GMSI
Presenter
GMSI
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
Mike Woodhall & Sarina Viljoen
EXPLORATION AND MINING (EM)
BUSINE...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
History
•Gartner Mining: 2007
•Proposed an industry collaboration
•Resulted in t...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
Why?
The objective of EMMMv ( the Exploration, Mining, Metals and minerals
verti...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
EMMMv
 Established formally under the auspices of The Open
Group in 2008
 Visi...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
Reference Model
Objectives:
» Comprehensive Core Business Process Model
» Cross ...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
What ?
The Exploration and Mining (EM) Business Reference Model
is the first act...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
EMMMv Membership
Global:
» South Africa,
» Australia,
» China
Current Member com...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
The Open Group
The Open Group enables an independent platform for
collaboration,...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
Post 2008 Mining organisations
 We believe the industry reference models will b...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
Mining Methods
MineType
RockType
MiningType Tabular Massive Coal Other Solution ...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
Deliverables from the vertical
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
Deliverables from the vertical
Discover
Defines the process by which an explorat...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
Next phase
 Deliverables available to members as prioritised by
them including:...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
Future phases (wish list)
 Roles & Responsibilities model
 Information referen...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
Recognition
GARTNER
Research Project: Mine of the Future
An Architecture for an ...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
Who should Join EMMMv
All who operate in the
Exploration, Mining, Metals and Min...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
Join EMMMv
 To influence what will become the standard reference
models for the...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
Office: +27 11 805 3734
Mobile: +27 82 825 3496
www.opengroup.org
Sarina Viljoen...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
EMMMv and GMSI
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
What has GMSI done with the Model?
• Replace our Mining Value Chain circa 1998
•...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
GMSI ‘Square Circles’
spatialDash
Visualisation
Plotting
Partner&3rd
Party
Conne...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
Plan-Do-Improve & Protect
2
3
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
Plan-Do-Improve is cyclical
Need to understand
the Business to
Manage the Risk
(...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
The Humungous Matrix
L0 X
C4
Exploit
X X X X X X X X The Process includes the BR...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
Here’s that Mining Problem again!
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
Optimise (improve)
L1 Process of Breaking Rock
Optimisation opportunities for ex...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
Risk Management (protect)
L1 Process of Moving Rock
Inputs Outputs
* Identificat...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
Optimise (improve)
L1 Process of Moving Rock
Inputs Outputs
* Existing Rock hand...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
Immediately Obvious Solution
Why not just a bigger
truck?
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
Repository – mineRP Framework
• Accessible, Secure, Knowledge Base
• Multiple En...
Canada 2010
mine planning conference
GMSI
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EXPLORATION AND MINING (EM) BUSINESS REFERENCE MODEL

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The objective of EMMMv ( the Exploration, Mining, Metals and minerals vertical) is to: realise sustainable business- value through collaboration around a common operating model and, by so doing, enable its members to put their Business-IT investment into areas of differentiation versus standard operating practices and support vendors in their delivery of technical and business solutions to the industry.
Read more about The Open Group EMMM forum at http://www.opengroup.co.za/emmm

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EXPLORATION AND MINING (EM) BUSINESS REFERENCE MODEL

  1. 1. GMSI Presenter GMSI Canada 2010 mine planning conference Mike Woodhall & Sarina Viljoen EXPLORATION AND MINING (EM) BUSINESS REFERENCE MODEL
  2. 2. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI History •Gartner Mining: 2007 •Proposed an industry collaboration •Resulted in the establishment of EMMMv
  3. 3. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI Why? The objective of EMMMv ( the Exploration, Mining, Metals and minerals vertical) is to: realise sustainable business- value through collaboration around a common operating model and, by so doing, enable its members to put their Business-IT investment into areas of differentiation versus standard operating practices and support vendors in their delivery of technical and business solutions to the industry. “From the boardroom to the rock face”
  4. 4. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI EMMMv  Established formally under the auspices of The Open Group in 2008  Vision, Charter and product portfolio defined  Priority: Business Reference model  Iterative approach  Participation from members and others  First active version of Business Reference model ready
  5. 5. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI Reference Model Objectives: » Comprehensive Core Business Process Model » Cross Industry » Scale independant » Mining Type and Method Independent » Product Agnostic » Cross all Implantation Phases • Green filds • Brown Fields • Operational » Extensible » Customisable
  6. 6. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI What ? The Exploration and Mining (EM) Business Reference Model is the first active deliverable of the Exploration, Mining, Metals and Minerals vertical (EMMMv).
