7on   -  Define  a  research  approach   -  Get  feedback/review  on  proposal   -  Execute  (collect  data  +  analyze)   -  Report  and  present  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  40. 40. Ques;ons  Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  41. 41. Ideas  TB   -  Give  a  list  of  good  ICTiB  thesis  topics  which  we  consider  of  high  quality   -  Outline  table  of  contents  of  a  thesis   -  We  could  introduce  a  masterclass  ICTiB  (similar  to  the  masterclass  CS;  I  am  happy   to  explain  this  in  further  detail)   -  I  think  we  should  have  topics  in  collabora7on  with  industry,  may  be  not   necessarily  combined  with  an  internship   -  Emphasize  the  idea  to  produce  scien7fically  publishable  work      Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  42. 42. Ques;ons  to  address  in  your  plan   -­‐      A  Time  plan  with  intermediate  milestones  (to  monitor  the   progress  of  the  project  ,  and  to  get  early  warning  signals  if   something  goes  wrong)       -  What  are  the  necessary  resources  (data,  money,  access  to   interviewees,  IT)  and  where  do  you  get  them  from?  (to  avoid   surprises  and  delays  in  the  process)     -­‐        Project  risks  and  how  to  mi7gate  them     (e.g.  case/company/person/...  disappears,  etc.)    Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
  43. 43. Ques;ons  to  address  in  your  plan   -­‐        What  is  the  scien7fic  domain  and  what  are  the  literature   keywords  and  the  main  literature?     (make  sure  what  to  contribute  to)     -  How  does  your  research  relate  to  the  research  agenda  of  the   group?  (so  that  they  integrate  and  re-­‐use  work  instead  of   repea7ng  it  endlessly)   -  What  is  the  intended  academic  contribu7on?     -  What  is  the  intended  concrete  result?     -­‐      What  is  the  research  method?     (to  make  sure  the  work  is  scien7fically  credible/rigorous)            Michel Chaudron Leiden University. The university to discover.
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