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Freedom ThroughRestrictionBen NaismithIH Dubai
What’s the funniest thing you’ve everseen?A “warmer”?Gif fromhttp://www.picgifs.com/graphics/laughingNot so easy is it!Not...
Why is this so difficult?• Too many options to choosefrom• No prompts/context• Pressure to remembersomething incredibly fu...
Why do trainees do this?But…But…Admirably, they may be trying to …•give learners freer practice or fluency practice•give l...
Why do trainees do this?So, if this is the case…So, if this is the case…But they may…•not understand the terminology•not k...
What is freer practice?Now let’s see if they are the same ones I selected!Now let’s see if they are the same ones I select...
Restrictions in real genresOr if you’re not into Shakespeare:There once was a man from Nantucket…Or if you’re not into Sha...
Restrictions in real genresSome other structured text types include•Haikus (5 syllables – 7 syllables – 5 syllables)•Tweet...
Classic freer-speaking ELTactivity (with restrictions) -ROLEPLAYAdapted from www.busyteacher.orgAdapted from www.busyteach...
Classic freer-speaking ELTactivity (with restrictions) -ROLEPLAYRestrictions•Context provided•Character motivations (reaso...
A few other classic freer-speaking ELT activities (withrestrictions)• Alibi• Balloon / Desert island discussion• Ranking/P...
Classic freer-writing ELT activity(with restrictions) – Chain storyanimation from gifbin.comanimation from gifbin.comNothi...
Classic freer-writing ELT activity(with restrictions) – Chain StoryRestrictions•Context provided•Limited to writing one se...
A few other classic freer-writingELT activities (with restrictions)• Random word story• Restrictive genres (those mentione...
Keep in touch!Ben NaismithEmail: ben@ihdubai.comBlog: www.eltstew.wordpress.comTwitter: @Ben_Naismith
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Ben naismith.freedomthroughrestriction

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  • Please replace the IHWO logo in the bottom left corner with your school’ s if you can  .
  • Put session or section title in top left and then content in text box. Remember animation doesn;t work in Blackboard, so you need a new slide for anything you want to appear on top of a slide.
  • Put session or section title in top left and then content in text box. Remember animation doesn;t work in Blackboard, so you need a new slide for anything you want to appear on top of a slide.
  • Put session or section title in top left and then content in text box. Remember animation doesn;t work in Blackboard, so you need a new slide for anything you want to appear on top of a slide.
  • Put session or section title in top left and then content in text box. Remember animation doesn;t work in Blackboard, so you need a new slide for anything you want to appear on top of a slide.
  • Put session or section title in top left and then content in text box. Remember animation doesn;t work in Blackboard, so you need a new slide for anything you want to appear on top of a slide.
  • Put session or section title in top left and then content in text box. Remember animation doesn;t work in Blackboard, so you need a new slide for anything you want to appear on top of a slide.
  • Put session or section title in top left and then content in text box. Remember animation doesn;t work in Blackboard, so you need a new slide for anything you want to appear on top of a slide.
  • Put session or section title in top left and then content in text box. Remember animation doesn;t work in Blackboard, so you need a new slide for anything you want to appear on top of a slide.
  • Put session or section title in top left and then content in text box. Remember animation doesn;t work in Blackboard, so you need a new slide for anything you want to appear on top of a slide.
  • Put session or section title in top left and then content in text box. Remember animation doesn;t work in Blackboard, so you need a new slide for anything you want to appear on top of a slide.
  • Put session or section title in top left and then content in text box. Remember animation doesn;t work in Blackboard, so you need a new slide for anything you want to appear on top of a slide.
  • Put session or section title in top left and then content in text box. Remember animation doesn;t work in Blackboard, so you need a new slide for anything you want to appear on top of a slide.
  • Put session or section title in top left and then content in text box. Remember animation doesn;t work in Blackboard, so you need a new slide for anything you want to appear on top of a slide.