  7. 7. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI EMMMv Membership Global: » South Africa, » Australia, » China Current Member companies: » Ajilon Australia » Datamine SA » Fortescue Metals Group (FMG) » GijimaAst Mining Solutions International (GMSI) » Lonmin » Real IRM Solutions » Rio Tinto
  8. 8. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI The Open Group The Open Group enables an independent platform for collaboration, removing issues related to anti- competitive behaviour and claims related to intellectual property.
  9. 9. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI Post 2008 Mining organisations  We believe the industry reference models will be the differentiator for focused exploration and mining operations  Headlines “Social risk mitigation taking mining’s centre stage” – Mining Weekly (Jan 2010) “...right-sizing labour force....restructuring head office..” – SA Mining (May 2010) “efficiency focus...” – SA Mining (May 2010) “...companies focus on running the business better – efficiency, effectiveness and completeness are the issues ; understanding where you need to focus is our value add...” - Steve Rasmussen (retired CTO of Anglo Plat)
  10. 10. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI
  11. 11. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI Mining Methods MineType RockType MiningType Tabular Massive Coal Other Solution OpenPit GloryHole Placer OpenPit U/G SFCE Hard Soft Hard Soft
  12. 12. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI Deliverables from the vertical
  13. 13. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI Deliverables from the vertical Discover Defines the process by which an exploration target and/ or a mineral resource is articulated and defined for acquisition purposes. The process includes: • evaluation of grade and tonnes • pre-feasibility phase • examining the production options and acquisition At a strategic level the term 'Discover' focuses on green fields’ discovery. Synonyms Identify opportunity Qualify opportunity Output A bankable feasibility study Role Exploration Geologist
  14. 14. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI Next phase  Deliverables available to members as prioritised by them including: – as documents, – models, – presentations and – source data in a database format
  15. 15. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI Future phases (wish list)  Roles & Responsibilities model  Information reference model  Data model  Candidate application capability reference model  Application integration model  Resource model
  16. 16. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI Recognition GARTNER Research Project: Mine of the Future An Architecture for an Integrated Mining Enterprise, 2020 “This initiative (EMMMv Reference Model) is the broadest cross-mining activity in progress today” “The team must be complimented on creating this substantial piece of work and for making it available to the public domain through the auspices of the Open Group.”
  17. 17. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI Who should Join EMMMv All who operate in the Exploration, Mining, Metals and Minerals space  Mining companies  Refining companies  Engineering support companies  Consulting Organisations  Application companies
  18. 18. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI Join EMMMv  To influence what will become the standard reference models for the exploration and mining industry  To ensure you need invest only in differentiators and not on the standard operating processes  To join the collaboration conversation with a common language – (eg. between vendors and mining clients )  To understand information resources through the use of an industry standard  To optimise investment and enable shared services
  19. 19. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI Office: +27 11 805 3734 Mobile: +27 82 825 3496 www.opengroup.org Sarina Viljoen Forum Director: EMMMv Real IRM Solutions sarina.viljoen@realirm.com Contact Sarina
  20. 20. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI EMMMv and GMSI
  21. 21. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI What has GMSI done with the Model? • Replace our Mining Value Chain circa 1998 • Absorb the EM model into our Business Reference Framework exercise – focused architecture process • Expand the detail by mining method to L3 and in some cases L4 • L0-L2 – generic; L3 mining method specific; L4 client specific; L5 developer conversation • Add to base of accumulated L4 & L5 info
