GRAMMAR LECTURE – 3




MODALS, AUXILLARIES, ADVERBS,
   ADJECTIVES and TENSE
MODALS AND AUXILLARIES

WHAT?
Modal is an auxiliary verb that is used with another verb to
indicate its mood, as can, coul...
MODALS

I CAN ALWAYS MAKE YOU SMILE

                    ABILITY

                               CAN I EAT MY
            ...
MODALS

   PAST
              I could never listen to lectures in my
  ABILITY     school days.




  COULD




          ...
PERMISSION
PERMISSION
                                            (Rare usage)




   MAY                                 ...
He shall get his dues.
                  We shall let you know our decision.
      WILLINGNESS He shall be punished.      ...
Willingness




Habitual   Will/Would    Intention


                              • Will you please break open
          ...
OBLIGATION          OBLIGATION




  MUST              OUGHT TO




             NECESSITY     EXPECTATION
NECESSITY
ADJECTIVES

• Tell us the quality of the Noun or pronoun.
• It may also point out quantity of the Noun or Pronoun.
  Examp...
DEGREES



 COMPARITIVE : BETWEEN TWO

      • FEWER vs. LESS

 SUPERLATIVE : ALL
ADVERB

Are those phrases that modify/describe:
           • ADJECTIVES
           • VERBS
           • OTHER ADVERBS
Exam...
TENSES

                                                                                  Perfect
       Tenses           ...
P P T On  Grammar By Tcyonline
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P P T On Grammar By Tcyonline

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This PPT tells you how to tackle with grammar questions in CAT 2009. Ample of PPTs of this type on every topic of CAT 2009 are available on www.tcyonline.com

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P P T On Grammar By Tcyonline

  1. 1. GRAMMAR LECTURE – 3 MODALS, AUXILLARIES, ADVERBS, ADJECTIVES and TENSE
  2. 2. MODALS AND AUXILLARIES WHAT? Modal is an auxiliary verb that is used with another verb to indicate its mood, as can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, and would: it has no special form in the third person singular and no present or past participle. May, might; can, could; shall, should; will would; ought; need; dare; are called modal auxiliaries because they are used to form certain moods for which English has no inflected verb form.
  3. 3. MODALS I CAN ALWAYS MAKE YOU SMILE ABILITY CAN I EAT MY FOOD IN HERE? CAN THEORITICAL PERMISSION POSSIBILITY ANYBODY CAN MAKE MISTAKES.
  4. 4. MODALS PAST I could never listen to lectures in my ABILITY school days. COULD I could speak for another hour or so. CONTINGENT POSSIBILITY
  5. 5. PERMISSION PERMISSION (Rare usage) MAY MIGHT May I come in? It may rain today. Might I smoke in here? FACTUAL POSSIBILITY POSSIBILITY (SPECIFIC) What you say might be true?
  6. 6. He shall get his dues. We shall let you know our decision. WILLINGNESS He shall be punished. OBLIGATION He should listen to his elders. I 'am surprised that such a tragedy should happen to you. SHALL SHOULD INTENTION INSITANCE PITY
  7. 7. Willingness Habitual Will/Would Intention • Will you please break open the piggy bank? • I will do better in my next exam. Necessity • We will reach on time. • Oil will float on water.
  8. 8. OBLIGATION OBLIGATION MUST OUGHT TO NECESSITY EXPECTATION NECESSITY
  9. 9. ADJECTIVES • Tell us the quality of the Noun or pronoun. • It may also point out quantity of the Noun or Pronoun. Example: There are 3 tiered wedding cakes on display in the baker’s shop.
  10. 10. DEGREES  COMPARITIVE : BETWEEN TWO • FEWER vs. LESS  SUPERLATIVE : ALL
  11. 11. ADVERB Are those phrases that modify/describe: • ADJECTIVES • VERBS • OTHER ADVERBS Example: He drove a very fast car. He drove slowly. He brought the car very quickly to a halt.
  12. 12. TENSES Perfect Tenses Simple Continuous Perfect Continuous Active I call I am calling I have called ………….. Present Passive I am called I am being I have been called I have been called calling Active I called I was calling I had called ………….. Past Passive I was called I was being I had been called I had been called calling Active I shall call ………. I shall have called ………….. Future Passive I shall be I shall be calling I shall have been I shall have called called been calling
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