  • Please replace the IHWO logo in the bottom left corner with your school’ s if you can  .
  • Transcript of "Ben naismith.freedomthroughrestriction"

    1. 1. Freedom ThroughRestrictionBen NaismithIH Dubai
    2. 2. What’s the funniest thing you’ve everseen?A “warmer”?Gif fromhttp://www.picgifs.com/graphics/laughingNot so easy is it!Not so easy is it!
    3. 3. Why is this so difficult?• Too many options to choosefrom• No prompts/context• Pressure to remembersomething incredibly funnyImage from www.bikejuju.com/2012/monkeys-on-bicycles
    4. 4. Why do trainees do this?But…But…Admirably, they may be trying to …•give learners freer practice or fluency practice•give learners a chance to say what they want•promote personalized, meaningful interaction•remove artificial restrictions
    5. 5. Why do trainees do this?So, if this is the case…So, if this is the case…But they may…•not understand the terminology•not know how to support the learners with speakingtasks•not be aware of the difficulty level of their tasks (andnot just linguistic difficulties!)
    6. 6. What is freer practice?Now let’s see if they are the same ones I selected!Now let’s see if they are the same ones I selected!Take one minute, and circle any of the following aspectsthat you think characterizes ‘freer practice’.No one right or wronganswerWide range of language can beused to successfully complete thetaskTask doesn’t have specificparametersStudents can be encouragedto use the target languageTask can’t have a concreteoutcomeTask must be about students’ ownlivesTask should not have multiplestages
    7. 7. Restrictions in real genresOr if you’re not into Shakespeare:There once was a man from Nantucket…Or if you’re not into Shakespeare:There once was a man from Nantucket…Listen to this short audio clip and answer these questions:•Do you recognize the poem?•Do you think the poet is following any predetermined structure?Sonnet 130 by ShakespeareFamous for using the following structure:• 14 lines long•Iambic Pentameter•AB AB CD CD EF EF GG
    8. 8. Restrictions in real genresSome other structured text types include•Haikus (5 syllables – 7 syllables – 5 syllables)•Tweets (140 characters)•Minisagas (max 50 words)Can you think of any others to add to the list?Did you know?As of March 2013, more than 400 milliontweets per day are sent worldwideDid you know?As of March 2013, more than 400 milliontweets per day are sent worldwide
    9. 9. Classic freer-speaking ELTactivity (with restrictions) -ROLEPLAYAdapted from www.busyteacher.orgAdapted from www.busyteacher.org
    10. 10. Classic freer-speaking ELTactivity (with restrictions) -ROLEPLAYRestrictions•Context provided•Character motivations (reasons for speaking) provided•Predictable functional language and lexis that will beneeded
    11. 11. A few other classic freer-speaking ELT activities (withrestrictions)• Alibi• Balloon / Desert island discussion• Ranking/Prioritizing activities• Lexis on cards dialogues/roleplays/debates• Murder mysteries (or other info gap / puzzle tasks)• Time-restricted / randomly chosen topic shortconversations• Picture dictations
    12. 12. Classic freer-writing ELT activity(with restrictions) – Chain storyanimation from gifbin.comanimation from gifbin.comNothing fancy to see here…•Dictate first sentence of a story•Pairs write next sentence•Pairs pass on sentence to nextgroup•Target language must be used•Continue process•Class/group feedback of some sortOr isthere!?!When chain stories go bad…
    13. 13. Classic freer-writing ELT activity(with restrictions) – Chain StoryRestrictions•Context provided•Limited to writing one sentence•Teacher can select required target language•Writing closely linked to preceding text
    14. 14. A few other classic freer-writingELT activities (with restrictions)• Random word story• Restrictive genres (those mentioned earlier)• Writing crosswords• Genre prompts• Paper interview• Any others?
    15. 15. Keep in touch!Ben NaismithEmail: ben@ihdubai.comBlog: www.eltstew.wordpress.comTwitter: @Ben_Naismith
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