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www.onlysustainable.org   energy@onlysustainable.org
Perspective of the E.U. and the           Spanish experience                      María-Teresa Costa                      ...
Outline  1. Principles & Targets        Sustainable Development        Green Package  2. Current Situation  3. Final Rem...
Principles & Targets – Sustainable Development What is it and what are its three pillars?  UN (1987): ‘... meets the need...
Principles & Targets – Sustainable Development Access to energy and electricity for… everyone?  Almost one-third of the w...
Principles & Targets – Sustainable DevelopmentWhich tools (=technologies) do we need to reach it? I.E.A. (2010): A wide r...
Principles & Targets – Green PackageWhat is it and what are (also) its three pillars? E.C. (2007): E.U.’s integrated ener...
Principles & Targets – Green Package What are the „20-20-20‟ targets and the other initiatives?  E.U. Council (spring 200...
Principles & Targets – Green PackageWhat are the pieces of the package? The ‘green package’ consists of the six following...
Outline  1. Principles & Targets  2. Current Situation        Europe: RES in Energy Mix and Support Schemes        Spain...
Current Situation – Europe: RES in energy mix Where does the energy come from that the E.U. consumes?                     ...
Current Situation – Europe: RES in energy mix Where does the electricity come from that the E.U. generates?               ...
Current Situation – Europe: RES in energy mix Which technologies drive present capacity growth?                           ...
Current Situation – Europe: Support SchemesWhat are the renewable electricity support schemes?OPTRES: Assessment and optim...
Current Situation – Spain: RES in energy mix  Where does the electricity Spain generates come from?       Spanish installe...
Current Situation – Spain: RES in energy mix What is share evolution vs. gross demand of renewables?                      ...
Current Situation – Spain: RES in energy mix What is the evolution of renewables by technology?CNE: Statistical Data on Sp...
Current Situation – Spain: RES in energy mix  What is installed (on-shore) wind capacity through 2009?CNE: Statistical Dat...
Current Situation – Spain: RES in energy mix What is the installed solar PV capacity through 2009?CNE: Statistical Data on...
Current Situation – Spain: RES in energy mixWhere does the electricity Spain generates come from?                         ...
Current Situation – Spain: Regulatory FrameworkWhat is CNE‟s methodology to guide RES development? Based on four basic cr...
Current Situation – Spain: Regulatory Framework What is the economic impact of renewable energies?      Evolution in insta...
Outline  1. Principles & Targets  2. Current Situation  3. Final RemarksPerspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience...
Final RemarksPerspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience Concern about sustainability    Three pillars of energy ...
Thank you for your time                      María-Teresa Costa                                 President       National E...
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Maria Teresa Acosta

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President, National Council for Energy (CNE), Spain
President, Iberoamerican Association of Energy Regulatory Entities /Asociación de Reguladores Iberoamericanos de la Energía (ARIAE)

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Transcript of "Maria Teresa Acosta"

  1. 1. www.onlysustainable.org energy@onlysustainable.org
  2. 2. Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience María-Teresa Costa President National Energy Commission (Spain)
  3. 3. Outline 1. Principles & Targets  Sustainable Development  Green Package 2. Current Situation 3. Final RemarksPerspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 3
  4. 4. Principles & Targets – Sustainable Development What is it and what are its three pillars?  UN (1987): ‘... meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs’  World Summit (2005): ‘... its interdependent and mutually reinforcing pillars are economic dev., social dev., and environmental protection’United Nations’ Division for Sustainable Development (DSD)http://www.un.org/esa/dsd/index.shtml Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 4
  5. 5. Principles & Targets – Sustainable Development Access to energy and electricity for… everyone?  Almost one-third of the world’s population is denied the use of electricity  Around another third suffers brown outs and load shedding  Energy access is the right key to access other rightsUnited Nations’ Division for Sustainable Development (DSD) – Areas of work: Energyhttp://www.un.org/esa/dsd/dsd_aofw_ene/ene_index.shtml Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 5