  22. 22. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI GMSI ‘Square Circles’ spatialDash Visualisation Plotting Partner&3rd Party Connectors Drawing PRESENTATION Planning Risk Management Optimisation Execution Layer Management and Rules spatialDB Database Extensions spatialOffice spatialDash StandardOperationalReporting SpatialIntelligence
  23. 23. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI Plan-Do-Improve & Protect 2 3
  24. 24. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI Plan-Do-Improve is cyclical Need to understand the Business to Manage the Risk (Protect)
  25. 25. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI The Humungous Matrix L0 X C4 Exploit X X X X X X X X The Process includes the BREAKING and REMOVAL of 'rock'. Including the TRANSPORT of the broken rock from working place to plant and/or stockpile. (Overburden and Waste are seen as additional and separate streams each and as such included) NB: Including the ON-GOING creation of ACCESS and Infrastruction to MAINTAIN production capability. All continuous MINING activities, from Drill and Blast up to before the first beneficiation activity. Includes the Ramp-up to full production (for the new project) Integrate the requirements of the new mining area into existing infrastructure. Logistical services & production ramp-up to be included * Long, Medium and Short term planning available for all Mine Operations * Ore broken on time, as specified with minimum delays on Operations * Material broken at grade, Classified & Stockpiled. (Waste and graded ore). * Stockpiling policy based on grade and/or rock type and linked to capacity. * ROM for rehab fed back to mine rehab area Risk Management Policy (incl Risk matrix) & Procedure for 'Exploit' Process: * Risk tolerance levels * Risk Management System * Identification of Operational Risks NOTE: Main list of generic requirements from internal, external sources (eg: Governing Legislations & frameworks) Management and Quantification of Exploitation & Operational Risk: * Exploitation & Operational Risk Managed to acceptable tolerance levels * Controls in place * Prioritization of Risk mitigation. * Updated Ore Body Model (for various cycles - annual, quarterly, short term), * Mining Method (as selected), * Mine Design selected. * Production & Development rates defined * Resource constraints, eg: manpower, ventilation, fleet capacity etc) * Policy on mine feeds to plant (amout of JIT production, amout of over- production on mine side) Production output Schedule eg: * Required broken rock classification; * Stockpiles & Dumps (incl Waste); * ROM volumes/tonnages delivered to beneficiation * Critical parameters for on-going control * Production Plan & Schedule * Resources to meet the plan in place (eg 6 M's) * Mining Method (as defined) * Stockpiling & Dump Policies; * Safe & Healthy work environment. * Delivery of broken ore and waste to required quantity and quality to next stage of process (Beneficiation) safely. * Delivery of intermediate ore and waste to stockpiles and dumps (optimally, according to stockpile policy) Identification of explotation optimization opportunities that support the overall mine business objective. (NB: Avoid sub-optimization). Stockpile policy linked (optimised) to market requirement. Right-sizing & De-bottlenecking opportunities, eg: * local/stope/sectional level * cost/volume analysis at an area level; * Optimised Exploitation matched to overall Mine to mill and mine business processes (better, safer, more reliable processes; better quality throughput; revised production targets) * Optimal NPV profile for the operation over its life L1 X 1 BreakRock X X X X X X X X The Process to get ACCESS to and MINING of the ore body, including the EXTENSION of INFRASTRUCTURE Continuous MINING activities and servicing existing working faces to enable the next rock-breaking activity. Broken rock as per approved plan (E.g. Waste or graded ore) Generic considerations for Rock breaking, eg: * Geo-type (eg: geo-technical etc) data & models. * Register of Rock-breaking risks (eg: seismicity, slope failure, health & safety, explosions, heat etc) * Reliability & performance factors of equipment * Mining face availability requirements * Controls in place on risk areas, * Contingency measures in place; * Confidence in the Exploitation Plan Integrated Short/medium/long term Mine Plan. Mining Schedules Mining Layouts to define the access, eg: * Drill block plan, schedule; Blast Plan & Schedule * Resources (6Ms); * Sufficient developed (exposed) orebody; * Utilities e.g. vent; grade control; * Orebody maintenance requirements * Rock broken according to plan; * Ore and Waste streams; (tonnages per time/per product); * Mining mix, volumes & grades (for correctness), * Sufficient