OPEN Peer Review to save the world
Michael Taylor (PhD, CPhys)
National Observatory of Athens
patternizer@gmail.com
alpha ...
Peer review… to save the world??!
• As we move toward a Type I civilization our socio-economic
world is getting more globa...
Modern impacts & threats are they just tabloid science ?!
MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gm...
The Journal Publishing Model made us think...
MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
openscholar.org.uk
We got together with others to test new models
108 volunteers
from 17 countries
MICHAEL TAYLOR / opensc...
LIBRE = LIBerating REsearch but from what exactly?!
• PUBLICATION DELAYS  slow processes & embargos
• BARRIERS TO INFO  ...
Publication delays >8 months (even before any embargo)
Björk & Solomon (2013)
Journal of Informetrics
7(4), 914-923.
MICHA...
Barriers to info paywall$ (and e.g. linguistic barriers)
MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gma...
Dependence on citation indices poor statistics
MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
Copyright loss creates loss of creative re-use rights and OA
MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer...
Rejection Rates cause submission cascades & waste time
MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail...
Retraction Rates put lives at risk
Steen, R. G. (2011). Retractions in the medical literature: how many patients are put
a...
Figure 2. Percentage of retractions vs. percentage of 2010 Web of
Science records among 12 broad scholarly fields.
Retract...
Retraction Rates mean wrong info stays in circulation for years
Fang, Steen & Casadevall
(2012) PNAS 109(42), 17028-
17033...
Journal Peer Review is limited, left to trust and prone to bias
MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patterni...
An ideal (journal-independent) model
should be …
COOPERATIVE  free & data-linked
FAST  un-moderated & zero-embargo
FAIR ...
A new model the “Open Publication”
OpenAIRE
COAR,
OpenDOAR …
LIBRE
OpenAIRE
COAR,
OpenDOAR ?
Authors?
Journals?
MICHAEL TA...
LIBRE is our attempt at demonstrating independent peer-review
MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternize...
MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
LIBRE is open source and we welcome your input at GitHub
MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gma...
www.openscholar.org.uk/independent-peer-review-initiative
Greece is the launchpad for the Independent Peer Review Initiati...
Greece is in 12th position (1.13% of the top 1% cited articles EVER)
MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / pat...
Greece has HUGE research output potential
Press WH (2013) What's So Special About Science (And How Much Should We Spend on...
Greece is VERY active & innovative in OA
MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
Beckett, C., & Inger, S. (2006).
Self-archiving and journal
subscriptions: co-existence or
competition. Publishing
Researc...
So, can (independent) Peer Review save the world  MAYBE
Björk, Bo-Christer et al (2009)
PloS one 5.6: e11273.
Gargouri & ...
MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
Inspired by the essay…
Many thanks for your though...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

OpenAIRE-COAR conference 2014: Open peer review to save the world, by Michael Taylor - Co-founder of Open Scholar, National Observatory Athens

265

Published on

Presentation at the OpenAIRE-COAR Conference: "Open Access Movement to Reality: Putting the Pieces Together", Athens - May 21-22, 2014.
Session 5: The now and the future of open scholarly communication.
Open peer review to save the world, by Michael Taylor - Co-founder of Open Scholar, National Observatory Athens

Published in: Science, Technology, Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
265
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

OpenAIRE-COAR conference 2014: Open peer review to save the world, by Michael Taylor - Co-founder of Open Scholar, National Observatory Athens