  6. 6. Principles & Targets – Sustainable DevelopmentWhich tools (=technologies) do we need to reach it? I.E.A. (2010): A wide range of technologies will be necessary to substantially reduce energy-related CO2 emissionsInternational Energy Agency: Energy Technology Perspectives 2010http://www.iea.org/W/bookshop/add.aspx?id=401 Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 6
  7. 7. Principles & Targets – Green PackageWhat is it and what are (also) its three pillars? E.C. (2007): E.U.’s integrated energy and climate change legislative package (‘green package’) based on… 1. A true internal energy market  Keywords: choice, competition, unbundling, interconnection 2. Accelerating the shift to low carbon energy  Keywords: renewable, biofuel, penetration, research 3. Energy efficiency  Keywords: transport, buildings, loss savings, labeling Package became law in June 2009European Commission Directorate General for Climate Action – E.U. Climate and Energy Packagehttp://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/eu/package_en.htmEuropean Parliament: adopted textshttp://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//TEXT+TA+20081217+ITEMS+DOC+XML+V0//EN Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 7
  8. 8. Principles & Targets – Green Package What are the „20-20-20‟ targets and the other initiatives?  E.U. Council (spring 2007) sets energy targets to be met by 2020: 1. A reduction in E.U. GHG emissions of at least 20% below 1990 levels 2. 20% of E.U. energy consumption to come from renewable resources 3. A 20% reduction in primary energy use by improving energy efficiency  Other closely-related E.U. framework initiatives:  2nd strategic energy review (follow-up 2009)  Keywords: infrastructure, gas supply, ‘securing our energy future’  3rd package: Directives 72, 73/2009; Regulations 713, 714, 715/2009  Keywords: unbundling, more effective regulators, cross-border tradeGHGs: Greenhouse GasesEuropean Commission - Second Strategic Energy Reviewhttp://ec.europa.eu/energy/strategies/2009/2009_07_ser2_en.htmEuropean Commission – Gas & Electricity – Third legislative packagehttp://ec.europa.eu/energy/gas_electricity/third_legislative_package_en.htm Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 8
  9. 9. Principles & Targets – Green PackageWhat are the pieces of the package? The ‘green package’ consists of the six following provisions:  Directive 2009/28/EC: promotes the use of energy from renewable sources  Directive 2009/29/EC: improves the E.U. GHG emission allowance trading scheme  Directive 2009/30/EC : monitoring and abatement of fuel-derived GHG emissions  Directive 2009/31/EC: CO2 geological storage  Decision 406/2009/EC: effort sharing among member states to reduce GHG emissions  Regulation EC Nº 443/2009: emission performance standards (new passenger cars)http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:0016:0062:en:PDFhttp://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:0063:0087:en:PDFhttp://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:0088:0113:EN:PDFhttp://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:0114:0135:EN:PDFhttp://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:0136:0148:EN:PDFhttp://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:0001:0015:EN:PDF Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 9
  10. 10. Outline 1. Principles & Targets 2. Current Situation  Europe: RES in Energy Mix and Support Schemes  Spain: RES in Energy Mix and Regulatory Framework 3. Final RemarksPerspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 10
  11. 11. Current Situation – Europe: RES in energy mix Where does the energy come from that the E.U. consumes? E.U. 27 Final Energy Consumption by fuel in 2007 [MTOE](Renewables, not including electricity)E.U. Energy and Transport Statistical Pocketbook 2010http://ec.europa.eu/energy/publications/statistics/doc/2010_energy_transport_figures.pdf Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 11
  12. 12. Current Situation – Europe: RES in energy mix Where does the electricity come from that the E.U. generates? E.U. 27 Gross Electricity Generation in 2007 [TWh](Other: Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations)E.U. Energy and Transport Statistical Pocketbook 2010http://ec.europa.eu/energy/publications/statistics/doc/2010_energy_transport_figures.pdf Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 12
  13. 13. Current Situation – Europe: RES in energy mix Which technologies drive present capacity growth? E.U. New Installed or Decommissioned Capacity in 2009 [GW]Joint Research Center: PV Status Report 2010http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/111111111/14824 Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 13
  14. 14. Current Situation – Europe: Support SchemesWhat are the renewable electricity support schemes?OPTRES: Assessment and optimization of renewable energy support schemes in the European electricity market (2007)http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/studies/doc/renewables/2007_02_optres.pdf Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 14
