Open access


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Presentation about OA at University of Hasselt

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Open access

  1. 1. Open AccessWhy you should care. An introduction.
  2. 2. @openaccess_be
  3. 3. What does Open Access mean?• Free (for the end user)• Digital (online) @openaccess_be
  4. 4. What is Open Access?• Immediately (embargo’s are possible)• Research (publications, but also datasets)• With as few restrictions (reuse and copyright) as possible @openaccess_be
  5. 5. @openaccess_be
  6. 6. Why• Research payed for by tax payer’s money should be available to them without extra cost• Because my research funder obliges me to make my research available in Open Access• Colleagues worldwide should have access to my research, not only those who can pay all subscription prices @openaccess_be
  7. 7. Why• I want to increase visibility and impact of my work• I want my research to be available as soon as possible• I disagree with the policies of the big publishers @openaccess_be
  8. 8. Different Ways to make your work OA Deposit an open access version of your work in a repository Publish directly in an OA journal @openaccess_be
  9. 9. Self-archiving• Deposit research in OA repository – Institutional – Subject (discipline-specific)• Better than personal, departmental or project website! @openaccess_be
  10. 10. Self-archiving• Immediate OA or after embargo period (discipline-specific)• ‘Free’• Main focus of mandates @openaccess_be
  11. 11. Open Access publishing• Publish in OA Journal• All disciplines• OA has no influence on quality of journal!• With or without Article Processing Charges/ Author Fees @openaccess_be
  12. 12. Open Access publishing• Hybrid OA: – traditional journal -> OA Fee -> immediate OA – your institution still has to pay subscription fees because not all content is freely accessible … @openaccess_be
  13. 13. Open Access publishing• Young journals -> not always scoring well in traditional metrics systems – but are catching up! (PLOS, BioMedCentral, …) @openaccess_be
  14. 14. It’s not over …• Mainstreaming – More attention – Also: more discussion!• Lots of experimenting going on! – Financing OA journals – Overlay journals based on repository content –…• Altmetrics• Text and data mining @openaccess_be
  15. 15. @openaccess_be
  16. 16. The European perspective• European Commission: big research funder (FP7 – Horizon 2020)• 2 dedicated commissioners Neelie Kroes and Máire Geoghegan-Quinn @openaccess_be
  17. 17. The EC and Open Access• Why open access ? – Serving research and innovation (R&I) and improving return on investment – Allow the benefits of science to be exploited by all (researchers, industry, citizens) and give equal access in all EU27 Member States – Give free access to results of publicly-funded research – Drive down the costs for dissemination without sacrificing quality @openaccess_be
  18. 18. The EC and Open Access• A means to improve knowledge circulation – Not a goal in itself ! – Not all Member States are the same• Both Green and Gold open access measures should be promoted in Horizon 2020, both should be valid and complementary approaches (transition period of the market)• “Open access must be effective, fair, affordable, competitive and sustainable for researchers and innovative businesses” @openaccess_be
  19. 19. OA Pilot in FP7• 7 areas (>1300 projects to date) – 20% of total FP7 budget (2007-2013) – OpenAIRE portal – Linking of publications with datasets• Best effort to provide OA• Peer-reviewed publications• Allowed embargos: 6/12 months• Refunding of OA publishing costs – Eligible while project runs @openaccess_be
  20. 20. OA Mandate in Horizon 2020• No longer a pilot : OA becomes an obligation• All scientific areas• Peer-reviewed publications• Allowed embargos: 6/12 months• Plus: pilot for research data• OA publishing costs – Eligibile while project runs – plus (tbc): possibility to cover later publications, under conditions to define @openaccess_be
  21. 21. • Infrastructure to implement EC’s OA policy – Visibility – Access – Tools & services – Linking research output to project information and data• @openaccess_be
  22. 22. @openaccess_be
  23. 23. @openaccess_be
  24. 24. What do you think?• Are you making your research OA already? Why (not)?• What can be done on university/government level as incentives• Would you consider taking part of OA initiatives such as new journals, training sessions, …• How about your research data?• … @openaccess_be
  25. 25. •••• Twitter @openaccess_be• Facebook ‘Open Access Belgium’•  0032 9 264 94 72 @openaccess_be
  26. 26. References• Open Access cartoon by Patrick Hochstenbach (@hochstenbach)• ‘Open Access Explained!’ PHD Comics by Jorge Cham, Nick Shockey and Jonathan Eisen• ‘Green and Gold’ image by Libby Levi for• ‘Gold vs. Green’ graphic. Björk et al. (2010). "Open Access to the Scientific Journal Literature: Situation 2009". PLoS ONE 5 (6): e11273. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0011273• APC graphic. Corbyn, Zoe. Price doesnt always buy prestige in open access, Nature 22.01.2013 doi:10.1038/nature.2013.12259• ‘Nature vs. Science vs. Open Access’ PHD Comics by Jorge Cham• Spichtinger, Daniel Open Access in Horizon 2020 and the European Research Area 20Spichtinger.pdf @openaccess_be