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Maria Teresa Acosta

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President, National Council for Energy (CNE), Spain
President, Iberoamerican Association of Energy Regulatory Entities /Asociación de Reguladores Iberoamericanos de la Energía (ARIAE)

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  • 1. www.onlysustainable.org energy@onlysustainable.org
  • 2. Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience María-Teresa Costa President National Energy Commission (Spain)
  • 3. Outline 1. Principles & Targets  Sustainable Development  Green Package 2. Current Situation 3. Final RemarksPerspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 3
  • 4. Principles & Targets – Sustainable Development What is it and what are its three pillars?  UN (1987): ‘... meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs’  World Summit (2005): ‘... its interdependent and mutually reinforcing pillars are economic dev., social dev., and environmental protection’United Nations’ Division for Sustainable Development (DSD)http://www.un.org/esa/dsd/index.shtml Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 4
  • 5. Principles & Targets – Sustainable Development Access to energy and electricity for… everyone?  Almost one-third of the world’s population is denied the use of electricity  Around another third suffers brown outs and load shedding  Energy access is the right key to access other rightsUnited Nations’ Division for Sustainable Development (DSD) – Areas of work: Energyhttp://www.un.org/esa/dsd/dsd_aofw_ene/ene_index.shtml Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 5
  • 6. Principles & Targets – Sustainable DevelopmentWhich tools (=technologies) do we need to reach it? I.E.A. (2010): A wide range of technologies will be necessary to substantially reduce energy-related CO2 emissionsInternational Energy Agency: Energy Technology Perspectives 2010http://www.iea.org/W/bookshop/add.aspx?id=401 Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 6
  • 7. Principles & Targets – Green PackageWhat is it and what are (also) its three pillars? E.C. (2007): E.U.’s integrated energy and climate change legislative package (‘green package’) based on… 1. A true internal energy market  Keywords: choice, competition, unbundling, interconnection 2. Accelerating the shift to low carbon energy  Keywords: renewable, biofuel, penetration, research 3. Energy efficiency  Keywords: transport, buildings, loss savings, labeling Package became law in June 2009European Commission Directorate General for Climate Action – E.U. Climate and Energy Packagehttp://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/eu/package_en.htmEuropean Parliament: adopted textshttp://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//TEXT+TA+20081217+ITEMS+DOC+XML+V0//EN Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 7
  • 8. Principles & Targets – Green Package What are the „20-20-20‟ targets and the other initiatives?  E.U. Council (spring 2007) sets energy targets to be met by 2020: 1. A reduction in E.U. GHG emissions of at least 20% below 1990 levels 2. 20% of E.U. energy consumption to come from renewable resources 3. A 20% reduction in primary energy use by improving energy efficiency  Other closely-related E.U. framework initiatives:  2nd strategic energy review (follow-up 2009)  Keywords: infrastructure, gas supply, ‘securing our energy future’  3rd package: Directives 72, 73/2009; Regulations 713, 714, 715/2009  Keywords: unbundling, more effective regulators, cross-border tradeGHGs: Greenhouse GasesEuropean Commission - Second Strategic Energy Reviewhttp://ec.europa.eu/energy/strategies/2009/2009_07_ser2_en.htmEuropean Commission – Gas & Electricity – Third legislative packagehttp://ec.europa.eu/energy/gas_electricity/third_legislative_package_en.htm Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 8
  • 9. Principles & Targets – Green PackageWhat are the pieces of the package? The ‘green package’ consists of the six following provisions:  Directive 2009/28/EC: promotes the use of energy from renewable sources  Directive 2009/29/EC: improves the E.U. GHG emission allowance trading scheme  Directive 2009/30/EC : monitoring and abatement of fuel-derived GHG emissions  Directive 2009/31/EC: CO2 geological storage  Decision 406/2009/EC: effort sharing among member states to reduce GHG emissions  Regulation EC Nº 443/2009: emission performance standards (new passenger cars)http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:0016:0062:en:PDFhttp://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:0063:0087:en:PDFhttp://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:0088:0113:EN:PDFhttp://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:0114:0135:EN:PDFhttp://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:0136:0148:EN:PDFhttp://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:0001:0015:EN:PDF Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 9
  • 10. Outline 1. Principles & Targets 2. Current Situation  Europe: RES in Energy Mix and Support Schemes  Spain: RES in Energy Mix and Regulatory Framework 3. Final RemarksPerspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 10
  • 11. Current Situation – Europe: RES in energy mix Where does the energy come from that the E.U. consumes? E.U. 27 Final Energy Consumption by fuel in 2007 [MTOE](Renewables, not including electricity)E.U. Energy and Transport Statistical Pocketbook 2010http://ec.europa.eu/energy/publications/statistics/doc/2010_energy_transport_figures.pdf Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 11
  • 12. Current Situation – Europe: RES in energy mix Where does the electricity come from that the E.U. generates? E.U. 27 Gross Electricity Generation in 2007 [TWh](Other: Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations)E.U. Energy and Transport Statistical Pocketbook 2010http://ec.europa.eu/energy/publications/statistics/doc/2010_energy_transport_figures.pdf Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 12
