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  • KT: European The aim was to offer a coherent framework for the management of intellectual property by the public research sector, to promote knowledge transfer between the public and private sectors, both within and between Member States. Recommendation 2008: a set of key policy recommendations to Member States which public authorities should rely on when introducing or adapting national guidelines or other measures Code of practice: perational guidance for Public Research Organisations and Universities performing research, aiming to enhance the way they manage intellectual property, thereby to promote knowledge transfer between the public and private sectors International: ERAC guideline Model contract agreement
  • respondents were asked to rate the importance of the most frequent barriers to access scientific publications. The options available were: 1) Insufficient national/regional strategies/policies on access to scientific publications 2) High prices of articles/journal subscriptions 3) Limited or reduced library budgets 4) Different Value Added Tax (VAT) rates for online media and printed material 5) Lack of awareness and interest within the research community on access and open access 6) No incentive system in place encouraging and rewarding practices that enhance access
  • Respondents were asked to rate the importance of the barriers to an enhanced access scientific to research data. The barriers indicated were the following: 1) Insufficient national/regional strategies/policies on access to research data 2) Lack of funding to develop and maintain the necessary data infrastructures 3) Insufficient credit given to researchers making research data available/lack of incentives 4) Lack of mandates to deposit research data 5) Lack of data management requirements in research projects 6) Confidentiality/privacy issues
  • European Research Area guidelines on Intellectual Property (IP) management in international research collaboration agreements between European and non-European partners

6 4 era-bled_knowledge_sharing_ff 6 4 era-bled_knowledge_sharing_ff Presentation Transcript

  • Knowledge Sharing in the European Union "Implementing the ERA: Joining Forces at the National and European Level" Session 2d “Dissemination, Transfer and Use of Research Results, including Open Access”, 20th January - Bled, Slovenia Francesco Fusaro Policy Officer Directorate European Research Area (Unit B.6)
  • Knowledge Sharing
    • Open Access (OA)
      • Publications
      • Data
    • Knowledge Transfer, IPR
      • European dimension
      • International dimension
  • Commissioner’s view ‘ We need [...] a unified research area that brings together people and ideas in a way that catalyses science and world-leading innovation. Open access can help make this vision become a reality .’ (M. Geoghegan-Quinn)
  • Objectives for Open Access
    • Serving Research and Innovation (R&I)
    • Improving return on investment in R&I
      • Allow the benefits of science to be exploited by all (researchers, industry, citizens)
      • Free access to results of publicly-funded research
    • Goals:
    • By 2014: Open Access strategies in EU countries
    • By 2020: 100% Open Access to publications in EU
  • 2011 Consultation on scientific information: Publications
    • In favour:
    • 100%
      • National and Regional Government
      • Research funding organization
    • More than 90%
      • Libraries,
      • Citizens,
      • Universities/research institutes
      • Researchers
    • Disagree:
      • 67% of publishers
    Source: On-line public consultation on scientific information in the digital age July 2011 - September 2011
  • 2011 Consultation on scientific information: Data
    • Results:
      • 90% of support for research data that is publicly available and results from public funding to be available for re-use and free of charge on the internet
    • Highlighted issues:
      • Competition
      • Standards
      • Confidentiality
    • Partner, pilot & build infrastructures
    Source: On-line public consultation on scientific information in the digital age July 2011 - September 2011
  • Leading by example
    • 7 th Framework programme (2007-2013)
      • Covers OA publishing costs
      • Self-archiving: OA Pilot
    • Horizon 2020 (2014-2020)
      • Make open access to publications the general principle for all projects
      • Open up possibilities for data
  • Barriers to access Publications Source: On-line public consultation on scientific information in the digital age July 2011 - September 2011
  • Barriers to access Data Source: On-line public consultation on scientific information in the digital age July 2011 - September 2011
  • Actions
      • Develop and implement OA policies
      • Raise awareness of OA among research actors
      • Promote culture of sharing (incentivise researchers)
      • Contribute to the setting of standards, designing and establishing e-Infrastructures
    • Support from Science Europe is crucial!
  • Knowledge Transfer
    • Objectives
      • Foster scientific excellence
      • Facilitate international partnerships
      • Stimulate innovation activities and competition
      • Increase the competitiveness of the EU economy
      • Goals
      • By 2020: Knowledge transfer between universities, Public Research Organizations and business are world class, as measured on the basis of international KT indicators
  • Barriers to Knowledge Transfer
    • Current situation
      • Inadequate and insufficient public/private cooperation between industry and the public research sector
      • Low mobility of researchers and lack of communication between the academic sector and industry
      • Lack of professional management of IP in Public Research Organisations
      • Lack of employment incentives in KT
      • Fragmentation in legal systems and complex funding systems in the MS
  • Actions
      • Acknowledge KT activities in the employment conditions of public researchers
      • Reward researchers' mobility between public and private sectors
      • Integrate KT in regional, national and international research programmes
      • Implement the "ERA Guidelines on IP Management In International Research Collaborations" (forthcoming)
    • Support from Science Europe is crucial!
    • Thank you for your attention
    • Looking forward to our future cooperation