availability of orebody to maintain production requirements Optimisation opportunities for exploitation identified, eg: * Historical data on key performance items (KPIs) * Mining variance analyses in place : M2P indices, mining constraints, logistics * Mining widths, draw control, grade control, fragmentation etc. * Reliability and utilisation of resources / orebody. * Data analysis for optimization * Control & measurement of KPIs for optimization Optimization opportunities identified, eg: * Optimised Exploitation processes * Optimal use of capacity * Optimised Mining Method Characteristics L2 X 1.1 Create Access X X X X X X X X The WORK to be done (development & construction) to get the area to be mined ready to START Mining and CONTINUE without interruption. (incl waste / overburden stripping in Open pits) The WORK to be done to get the area to be mined ready to CONTINUE with UNINTERRUPTED Mining and to maintain PRODUCTION CAPABILITY. (All work needed to ensure 'Mine the Ore Body' can directly proceed as normal and to plan) Adequate, fully accessible and serviced mining areas with no delays, interruptions to enable reliable achievement of plan. * Ore Body Access Plan& Schedule * Resources to conduct the schedule * Risk info about the means (equipment, methods, people, etc) to execute * Understanding of consequences of risks. * Confidence in creating sufficient face and timeous and adequate access. * Safe access creation * Mining plan for extensions based on mining rates and depletions; * To be mined Position (Survey info) * Equipment availability and performance values * Plan for required access to orebody, (eg: Requirements for ore reserve development & sequencing; ledging; equipping) * Surveyor drawing (eg: to indicate levels, layouts, mine areas), * Mobile eqmnt surfaces (eg: haul roads) * Short term plan & schedule for eg: mining access development & construction, and ledging * Plan and schedule for eg: mining mobile equipment (main & auxcilliary) * Integrated (ops, maint, services) plan (& budget) required to create access. * A Plan for the creation of sufficient available mining face * Understand Ore Body, eg: Position, Location, Payzones * Defined Resource Budgets & Allocations Required to create access (6 M's) * Plans and Schedules (from 'PLANNING' Outputs) * Survey Information, eg: Surface topography, Lines & Pegs, Layouts, Holing positions & Breakaways. * Ore Body available for mining as planned & scheduled, incorporating sufficient flexibility. * Sufficient available mining face to achieve production plan. * Initial Waste stripping completed to allow optimal mining. * Resources allocated per budget / plan * Ore/waste handling facilities constructed and commissioned * Baseline Layout & Designs * Baseline schedules for opening up * Definition of flexibility requirement * Optimised Layouts & Designs * Optimised schedules (for opening up / waste stripping) * Flexibility incorporated in schedules L2 X 1.2 Mine Ore Body X X X X X X X X The Process to Extract/Liberate the desired material from the ore body (deposit) The Process that includes all CONTINUOUS rock/ore breaking ACTIVITIES (eg: drill & blast) from after the ore body is exposed up to FIRST CLASSIFICATION of rock (i.e. ore, waste and intermediate materials) As per main def. To allow continuous production of ore and waste per plan. Liberation of ore (eg. Drill and blast) from the in-situ ore body to create broken rock/waste into such a state that it can be moved (as product rock or waste - not classified yet) * Ore Body Exploitation Plan & Schedule * Resources to conduct the schedule * Risk info about the means (equipment, methods, people, etc) to execute * Understanding of consequences of risks. * Identification of specific risks associated with exploitation (rock bursts, seismicity, fall of ground, slope failure, gas etc) * Identification of dilution and recovery risks (from ore body / sweepings / MCF) * Knowledge of Geological risks and losses * Confidence in achieving exploitation plan. * Safe and healthy mining * Confidence in Geological continuity * Modeling & control on dilution & recovery. Extraction Methods selected (eg: drill & blast or Caving) * Designs defined * Ore Block Model (block sizes & level of selectivity defined) * Exploration drilling & sampling Schedules * Support Equipment Schedules * Defined (eg: in-stope or per bench) exploitation method * Ore Depletion Plan (eg: stoping or bench-by-bench depletion), In operation blocks with schedules. * Drill plan & Schedule (eg: with full hole dimensions) * Blast Plan (eg: with explosive specs; charge parameters; timing tables) * Mining Cycle * Define the Control