  1. 1. OPEN Peer Review to save the world Michael Taylor (PhD, CPhys) National Observatory of Athens patternizer@gmail.com alpha @libreapp
  2. 2. Peer review… to save the world??! • As we move toward a Type I civilization our socio-economic world is getting more global & interconnected… Type I — a civilization that is able to harness all of the power P available on a single planet (Pearth ≈ 1.7 ×1017 W) Type II — a civilization capable of harnessing the luminosity of its own star (Psun ≈ 3.9 ×1026 W) Type III — a civilization with access to energy on the scale of the luminosity of its own galaxy (Pmilky way ≈ 4 ×1037 W) 𝐾 = 𝑙𝑜𝑔10 𝑃 − 6 10 Kardashev, Nikolai (1964) Soviet Astronomy 8: 217Sagan (1973) Cosmic Connection. Cambridge Press, ISBN 0-521-78303-8 …meaning that systemic impacts are more macroscopic MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  3. 3. Modern impacts & threats are they just tabloid science ?! MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  4. 4. The Journal Publishing Model made us think... MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  5. 5. openscholar.org.uk We got together with others to test new models 108 volunteers from 17 countries MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  6. 6. LIBRE = LIBerating REsearch but from what exactly?! • PUBLICATION DELAYS  slow processes & embargos • BARRIERS TO INFO  paywall$ • DEPENDENCE ON CITATION INDICES  poor stats • COPYRIGHT LOSS  no creative re-use (we need CC-BY) • REJECTION RATES  waste, curtail output & miss ops • RETRACTION RATES  bad info stays in circulation • AUTHOR CHARGES  knowledge divide • LOW VISIBILITY  unindexed OA & “the long tail” • LIMITED PEER-REVIEW  danger of bias with 2-3 people MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  7. 7. Publication delays >8 months (even before any embargo) Björk & Solomon (2013) Journal of Informetrics 7(4), 914-923. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  8. 8. Barriers to info paywall$ (and e.g. linguistic barriers) MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  9. 9. Dependence on citation indices poor statistics MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  10. 10. Copyright loss creates loss of creative re-use rights and OA MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  11. 11. Rejection Rates cause submission cascades & waste time MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  12. 12. Retraction Rates put lives at risk Steen, R. G. (2011). Retractions in the medical literature: how many patients are put at risk by flawed research?. Journal of medical ethics, 37(11), 688-692. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  13. 13. Figure 2. Percentage of retractions vs. percentage of 2010 Web of Science records among 12 broad scholarly fields. Retraction Rates may be an early warning bell about Gold OA Grieneisen & Zhang M (2012) PLoS ONE 7(10): e44118. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  14. 14. Retraction Rates mean wrong info stays in circulation for years Fang, Steen & Casadevall (2012) PNAS 109(42), 17028- 17033. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  15. 15. Journal Peer Review is limited, left to trust and prone to bias MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  16. 16. An ideal (journal-independent) model should be … COOPERATIVE  free & data-linked FAST  un-moderated & zero-embargo FAIR  accessible, OA and persistent HONEST  transparent INSPIRING  social & credit-giving OBJECTIVE  collectively wise & reproducible INNOVATIVE  open source MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  17. 17. A new model the “Open Publication” OpenAIRE COAR, OpenDOAR … LIBRE OpenAIRE COAR, OpenDOAR ? Authors? Journals? MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  18. 18. LIBRE is our attempt at demonstrating independent peer-review MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  19. 19. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  20. 20. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  21. 21. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  22. 22. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  23. 23. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  24. 24. LIBRE is open source and we welcome your input at GitHub MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  25. 25. www.openscholar.org.uk/independent-peer-review-initiative Greece is the launchpad for the Independent Peer Review Initiative MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  26. 26. Greece is in 12th position (1.13% of the top 1% cited articles EVER) MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  27. 27. Greece has HUGE research output potential Press WH (2013) What's So Special About Science (And How Much Should We Spend on It?). Science, 342(6160), 817-822. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  28. 28. Greece is VERY active & innovative in OA MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  29. 29. Beckett, C., & Inger, S. (2006). Self-archiving and journal subscriptions: co-existence or competition. Publishing Research Consortium: PRC Summary Papers, 2. It’s important to ask librarians what do they really want MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  30. 30. So, can (independent) Peer Review save the world  MAYBE Björk, Bo-Christer et al (2009) PloS one 5.6: e11273. Gargouri & Harnad (2010) Eprints: August 28. 2010 HELP US TO MANDATE IPR AT OA REPOSITORIES MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  31. 31. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com Inspired by the essay… Many thanks for your thoughts
  1. ¿Le ha llamado la atención una diapositiva en particular?

    Recortar diapositivas es una manera útil de recopilar información importante para consultarla más tarde.

×