Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Dan cornford.back channelling
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Dan cornford.back channelling

199
views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
199
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Back-channelling:reacting inconversationDan Cornford, IH Valladolid
  • 2. The next ten minutes• Define back-channelling and identify different types.• Discuss why back-channelling is important for learners.• Demonstrate a class activity to raise awareness of back-channellinglanguage.• Demonstrate a class activity to practise back-channelling language.
  • 3. What is back-channelling?Back-channelling: “the things listeners say to show they arelistening, and to demonstrate conversational involvement, evenwhen not holding the floor.” (Thornbury, 1997)Example language• Non-lexical e.g. hmm, uh-huh• Phrasal e.g. really?, I see• Substantive e.g. asking for clarifications or repetitions• Paralinguistic e.g. facial expression, hand gestures
  • 4. Raising awarenessWhat back-channelling language does Sybil use?For students:• Who is Sybil talking to? What is their conversation about? Why isBasil annoyed?• How does Sybil participate in the conversation? What languagedoes she use? Why is her participation important?• Complete Audrey’s part of the conversation in pairs.• Perform conversation.• Extension: students write their own conversation.Fawlty Towers The Wedding Party © BBC 1975 used under Fair Use principles
  • 5. Why is back-channelling important?Back-channelling devices “control turn‐taking, the negotiation ofagreement, the signalling of recognition and comprehension,management of interpersonal relations such as control andaffiliation, and the expression of emotion, attitude, and affect.”(Ward, 2006)Learners need to be taught ‘engaged listenership’ in L2: “thedesire of the listener to portray active, supportive and politelistenership.” (Lambertz, 2011)
  • 6. A practice activity – lower levelsStudents decide whether the phrases would be used to react togood news or bad news.Adapted from Fast Forward 1 by Val Black et al. (1986)
  • 7. A practice activity – lower levelsStudent A tells student B some good or bad news from their card.Student B replies with an appropriate phrase. Both students thencontinue the conversation.Adapted from Fast Forward 1 by Val Black et al. (1986)My cat has just died.That’s terrible! Whathappened?She had been ill for a week...
  • 8. A practice activity – higher levelsAdapted from Fast Forward 1 by Val Black et al. (1986)Students place the cards jumbled up face down.
  • 9. A practice activity – higher levelsAdapted from Fast Forward 1 by Val Black et al. (1986)Student A tells student B some good or bad news from their card.Student B turns over a reply card at random and must useintonation to make the reply appropriate to the conversation.I’ve just got engaged!Don’t worry, we can still goout every so often!I know, but it won’t be thesame...
  • 10. ConclusionFurther reading:http://www.griffith.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0005/384017/Lambertz-backchannelling.pdf - The use of yeah and mm to portrayengaged listenershiphttp://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/eli7057.pdf - 7 things youshould know about back-channel communication• Back-channelling is an essential component of conversation.• Students are unlikely to naturally produce the language in L2.• Speaking activities become more effective and more interactive.
  • 11. Back-channelling:reacting inconversationDan Cornford, IH Valladolid