Parameters (eg: grade, widths, dilutions, recoveries) Mining-method specific understanding is required, eg: * Drill & Blast designs completed (hole lengths, spacings, charges etc) * Actual holes measurements * Actual Charges; times taken(??); blast fingerprint * Blast hole sampling results * Actual Blast Results * Resources in place (People, machines) * Ventilation & Support requirements Mining method specific measurable outputs, eg: * Quality & Quantity of ore. (width, dilutions, broken grade) * Cost effective production of ore and waste from stope / bench * Baseline Drill Pattern (eg: planned, history, actuals) * Baseline Blast pattern (eg: Timing & Consumables) * Geo-models * Identified potential areas of optimization (eg: slope angle, fragmentation, mining width, cut-off grade etc) * Identify cost/volume characteristics Variance analysis on critical exploitation parameters, eg: * Plan vs Actual drill and blast results (Eg: compare blast pattern, time taken, volumes used and costs) * Optimised drill plan (Eg: Pattern, blocks, equipment etc) * Optimised blast model (Eg: charges, timings, block size, delays caused) * Improved Fragmentation * Improved loading rates * Reduced Dilution * Improved Recovery * Optimised utilization and availability of Equipment * Improved Mining & support Cycle * Controls on overbreak/underbreak L2 X 1.3 Extend Infrastructure X X X X X X X X The Process to Establish/Extend FACILITIES and UTILITIES necessary to sustain a given production profile (mine plan) 3 Types of Extensions required: (i) Longer term: Major infrastructure extensions (involve negotiations with external suppliers) (ii) Medium term: Internal extensions on main distribution networks (new substations, pumpstations etc); (iii) Short term: Extension of existing facilities (as part of the 'normal' operations - mainly extensions on deployed inrastructure). Complete infrastructure (& Utilities) sufficiently deployed to proceed with MINE OPERATIONS without delay. * Infrastructure Plan& Schedule * Resources to conduct the schedule * Risk info about the means (equipment, methods, people, etc) to execute * Understanding of consequences of risks. * Risks of Supply Failures * Capacities and constraints on logistics and infrastructure * Confidence in creating sufficient Logistics & Infrastructure to support plan. * Safe Infrastructure & logistics creation and maintenance * Constraints Understood & Bottlenecks managed (eg: box holes, power, water etc) * Short and Medium term Mine Plan (eg: Planned depletion rates) * List of all Infrastructure & Logistics requirements * Detail of eg: new drill/blast and stoping mine positions (continuously) * Requirements per Infrastructure at eg: new drill/stope positions. * Requirements for Resource planning. * Infrastructure extension plan per Item (Services, Utilities etc) * Support requirements (eg: material, people, contracts) * Utility Reserves available (to ensure no delays) * Planning (and scheduling) parameters * Actuals of work done (eg: backlogs) * History per item (for trend and comparason analysis) * (Support) Engineering planning inputs & resources * Access created according to plan * Maintenance of Infrastructure and Logistics to support mining in place * Sufficient capacity established for the Mining Plan (eg: Ventilation, Pumping, Electricity, Water, compressed air, cooling) * Sufficient materials handling facilities & capabilities (eg: support, explosives, fuel, spares. * Establishment of Stores to support mining operations. * Existing Infrastructure layout * Governing parameters (eg: that influence infrastructure time taken, cost, influence on production) * Identification and optimization of existing operational processes, eg: Maintenance schedules, Hoisting schedules, Mining cycles, Shift times, Travelling times, Define power, Water requirements; Engineering controls in place on availabilities/utilisation of equipment; Excavation size, Shape and place as required for use; Logistical constraints. * Optimised Infrastructure extension plan (consider all governing parameters) * Sensitivity of optimised plans to input parameters * Matched system; repeatable practice; * Optimization of Operational Processes, eg: Maintenance schedules, Hoisting schedules, Mining cycles, Shift times, Travelling times, Define power, Water requirements; Engineering controls in place on availabilities/utilisation of equipment; Excavation size, Shape and place as required for use; Logistical Constraints L1 X 2 Remove Rock X X X X X X X X The process of classifying, moving (transporting) and stockpiling the broken material. (Different per mine type, rock type and mining method) As per main