  • 13. Current Situation – Europe: RES in energy mix Which technologies drive present capacity growth? E.U. New Installed or Decommissioned Capacity in 2009 [GW]Joint Research Center: PV Status Report 2010http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/111111111/14824 Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 13
  • 14. Current Situation – Europe: Support SchemesWhat are the renewable electricity support schemes?OPTRES: Assessment and optimization of renewable energy support schemes in the European electricity market (2007)http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/studies/doc/renewables/2007_02_optres.pdf Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 14
  • 15. Current Situation – Spain: RES in energy mix Where does the electricity Spain generates come from? Spanish installed capacity and demand coverage 2009 [mainland system]Installed capacity Demand coverage Red Eléctrica de España (Spanish TSO): The Spanish Electric System - Summary (2010) http://www.ree.es/ingles/sistema_electrico/pdf/infosis/sintesis_REE_2009_eng.pdf Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 15
  • 16. Current Situation – Spain: RES in energy mix What is share evolution vs. gross demand of renewables? 2010e: 30%CNE: Statistical Data on Special System Energy Sales (updated monthly)http://www.cne.es/cne/Publicaciones?id_nodo=143&accion=1&soloUltimo=si&sIdCat=10&keyword=&auditoria=F Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 16
  • 17. Current Situation – Spain: RES in energy mix What is the evolution of renewables by technology?CNE: Statistical Data on Special System Energy Sales (updated monthly)http://www.cne.es/cne/Publicaciones?id_nodo=143&accion=1&soloUltimo=si&sIdCat=10&keyword=&auditoria=F Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 17
  • 18. Current Situation – Spain: RES in energy mix What is installed (on-shore) wind capacity through 2009?CNE: Statistical Data on Special System Energy Sales (updated monthly)http://www.cne.es/cne/Publicaciones?id_nodo=143&accion=1&soloUltimo=si&sIdCat=10&keyword=&auditoria=F Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 18
  • 19. Current Situation – Spain: RES in energy mix What is the installed solar PV capacity through 2009?CNE: Statistical Data on Special System Energy Sales (updated monthly)http://www.cne.es/cne/Publicaciones?id_nodo=143&accion=1&soloUltimo=si&sIdCat=10&keyword=&auditoria=F Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 19
  • 20. Current Situation – Spain: RES in energy mixWhere does the electricity Spain generates come from? Demand coverage 2005-09 [mainland system, TWh]  Wind and gas progressively replace coal; solar (both photovoltaic & concentrated solar power) drive non-wind renewable growth  Rapid shift of “special system” from tariff to market (mainly wind farms)  Hydro (no further sites) and Nuke (moratorium) shares, frozen  Balanced mix but: increasing gas dependence and low interconnectionRed Eléctrica de España (Spanish TSO): The Spanish Electric System - Summary (2010)http://www.ree.es/ingles/sistema_electrico/pdf/infosis/sintesis_REE_2009_eng.pdf Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 20
  • 21. Current Situation – Spain: Regulatory FrameworkWhat is CNE‟s methodology to guide RES development? Based on four basic criteria: 1. Reach targets set in indicative planning  Keywords: economic sustainability, E.U. and national objectives 2. Generate stability and predictability of economic support  Keywords: legal security for investors, low regulatory risk 3. Improve RES integration as regards system operation  Keywords: supply security, control centers, ancillary services 4. Make RES & CHP compatible with electricity market  Keywords: competitiveness, price-sensitivity, grid parityPerspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 21
  • 22. Current Situation – Spain: Regulatory Framework What is the economic impact of renewable energies? Evolution in installed capacity by technology 2000-2009 Economic impact of 35,000 renewable energies 30,000 (2008) 25,000 20,000 Other o GDP: €7,315 M (0.67% GDP) MW 15,000 Hydraulic o Generation of jobs: 120,722 10,000 Wind people, of which 75,466 are 5,000 Solar employed directly 0 Cogeneration o Commercial Figures • Exports: €3,863 M o TOE* prevented: 10 million, * datos ene-oct 2009 equivalent to a saving in fossil fuels of €2,725 M Contribución del Régimen Especial enDemand Contribution of the Special System as a % of % a la coberturaCoverage (2000-2009) o CO2 emissions prevented: 23.635% de la demanda (2000-2009) million tons, which correspond to a30% saving in emission rights of €499 M25% o DR+D+i: 6.6% of sector’s GDP (five20% times more than the national15% average, which is 1.3%)10%5% * ton of oil equivalent0% 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Perspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 22
  • 23. Outline 1. Principles & Targets 2. Current Situation 3. Final RemarksPerspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 23
  • 24. Final RemarksPerspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience Concern about sustainability  Three pillars of energy policy: supply security, competitiveness and environmental sustainability Sustainable development:  Developed countries: intergenerational and intra-generational responsibility Importance of regulation in employing renewable energies  E.U.: Green package (sets 20-20-20 quantitative objectives for 2020)  Spain: Suitable regulatory framework for achieving objectives:  CNE methodology  Success of mechanisms employed: feed-in tariffPerspective of the E.U. and the Spanish experience 2010 International Conference on Renewable Energy 24
  • 25. Thank you for your time María-Teresa Costa President National Energy Commission (Spain)