  15. 15. Current Situation – Spain: RES in energy mix Where does the electricity Spain generates come from? Spanish installed capacity and demand coverage 2009 [mainland system]Installed capacity Demand coverage Red Eléctrica de España (Spanish TSO): The Spanish Electric System - Summary (2010) http://www.ree.es/ingles/sistema_electrico/pdf/infosis/sintesis_REE_2009_eng.pdf Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 15
  16. 16. Current Situation – Spain: RES in energy mix What is share evolution vs. gross demand of renewables? 2010e: 30%CNE: Statistical Data on Special System Energy Sales (updated monthly)http://www.cne.es/cne/Publicaciones?id_nodo=143&accion=1&soloUltimo=si&sIdCat=10&keyword=&auditoria=F Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 16
  17. 17. Current Situation – Spain: RES in energy mix What is the evolution of renewables by technology?CNE: Statistical Data on Special System Energy Sales (updated monthly)http://www.cne.es/cne/Publicaciones?id_nodo=143&accion=1&soloUltimo=si&sIdCat=10&keyword=&auditoria=F Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 17
  18. 18. Current Situation – Spain: RES in energy mix What is installed (on-shore) wind capacity through 2009?CNE: Statistical Data on Special System Energy Sales (updated monthly)http://www.cne.es/cne/Publicaciones?id_nodo=143&accion=1&soloUltimo=si&sIdCat=10&keyword=&auditoria=F Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 18
  19. 19. Current Situation – Spain: RES in energy mix What is the installed solar PV capacity through 2009?CNE: Statistical Data on Special System Energy Sales (updated monthly)http://www.cne.es/cne/Publicaciones?id_nodo=143&accion=1&soloUltimo=si&sIdCat=10&keyword=&auditoria=F Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 19
  20. 20. Current Situation – Spain: RES in energy mixWhere does the electricity Spain generates come from? Demand coverage 2005-09 [mainland system, TWh]  Wind and gas progressively replace coal; solar (both photovoltaic & concentrated solar power) drive non-wind renewable growth  Rapid shift of “special system” from tariff to market (mainly wind farms)  Hydro (no further sites) and Nuke (moratorium) shares, frozen  Balanced mix but: increasing gas dependence and low interconnectionRed Eléctrica de España (Spanish TSO): The Spanish Electric System - Summary (2010)http://www.ree.es/ingles/sistema_electrico/pdf/infosis/sintesis_REE_2009_eng.pdf Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 20
  21. 21. Current Situation – Spain: Regulatory FrameworkWhat is CNE‟s methodology to guide RES development? Based on four basic criteria: 1. Reach targets set in indicative planning  Keywords: economic sustainability, E.U. and national objectives 2. Generate stability and predictability of economic support  Keywords: legal security for investors, low regulatory risk 3. Improve RES integration as regards system operation  Keywords: supply security, control centers, ancillary services 4. Make RES & CHP compatible with electricity market  Keywords: competitiveness, price-sensitivity, grid parityPerspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 21
  22. 22. Current Situation – Spain: Regulatory Framework What is the economic impact of renewable energies? Evolution in installed capacity by technology 2000-2009 Economic impact of 35,000 renewable energies 30,000 (2008) 25,000 20,000 Other o GDP: €7,315 M (0.67% GDP) MW 15,000 Hydraulic o Generation of jobs: 120,722 10,000 Wind people, of which 75,466 are 5,000 Solar employed directly 0 Cogeneration o Commercial Figures • Exports: €3,863 M o TOE* prevented: 10 million, * datos ene-oct 2009 equivalent to a saving in fossil fuels of €2,725 M Contribución del Régimen Especial enDemand Contribution of the Special System as a % of % a la coberturaCoverage (2000-2009) o CO2 emissions prevented: 23.635% de la demanda (2000-2009) million tons, which correspond to a30% saving in emission rights of €499 M25% o DR+D+i: 6.6% of sector’s GDP (five20% times more than the national15% average, which is 1.3%)10%5% * ton of oil equivalent0% 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 22
  23. 23. Outline 1. Principles & Targets 2. Current Situation 3. Final RemarksPerspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 23
  24. 24. Final RemarksPerspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience Concern about sustainability  Three pillars of energy policy: supply security, competitiveness and environmental sustainability Sustainable development:  Developed countries: intergenerational and intra-generational responsibility Importance of regulation in employing renewable energies  E.U.: Green package (sets 20-20-20 quantitative objectives for 2020)  Spain: Suitable regulatory framework for achieving objectives:  CNE methodology  Success of mechanisms employed: feed-in tariffPerspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 24
  25. 25. Thank you for your time María-Teresa Costa President National Energy Commission (Spain)
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