definition. Continuous removal of broken rock to expose the new mining face. * Transported rock of the Run-Of-Mine (E.g. to beneficiation plant, stockpiles or waste dump). * Ore Stockpiled according to stockpiling policy Identify Risks associated with removal of rock * Health & Safety risks * Wrong classification of rock * Loss of product along ore handling route * Cross-tramming * Breakdowns * Bottlenecks & delays (Note: Data on all of the above is needed) * Risks identified & classified ito impact & probability * Management controls on all identified risks * Codes of practice and standard operating procedures * Critical Risks mitigated through design & intervention * Benchmark of available technologies suitable for methods considered * Overall mine infrastructure design (eg: shafts, belts etc) * Cpy Preference or standard on rock handling systems (aligned with governance) * Legal Requirements defined (speed of haulage etc) * Plan to Remove Rock * Methods & technologies to move * Rock handling routes defined * Volumes to be moved defined * Capacities & constraints defined * Rock handling system design optimised * Plan defining quantities of rock / ore / waste to be moved over time * Equipment to be used * Routes to be followed * Resources requirements to move the rock (People, engineering, equipment etc) * Haulage route availabibility * Hauling the right materials at the required capacities, availabilities etc * Equipment availability * Plans, Schedules, Designs in place * Capacities and constraints identified * Equipment needs defined * The definition of the complete ore flow, measuring points & data for analysis Plans, schedules and designs optimised (eg: matching equipment & capacities, systems engineering applied). De-bottlenecking to remove constraints, eg: * Optimised ore flow * Optimised loading rates based on optimal fragmentation * Optimised fleet management (Note: Aim is to obtain a consistent feed to plant through a system in balance) L2 X 2.1 Classify Rock X X X X X X X X Identify and SEPERATE Desired Material from Waste The continuous seperation (1st phase) of blasted material in main streams (mainly an ore-carrying and a waste stream) Ore rock (if required in diferent ore groupings) and waste rock (non- ore carrying, overburden etc) separated and ready for moving to stockpile, beneficiation palnt/s or waste dumps * Accurate and Updated Geological model * Geo-technical model * Updated blasthole/other sampling information * Quality assurance on sampling (sampling density, quality, methods etc) * Cut-off grade definition (NB: Needs accurate costing info) * Understanding of impact of wrong classification * Confidence in classification of ore/waste info * Real-time control (and information) * Linked to the management control system * Geological Model * Mine Exploitation plan * Rock fragmentation characteristics * Dilution prediction * Amount of water contamination * Volumes of ore to be transported to plant * Volumes of waste to be transported * Volumes of intermediate material to deliver to stockpiles (where applicable) * Fragmentation Characteristics * Load out methods & rates * Loading Cycle Requirements * Support Equipment requirements * Loading Positions * Geological model to define ore zones * Grade Control Model * Loading Locations * Tonnages (& volumes) * Predicted dilution tons (& dilution entry models) * Geo-technical model defining blast design * Ore is classified according to plan and plant/stockpile requirements * Defined destinations in the ore handling process (eg: handling line) * Loading positions and rates * Geo-technical Models * Existing data used for classification * Knowledge of potential for improvement in classification (eg: technology, assaying technique / sampling methods) * Best state-of-art technology for sampling and reconciliation * Improved data upon which classification is based * Data must be preferably available as real-time data, quick turn-around of data * Dynamic control of classifications (eg: quick response to changes in metal price) * Reconciliation and variance analysis (Testing models against actual conditions) L2 X 2.2 MoveRock X X X X X X X X The Process to transfer ROM material from source (eg: Stope or Bench) to destination in the most effective way. (e.g. backfill, stockpile, crushing, hopper, silo) Al movement activities (eg: transport) of different (classified) materials from the mine face to the site of intermediate stockpiles and/or beneficiation plants. Facilities in place and activities in operation to move (transport) the different (classified) materials from the mine face to intermediate stockpiles and/or beneficiation plants * Identification