OpenAIRE-COAR conference 2014: Open peer review to save the world, by Michael Taylor - Co-founder of Open Scholar, National Observatory Athens
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OpenAIRE-COAR conference 2014: Open peer review to save the world, by Michael Taylor - Co-founder of Open Scholar, National Observatory Athens

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Presentation at the OpenAIRE-COAR Conference: "Open Access Movement to Reality: Putting the Pieces Together", Athens - May 21-22, 2014. ...

Presentation at the OpenAIRE-COAR Conference: "Open Access Movement to Reality: Putting the Pieces Together", Athens - May 21-22, 2014.
Session 5: The now and the future of open scholarly communication.
Open peer review to save the world, by Michael Taylor - Co-founder of Open Scholar, National Observatory Athens

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OpenAIRE-COAR conference 2014: Open peer review to save the world, by Michael Taylor - Co-founder of Open Scholar, National Observatory Athens Presentation Transcript

  • 1. OPEN Peer Review to save the world Michael Taylor (PhD, CPhys) National Observatory of Athens patternizer@gmail.com alpha @libreapp
  • 2. Peer review… to save the world??! • As we move toward a Type I civilization our socio-economic world is getting more global & interconnected… Type I — a civilization that is able to harness all of the power P available on a single planet (Pearth ≈ 1.7 ×1017 W) Type II — a civilization capable of harnessing the luminosity of its own star (Psun ≈ 3.9 ×1026 W) Type III — a civilization with access to energy on the scale of the luminosity of its own galaxy (Pmilky way ≈ 4 ×1037 W) 𝐾 = 𝑙𝑜𝑔10 𝑃 − 6 10 Kardashev, Nikolai (1964) Soviet Astronomy 8: 217Sagan (1973) Cosmic Connection. Cambridge Press, ISBN 0-521-78303-8 …meaning that systemic impacts are more macroscopic MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 3. Modern impacts & threats are they just tabloid science ?! MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 4. The Journal Publishing Model made us think... MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 5. openscholar.org.uk We got together with others to test new models 108 volunteers from 17 countries MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 6. LIBRE = LIBerating REsearch but from what exactly?! • PUBLICATION DELAYS  slow processes & embargos • BARRIERS TO INFO  paywall$ • DEPENDENCE ON CITATION INDICES  poor stats • COPYRIGHT LOSS  no creative re-use (we need CC-BY) • REJECTION RATES  waste, curtail output & miss ops • RETRACTION RATES  bad info stays in circulation • AUTHOR CHARGES  knowledge divide • LOW VISIBILITY  unindexed OA & “the long tail” • LIMITED PEER-REVIEW  danger of bias with 2-3 people MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 7. Publication delays >8 months (even before any embargo) Björk & Solomon (2013) Journal of Informetrics 7(4), 914-923. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 8. Barriers to info paywall$ (and e.g. linguistic barriers) MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 9. Dependence on citation indices poor statistics MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 10. Copyright loss creates loss of creative re-use rights and OA MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 11. Rejection Rates cause submission cascades & waste time MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 12. Retraction Rates put lives at risk Steen, R. G. (2011). Retractions in the medical literature: how many patients are put at risk by flawed research?. Journal of medical ethics, 37(11), 688-692. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 13. Figure 2. Percentage of retractions vs. percentage of 2010 Web of Science records among 12 broad scholarly fields. Retraction Rates may be an early warning bell about Gold OA Grieneisen & Zhang M (2012) PLoS ONE 7(10): e44118. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 14. Retraction Rates mean wrong info stays in circulation for years Fang, Steen & Casadevall (2012) PNAS 109(42), 17028- 17033. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 15. Journal Peer Review is limited, left to trust and prone to bias MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 16. An ideal (journal-independent) model should be … COOPERATIVE  free & data-linked FAST  un-moderated & zero-embargo FAIR  accessible, OA and persistent HONEST  transparent INSPIRING  social & credit-giving OBJECTIVE  collectively wise & reproducible INNOVATIVE  open source MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 17. A new model the “Open Publication” OpenAIRE COAR, OpenDOAR … LIBRE OpenAIRE COAR, OpenDOAR ? Authors? Journals? MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 18. LIBRE is our attempt at demonstrating independent peer-review MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 19. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 20. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 21. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 22. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 23. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 24. LIBRE is open source and we welcome your input at GitHub MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 25. www.openscholar.org.uk/independent-peer-review-initiative Greece is the launchpad for the Independent Peer Review Initiative MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 26. Greece is in 12th position (1.13% of the top 1% cited articles EVER) MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 27. Greece has HUGE research output potential Press WH (2013) What's So Special About Science (And How Much Should We Spend on It?). Science, 342(6160), 817-822. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 28. Greece is VERY active & innovative in OA MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 29. Beckett, C., & Inger, S. (2006). Self-archiving and journal subscriptions: co-existence or competition. Publishing Research Consortium: PRC Summary Papers, 2. It’s important to ask librarians what do they really want MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 30. So, can (independent) Peer Review save the world  MAYBE Björk, Bo-Christer et al (2009) PloS one 5.6: e11273. Gargouri & Harnad (2010) Eprints: August 28. 2010 HELP US TO MANDATE IPR AT OA REPOSITORIES MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com
  • 31. MICHAEL TAYLOR / openscholar.org.uk / @libreapp / patternizer@gmail.com Inspired by the essay… Many thanks for your thoughts