SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS (STIs). By Onochie .C. Agbazie.
DEFINITION.These are infection that are acquired or contracted throughsexual intercourse with an infected person. ORInfections transmitted primarily, but not exclusively, by sexual intercourse.Common STIs include: Chlamydia infections, Genital herpes,Genital warts, Trichomoniasis, Syphilis, Gonorrhoea, Hepatits B, HIV infection e.t.c
MODE OF TRANSMISSION (SPREAD) Unprotected vaginal sex Unprotected anal sex Unprotected oral sex Maternal blood to foetus Injection of tainted (contaminated) blood Sharing objects and infected body fluids etc.
S T I SYMPTOMS Purulent discharges from the male and female private part, If it is gonorrhoea, Thou it can be asymptomatic in females. Painful micturation . Itching and burning sensesation in private organs. Rashes (seen in Aids and Syphilis). There can be sore in the penis, which is not painful (seen in syphilis). Fever. Enlarged lymph nodes. Fatigue, etc.
DIAGNOSIS Through – Signs and Symptoms. Urine microscopy, culture and sensitivity ( M/C/S). High vaginal swab (HVS). Blood samples.
TREATMENTAntibiotics can be used to treat most bacterial STIs , ForHiv/Aids, Hepatits B, Genital warts virus, Genital herpesthere is no cure but the can be treated with antiviral andantiretroviral agents.
COMPLICTIONS OF S T I STIs when left untreated can lead to the following : Infertility in both men and women. Pelvic inflammatory disease( P.I.D) Gonococcal ophthalmitis ( This condition is seen in new born babies where by the eyes of the baby is infected). Gonorrhoeal arthritis. It can also cause abortion (abortion) Disorders of nervous system which can lead to mental derangement (seen in syphilis).
PREVENTION OF STIs Health education of the public on sexual activities and spread of STIs. Always apply the principle of total abstinence from extra marital sex. Legislation against commercial sex workers spreading STIs.Always use condom to avoid infection. Early treatment, so that one doesn’t spread it. Maintain personal and environmental hygiene always.
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