of potential safety and health risks * Breakdown potential (availability and utilization of total transport chain) * Risk of not achieving required Utilization * Knowledge of capacities and constraints (eg: haul truck sizes, consumptions, panto-lines, ore-pass capacities, half-level capacities, main haulage drive capacities, engineering capacities) * Identification of potential loss, breakage of product (also over- creation of fines) * Fragmentation characteristics that influence loading rates * Knowledge of water usage and inflow and gas occurance Risk Mitigation Tactics to ensure consistent delivery. Management requirements to ensure Minimal breakdowns, eg: * Minimal secondary blasting and hang-ups * Controls to reduce mud-rushes, flooding, explosions, poisonous gas occurrence * Control system to minimise human exposure to open draw points, hang-ups, in-rushes of rock/mud/water Knowledge of Mining Method & Rock Characteristics (eg: ito fragmentation, volume): * Volumes (density for tons vs volume) to be moved * Distances & Routes * Capacities (& other characteristics) of infrastructure, loading & hauling equipment * Support equipment availabilities (eg: FEL, Grader, Panto-line etc) * Reception points details (eg: stock piles, drop-off points etc) * Required Equipment plan/s (shovels, haulers, support equipment etc) * Defined measuring points (eg: tons, grade, quality, water content etc - weigh bridges) * Pantograph utilization schedule * Haulroad planning (broad-line - package like DESPATCH will control in operation) * Tonnage to move (load) schedule per equipment, per transport route * Allocation of Required Equipment (eg: shovels, haulers, support equipment, LHDs and scrapers etc) * Allocation of other resources (eg: people, workshops, consumables, tyres, fuel, maint schedules) * Established measuring points (eg: weigh bridges / weightometers etc) * Established Haulroads & other rock handling facilities (eg: belts, locos, hoppers, Pantograph etc) * Established in-pit or in-mine crushers & bins * Tonnage to move (load) schedule per equipment, per transport route * Management Control System in place * Delivery of rock (ore / waste) to required destinations as per plan & schedule * Efficient loading * Removal of rock from mining area timeously * Full Recovery of all broken ore (eg: sweepings, vamping, stope recovery) * Removal of broken waste from development / waste stripping to support ongoing production * All operations performed to safety, health and environmental standards * Tons and grades moved is measured and accounted for management control * Existing Rock handling system, routes, capacities and constraints, and its performance * Existing blast patterns resulting in current fragmentation * Geological, geo-technical and geo-metallurgical data * Geographical positioning systems * Existing equipment performance criteria * Means to conduct optimisation (spreadsheets, computer models, simulation, linear programming etc) * Reconciliation & Variance analysis of operational activities in place * Rock handling system in balance * Improved loading rates * Improved cycle times * More energy-efficient transport (eg: haulage method) * Reduced (Optimised) costs of ore / rock transport * Real-time control on rock movement (eg: Right time, right destination, minimum delays) * Optimised fleet management (eg: Optimal capacity, utilization & availability) L2 X 2.3 Stockpile/Deliver Product or Waste X X X X X X X X The process of Temporary storage of Product material or Waste. (Inside the Mine Area) The dropping onto and piling at the (intermediate) stockpile and/or delivery into the receiving bins/piles of the first phase plant-type separation process (Beneficiation plant) Blasted and Classified material delivered at Beneficiation stockpile and/or waste dump for further processing. * Knowledge of the consequenc of miss-allocation on the stock-piling effectiveness * Confidence of the planned delivery of the correct material to the correct stockpile * Knowledge of the potential of degradation of material on the stockpile over time and impact on plant recovery * Constant sampling data of residues and waste and material-to- stockpile (Note: The risk: Misclassification of materials; A need to understand the link from the mined material through to the plant recovery) * Confidence that the right material is transferred to the plant * Ability to reclaim and blend for consistent plant delivery * Control on the possibility of ore being delivered to waste dump * Receiving point positions & characteristics * Stockpile policy (eg: grade intervals) * Mine and plant capacities * Reclamation equipment requirements & duties * Mining Calendar, eg: Christmas & Passover time pre-requisites -To take into account in planning. Plans for: * Stockpiling (& as incorporated into the overall production plan) * Reclamation NOTE: Incl: Tonnages to reclaim, to put on stockpile, waste dumps & delivery to waste dumps * Available stockpiling facilities * Plan of tons to be stockpiled or delivered to next phase * Reclamation facilities in place * Stockpiling measuring system defined * Blending requirements defined * Stockpile and delivery activities executed as planned & scheduled * Active stockpiles * Known tonnages and grades on stockpiles * Blending capability as necessary * Reclamation capacity that meets the plant feed requirement/s * Current stockpiling process (incl. equipment, stockpile sites, controls) * Optimal plant operating parameters and performance (Note: The need is to get the optimal delivery to plant - optimal mix of ROM and stockpile to the plant at the right time; what optimises the plant performance) * Optimal (sometimes simplified) stockpiling & reclamation procedure * Consistent delivery over calender year * Consistent & optimal delivery of ore types / ore mix to plant * Ability of quick response to market changes L0-L2 as per E&M Model L3 by mining method L4 some specifics Inputs and Outputs for Risk Management, Planning, Execution and Optimisation per L0- L2 Process Definitions and Deliverables
  26. 26. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI Here’s that Mining Problem again!
  27. 27. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI Optimise (improve) L1 Process of Breaking Rock Optimisation opportunities for exploitation identified, eg: * Historical data on key performance items (KPIs) * Mining variance analyses in place : M2P indices, mining constraints, logistics * Mining widths, draw control, grade control, fragmentation etc. * Reliability and utilisation of resources / orebody. * Data analysis for optimization * Control & measurement of KPIs for optimization Optimization opportunities identified, eg: * Optimised Exploitation processes * Optimal use of capacity * Optimised Mining Method Characteristics Inputs Outputs
  28. 28. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI Risk Management (protect) L1 Process of Moving Rock Inputs Outputs * Identification of potential safety and health risks * Breakdown potential (availability and utilization of total transport chain) * Risk of not achieving required Utilization * Knowledge of capacities and constraints (eg: haul truck sizes, consumptions, panto-lines, ore-pass capacities, half-level capacities, main haulage drive capacities, engineering capacities) * Identification of potential loss, breakage of product (also over-creation of fines) * Fragmentation characteristics that influence loading rates * Knowledge of water usage and inflow and gas occurance Risk Mitigation Tactics to ensure consistent delivery. Management requirements to ensure Minimal breakdowns, eg: * Minimal secondary blasting and hang-ups * Controls to reduce mud-rushes, flooding, explosions, poisonous gas occurrence * Control system to minimise human exposure to open draw points, hang-ups, in- rushes of rock/mud/water
  29. 29. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI Optimise (improve) L1 Process of Moving Rock Inputs Outputs * Existing Rock handling system, routes, capacities and constraints, and its performance * Existing blast patterns resulting in current fragmentation * Geological, geo-technical and geo- metallurgical data * Geographical positioning systems * Existing equipment performance criteria * Means to conduct optimisation (spreadsheets, computer models, simulation, linear programming etc) * Reconciliation & Variance analysis of operational activities in place * Rock handling system in balance * Improved loading rates * Improved cycle times * More energy-efficient transport (eg: haulage method) * Reduced (Optimised) costs of ore / rock transport * Real-time control on rock movement (eg: Right time, right destination, minimum delays) * Optimised fleet management (eg: Optimal capacity, utilization & availability)
  30. 30. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI Immediately Obvious Solution Why not just a bigger truck?
  31. 31. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI Repository – mineRP Framework • Accessible, Secure, Knowledge Base • Multiple Entry Points – Process step – Plan-Do-Improve & Protect – Technical discipline – Mining method • Tools – Microsoft standard toolset – GMSI domain – Consulting tool
  32. 32. Canada 2010 mine planning conference GMSI

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